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What is the correct way to say “i am sleepy” in esperanto?

Google translate insists - erroneously - on “Mi dormas” (I am sleeping / I sleep), but that’s not what i’m looking for. A person that is sleepy doesn’t sleep.

22

The esperanto affix -em- indicates a tendendy or inclination toward whatever the root refers to. So, "sleepy" can be expressed as dormema (as an adjective). So, Mi estas dormema.

You can find a list of affixes in Esperanto at Word-Building with Esperanto Affixes.

Also see dormema on Wiktionary.

  • Aha, of course! I’ll have to brush up on my affixes. – gerbnl Oct 9 '18 at 21:11
3

Sleepy means “a little bit tired”, so another option could be laceta.

1

I'm under the impression that, at least in Europe, the preferred form is 'dormavida'.

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    I think -avida as a suffix means that you have a long-term tendency towards the root (like manĝavida could mean greedy). This is also one of the meanings of -em. In this case in English sleepy is only a temporary inclination to sleep (ie, a bit tired) so I don’t think dormavida makes sense. Maybe a better translation of dormavida would be something like sleepyhead. – Neil Roberts Nov 5 '18 at 14:31
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    Compound words in Esperanto often have an adaptive meaning. For example, ‘vortaro’ is not just a set of words, but a DICTIONARY, and ‘arbaro’ is not just a set of trees, but a FOREST, and so on. Also, it seems to me that ‘dormema’ is more likely to describe a ‘sleepyhead’ (using the sense that you yourself acknowledge) than would ‘dormavida’, with ‘dormavida’ being, by adaptation, more suitable for focusing on the ‘momentary life-situation’ (to use the terminology of Kurt Lewin). – EulerSpoiler Nov 6 '18 at 17:25
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Since the English Dictionary defines sleepy as an adjective, I would (and have) just use the adjective (-a) form of the word. It's simple, and perfectly understandable: the prime directive of Esperanto where ambiguity is not an issue. Mi estas dorma. - (dorma, dormeta, dormega ...)

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    I think dorma is more like something related to sleep. Like a dorma ĉambro would be a room for sleeping, not a sleepy room. – Neil Roberts Jan 3 at 22:33
  • Mi estas dorma means I am asleep. Dormema would be the correct word to use meaning "having an inclination for sleeping." – Karlomanio Jan 7 at 15:12
  • Mi estas dorma means I am somehow related to sleep Out of context, it means neither I am sleepy ( = mi estas dormema ) nor I am asleep ( = mi estas dormanta ) nor I am a sleepyhead ( = mi estas dormemulo ) It is a very ambiguous sentence, and is therefore best avoided (In fact, I have never heard it) – Dario Jan 10 at 7:50

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