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I saw a sentence:

Multaj homoj ne laboras sabate kaj dimanĉe.

I also saw when 'sabaton' is used instead of 'sabate.'

Do they mean the same thing? Otherwise is there slight difference in meaning?

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Multaj homoj ne laboras sabate kaj dimanĉe. = "Many people do not work on Saturday(s) and Sunday(s)."

This sentence is talking in a general way about those two days.

Multaj homoj ne laboras sabaton kaj dimanĉon = "Many people are not working on Saturday and Sunday."

In this sentence, the implication is that we are talking about a specific weekend. Given that dates are not specified, it probably means next weekend. Because of the use of the accusative "-n", Saturday and Sunday are definite points in time.

Having said that, you can also say, for instance, "Cxi-vespere mi ne laboros." But in this case, there is no chance of confusion, because "cxi-vespere" can only refer to one specific evening (tonight), not to evenings in general.

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