All Questions

5
votes
1answer
20 views

What is the difference between “flari” and “odori”?

Both words seem to be defined as 'to smell'.
5
votes
1answer
48 views

paniki, panikigi kaj panikiĝi

Ĉu la verbo "paniki" estas transitiva aŭ netransitiva verbo? Laŭ PIV ĝi estas transitiva verbo, sed laŭ ReVo ĝi estas netransitiva verbo, kies transitiva uzo estas evitinda. Estas malkongruo inter ...
4
votes
1answer
29 views

Verb form in Esperanto Cooking Recipes

How are cooking recipes written in Esperanto? Cooking recipes are a very special genre with respect to verb form, in German (my mother tongue) the infinitive is used as a substitute for the ...
5
votes
1answer
37 views

Verb form used for sounds in Comics

What Esperanto verb form is used for sounds in comics when the sound cannot be described easily by spelling it out? An example is English sigh, German seufz (note the pure verb stem being used here, a ...
5
votes
1answer
42 views

Who is “Kola Adzaj” - an African Esperantist present at the 1937 World Congress in Warsaw, Poland?

In a text written in Hebrew, it's author, Polish Jewish esperantist Icchak Kominkowski, speaks about a friend named "Kola Adzaj", from Africa, who visited Warsaw at the occasion of the 1937 World ...
-2
votes
1answer
65 views

How to translate “rape”? [closed]

Committing rape is generally rendered in the E-o texts I read by "perforto", or "seksperforto". This formula just falls too flat on my ears. There is a beautiful and telling E-o root-verb, trudi, ...
5
votes
1answer
43 views

What is the correct word for “Future”?

For example, I've come across two different words, 'futuro' and 'estonteco'. According to several dictionaries 'futuro' relates to the future tense, whereas 'estonteco' refers to a future time. How ...
6
votes
1answer
58 views

La kvanto da fiŝoj en la maro pli kaj pli “malmultas/malmultiĝas”?

Mi ie legis la frazon "La kvanto da fiŝoj en la maro pli kaj pli malmultas.". La vorto "malmultas" iomete ĝenas min, ĉar "malmultas" signifas "estas malmulte da". Iel mi sentas, ke "malmultiĝas" estus ...
6
votes
1answer
38 views

Kion ekzakte signifas la sufikso «-em-»?

Ĉu la sufikso -em- signifas longdaŭran tendencon al la radika vorto, aŭ ĉu nur momentan deziron por ĝi? Mi demandas pro ĉi tiu demando en kiu oni proponas dormema kiel tradukon de la angla vorto ...
5
votes
2answers
49 views

“I am sleepy” in Esperanto

What is the correct way to say “i am sleepy” in esperanto? Google translate insists - erroneously - on “Mi dormas” (I am sleeping / I sleep), but that’s not what i’m looking for. A person that is ...
2
votes
2answers
48 views

Can affixes appear in roots?

From what I've seen so far, roots never end in a suffix or start with a prefix. I've reasoned that it should be that way: If roots contained affixes, it would be confusing and give the impression ...
4
votes
0answers
48 views

O-vorto + post + O-vorto

En Tekstaro (Robinsono Kruso) mi trovis: [...] mi eble estus povinta surterigi la tutan ŝipŝarĝon, pecon post pecon Estis enuige vagi, tagon post tagon Mi komprenus ekz. meti pecon post ...
5
votes
1answer
69 views

Kiel diri “bonvolu” sen aldona verbo? How to say “please” without another verb?

In many West-European languages, the word or expression to mark polite requests ("please", "bitte", "s'il vous plaît") can be used with or without an (additional) verb (usually in imperative). The ...
6
votes
1answer
40 views

Kiel disting(ig)i du signifojn de “kiel”?

Kiel havas kelkajn signifojn. Estas malfacile distingi aŭ distingigi du el ili. Ekzemple: Kiel infano mi spertis feliĉajn jarojn. "As a child" kaj "like a child" estas ĝustaj tradukaĵoj de kiel ...
0
votes
1answer
119 views

Is the Esperanto infinitive ambiguous?

Mi trovis vin manĝi The most likely way to interpret this is I found you eating, meaning that it is you whom I found, it is you who was eating, and you were eating when I found you. Here, manĝi is a "...
5
votes
2answers
57 views

How to use letters in accusative?

In my math book, it describes "the projection of b onto a." Esperanto translates "onto" as "en" + an o-word in the accusative. This effect on consonants is obvious because they end in -o when ...
3
votes
2answers
67 views

What is ”size” in Esperanto?

