3
votes
2answers
63 views

Translating “X would be as if Y”

A couple of times when arguing with someone on facebook (an important procrastination activity) I wanted to say something like "something happening would be as if something else happened", as in say "...
2
votes
2answers
29 views

Ekkrio pro malpureco aŭ naŭziĝo

Kion vi ekkrius/dirus, kiam vi trovus subite kaj neatendante ion aparte malpuran, naŭzan, malbonodoran, ktp? Mi ne povis trovi bonan esprimon por tio. Mi nur trovis en mia nederlanda-Esperanto-...
2
votes
3answers
160 views

Kiel traduki el la angla “item”, kiam oni ne povas uzi la vorton “elemento”?

Saluton! Mi devas traduki retejajn tekstojn, kie aperas ambaŭ anglaj vortoj "item" kaj "element". La diferencon inter la du bone klarigas tiu ĉi paĝo: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/31427117/...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

tiom pri… kiel pri…

Ĉu estas gramatike ĝusta la jena frazo el Tekstaro (Artikoloj el Monato)?: Temas eĉ ne tiom pri la enlitaj momentoj, kiel pri ties prezento. Ĉu ne devas nepre esti kiom pri anstataŭ kiel pri?
2
votes
2answers
50 views

Ŝanĝiĝo de akcento rilate aldonon de -on al fremdaj nomoj

Mi legas la libron La Fermita Urbo de István Nemere. En tiu libro la aŭtoro uzas ne tute Esperantigitajn nomojn, ekzemple Terlik. Mi prononcus tion kiel Térlik, kun akcento sur la unua silabo (la ...
5
votes
3answers
586 views

Seeking a translation for a specific use of the English word “claim”

tl;dr: Is "pretendi" an appropriate translation of the English "to claim" in the sense of an insurance claim? According to ReVo, "to claim" is simply "pretendi". However, the definitions (there and ...
5
votes
2answers
83 views

How to say “add fuel to the fire” in Esperanto?

The English proverb "add fuel to the fire" means "to worsen a situation or conflict, to cause it to become more intense". Similar proverbs also exist in other languages, for example in Dutch ("olie op ...
5
votes
1answer
66 views

Logic behind “ĉiu”?

In Esperanto, why does ĉiu mean "every" when ĉi serves elsewhere as a proximal prefix (e.g. ĉi-flanke) and -u is a suffix meaning "one"? Why does this not mean "this one" just as ti+ -u means "that ...
5
votes
1answer
65 views

How to translate the pro- suffix from English?

In English you can say pro-whatever to say that you are in favour of something, such as pro-independence. I sometimes see people use the same suffix in Esperanto such as in mi estas pro-eŭropa. This ...
5
votes
1answer
67 views

“Pli malgranda” aŭ “malpli granda”?

Mi volas diri "smaller". Ĉu estas ajna alieco en signifo inter "pli malgranda" kaj "malpli granda"? Ĉu ili estas ĝuste samaj? I want to say "smaller". Is there any difference in meaning between "pli ...
6
votes
2answers
129 views

La signifo de forlaso de la artikolo

En la angla, laŭ mia kompreno estas tri elektoj por artikoloj: La difina artikolo: the man who lives around the corner La nedifina artikolo: a dog Forlaso de artikolo: human rights En Esperanto ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Text correction [closed]

I am learning Esperanto since january and I am kinda starting to understand how it works, but I am doing this project from school where I needed to write a text about me since the project is learning ...
3
votes
3answers
56 views

How do you say “stay oriented” in Esperanto?

I watched a video of a woman speaking about a tribe in Australia who use east, west, north and south instead of right and left. She said that they "stay oriented really well". How can I express this ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

How do you say “continue doing”?

How do you say in Esperanto continue doing? For example: He continued living there for the rest of his life.
3
votes
1answer
42 views

Word order when using “estas” to denote “all As are Bs”

My understanding is, Esperanto has no definitive word order regarding subject, object, and verb. And I also know one never uses -n for estas, example: Urso estas besto. A bear is an animal. ...
5
votes
1answer
52 views

Ĉu ekzistas regulo por ordigi multajn adjektivojn en Esperanto?

Kiam mi studadis la anglan, mi trovis regulojn por ordigi multajn adjektivojn rilate al unu substantivo. Tiam venis al mi la demando ĉu ekzistas iu ajn simila regulo por la Esperantaj adjektivoj. Jen ...
5
votes
4answers
730 views

Is there a word for extended form of “lol” (“lolololol…”)?

