8

How does one translate "used to"?

But this definition:

use:

  1. describing an action or state of affairs that was done repeatedly or existed for a period in the past.

Examples:

  • "You used to call me on my cellphone"
  • "I used to go there everyday"

Would kutime be acceptable here?

as in mi kutime iris tien ĉiutage for "I used to go there everyday"

4

You can use kutim- in any form, or rutino for a routine, or just add ofte or de tempo al tempo.

Vi kutimis min telefoni. Kutime vi telefonis. Estis via kutimo telefoni.

Vi havis rutinon poŝtelefoni min.

Ofte vi vokis min tra mia poŝtelefono. Ofte vi vokis min telefone.

Be aware that (al)voki X might be misunderstood as "ask X to come".

For "you would..." you can also use -ad-.

De tempo al tempo vi vokadis min telefone.

Your example, Mi kutime iris tien ĉiutage, is correct, although I think ĉiutage would cover the fact that it was a kutimo.

4

Actually, kutimi is a verb. PIV defines it as follows:

Havi fortan emon al ia ago pro ofta ripetado.

and gives one example:

  • Li kutimas fumi pipon post tagmanĝo.

Your sentences would be:

  • Vi kutimis alvoki min ...
  • Mi kutimis iri tien ĉiutage.
  • Translation of the PIV quote would be appreciated. And also, how do you say "call me on my cellphone" i Esperanto? Maybe another question for that is necessary... – Antonia Montaro Oct 25 '16 at 14:35
  • Maybe "call me on my cellphone" would be "alvoki mian poŝtelefonon". Sorry, I just remembered that "Hotline Bling" had an example of what I was trying to ask about. – Olivia Oct 25 '16 at 14:50
  • Ah, yes maybe that works. – Antonia Montaro Oct 25 '16 at 14:59
3

Kutime could work in the examples you provided. Wells also suggests iam. The first suggestion that sprang to my mind was antaŭe, which is also what Benson (CEED) suggests.

  • antaŭe was my first thought too, but it doesn't have the connotation of "repeatedly/regularly" that the asker is after. – sevenseacat Oct 26 '16 at 0:34
  • Neither does iam. As I often say in my answers, ultimately you need to express ideas, not translate words. If antaŭe doesn't quite catch your meaning, it can be clarified in other ways - such as with -adis or certain adverbs. – Tomaso Alexander Oct 26 '16 at 1:26

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