10

I just read this sentence:

... estis nenio sur ĝi escepte de malgranda ora ŝlosilo ...

It's obvious what "escepte de" means, but I previously learned the word "krom" for "except".

So can the sentence also be:

... estis nenio sur ĝi krom malgranda ora ŝlosilo ...

Is there any difference between the two?

13

Your two sentences mean the same thing. However, krom means "besides", and as a result there are situations in which it could mean both "except" and "as well as".

Mi havas, krom la ŝlosilo, ĉion bezonatan.

I have, besides the key, everything I need.

Do you have the key or not? To distinguish the two, we can say:

NO: Mi havas, escepte de la ŝlosilo, ĉion bezonatan.

YES: Mi havas, krom la ŝlosilo, ankaŭ ĉion bezonatan.

or better: Mi havas, (kune) kun la ŝlosilo, ĉion bezonatan.

In case you are wondering, krom is only followed by the accusative if there is ambiguity otherwise.

  • 4
    I can add that ambiguity that could be solved by adding an -N practically never appears with "krom". I at least have never been able to imagine such an example. That's why "krom ...N" is normally not used. – Bertilo Aug 31 '16 at 15:32

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