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Difference of sabaton and sabate

I saw a sentence: Multaj homoj ne laboras sabate kaj dimanĉe. I also saw when 'sabaton' is used instead of 'sabate.' Do they mean the same thing? Otherwise is there slight difference in meaning?
user67275's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
87 views

Using participles as adverbs

I have a few questions regarding participles used as adverbs in Esperanto. Let us consider the following sentence: Having slept, I had breakfast. Early on, I learned that the "Having slept&...
J-L's user avatar
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1 answer
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Why do they use 'multe' instead of 'multo'?

I thought 'multe' is an adverb and 'multo' is a corresponding noun. In this sentence, Ili vendas multe da spicoj kaj oleoj it looks quite weird to me why an adverb multe is used instead of a noun '...
user67275's user avatar
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1 vote
3 answers
60 views

Can the adverb multe be located anywhere?

I wonder whether the adverb 'multe' can be located anywhere in the below context. Ili multe ŝatas pastaĵojn. Ili ŝatas multe pastaĵojn. Ili ŝatas pastaĵojn multe. Are the above three sentences the ...
user67275's user avatar
  • 195
2 votes
2 answers
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Using verbal suffixes two times in a word

I was messing around with verbs, and I was wondering what is the equivalent adverb for « Dum mi estis manĝinta ». So I thought of manĝintinte. But is this a correct word? And are manĝintonte and ...
Lepticed's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
53 views

Vortordo - kvantadverbo ne rekte apud «da»

Ĉiuj komprenus tiun frazon. Mi havas multe da X. Sed ĉu ankaŭ tiu havus sencon? Mi multe havas da X. Kaj ĉu ankaŭ ambaŭ el tiuj ĝustas? Ĉu da X? Mi havas multe. Ĉu da X? Mi multe havas. La ...
Mona the Monad's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
55 views

Frazo memstara kun participo adverba

Ĉu estas ĝuste uzi tian ĉi frazon kiel, ekzemple, staton, sen ĉeffrazo/ĉefverbo, precipe (sed ne nepre nur) en "UX"? "Analizante dosierojn..." (sur statbreto, anstataŭ "...
Mona the Monad's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
39 views

Vortordo de adverboj - kiom, kiel, kaj kiam gravas?

Jen frazoj ŝajne simplaj. Estas bone legi libron. Simple pensu! La unua, laŭ kunteksto, evidente signifas ke legi libron estas afero bona. Sed, ĉu ia ajn nuanco aŭ signifo malsimila estus, se la &...
Mona the Monad's user avatar
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2 answers
32 views

Dua objekto rekta post «kompare al» kaj simile

Post vortoj, kiel «anstataŭ» kaj «ol», substantivo povas esti akuzativigita se ĝi estas dua/alia objekto rekta (mi ne konas la nomon realan). Ekzemple... Mi volas tiun anstataŭ tiun! Mi volus tiun ...
Mona the Monad's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
49 views

<prepozicio>e de io

Jen kelke da frazoj sufiĉe simplaj. Li venas al la butiko. La monado estis ĵetita el la fenestro kaj falis sur la grundon. La unua umo staras post la dua umo. Antaŭ ri ruliĝas monado tre granda. Mi ...
Mona the Monad's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
118 views

Expressing "<verb>-ingly", where "<verb>" happens to be transitive

Suppose I have this intentionally strange-sounding (and perhaps ungrammatical) sentence. Finante faru ĝin! Maybe even this one. Faru ĝin! Sed finante! That is to say, "Do it, but finishingly ...
Mona the Monad's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
63 views

Expressing multiples of something

The best way to illustrate the question is by example. I now have {twice}/{double}/{two times the} the work to do, in half the time! Of course, I do not want to limit it to this example, but it is ...
Mona the Monad's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
84 views

Priskribante subjekton, ĉu "esti <adverbo>" aŭ "esti <adjektivo>"?

Take for instance a simple sentence like "I am right". Should this then technically be "mi estas prave" (or even "mi prave estas") instead of "mi estas prava"? Why do I ask? Because, to me, this seems ...
Mona the Monad's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
80 views

How does «do» differ from the other words for “so”?

In What is the difference between do, tiel, tial, tiom, and sekve? the answers address the differences between all the title’s words—except for do. I just saw a Duolingo sentence, Mi ne ankoraŭ ...
Trey's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
65 views

Negating "jam" (i.e. to not already have done something)

"jam ne" means "no longer" (like "ne ... plu") instead of "already not". But then how would one express the negation of just "jam"? That is to say, how to say that one has not already done something. ...
Mona the Monad's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
81 views

How to contrast “but...while”?

Consider, in attempting to translate: Ah, you like sushi? Have you tried poke? Both have fish (usually raw) and rice. But sushi is Japanese, while poke is Hawaiian. ↓ Ha, vi ŝatas suŝion, ĉu? ...
Trey's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
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Adjective followed by infinitive?

