Questions tagged [adjectives]

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1answer
30 views

Can adjectives be combined with correlatives (table words)?

For example: alia io/iu - something/someone else io ajn malbona - anything bad Are these correct? If not, is there another way to say this kind of thing?
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3answers
89 views

Why is 'pravas' a verb?

To say: "You are right.", I know that it is also acceptable to write: "Vi estas prava.", which to me makes sense, because then 'prava' is an adjective, just like in English. ...
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2answers
132 views

Are there no "true" antonyms in Esperanto?

I've just started learning Esperanto on Duolingo, and the only thing I don't like about the language is the formation of antonyms through "mal". It's not necessarily obvious to me why, say, &...
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2answers
70 views

Priskribante subjekton, ĉu "esti <adverbo>" aŭ "esti <adjektivo>"?

Take for instance a simple sentence like "I am right". Should this then technically be "mi estas prave" (or even "mi prave estas") instead of "mi estas prava"? Why do I ask? Because, to me, this seems ...
2
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3answers
106 views

Ĉu oni povas uzi la vortojn "maleta", "malolda", "malfrida"?

Mi lernis ke oni povas konstrui vortojn uzanta la prefikso "mal" por esprimi la malon de la vortoj sen la prefikso: granda ⇒ malgranda varma ⇒ malvarma juna ⇒ maljuna Sed, ĉu oni povas uzi la saman ...
3
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2answers
81 views

How to contrast “but...while”?

Consider, in attempting to translate: Ah, you like sushi? Have you tried poke? Both have fish (usually raw) and rice. But sushi is Japanese, while poke is Hawaiian. ↓ Ha, vi ŝatas suŝion, ĉu? ...
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2answers
91 views

Adjective followed by infinitive?

In English, there exists a construct which I do not quite understand. The monad rolled around the woods, careful not to fall into the river. The human was careful not to awaken the baby. She ...
0
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2answers
44 views

Adjective order - convention as opposed to rule

In Esperanto, there is no strict ordering in regards to adjectives and nouns. Saying "afero beleta" is just as valid as saying "beleta afero" in terms of the rules. However, the de facto convention ...
4
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3answers
67 views

How should I compare two or more things?

I'm wondering how you make a comparison in Esperanto So, I mean, how do you say "The cat is more/less/equally blue than/as the dog" for example (I don't want to just assume that it's exactly the ...
2
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2answers
74 views

Describing a collective noun

In saying something like "The group is big" ("La grupo estas granda"), I'm referring to the noun "group" singularly (i.e. the group itself is big). How would I refer to it collectively as in English, ...
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2answers
609 views

Is it correct to translate English noun adjuncts into adjectives?

This is related to a question about English noun sequences. The reason I'm asking is because of an apparent inconsistency in which constructions such as peanut butter, climate change or world war are ...
3
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1answer
106 views

What's the difference between ending an adjective with -o and with -eco

What would be the difference between ending adjectives with -o and with -eco? For example, between saying kolero and kolereco or feliĉo and feliĉeco.
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2answers
115 views

"Pli malgranda" aŭ "malpli granda"?

Mi volas diri "smaller". Ĉu estas ajna alieco en signifo inter "pli malgranda" kaj "malpli granda"? Ĉu ili estas ĝuste samaj? I want to say "smaller". Is there any difference in meaning between "pli ...
5
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3answers
182 views

What is the difference between «nun» and «ĉi tiam»

What is the difference (if any) between the correlative «ĉi tiam» and the German-derived «nun?» Or does the only difference lie in the ability to easily use the adverb form of nun, «nune,» and the ...
4
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1answer
57 views

"La konstruaĵo estas proksime / proksima de mi" -- Adverbo aŭ Adjektivo?

En unu el la lecionoj de Lernu, estas ĉi tiu gramatik-noto: Oni uzas la a-finaĵon por priskribi substantivojn, sed kiam mankas substantivo oni uzas la e-finaĵon. La vetero estas tre varma. (La vorto ...
7
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2answers
3k views

Why is Esperanto a noun, but other languages are adjectives?

Consider the two sentences: Mi parolas Esperanton. Mi parolas la anglan. How come English is used as an adjective, but Esperanto as a noun? Both are languages, so where does this difference come ...
4
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1answer
78 views

Comparative with a clause

How does one form a comparative sentence that has a clause in it? For comparative with adjectives the particle ol connects the two elements that are being compared, but when one of the compared ...
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2answers
815 views

What is "upside down" and "inside out" in Esperanto?

How can I say "upside down" and "inside out"? I find it difficult to translate them – I don't know which grammar constriction I should use. Most often the expressions describes a state, right? ...
7
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2answers
122 views

How do i say "Do you consider yourself happy?"

Vi konsideras vin feliĉa aŭ Vi konsideras vin feliĉan I am rather confused what case to use between the nominative and the accusative. In Russian you use the instrumental: ты считаешь себя счастлив-...
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1answer
65 views

Ĉu oni diras "alta kvalito" aŭ "bona kvalito"?

Estas iel idiomaĵo mi supozas, kaj mi imagas ke varias inter lingvoj. Ĉu oni diras "alta" aŭ "bona" pri kvalitoj esperantlingve?
5
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3answers
198 views

What is the difference between "sana" and "saniga"?