I can tell the difference betweeen a quantity and the presence of a quality. rapido - speed / rapideco - quickness longo - length / longeco - longness pezo - weight / pezeco - heaviness I thought ...
9
votes
2answers
309 views

Double suffixes?

Is there any specific rule which forbids the same suffix applied twice in a row? Context: I've randomly tried to imagine what programming variables would be called in Esperanto and realized that "...
3
votes
2answers
41 views

How to translate “tutorial”?

I'd like to help translate the Django Girls tutorial to Esperanto. That tutorial is a written step-by-step instruction guiding readers/learners through almost everything needed to build a functional ...
3
votes
3answers
67 views

What is the purpose of the -aĵ- suffix?

I've been learning Esperanto on my own, and recently found the -aĵ- suffix. As far as my understanding goes, this is used to get the concrete/physical/real version of a concept. For example, havaĵo, ...
3
votes
2answers
57 views

Are different writing systems other than (extended) Latin alphabet used in Esperanto?

Would using (for example) cyrillic for writing in Esperanto be considered correct? Екземпле, чу чи тиу фразо естас коректа ен Есперанто? Се ви компренас серба цирила алфабето, ви повус капабли ...
4
votes
1answer
56 views

What are origins of basic suffixes?

Is there an explicit reason for -o, -a, -e, -i? The longer ones vaguely remind me of similar words/constructs in different languages that influenced Esperanto, but the very basic ones seem completely ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views

Kio estas la indikilo de ŝanĝo de aktualaĵo en Esperanto?

La Angla havas "Now," kaj "Next," por indiki novan aktualaĵon. Ekzemple, jen ĉi tiuj: "Next, we move on to logarithms." aŭ (de la ekspoziciaĵo de John Oliver) "And now, this." Kiel oni diras ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

Grammar for ordinal numbers greater than 10

Saluton! It is to my understanding that cardinal numbers are constructed with a -a prefix. First - 1st - unua Second - 2nd - dua ~ Tenth - 10th - deka Based on this, would "eleventh" be deka unua ...
5
votes
2answers
53 views

Ĉu “pove” estas vorto?

Ŝajnas a mi, ke "pove", de "povas", ne estas vorto, laŭ La Plena, sed mi pensus, ke "pove" signifus ion similan kiel "eble" aŭ "kapable." Kion vi pensas? Feel free to correct my Esperanto!
5
votes
2answers
65 views

How free is word order in a sentence with infinitives

Infinitives do not have case markers. "Mi ŝatas lerni" is the typical order, and so is "egzameni asisti la detektivon". But could "lerni ŝatas mi" work, noting that "mi" is not in accusative and is ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Why is there no plural “kio,” like “kioj?”

Why is this nonstandard Esperanto? "Kio estas en la bovlo?" versus "Kioj estas en la bovlo?" when you're pretty sure you're asking about multiple items. This also applies if you're wondering what ...
4
votes
0answers
28 views

KER B2 to C1 study advice

This year I passed the KER B2 exam and I'm now already contemplating what it would take to reach the next level ... other than time :) Is there any advice to share on the preparation from intermediate ...
4
votes
2answers
53 views

Translation of names

In my free time, I'm translating a book to Esperanto as a way of learning. Of the character names, some of them have 'x' in their names. I thought I would keep them, since I'm using diphongs, so Lux ...
5
votes
2answers
79 views

Translating “X would be as if Y”

A couple of times when arguing with someone on facebook (an important procrastination activity) I wanted to say something like "something happening would be as if something else happened", as in say "...
3
votes
2answers
36 views

Ekkrio pro malpureco aŭ naŭziĝo

Kion vi ekkrius/dirus, kiam vi trovus subite kaj neatendante ion aparte malpuran, naŭzan, malbonodoran, ktp? Mi ne povis trovi bonan esprimon por tio. Mi nur trovis en mia nederlanda-Esperanto-...
4
votes
3answers
185 views

Kiel traduki el la angla “item”, kiam oni ne povas uzi la vorton “elemento”?

