How do I ask someone to count to 10 in Esperanto? By that, I want him to say "1", then "2", then "3" ... up until "10". Is there a word or a sentence for that?

2 Answers 2


You can either say "Nombru ĝis dek" or "Kalkulu ĝis dek". I personally prefer to use "nombri" rather than "kalkuli" for 'to count', as the main meaning of "kalkuli" is 'to calculate', so that it can sometimes lead to misunderstandings (though not in this sentence).


You would ask them: "Kalkulu ĝis dek."

  • "Mi jam scias kalkuli ĝis dek kaj skribi" - La Faraono
  • "Ŝafo kalkulita ne estas savita." - Proverbaro Esperanta
  • Isn't "kalkuli" for mathematical operations, such as 237+932=?
    – Vanege
    Sep 14, 2016 at 21:33
  • Yes, it can mean count or calculate (work out a mathematical operation) depending on context.
    – jzknuckles
    Sep 14, 2016 at 21:43
  • In Mazi en Gondolando, Corvax asks the gardener to "kalkuli" the trees and then he starts saying "unu… du…" etc.
    – Neil Roberts
    Sep 15, 2016 at 9:35
  • The point in Mazi is the result: how many trees there are ("count the trees", not "count to ten"). To me the original question is about passing time (e.g. in hide-and-seek to give time for the players to hide themselves), so you not kalkulu ĝis dek but nombru or even listigu ĝis dek. Feb 17, 2023 at 9:21

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