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How to translate "infusion", i.e. a medical treatment in which liquid substances are delivered through a hollow needle directly into the body.

(E.g. interstitial / subcutaneous infusion a.k.a. Hypodermoclysis or intravenous infusion a.k.a. "drip".)

(The German word "Infusion" is less ambiguous than the English one.)

  • Wikidata has "intravejna terapio" as Esperanto name of the treatment, but is there a term that can be used independently of whether it's done as a therapy or not? – das-g Jun 5 '19 at 8:01
  • Context / Motivation: This comment of mine in the Duolingo forum. – das-g Jun 5 '19 at 8:02
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    Also there is a difference between intravenous infusion (like a drip) and an intravenous injection (infusion is usually diluted in a carrier and much more diluted while an injection is a direct and fairly quick delivery). And both would count as "intravejna terapio". – Shayne Power Jun 5 '19 at 8:58
  • @ShaynePower Yeah, I think I'm really looking for the meaning captured by the German word "Infusion" which neither includes the meaning of "Spritze"/"Injektion" (e.g. a flue shot) nor that of "Aufguss"/"Kräutertee" (herbal tea and similar hot-water extractions). – das-g Jun 5 '19 at 20:36
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How about "gutado" as in "intravejna gutado?". That would mean we could also use "subhaŭta gutado". Ŝi ricevas salon per intravejna gutado.

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  • Is that based on more than the similarity/relation between the English words "drip" and "drop"? Would it be understood (with the intended meaning) by non-English-speaking Esperantists? – das-g Jun 5 '19 at 20:38
  • It's an educated guess. And I google-translated a non-English wiki article about it into Esperanto and that's the sort of thing that came up. And in Esperanto "drip" and "drop" use the same root. I figured it made sense because that's basically how an infusion limits the rate of administration, by literally giving it a drop at a time. Hence: gutado - dripping. – Shayne Power Jun 6 '19 at 1:36
  • Ah, I fear that it might be Google translate artefact then. Sometimes one sees effects of English idioms or English homonyms even in Google translations from one non-English language to another non-English language. Thus I'd refrain from using that translation if it cannot be sourced by human-authored texts or dictionary entries. – das-g Jun 6 '19 at 7:23
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I would translate "intravenous infusion" as envejna infuzo.

The Plena Ilustrita Vortaro does not give a medical definition for infuzi, and seems to assign that meaning to perfuzi instead. The problem is that "infusion" and "perfusion" are not synonyms in English-language medical literature, as the latter uses an exterior pump as a replacement for normal circulation; but in French, "perfusion" is used for both.

Since Hradil's Esperanta Medicina Terminaro does however make this distinction, I think it is okay to use infuzo for medical infusions.

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From word roots, suffixes and prefixes:

verb

The action being done is inputting or injecting: enmet-

accusative noun

The thing being inputted is some sort of liquid: ialikvaĵ-

preposition

The liquid is being injected into the skin or body: korpo or haŭto

What it is

an act or process so the word will end in -o

Result

ialikvaĵenkorpmeto = Process in which some kind of liquid is inserted into a body

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