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What methods or programs are available for typing the characters with accents using Mac OS and iOS? Are there different versions for different Apple products?

I have read there is more for Apple than Windows. (Maybe this is an argument to switch to Apple?)

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On Mac OS X 10.5+ you can type the accented letters of Esperanto without downloading anything.

  1. Open “System Preferences…” from the Apple menu.
  2. Click on “Language & Text”, or “International” (depending on your version of OS X).
  3. Click the tab “Input Sources”, or “Input menu”. You will see a long list of languages ​​(keyboard layouts, in fact). If you live in Australia, chances are “Australian” is already selected.
  4. Scroll down to “U.S. Extended” and select it.
  5. Scroll up again and deselect “Australian” (or whichever keyboard layout was selected before)*.
  6. Close the window.

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Then, to type the accented letters, do the following: For ĉ, ĝ, ĥ, ĵ or ŝ, press option-6, and then c, g, h, j or s. (This also works for the capital letters.) For ŭ: press option-B, and then u. (This also works for Ŭ.)

(The reason for “option-6” is not surprising, because above “6” on the keyboard is “^”. “B” is obviously from the word “breve”, which is what the ˘ symbol is called.)

  • You can keep your original keyboard layout selected if you like; but if you do, you will need to switch between that and “U.S. Extended” as needed, by typing ⌘-space.
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    I think that, in fact, you meant to say "On OS X 10.5+...". You'll have to edit it in, because I can't propose any edits shorter than 6 characters. – grooveplex Feb 1 '17 at 16:26
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On iOS, you can download the Esperanto keyboard app. For early versions of iOS you had to use an app where you can type and then copy from there, in the latest versions of iOS you can install real keyboards, and there is an Esperanto keyboard in the App Store.

On MacOS several extended keyboard variants (US/UK extended) already have Esperanto support, usually using the right alt key to type the combining diacritic with then the letter the diacritic belongs to. Some people also created a keyboard layout variation for several base layouts to type Esperanto using the x-system, but you have to install this first.

I also once contributed Esperanto input support to OpenVanilla, a Taiwanese input method, but never tried it, so it might have problems.

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An alternative option for MacOS creatives is to ”hack” your own keyboard layout. Programs such as Ukelele makes this relatively easy.

(In Ukelele you can duplicate your existing layout, then make small changes to the copy through an on-screen ”keyboard” where every key can be mouse-clicked and edited to your heart’s content. I use the option key for Esperanto letters, so pressing option+C produces Ĉ etc.)

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