What is the Esperanto word for lololololol? In Esperanto, the word for lol is mdr (multe da ridoj). In many languages, there is also an extended form of internet slang for expressing laughter, with ...
4
votes
2answers
63 views

In what sense does “tio” mean “this”? (or does it?)

Regarding the use of tio (and other t-words), these two following sources appear to be in contradiction. According to PMEG, p245: Simpla TI-vorto ĉiam montras ion ne tute proksiman al la parolanto....
4
votes
1answer
40 views

How to say “Money Back Guarantee” in Esperanto?

Money back guarantee is a promise to refund if a customer is not satisfied with the product or service bought. The way I can think of this moment to express it in Esperanto is "garantio de mono ...
4
votes
3answers
83 views

General rule for translating a combined word like “fish farm” “car factory” “dog story”

A fish farm is a farm that farms fish. A car factory is a factory that makes cars. A dog story is a story about dogs. Point it, it looks like you can just put noun next to noun in English, and voila! ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

“La” with pair organs

Simple question: if a leg hurts me, do I still say "la kruro doloras min", although I have two of them? Why I'm wondering is because I feel a contradiction with the definite meaning of the article la ...
5
votes
2answers
64 views

Kio estas la signifo de “falsidas”?

Mi legis Gerda malaperis kaj mi trovis la vorton falsidas. Ĝi ŝajnas esti kunmeto de fal- kaj sidas, sed mi ne scias kion fal- signifas. Tiu ĉi vorto nek estis en mia vortlisto por ĉapitro naŭ nek en ...
4
votes
1answer
83 views

What's the current status of Esperanto movement in North Korea?

Is there an active Esperanto movement in North Korea today? According to Vikipedio, a North Korean Esperanto Association was founded in 1959 and published a dictionary. But there are no more ...
7
votes
5answers
437 views

How does one express the English phrase “on your person” in Esperanto?

English has the useful expression of on you or on your person. For example, Do you have a pen on you? I'm not sure whether this is common usage in American parlance, but certainly in Britain it would ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

When one uses “povu” instead of “devas”, what is the nuance?

Povu probably means "should", according to the Esperanto Bible: https://bit.ly/2FMTKVo However, we already have devi. So I wonder, is there any nuance being expressed here? I looked up PIV, ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

traduko: Die Mutter wäscht dem Kind die Haare

Is one of the two following sentences good Esperanto? La patrino lavas al la infano la harojn. La patrino lavas la harojn al la infano. Note that I am not keen on the word order here, but my main ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

What's the difference between multe and ofte?

When should an Esperanto speaker say ofte, and when multe? A definition of ofte is 'often', a definition of multe is 'a lot'. When does an Esperanto speaker use which? An example, what would be used ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Is there academic studies or surveys on ideologies within Esperanto? [closed]

I have read that there are two ideologies within the Esperanto community, regarding what people think Esperanto should be: One being Finvenkismo, and another being Rauxmismo. My questions are: Are ...
3
votes
1answer
37 views

Fiĝioj vs Fiĝio: When should island groups have the plural ending?

This has been a mystery to me for some time. When should the Esperanto name of an island group receive the plural ending -j? Sejŝeloj, Filipinoj, Ferooj, Ŝetlandoj, Orkadoj, Falklandoj are usually ...
4
votes
2answers
133 views

Which language become easiest after esperanto?

I kind of learned Esperanto as a stepping stone to other European languages. Assume I already know English and Esperanto (to the degree I finished duolingo tree), which natural language(s) would be ...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

What's the status of Esperanto in the Orient, in Asia and in the Far East?

What's the status of Esperanto in the Orient? Is it at all popular? How many Esperanto speakers are there in Asia? How many in the Far East?
4
votes
3answers
98 views

What is the difference between «nun» and «ĉi tiam»

What is the difference (if any) between the correlative «ĉi tiam» and the German-derived «nun?» Or does the only difference lie in the ability to easily use the adverb form of nun, «nune,» and the ...
8
votes
1answer
70 views

Is “ĝi estas bona” abbreviated to “estas bona” or “estas bone”?

I had an discussion on this question earlier, where I thought it would be estas bona, since despite ĝi being omitted, we're still talking about "it". Some more experienced speaker said it is estas ...
3
votes
2answers
64 views

How are animal names translated into Esperanto?

