I have been wondering about the word Zamenhofa (e.g., here or here). I am very sure it is the only proper name I have seen converted to an adjective with an -a ending – but then again I haven't seen that much yet. Is this just another form of a possessive? Would I be understood (or, if the answer to the previous is "no", what would that mean), if I said, e.g., Tomasa? Or is perhaps L. Zamenhof the only one whose -a form entered a wide usage?

  • Mi certe ne pensas ke estas la sama demando. Cxi tiu demando neniel temas pri posedado. Zamenhof ne posedas la zamenhofan tagon. Commented Jan 15, 2017 at 15:02
  • I have the impression the question is about the meaning of a proper name + a. It is not about how to build a "possesive" specifically. Other users should be able to add other less specific answers.
    – Vanege
    Commented Jan 15, 2017 at 19:36
  • The linked question has possessives in name but I agreed that the answers applied here. It probably does not make too much difference whether it's "patrina koro" or "Zamenhofa koro".
    – La Vo-o
    Commented Jan 15, 2017 at 19:58

2 Answers 2


This came up under this question here: Using adjectives to denote possession

I've certainly seen people use Tomasa as something like a possessive. Keep in mind, though, that Zamenhofa doesn't mean "belonging to Zamenhof" but rather "related to Zamenhof" - perhaps "Zamenhofian."

  • Thank you! I actually had seen that question earlier but did not realize just how relevant its answers were here. I wonder why they'd say "Zamenhofaj tekstoj", though.
    – La Vo-o
    Commented Jan 14, 2017 at 23:23
  • Zamenhofian texts. ;-) Commented Jan 15, 2017 at 1:56

I think there is already a nice suffix '-es' So why don't we utilize it?

  • "libroj de Zamenhof"

tio cxi estas la standarda uzo, sed gxia vico ne kongruas al iuj naciaj pensmanieroj- ekzemple mi estas cxinlingva parolanto mi ne tre preferas tion cxar gxi maltauxgas por mia natura penso;

  • "Zamenhof-es libroj" (mia stilo ;)

mi inzistas la uzon (mi malofte vidas tion en Esperantujo, sed laux principalo de Esperanto, kial ne ni provu?)

  • "Zamenhof-aj libroj"

    hm mi pensas ke gxi kauxzos miskomprenojn: cxu la libro apartenas al Zamenhof aux cxu la libro havas Zamenhof-es karakterojn?

  • 2
    The -es you mention is not a suffix. It's one of the parts of the system of correlatives. The possessive in Esperanto for pronouns is formed with -a (lia, nia, ilia), and with nouns by "de" (la libro de Miko". "Zamenhofaj libroj" would be books by or about Zamenhof, but not Zamenhof's books.
    – Lee
    Commented Jan 16, 2017 at 15:19
  • "Zamenhofaj libroj" would be books by or about Zamenhof, but not Zamenhof's books- konziderante tion cxi, "-a" ne plu esprimas posedecon se gxi estas je fino de iu nomo.
    – Urso
    Commented Jan 16, 2017 at 16:51

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