While in a daily conversation, you might use words like clause, phrase, proposition and statement as synonyms, they all have a slightly more accurate meaning, which is useful when you have to deal with grammatical subtleties.
If you are aware of other vocabulary for word sequences, feel free to add them in your answers.
Here are some definition from Wikipedia:
- a clause is the smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition
- a phrase may be any group of words, often carrying a special idiomatic meaning
- a proposition is a statement expressing something true or false.
- a sentence is a textual unit consisting of one or more words that are grammatically linked
- a (logical) statement is either (a) a meaningful declarative sentence that is either true or false, or (b) that which a true or false declarative sentence asserts
Another kind of group, used in programming language grammars or grammar analyses:
And here are some relevant Esperanto terms:
This question also welcome original words using Esperanto agglutinative feature, as long as it provide enough explanation, and preferably if they contribute to a more consistent lexical set highlighting semantic relations through common lexemes.
- Difference Between Phrase and Sentence (DifferenceBetween.com, December 2014),
- Kolekto de lingvistikaj terminoj by Cyril Brosch,
- Clause (Wikipedia),
- Predicate (Wikipedia),
- Proposition (Wikipedia),
- Phrase (Wikipedia),
- Sentence (Wikipedia),
- Statement (Wikipedia),
- Vortaro (lernu.net),
- Plena Ilustrita Vortaro de Esperanto,
- Tatoeba: sentence search,