All Questions

0
votes
1answer
20 views

Ĉu DZ estas fonemo?

Mi jam vidis iujn aserti ke la literkombino DZ estas fonemo, sed aliaj diras, ke ne. La argumento por estas ke ĝi ofte prononciĝas kiel afrikato, kiel en "edzo", kiu plej ofte prononĉigas e-dzo ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Esperanto word formation ambiguity

Estas skribita tio en PAG: Tio troviĝas precipe ĉe la largsignifaj sufiksoidoj AĴ, IL kaj UM: porkaĵo povas esti viando aŭ maldecaĵo, kovrilo povas rilati indiferente al tiel diversaj aferoj, kiel ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

Ĉu -io estas sufikso?

Nu, -i- ja estas produkta sufikso en nia lingvo, almenaŭ "eks-sufikso", ekz. oni formas landnomojn, kiel Francio, Germanio, ktp. Sed la sufikso ne estas disigebla: "io" ne signifas lando kaj "ia" ne ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

How would one say “gracious” with grac- instead of graci-?

If one is gracious by showing social grace, they're gracia. But if one dispenses or exhibits grace, compassion and forgiveness regardless of the recipient's merit, would they be graca, gracema, ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

How would one say 'passing a buck' in Esperanto?

or equivalently 'shift the responsibility'. Thank you!
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Does 'Bebojn facile timigas per la tondro' sound natural?

The original sentence Babies are easily frightened by thunders. And how does timas and timigas change the meaning of the sentence? Many thanks!
3
votes
1answer
47 views

Esperanto word for a “seed” (for a random number generator)

ENGLISH I am looking for a good, brief translation for a seed in a random number generator. This seed is the input given to such a generator that then determines its output, usually in an ...
1
vote
2answers
31 views

How to translate “telephone” or “Chinese whispers”?

I'm unable to find a name in Esperanto for this game, despite being a very common game in other languages. The phrase I'm translating uses "Stille Post" in German and "téléphone" in French, if that ...
1
vote
3answers
40 views

How to translate “infusion”? (The potentially intravenous kind, not herbal tea.)

How to translate "infusion", i.e. a medical treatment in which liquid substances are delivered through a hollow needle directly into the body. (E.g. interstitial / subcutaneous infusion a.k.a. ...
0
votes
3answers
61 views

How do you say 'fey' in Esperanto?

The title says it all: How do you say 'fey' in Esperanto? This is a common English word: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/fey but is not in Benson, Wells, Revo, Vikivortaro. I would like ...
4
votes
1answer
44 views

Words with double letters claimed to be used by Zamenhof but not found in Tekstaro in his texts

So there are two words that PIV claims they were used by Zamenhof: nett/ (for net in "net weight") and the absolutely unpronounceable ghett/ (ghetto). Searching those two in Tekstaro gives only false ...
3
votes
2answers
49 views

“By the way, …” How to express relatedness of topics in conversation?

In a conversation, one might want to stress that what one is going to say is related to what has been said (right) before. In English, this can be achieved by starting a sentence with By the way, ....
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Kion signifas “herniulo”?

...nek ĝibulo, nek ftizulo, nek makulokululo, nek aknulo, nek favulo, nek herniulo... (Levidoj 21:20) Kion signifas "herniulo"?
2
votes
2answers
87 views

Esperanto Essive Case?

I found a wiki article stating that Esperanto has an essive case, but not much of an explanation. Is the essive case in Esperanto basically an -e ending at the end of a word denoting a vague statement ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Ĉu iu havas informon pri la muzikgrupo La Verda Stel’?

Mi trovis ligilon al ĉi tiu filmeto en Mastodon. Mi multe scivolas pri la grupo. De kiu jaro ĝi estas? Ĉu ili havas aliajn kantojn? Ĉu iu scias ion pri ili? La priskribo de la filmeto diras nur ke ri ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Kiel diri “close-up” aŭ “zoom in”?

Mi serĉis en reta vortaro, sed nenion trovis. Mi pensis pri kaj versioj de "alproksimiĝaĵo" kaj "pligrandiĝo", "detalaĵo"?
3
votes
6answers
108 views

Literature in Esperanto and English

I have found many fully translated pieces of Esperanto literature, but I am still a beginner, so these are difficult for me to understand. Therefore I am now looking for texts comprised of both ...
1
vote
2answers
54 views

Ĉu la vorto “motorfiakro” ekzistas?

