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"Saluton" finiĝas per "n" sekve saluton estas rekta objekto, sed la rekta objekto de kio?

"Saluton" ends with an "n" thus it's a direct object, but the direct object of what?

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    Welcome to the site. If you’d like some corrections to your grammar you could change the title to “De kio “saluton” estas la rekta objekto?”. In Esperanto the preposition always goes before the thing it is referencing, even if the thing is a question word. – Neil Roberts Oct 16 '16 at 13:24
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    And another small mistake: "finas kun" should be "finiĝas per". "Fini" is a transitive verb. "Mi finas mian laboron" vs. "Saluton finiĝas". – Paŭl Peeraerts Oct 16 '16 at 17:33
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Saluton is simply a shorthand way of saying the complete sentence:

Mi donas al vi saluton!

The reason for the accusative ending is to denote that the greeting is the object, of which I am giving to you.

You'll see the same pattern with other things, such as Dankon and Bonan matenon.

PMEG has further explanation if you want to read more about it (in Esperanto).

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