12

I believe they are not equivalent. Moskito is more broad and only one sub-family of moskitos are Kuloj (Culex). But I am not sure of it.

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    I learned the word moskito - probably from one of the English dictionaries - but I was rather surprised in Europe to find that everybody was calling the mosquitos kuloj. Anybody that I found, if they were familiar with the term moskito thought it referred to the biters in Africa that carried malaria. Keep in mind that "culex" is a genus, not a "sub family" and so is already a very broad term. – Tomaso Alexander Sep 15 '16 at 21:51
8

Vikipedio has an explanation for this. Basically it seems that both kulo and moskito are technically two different species of biting insect, both of which are in a family called kuledoj. Moskito is the correct name for the annoying biting one that everybody hates, but actually in practice people colloquially use the word kulo to refer to anything in the family of kuledoj.

In my personal experience I believe I hear the word kulo to refer these annoying insects much more frequently. It's an especially good word because it opens up the opportunity for jokes about “la fi·kuloj”.

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  • The same Wiki article seems to be saying that the words are synonyms. "Moskito (aŭ Kulo) estas membro de la familio Kuledoj " Aliloke en la artikolo oni indikas la diferencon (simile al kion mi diris en alia komento): "Por la tropikaj specioj de la kuledoj oni plej ofte uzas la vorton moskito. " – Tomaso Alexander Sep 15 '16 at 22:31
  • @TomasoAlexander Tiu aldono estas nova kaj ŝajnas esti eraro, ĉar ĝi ne kongruas kun la restaĵo de la artikolo. – Vanege Sep 16 '16 at 17:16
4

Kulo is the general term for a biting fly, moskito are specifically those bastardly little blood-suckers everyone hates.

kulo
Malgranda insekto kies ino suĉas sangon de mamuloj k birdoj, k kies piko kaŭzas malagrablan jukadon
A small insect whose female sucks blood from mammals and birds, and the bite causes uncomfortable itching.

moskito
pikantaj dipteraj insektoj, precipe el la fam. de kuledoj
Flying biting insects, especially from the family Culicidae (Mosquito)

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  • Hmm, nun mi dubas min mem. La supra respondo estas kiel mi cxiam uzis la vortojn kaj la difinoj sxajnas subteni tion, cxu ne? O_o – makis Sep 15 '16 at 21:49
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    Nu, Makis - atentu ankaux ke "diptera" signifas musxeca, cxu ne? Mi rimarkas diferencon en uzo inter usono kaj euxropo. – Tomaso Alexander Sep 15 '16 at 21:55
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    Gxuste, sed per sercxo de tekstaro, mi ne trovis zamenhan uzon de moskito, sed multaj por kulo. Kaj tio, laux mi, signifus, ke eble la vorto moskito estis kreita poste por specife signifi mosquito, cxu ne? – makis Sep 15 '16 at 22:06
  • Nu - tio signifas nur ke (ial) Z preferis la vorton "kulo." – Tomaso Alexander Sep 15 '16 at 22:25
  • Aux eble cxar tiutempe nur kulo ekzistis.... ;) – makis Sep 15 '16 at 22:28
1

According to my dictionary (John C. Wells's), a kulo is a gnat and a moskito is a mosquito.

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