Laŭ ĉi tiu kritiko de Esperanto, ekzistas la vorto motorfiakro kiu havas la saman signifon kiel taksio kaj tio kaŭzas multe da konfuzo ĉar homoj lernas aŭ unu vorton aŭ la alian kaj tio kreas ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

How do you say “made by”?

I've stumbled upon a phrase which I cannot translate using dictionary itself. I would like to say something like "made by excessive use of technical terms" , so far I've been able to come up with ...
4
votes
1answer
28 views

Kion signifas ‘garnizonta’? Ĉu tajperaro?

En Asteriks kaj Kleopatra (volumo VII) mi trovis sur paĝo 3 la jenan alineon: Ni estas en la jaro 50 a.K. La tuta Gaŭlujo estas okupita de la Romianoj. Ĉu la tuta Gaŭlujo? – Absolute ne! Unu vilaĝo ...
3
votes
2answers
204 views

Can proper nouns have plural forms?

Can proper nouns have plural forms? For exemple, can I say Parizoj or Francioj? The sentence I want to create is like: La Parizoj el 1900 kaj 2000 estas tre malsamaj. So, should I add a 'j' to ...
5
votes
1answer
95 views

How to know, when NOT to use accusative?

Some of the things that I really like about Esperanto are the clear rules without exceptions. But there is something that is not really clear and I think, Zamenhof didn't notice. Zamenhof states in ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Esperanto discord server?

I have a question concerning speaking practice, specifically, if there's any widely known discord server for Esperantists to discuss various topics and for beginners to practise speaking.
1
vote
3answers
32 views

Hyphenation and syllable and morpheme boundaries

I've noticed that on Wiktionary for Esperanto words that include hyphenation, polymorphemic words (usually ones with derivational suffixes) are not hyphenated as I would expect. For example, the word ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

What's the difference between ending an adjective with -o and with -eco

What would be the difference between ending adjectives with -o and with -eco? For example, between saying kolero and kolereco or feliĉo and feliĉeco.
1
vote
2answers
63 views

What does “mufe” mean?

Using vortaro.net, I found this definition for "prepucio" : "Haŭta refaldo, mufe ĉirkaŭanta la penisan glanon". I understood the meaning, but I don't know what "mufe" is. Vortaro.net doesn't have it, ...
3
votes
4answers
77 views

How to say “lines”, like in a play

Is there a good word for the lines of a play? Like “I have to learn my lines for the play tomorrow”. I can’t find it in the dictionary.
1
vote
2answers
71 views

Etymology of kato and kata

According to the Wiktionary, kato originates from French, Italian, Latin, etc... and kata comes from kato + a. But how can we say that it is not the opposite? Can we say that the root kat- comes from ...
3
votes
1answer
124 views

Suffixes -unt and -ut-

I just discovered the two conditional suffixes on vortaro.net: -ut- : la ofendutoj pardonu! -unt- : eĉ perfiduntan mi ŝin volas mia! But I don't understand the given exemples. Can someone help me ...
5
votes
2answers
71 views

In what time are the honorable names of dead people?

At scienca-revuo.info I just read "Vilhelmo la Konkerinto". Should not he be called "Vilhelmo la Konkeranto"?
7
votes
2answers
86 views

Minimumaj paroj inter afrikato kaj plosivo+frikativo

Ĉu ekzistas minimumaj paroj en Esperanto, kiuj distingigas la sonajn parojn c/ts, ĉ/tŝ, kaj ĝ/dĵ? Minimuma paro por du sonoj estas paro da vortoj, kies sola diferenco inter si estas tiuj du sonoj. ...
1
vote
2answers
187 views

Pronunciation of “r” in Esperanto

Is the letter r in Esperanto pronounced like غ in Arabic? Or like r in French?
0
votes
1answer
44 views

What is the difference between the words “fariĝi” and “okazi” when meaning “to happen”?

They both can mean "to happen" I'm not sure what the difference is. Please provide a sentence example. Thanks.
1
vote
1answer
62 views

How can I say 'Formatting needed'?

