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How do you translate "to realize" in We realized that we are not alone?

I found the word realigi, but it means to make something real/true. It does not mean that we became aware of something.

5

"Ni ekkonsciis, ke ni ne estas solaj" aŭ "Ni konsciiĝis, ke ni ne estas solaj"

5

The words you need are ekscii, ekkonscii, ekkompreni for fairly rapid realizations, and sciiĝi, konsciiĝi, komprenantiĝi for slower ones. Konstati can be used for realize but it is more along the lines of confirm, determine; i.e. it refers to a confirmation of a suspicion, an increase in certainty.

  • Ŝi eksciis, ke la afero estis jam finita. She knew straight away that the business was already over.
  • Li ekkonsciis, ke li ne estis sola. He became aware that he was not alone.
  • Li ekkomprenis, ke ŝi ne volis resti en la restoracio. He realized that she didn't want to stay in the restaurant.
  • Ŝi sciiĝis, ke jam la aliaj apenaŭ povis regi la maŝinojn. She gradually realized that the others could already barely control the machines.
  • Li konsciiĝis, ke aliaj homoj nun staris en la ĉambro. He became conscious of the fact that other people were now standing in the room.
  • Ŝi komprenantiĝis, ke li neniam venos al la kuracisto sen devigo. She came to understand that he would never go to the doctor without being compelled.
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I'm sure there are many alternatives, but the first one to spring to mind is konstati.

From vortaro.net (PIV):

  • Rimarki, rigardi ion, kies faktecon, realecon oni post esplorado asertas: la kuracisto povis nur konstati la mortonB; konstati ies foreston; konstati la identecon de la kriminto; ni konstatas, ke vi rifuzas respondi; la protokolo konstatis, ke […]; estas konstatite, ke […]; facile konstatebla fakto.

Benson (CEED) suggests konstati and konscii.

Wells suggests kompreni and konstati.

If you're at the point where you're asking questions like this, it would be a good idea to invest in a good bilingual dictionary - especially if this answer is not well-addressed in the on-line dictionaries.

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