In my dictionary there's both "sana" and "saniga" for "healthy". What is the difference? Can I simply always use "sana"? If not, why?
5
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3answers
466 views

Comparative and superlative in Esperanto

As far as I know, one should use pli and plej for render comparative and superlative in Esperanto. So : longer : pli longa longest : plej longa Now, following this comment, I wonder if -eg- can also ...
5
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2answers
107 views

Proper names + a

I have been wondering about the word Zamenhofa (e.g., here or here). I am very sure it is the only proper name I have seen converted to an adjective with an -a ending – but then again I haven't seen ...
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3answers
76 views

Ĉu ĝustas diri "veganaj homoj"?

Mia frato estas vegano. Ĉi tie, vegan- signifas "iu kiu ne manĝas produktojn de bestoj". Tiu supo estas vegana. Tamen ĉi tie, vegan- signifas "farita sen produktoj de bestoj". Ŝajnas al mi ke la ...
6
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8answers
286 views

Why do adjective share their noun's ending?

For example, belan virinon (beautiful woman, in case I'm being unintelligible) or belaj virinoj (beautiful women). Imagine there is more sentence there. Why does the adjective share the ending of the ...
4
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2answers
108 views

Adverb or adjective for tio

Marko: Mi volas roli kiel soldato. Polo: Tio estas bona / bone Since tio is an -O word then should it be bona? Or, since the word tio is referring to a verb (roli), should it be bone?
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2answers
253 views

Using adjectives to denote possession

I think I saw this in another post, but I can't find it now... Can you use adjectives to denote possession? I was reading this cute Christmas story and saw this usage: En la patrina koro and ...
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5answers
1k views

When is the prefix ne- and when is it mal-?

The meanings of adjectives can be altered by adding a prefix. Most people know that mal- makes opposites, but the meaning of ne- is a bit more vague. How should I know when to use ne- instead of mal-? ...
6
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2answers
78 views

Can I make adjectives of letter names?

I am thinking of an example like "B movie". I could say bo-filmo, but would it also be possible to use an actual adjective? For example, to say that something else is so "B"? I'm not sure if letter ...
5
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3answers
108 views

Do adjectives or adverbs describe "tio"?

I just completed an excercise by lernu.net. It was about when to use -e and when to use -a. The descprition told me to put an adjective when there was a noun in the phrase, and an adverb when there ...
5
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2answers
320 views

When to use an adverb/adjective

Sometimes I get confused on when I should be using an adverb or an adjective. What's a good rule set? For example, one can respond to a question with "bona" or "bone" - but when do I use which?
8
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2answers
386 views

Is there a word for nice or okay that isn't "bona"?

From what I understand, whenever you want to say 'nice' in English, this can be done with bona, but this always sounds very jarring in my head. Bona seems to give whatever I am trying to call 'nice' ...
5
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1answer
106 views

Is it possible to order the intensity of Esperanto adjectives?

Esperanto has a lot of ways to modify the intensity of adjectives. Even ignoring pli and plej, the following possible levels of intensity of bona exist: bona, boneta, bonega, tre bona, tre boneta, tre ...
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0answers
39 views

When saying "looking good", do I use an adverb or an adjective? [duplicate]

Despite believing that I knew the rules behind the use of adjectives vs. adverbs in certain sentences, it feels like I could be missing some nuance somewhere. For the sake of the question, let's use ...
14
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1answer
498 views

"Estas bele" vs "estas bela" (or "beli")

I sometimes saw adverbs instead of adjectives being used to describe things, like for example in estis bele ke vi povis alveni. Why wouldn't one use bela instead? After all, in the sentence you are ...
2
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1answer
176 views

What is the equivalent of compound words created by joining them with hyphen?

In English, when using two or more words as attributive I join them with hyphens. If you're desperate for dual-GPU performance, the 18.4-inch Alienware 18 has a dual-GeForce GTX 880M option That ...
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2answers
177 views

Using "tiel" and "tiom" before adjectives, adverbs and verbs

Should I use tiel or tiom before an adjective, adverb or verb? Vi estas tiom/tiel afabla. Helpi min estis tiom/tiel afable de vi. Vi tiom/tiel afablas. In English, people say "so" in this ...
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3answers
174 views

What is the meaning of "bonvena"?

I know that Bonvenon! is the equivalent of You're welcome/Willkommen/Välkommen. Does bonvena describe the person who is visiting, or the ones who are being visited or, alternatively, the place which ...
14
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1answer
161 views

Kio estas la diferenco inter 'nura' kaj 'sola'?

Nu, mi ne scias ĉu ekzistas eta diferenco inter la du, aŭ ĉu ili estas tute similaj adjektivoj?
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2answers
114 views

Is there any rule about the adjectives order?

In English, adjectives are normally written in a specific order, for example colour, origin, material, purpose, noun. She liked to wear her red Spanish leather riding boots. Is there a similar ...
6
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1answer
63 views

Kio estas la diferenco de la signifo inter “plejgrava” kaj “plej grava”?

Saluton, kio estas la diferenco de la signifo inter la du frazoj? Li verkis sian plejgravan romanon. Li verkis sian plej gravan romanon. Antaŭdankon.
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2answers
120 views

What is the difference between "Mia onklo venas sane" and "Mia onklo venas sana"?

I know that one of them is an adverb and one of them is an adjective. But what is the more deeper meaning of the sentences? Can you create a proper context for them please? Do also similar examples ...