Is a word like "enpaĝiginda" correct? If not, what words could I use to express this?
4
votes
1answer
84 views

Need help in translation for a letter written to my grandfather in esperanto

I have tried google translate, but i will be greatful if someone can help improve the translation. Thank you :) Oni Rorespondas en Esperanto Kairo, 16 Marto 1939. Sinjoro Sajed Ali Multanano, ...
3
votes
2answers
62 views

How do you formally wish someone well?

A formal way to wish someone well in English is to say "may [good things happen to you]", filling in whatever specific blessing you intend to give. For instance, "May you always be happy." I know ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

How do I say “uh-oh” in Esperanto?

I'm posting a lot of translation questions these days because I'm translating subtitles for a video. Some interjections have their specific Esperanto versions, like "ho" for "oh" (Swedish åh). Do we ...
0
votes
2answers
44 views

How do I translate “overtake”?

I checked Reta Vortaro and got no hits, Google translate proposed "preterpasi". I'm looking for meaning 1.b. "to catch up with and pass by" according to Merriam-Webster, so preterpasi is probably ...
4
votes
3answers
107 views

When should I use the pronoun “ĝi”?

I read through this question and this and I'm still kind of wondering when I should use ĝi. Some people would prefer not to have it used about them, but I felt, when talking about my unborn baby, that ...
6
votes
5answers
184 views

When should I use the pronoun “ri”?

I really like having a gender-neutral pronoun, but I know that not everyone agrees on the usage. Now I use it for people that have explicitly asked to have "ri" used for them. I also use it when I don'...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

How can I find videos with subtitles in Esperanto?

I'm using Amara to translate video subtitles into Esperanto, and I was wondering if there is some way to find out when a new subtitle in Esperanto is available for a video. I guess I can do a search ...
3
votes
2answers
57 views

How to translate “backstop”?

Because of recent British politics, everybody is talking about the “backstop”. Is there a nice word to translate this into Esperanto? I think another way to say it could be a “safety net”. This seems ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

What's the most common reason for learning Esperanto?

I started learning Esperanto because it sounded so international, with words from many different languages. It was mostly first just out of a linguistic interest, but then I got to know so many ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Kion signifas “malpermesantaj” kaj la dikita frazo?

2 Diru al la Izraelidoj jene:Se iu pekos per eraro kontraŭ la ordonoj de la Eternulo, malpermesantaj fari diversajn aferojn, kaj li faros iun el ili; 3 se pastro sanktoleita pekos, ĵetante kulpon ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Kiel diri @ en Esperanto?

Mi rimarkis ke mi tute ne scias kiel diri @ en Esperanto kaj mi guglis, sed nenion trovis pri tio. I noticed that I don't know how to say @ in Esperanto. I searched the internet, but I can't find an ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Is there an Esperanto online dictionary meta search?

There are various online dictionaries, and sometimes a word one is looking for can only be found in some or even only one of them. Visiting all of those dictionaries to search through them for a ...
2
votes
2answers
21 views

Kiel traduki “plain text” (nur-teksta dosierformo)?

How to translate "plain text" in an IT/CS context, not referring to the cryptographic meaning (non-cyfer text) but just as opposed to "rich text" (such as RTF, MS Word or LibreOffice Writer) and as ...
4
votes
3answers
67 views

Ĉu ekzistas etimologia vortaro de Esperanto?

Lernante Esperanto, mi ofte povas memori Esperantajn vortojn, afiksojn kaj radikojn pli bone, se mi scias ilia(j)n origino(j)n. Ĉu ekzistas etimologia vortaro de Esperanto? Se jes, ĉu ekzistas reta ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views

Kiel eltrovi mian Esperanta nivelon laŭ KER? How can I find out my Esperanto level according to CEFRL?

I'd like to know what my level of Esperanto currently is, according to the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFRL; esperante Komuna Eŭropa Referenckadro por lingvoj (KER)). I ...
6
votes
3answers
97 views

Kiel traduki «got him killed»?

En la angla oni povas diri «got him killed» por paroli pri io kio kaŭzis ke io mortigis lin. Ekzemple: All that gambling got him killed in the end. Do, tio estas ke la vetludado ne rekte mortigis ...

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