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2
votes
2answers
50 views

Ŝanĝiĝo de akcento rilate aldonon de -on al fremdaj nomoj

Mi legas la libron La Fermita Urbo de István Nemere. En tiu libro la aŭtoro uzas ne tute Esperantigitajn nomojn, ekzemple Terlik. Mi prononcus tion kiel Térlik, kun akcento sur la unua silabo (la ...
3
votes
1answer
37 views

Where is the object in the example sentences for definition #2 of the verb “atendi” in PIV?

http://vortaro.net/?w=atendi#atendi PIV notes that the verb "atendi" is transitive. However, definition 2 ("Prokrasti ian agon ĝis okazos alia ago") has example sentences that do not have anything ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

When do sentence fragments take the accusative?

This is a simple exchange I had on twitter: a: Mi estas lacata. b: Dormu! a: Bona ideo. Mi dormis. Dankon! Why not "Bonan ideon. Mi dormis. Dankon!"?
3
votes
2answers
61 views

About the “object” of a sentence [duplicate]

I know about the examples given of "the man kissing the woman" or "boy kissing the girl". My question is, how do I use the -n if the object ends in, for instance, the letter n as in John, or in y as ...
4
votes
3answers
133 views

Does Esperanto use the Double Accusative?

This question is inspired by this precedent: How would you say “I should not have taught you that.” In German, one can say: Ich lehre dich dies (literal translation into Esperanto: Mi instruas vin ...
3
votes
3answers
45 views

Can object and subject be switched places with accusative?

In german, you can do things like changing the SVO order of a phrase to OVS, thereby making the subject switch places with the object, and this is possible because the distinction between the two is ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

Should I use nominative or accusative after kun?

Which of the following is correct​? Kun grandega potenco venas granda respondeco Kun grandega potenco venas grandan respondecon I guess that the nominative case must be used for granda respondeco ...
2
votes
4answers
66 views

Ĉu “endi” estas transitiva aŭ netransitiva?

Por traduki "it must be a ordinal", I would use "ĝi estendas ordinalon". Alia ebla traduko, laŭ mi, estas "ĝi devas esti ordinalon". Nu, ĉu la akuzativo estas ĝusta kiam oni uzas "-end/i"-igitaj ...
5
votes
2answers
107 views

Where do you put the accusative when the object is a sentence?

I want to write something in the line of The colors show which heads wear hats. where the object of show is which heads wear hats. Naively, I would go La koloroj montras kiujn kapojn portas ...
4
votes
1answer
77 views

Can I in principle replace any preposition by -n?

I wanted to ask for clarification in this matter for a long time. I think I read somewhere that any preposition can be replaced by -n, but I can't find that source again. What I can find, however, is ...
10
votes
3answers
175 views

Do we use the accusative with “tra”?

I know that this is true: Mi iris en la domo = I went in the house (whole time in the house) Mi iris en la domon = I entered the house Mi naĝis sub la akvo = I swam under the water (whole time ...
6
votes
3answers
181 views

Akuzativo kaj “en”

Mi lastatempe trovis en Esperanta libro la jenan frazon: "Ni enterigis la kvin [kadavrojn] en unu tombon". Kial la '-n' finaĵo en "tombon"? La objekto de la verbo "enterigis" estas "la kvin kadavrojn"....
4
votes
5answers
189 views

Which is correct: “Kiom da jaroj vi havas?” or “Kiom da jarojn vi havas?”

It seems like I only see Kiom da jaroj vi havas? but I don't understand why it would be correct. Which is correct, between Kiom da jaroj vi havas? and Kiom da jarojn vi havas?
9
votes
3answers
109 views

What is the object of “instrui”?

How does one construct a sentence containing "to teach someone something"? Can I have two objects in the accusative or do I need a preposition? Ŝi instruas lin la francan. Ŝi instruas al li la ...
12
votes
2answers
467 views

What is the difference between “al la domo” and “en la domon”?

Both express an idea of movement (the first one with the preposition al, and the second with the -n for direction.) Do they mean the same thing, and is it always the case?
5
votes
1answer
166 views

Is “dum” missing in the sentence “Mi atendis pli ol horo”?

One can say "Mi atendis horon", where horo has the accusative mark as an indication of a time-length. However, we usually don't use the accusative after ol. Can we directly transform the sentence into ...
5
votes
1answer
78 views

Ĉu titoloj estu en la akuzativo?

Jen kelkaj ekzemploj: Li renkontos profesoro Wáng en Berlino. Mi ne vidis doktoro Müller hodiaŭ. Tio ne interesus sinjorino Fischer. Ĉu oni metu la akuzativan n-finaĵon je la titolo, aŭ ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

How do you say “root beer”?

So I'm struggling a bit with the accusatives and saying "root beer" is confusing me a bit. Root is radiko, and beer is biero. Do I say radiko biero, radikon bieron, or radiko bieron? Or is it ...
8
votes
1answer
90 views

“Ĉionmanĝanta ŝafo” or “Ĉiomanĝanta ŝafo”? Can you build a word with the accusative like that?

I want to build an adjective for a sheep that eats everything. I had the idea to put together the last part of the sentence "Ŝafo manĝanta ĉion", giving ĉionmanĝanta. However, this word is very ...
7
votes
3answers
134 views

Is the accusative needed when telling someone to “go there” to a website?

Suppose I tell you about a website, then tell you to go there and become a member, would I say option 1 or 2: 1) Iru tie kaj membriĝu! 2) Iru tien kaj membriĝu! Since there is no physical ...
19
votes
3answers
602 views

What is the best way to express the accusative of non-Esperanto words in an Esperanto text?

What is the best way to express the accusative of non-Esperanto words in an Esperanto text? For example: Mi ŝatas Facebook. Tina konas Mark, sed Mark ne konas Tina. Mi forgesis kunporti la ...
6
votes
1answer
185 views

When should you use the accusative case?

Of course the accusative case is used for the Direct Object. However, this is far from the only usage of the accusative in Esperanto. When should I use it and when should I avoid it?
6
votes
3answers
89 views

Ĉu “Krei lingvon bazita sur …” aŭ “… bazitan sur …”?

Mi iam aŭdis la frazon “mi kreis lingvon bazita sur esperanto” kaj mi hezitas ĉu tiu uzo kun adjektivo sen akuzativo estas ĝusta. Mi emus argumenti ke la dua formo estas la ĝusta. Tamen eble oni povus ...