What is the proper placement of the circumflex accent on the lowercase letter "ĥ"? I am asking from a typographic perspective, as in what a font designer should do.
Should the accent mark be placed higher than the entire letter (left in image), or should it be placed within the space between the initial vertical line and the top of the arc (middle in image)? Am I right in assuming that centering the circumflex above the vertical line (right in image) is to be avoided?
Note that the right-hand glyph was taken from the Calibri typeface. I generated the other two glyphs by adjusting the original Calibri glyph. Something like the middle glyph (where accent placement that doesn't increase letter height) is likely to look better in a typeface in which the left-hand vertical line rises higher above the arc than it does for the Calibri glyph; an example would be Linux Libertine G:
Finally, note that the Esperanto letter ĥ often looks similar to the IPA symbol ɦ
which denotes a voiced glottal fricative. While this won't be an issue for many Esperantists, there are many language aficionados in the community who might take note.
I understand that there is a subjective element to this question. It is possible to divide this question into 2-3 parts:
- How was this letter originally shaped? Or was there no consistency?
- What is most common practice, as one encounters it nowadays?
- What do users of the language feel looks best? Nowadays typeface design is so easy that we needn't be bound by historical precedent.