Say we have an animal name, for example, "pufferfish", what steps could be taken to obtain its Esperanto translation? The steps I've taken so far are: Google "pufferfish esperanto" Look up wikipedia ...
5
votes
4answers
160 views

Why is initial J- allowed in Esperanto but not initial Ŭ-?

Both ŭ and j are used to make diphthongs in Esperanto: morgaŭ, homoj, Eŭropo, ejo. Yet only j is allowed in front of syllables: jam, juvelo. Why is this so?
2
votes
2answers
231 views

Double letters in Esperanto

When I started to learn Esperanto, I remember that one said to me there are no exceptions and the words sound how they are written. So I'm really surprised to see some words with double letters such ...
3
votes
2answers
64 views

Traduko de [de] “Pfanne” [en] “Flash Pan” [nl] “Kruitpan”

Saluton! Mi volas traduki la raporton de Dr. Paul Haller pri sia vojaĝo al la 10a Universala Kongreso en Parizo en la jaro 1914, kiu pro konataj kialoj ne okazis. En la raporto troviĝas la sekva frazo ...
4
votes
1answer
70 views

Demando pri “lasi” kun “I-verbo”

En esperanta blogero el la blogo de Jouko Lindstedt, mi trovis la jenan frazon (ĝuste en la fino de tiu blogero): Esperanto estas maniero lasi la realon surprizi. La signifo ŝajnas klara: ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

De kio estas la etimologio de “saluton”?

Saluton estas mallonga por mi donas al vi saluton, kiel bonan tagon, ĉu ne? Angle, vi ne povas diri I give you hello, do kio saluton signifas sole? (Mi pardonpetas por la malbona gramatiko, mi ne ...
4
votes
2answers
39 views

La du signifoj de “lasta”

Se mi diras la jenan ekzemplan frazon: Ĉi tiu estas la lasta numero de la revuo Kontakto ŝajnas ke povus esti du signifoj: Tiu numero estas tiu kiu eldoniĝis antaŭ la plej mallonga tempo. Neniam ...
4
votes
1answer
39 views

“La konstruaĵo estas proksime / proksima de mi” — Adverbo aŭ Adjektivo?

En unu el la lecionoj de Lernu, estas ĉi tiu gramatik-noto: Oni uzas la a-finaĵon por priskribi substantivojn, sed kiam mankas substantivo oni uzas la e-finaĵon. La vetero estas tre varma. (La ...
2
votes
2answers
75 views

Is there a kind of Wordreference website for Esperanto?

Wordreference.com is a very good website to find translation of words between many languages but Esperanto is missing. I would like to know if there is a website where I can find an equivalent ...
3
votes
2answers
451 views

Is there a suffix “-or-” in Esperanto?

Today, I discovered the work ankoraŭ but I confused it with ankaŭ. If I correclty understood the meaning of those words: ankaŭ In addition to something ankoraŭ This word shows a continuity ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

What is the difference between “ĝis” and “al?”

I understand that ĝis means "up to", or "as far as", and al means "to", but when must one change between the two? Take Duolingo's example: Mi vojaĝas tra Germanio ĝis Pollando. Why would one use ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Kiel oni devus diri la literojn 'ng'?

En la angla, la literoj ng miksaĵas kune kaj ŝanĝiĝas. Ĉu mi devus diri ilin kiel la anglan vorton singer aŭ kiel ongoing kun la literoj apartigaj?
3
votes
2answers
268 views

What is the difference between “postuli” and “demandi”?

The verb to ask can be translated as postuli and demandi. Are the two words equivalent or are there differences?
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Why is Esperanto a noun, but other languages are adjectives?

Consider the two sentences: Mi parolas Esperanton. Mi parolas la anglan. How come English is used as an adjective, but Esperanto as a noun? Both are languages, so where does this difference come ...
4
votes
2answers
58 views

How many roots exists in common usage and officially compared to other languages?

In the Unua Libro, Zamenhof presented some 900 roots that can be used to form a wide variety of Esperanto words. As far as I know, in later conferences new lists of words were added to the official ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

What is the difference between “anarĥiisto” and “anarkiisto”?

I was looking for a translation of the word anarchist on the web and I found two words to say it: anarĥiisto and anarkiisto. What is the difference between those two words? The website where I made ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

How can I translate “Pardonu !”?

As many people here, I'm learning Esperanto on Duolingo and it translates pardonu as excuse me or sorry. Is it possible to translate it as forgive me or pardon me ?

15 30 50 per page