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Questions tagged [adjectives]

The tag has no usage guidance.

6
votes
2answers
95 views

“Pli malgranda” aŭ “malpli granda”?

Mi volas diri "smaller". Ĉu estas ajna alieco en signifo inter "pli malgranda" kaj "malpli granda"? Ĉu ili estas ĝuste samaj? I want to say "smaller". Is there any difference in meaning between "pli ...
5
votes
3answers
105 views

What is the difference between «nun» and «ĉi tiam»

What is the difference (if any) between the correlative «ĉi tiam» and the German-derived «nun?» Or does the only difference lie in the ability to easily use the adverb form of nun, «nune,» and the ...
4
votes
1answer
40 views

“La konstruaĵo estas proksime / proksima de mi” — Adverbo aŭ Adjektivo?

En unu el la lecionoj de Lernu, estas ĉi tiu gramatik-noto: Oni uzas la a-finaĵon por priskribi substantivojn, sed kiam mankas substantivo oni uzas la e-finaĵon. La vetero estas tre varma. (La ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Why is Esperanto a noun, but other languages are adjectives?

Consider the two sentences: Mi parolas Esperanton. Mi parolas la anglan. How come English is used as an adjective, but Esperanto as a noun? Both are languages, so where does this difference come ...
4
votes
1answer
68 views

Comparative with a clause

How does one form a comparative sentence that has a clause in it? For comparative with adjectives the particle ol connects the two elements that are being compared, but when one of the compared ...
13
votes
2answers
743 views

What is “upside down” and “inside out” in Esperanto?

How can I say "upside down" and "inside out"? I find it difficult to translate them – I don't know which grammar constriction I should use. Most often the expressions describes a state, right? ...
6
votes
2answers
87 views

How do i say “Do you consider yourself happy?”

Vi konsideras vin feliĉa aŭ Vi konsideras vin feliĉan I am rather confused what case to use between the nominative and the accusative. In Russian you use the instrumental: ты считаешь себя счастлив-...
5
votes
1answer
58 views

Ĉu oni diras “alta kvalito” aŭ “bona kvalito”?

Estas iel idiomaĵo mi supozas, kaj mi imagas ke varias inter lingvoj. Ĉu oni diras "alta" aŭ "bona" pri kvalitoj esperantlingve?
6
votes
3answers
114 views

What is the difference between “sana” and “saniga”?

In my dictionary there's both "sana" and "saniga" for "healthy". What is the difference? Can I simply always use "sana"? If not, why?
2
votes
3answers
185 views

Comparative and superlative in Esperanto

As far as I know, one should use pli and plej for render comparative and superlative in Esperanto. So : longer : pli longa longest : plej longa Now, following this comment, I wonder if -eg- can also ...
6
votes
2answers
67 views

Proper names + a

I have been wondering about the word Zamenhofa (e.g., here or here). I am very sure it is the only proper name I have seen converted to an adjective with an -a ending – but then again I haven't seen ...
5
votes
3answers
67 views

Ĉu ĝustas diri “veganaj homoj”?

Mia frato estas vegano. Ĉi tie, vegan- signifas "iu kiu ne manĝas produktojn de bestoj". Tiu supo estas vegana. Tamen ĉi tie, vegan- signifas "farita sen produktoj de bestoj". Ŝajnas al mi ke la ...
7
votes
8answers
178 views

Why do adjective share their noun's ending?

For example, belan virinon (beautiful woman, in case I'm being unintelligible) or belaj virinoj (beautiful women). Imagine there is more sentence there. Why does the adjective share the ending of the ...
5
votes
2answers
73 views

Adverb or adjective for tio

Marko: Mi volas roli kiel soldato. Polo: Tio estas bona / bone Since tio is an -O word then should it be bona? Or, since the word tio is referring to a verb (roli), should it be bone?
2
votes
2answers
128 views

Using adjectives to denote possession

I think I saw this in another post, but I can't find it now... Can you use adjectives to denote possession? I was reading this cute Christmas story and saw this usage: En la patrina koro and ...
14
votes
5answers
308 views

When is the prefix ne- and when is it mal-?