In English, there exists a construct which I do not quite understand. The monad rolled around the woods, careful not to fall into the river. The human was careful not to awaken the baby. She ...
Mona the Monad's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
147 views

Esperanto Essive Case?

I found a wiki article stating that Esperanto has an essive case, but not much of an explanation. Is the essive case in Esperanto basically an -e ending at the end of a word denoting a vague statement ...
Nala Cat's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
225 views

What is the difference between «nun» and «ĉi tiam»

What is the difference (if any) between the correlative «ĉi tiam» and the German-derived «nun?» Or does the only difference lie in the ability to easily use the adverb form of nun, «nune,» and the ...
jajaperson's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
72 views

"La konstruaĵo estas proksime / proksima de mi" -- Adverbo aŭ Adjektivo?

En unu el la lecionoj de Lernu, estas ĉi tiu gramatik-noto: Oni uzas la a-finaĵon por priskribi substantivojn, sed kiam mankas substantivo oni uzas la e-finaĵon. La vetero estas tre varma. (La vorto ...
Færd's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
310 views

Does Esperanto have a hidden Allative case?

As a casual speaker of Esperanto, I’m used to constructions where ”al la X-o” or ”sur la X-on” is replaced by ”-en”: Ni iru aŭten! (Ni iru al la aŭto.) Via poŝtelefono falis teren. (Via poŝtelefono ...
Bjørn's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
118 views

Adverb or adjective for tio

Marko: Mi volas roli kiel soldato. Polo: Tio estas bona / bone Since tio is an -O word then should it be bona? Or, since the word tio is referring to a verb (roli), should it be bone?
Lumo5's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
114 views

Do adjectives or adverbs describe "tio"?

I just completed an excercise by lernu.net. It was about when to use -e and when to use -a. The descprition told me to put an adjective when there was a noun in the phrase, and an adverb when there ...
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
9 votes
4 answers
214 views

What is the difference between "ade" and "daŭre"?

What is the difference between the adverbs ade and daŭre? Li ade biciklas. / Li daŭre biciklas. Mi ade laboras kiel instruisto. / Mi daŭre laboras kiel instruisto. Ĉu vi ade verkas? / Ĉu vi daŭre ...
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
366 views

When to use an adverb/adjective

Sometimes I get confused on when I should be using an adverb or an adjective. What's a good rule set? For example, one can respond to a question with "bona" or "bone" - but when do I use which?
Keir's user avatar
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11 votes
3 answers
495 views

What is difference between "multo" and "multe"?

In PIV multe has several meanings, including II- Uzata subst-e., kun la signifo «amaso, granda kvanto, granda nombro» Similarly, multo means Amaso, granda kvanto aŭ nombro. Both definitions ...
svendvn's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
40 views

When saying "looking good", do I use an adverb or an adjective? [duplicate]

Despite believing that I knew the rules behind the use of adjectives vs. adverbs in certain sentences, it feels like I could be missing some nuance somewhere. For the sake of the question, let's use ...
Martin's user avatar
  • 276
8 votes
2 answers
351 views

What is the difference between the interjections "ĝuste" and "prave"?

I understand the difference between ĝusti and pravi. Tio ĝustas - that is right, that is correct Vi pravas - you are right, what you are saying saying is correct But what about when the ...
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
14 votes
1 answer
562 views

"Estas bele" vs "estas bela" (or "beli")

I sometimes saw adverbs instead of adjectives being used to describe things, like for example in estis bele ke vi povis alveni. Why wouldn't one use bela instead? After all, in the sentence you are ...
Eljanto's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
210 views

Using "tiel" and "tiom" before adjectives, adverbs and verbs

Should I use tiel or tiom before an adjective, adverb or verb? Vi estas tiom/tiel afabla. Helpi min estis tiom/tiel afable de vi. Vi tiom/tiel afablas. In English, people say "so" in this ...
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
63 views

Kio estas la diferenco de la signifo inter “plejgrava” kaj “plej grava”?

Saluton, kio estas la diferenco de la signifo inter la du frazoj? Li verkis sian plejgravan romanon. Li verkis sian plej gravan romanon. Antaŭdankon.
Ivan Garcia's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
85 views

What adverb should I use in this sentence?

I am trying to translate I come home not long after you arrive in Esperanto. Google Translate gives me the following sentence. Mi venas hejmen post nelonge vi alvenas. Should not baldaŭ be used ...
apaderno's user avatar
  • 1,715
7 votes
2 answers
159 views

Can you write "Mi baldaŭ foriras" instead of "Mi baldaŭ foriros"?

According to ReVo, baldaŭ means post mallonga tempo. Since the idea of posterity is already expressed by the adverb, is it possible to use the -as tense with a verb associated to this adverb?
Vanege's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
133 views

What is the difference between "Mia onklo venas sane" and "Mia onklo venas sana"?

I know that one of them is an adverb and one of them is an adjective. But what is the more deeper meaning of the sentences? Can you create a proper context for them please? Do also similar examples ...
Aviadisto's user avatar
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