Saluton! Mi devas traduki retejajn tekstojn, kie aperas ambaŭ anglaj vortoj "item" kaj "element". La diferencon inter la du bone klarigas tiu ĉi paĝo: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/31427117/...
4
votes
1answer
38 views

tiom pri… kiel pri…

Ĉu estas gramatike ĝusta la jena frazo el Tekstaro (Artikoloj el Monato)?: Temas eĉ ne tiom pri la enlitaj momentoj, kiel pri ties prezento. Ĉu ne devas nepre esti kiom pri anstataŭ kiel pri?
3
votes
2answers
61 views

Ŝanĝiĝo de akcento rilate aldonon de -on al fremdaj nomoj

Mi legas la libron La Fermita Urbo de István Nemere. En tiu libro la aŭtoro uzas ne tute Esperantigitajn nomojn, ekzemple Terlik. Mi prononcus tion kiel Térlik, kun akcento sur la unua silabo (la ...
7
votes
3answers
604 views

Seeking a translation for a specific use of the English word “claim”

tl;dr: Is "pretendi" an appropriate translation of the English "to claim" in the sense of an insurance claim? According to ReVo, "to claim" is simply "pretendi". However, the definitions (there and ...
6
votes
2answers
90 views

How to say “add fuel to the fire” in Esperanto?

The English proverb "add fuel to the fire" means "to worsen a situation or conflict, to cause it to become more intense". Similar proverbs also exist in other languages, for example in Dutch ("olie op ...
6
votes
1answer
76 views

Logic behind “ĉiu”?

In Esperanto, why does ĉiu mean "every" when ĉi serves elsewhere as a proximal prefix (e.g. ĉi-flanke) and -u is a suffix meaning "one"? Why does this not mean "this one" just as ti+ -u means "that ...
5
votes
1answer
74 views

How to translate the pro- suffix from English?

In English you can say pro-whatever to say that you are in favour of something, such as pro-independence. I sometimes see people use the same suffix in Esperanto such as in mi estas pro-eŭropa. This ...
6
votes
2answers
95 views

“Pli malgranda” aŭ “malpli granda”?

Mi volas diri "smaller". Ĉu estas ajna alieco en signifo inter "pli malgranda" kaj "malpli granda"? Ĉu ili estas ĝuste samaj? I want to say "smaller". Is there any difference in meaning between "pli ...
6
votes
2answers
132 views

La signifo de forlaso de la artikolo

En la angla, laŭ mia kompreno estas tri elektoj por artikoloj: La difina artikolo: the man who lives around the corner La nedifina artikolo: a dog Forlaso de artikolo: human rights En Esperanto ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Text correction [closed]

I am learning Esperanto since january and I am kinda starting to understand how it works, but I am doing this project from school where I needed to write a text about me since the project is learning ...
3
votes
3answers
63 views

How do you say “stay oriented” in Esperanto?

I watched a video of a woman speaking about a tribe in Australia who use east, west, north and south instead of right and left. She said that they "stay oriented really well". How can I express this ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

How do you say “continue doing”?

How do you say in Esperanto continue doing? For example: He continued living there for the rest of his life.
4
votes
1answer
47 views

Word order when using “estas” to denote “all As are Bs”

My understanding is, Esperanto has no definitive word order regarding subject, object, and verb. And I also know one never uses -n for estas, example: Urso estas besto. A bear is an animal. ...
6
votes
1answer
57 views

Ĉu ekzistas regulo por ordigi multajn adjektivojn en Esperanto?

Kiam mi studadis la anglan, mi trovis regulojn por ordigi multajn adjektivojn rilate al unu substantivo. Tiam venis al mi la demando ĉu ekzistas iu ajn simila regulo por la Esperantaj adjektivoj. Jen ...
5
votes
4answers
759 views

Is there a word for extended form of “lol” (“lolololol…”)?

What is the Esperanto word for lololololol? In Esperanto, the word for lol is mdr (multe da ridoj). In many languages, there is also an extended form of internet slang for expressing laughter, with ...
4
votes
2answers
74 views

In what sense does “tio” mean “this”? (or does it?)

Regarding the use of tio (and other t-words), these two following sources appear to be in contradiction. According to PMEG, p245: Simpla TI-vorto ĉiam montras ion ne tute proksiman al la parolanto....
4
votes
1answer
40 views

How to say “Money Back Guarantee” in Esperanto?

Money back guarantee is a promise to refund if a customer is not satisfied with the product or service bought. The way I can think of this moment to express it in Esperanto is "garantio de mono ...
4
votes
3answers
84 views

General rule for translating a combined word like “fish farm” “car factory” “dog story”

A fish farm is a farm that farms fish. A car factory is a factory that makes cars. A dog story is a story about dogs. Point it, it looks like you can just put noun next to noun in English, and voila! ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

“La” with pair organs

Simple question: if a leg hurts me, do I still say "la kruro doloras min", although I have two of them? Why I'm wondering is because I feel a contradiction with the definite meaning of the article la ...

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