The meanings of adjectives can be altered by adding a prefix. Most people know that mal- makes opposites, but the meaning of ne- is a bit more vague. How should I know when to use ne- instead of mal-? ...
7
votes
2answers
65 views

Can I make adjectives of letter names?

I am thinking of an example like "B movie". I could say bo-filmo, but would it also be possible to use an actual adjective? For example, to say that something else is so "B"? I'm not sure if letter ...
6
votes
3answers
80 views

Do adjectives or adverbs describe “tio”?

I just completed an excercise by lernu.net. It was about when to use -e and when to use -a. The descprition told me to put an adjective when there was a noun in the phrase, and an adverb when there ...
4
votes
2answers
119 views

When to use an adverb/adjective

Sometimes I get confused on when I should be using an adverb or an adjective. What's a good rule set? For example, one can respond to a question with "bona" or "bone" - but when do I use which?
7
votes
2answers
359 views

Is there a word for nice or okay that isn't “bona”?

From what I understand, whenever you want to say 'nice' in English, this can be done with bona, but this always sounds very jarring in my head. Bona seems to give whatever I am trying to call 'nice' ...
6
votes
1answer
66 views

Is it possible to order the intensity of Esperanto adjectives?

Esperanto has a lot of ways to modify the intensity of adjectives. Even ignoring pli and plej, the following possible levels of intensity of bona exist: bona, boneta, bonega, tre bona, tre boneta, tre ...
3
votes
0answers
36 views

When saying “looking good”, do I use an adverb or an adjective? [duplicate]

Despite believing that I knew the rules behind the use of adjectives vs. adverbs in certain sentences, it feels like I could be missing some nuance somewhere. For the sake of the question, let's use ...
14
votes
1answer
264 views

“Estas bele” vs “estas bela” (or “beli”)

I sometimes saw adverbs instead of adjectives being used to describe things, like for example in estis bele ke vi povis alveni. Why wouldn't one use bela instead? After all, in the sentence you are ...
3
votes
1answer
148 views

What is the equivalent of compound words created by joining them with hyphen?

In English, when using two or more words as attributive I join them with hyphens. If you're desperate for dual-GPU performance, the 18.4-inch Alienware 18 has a dual-GeForce GTX 880M option That ...
6
votes
2answers
99 views

Using “tiel” and “tiom” before adjectives, adverbs and verbs

Should I use tiel or tiom before an adjective, adverb or verb? Vi estas tiom/tiel afabla. Helpi min estis tiom/tiel afable de vi. Vi tiom/tiel afablas. In English, people say "so" in ...
3
votes
3answers
126 views

What is the meaning of “bonvena”?

I know that Bonvenon! is the equivalent of You're welcome/Willkommen/Välkommen. Does bonvena describe the person who is visiting, or the ones who are being visited or, alternatively, the place which ...
11
votes
1answer
132 views

Kio estas la diferenco inter 'nura' kaj 'sola'?

Nu, mi ne scias ĉu ekzistas eta diferenco inter la du, aŭ ĉu ili estas tute similaj adjektivoj?
8
votes
2answers
87 views

Is there any rule about the adjectives order?

In English, adjectives are normally written in a specific order, for example colour, origin, material, purpose, noun. She liked to wear her red Spanish leather riding boots. Is there a similar ...
6
votes
1answer
51 views

Kio estas la diferenco de la signifo inter “plejgrava” kaj “plej grava”?

Saluton, kio estas la diferenco de la signifo inter la du frazoj? Li verkis sian plejgravan romanon. Li verkis sian plej gravan romanon. Antaŭdankon.
4
votes
2answers
71 views

What is the difference between “Mia onklo venas sane” and “Mia onklo venas sana”?

I know that one of them is an adverb and one of them is an adjective. But what is the more deeper meaning of the sentences? Can you create a proper context for them please? Do also similar examples ...