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Questions tagged [affixes]

The tag has no usage guidance.

2
votes
2answers
51 views

Can affixes appear in roots?

From what I've seen so far, roots never end in a suffix or start with a prefix. I've reasoned that it should be that way: If roots contained affixes, it would be confusing and give the impression ...
3
votes
2answers
69 views

What is ”size” in Esperanto?

I can tell the difference betweeen a quantity and the presence of a quality. rapido - speed / rapideco - quickness longo - length / longeco - longness pezo - weight / pezeco - heaviness I thought ...
3
votes
3answers
72 views

What is the purpose of the -aĵ- suffix?

I've been learning Esperanto on my own, and recently found the -aĵ- suffix. As far as my understanding goes, this is used to get the concrete/physical/real version of a concept. For example, havaĵo, ...
5
votes
3answers
62 views

“Stresiĝi” kontraŭ “Ek-stresi”

Ni scias, ke la afikxoj -iĝ kaj ek- havas diferencajn signifojn. Tamen, laŭ PIV, ekstresi kaj stresiĝi estas prefekte samaj signife: stresiĝi: Ekesti en stato de streso. (ligilo) Ĉu tio ĝustas? ...
7
votes
1answer
139 views

Ĉu la pasiva formo “esti x[iao]ta” maloftiĝas favore al la uzado de -iĝ-?

Ĉu Esperantistoj pli kaj pli ofte uzas la sufikson -iĝ- anstataŭ la pasivan formon esti x[iao]ta? Mi havas la impreson ke jes. Mi vidas ofte prononciĝas kaj tradukiĝas, anstataŭ estas prononcata kaj ...
12
votes
2answers
174 views

Prefixes vs Suffixes: Which one is strongest?

Sometimes a prefix and a suffix collide to form a word. An example is malino (mal- + -ino) which is sometimes used in informal language to mean ”a man”. However, I’ve often wondered: Which ’fix gets ...
6
votes
4answers
147 views

If a word is a plural object, which suffix comes first?

If I have "mi legas libronj" (I read books), does -n or -j come first? Does it matter? Is there a standard? What about other suffixes? (I've only learned objects and plurals so far but assume there ...
7
votes
4answers
145 views

Are people misusing the ek- verbs?

Very often I see the ek- being used as a complete synonym of "start doing something". But it feels wrong. PIV defines this prefix as Pref. signifanta, ke la procezo komenciĝas subite, je preciza ...
14
votes
5answers
349 views

When is the prefix ne- and when is it mal-?

The meanings of adjectives can be altered by adding a prefix. Most people know that mal- makes opposites, but the meaning of ne- is a bit more vague. How should I know when to use ne- instead of mal-? ...
9
votes
3answers
100 views

What's the difference between the words “aĵo” and “esto” and “estaĵo”

They all seem to be defined as "being", "entity", or "thing", though "estaĵo" also seems to be "creature." Where does this nuance come from? Why do each of these words exist, and how can I use each to ...
4
votes
2answers
54 views

Which if any esperanto words are not viable as affixes for constructing new words?

For example it seems to me that la probably isn't viable. Is this really the case?
4
votes
2answers
80 views

When should I use “vesto”?

I'm used to seeing vestaĵoj, not vestoj. Although, in the new Lernu-course La Teorio Nakamura, vestoj appears several times, for example: "Sed vi ne povas iri tra la stratoj en tiel malmodernaj ...
6
votes
1answer
335 views

Can I duplicate an affix for exaggerated effect?

Like in Esperanto, in many Slavic languages one can stack affixes on top of each other, even those of the same meaning. The latter often ends up sounding awkward or exaggerated, but that may be the ...
7
votes
1answer
108 views

Creating new verbs with -um and nouns

Some of my friends connect -umi to nouns like in the examples below. In brackets are the meanings I caught through context. varsoviumi (talk about Varsovio, look at pictures of the city and/or walk ...
6
votes
4answers
111 views

What are some example-words to show how well affixes work?

I've seen malsanulejo in many places; a good example for how logically roots and affixes can be combined to make useful words. Malsanulejo has a clear meaning, and can easily be translated into ...
5
votes
3answers
89 views

What would be the meaning of “adi”?

PMEG does not provide a theorical meaning for adi. What would be the most probable meaning of adi based on how other affixes are transformed into verbs?
6
votes
2answers
162 views

Using -njo and -ĉjo for family members

I have seen "panjo" very often, and "paĉjo" a couple of times. Are "franjo" and "fraĉjo" common too? What about grandparents? I'm having trouble combining "avo" and -ĉjo. I'm thinking filo would make ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Is there a difference between “-iĝigi” kaj “-igi”?

For example, is the meaning of Mi kuraĝiĝigas lin. different from Mi kuraĝigas lin. ?
7
votes
1answer
213 views

What is the interaction between “-iĝi”, “-igi”, “-anta” and “-ata”?

Is it possible to construct Esperanto words ending with -iĝata, -iĝanta, -iganta, and -igata? For example, could I build humiligata, humiliĝata, humiliĝanta, and humiliganta from humila (humiliating)? ...
3
votes
7answers
402 views

Is the “ge-” prefix in “gefratoj” necessary?

I was trying to translate the name of the game Smash Brothers into Esperanto. The best name I could find is Frakas-Gefratoj, but the ge- prefix feels clunky. I am wondering if I could remove it in ...
4
votes
1answer
102 views

Can the suffix -iĝ- be added to any noun?

How free are we to add the suffix -iĝ- to a word when we want to give the idea that we or someone or something is becoming the thing that the word concerns? I'm not sure how else to ask the question. ...
9
votes
2answers
286 views

What is the usefulness of the 'um' suffix?

I've been told multiple times that it has no definite meaning and also that in general it is used with more abstract actions and ideas. Why was this suffix created, and is there any way to assimilate ...
6
votes
2answers
98 views

Is the word “laboristo” irregular?

I have noticed the suffix "ant" which (I guess) is parallel to the English "er" suffix: Paroli - to speak Parolanto - speaker Ludi - to play Ludanto - player manĝi - to eat ...
7
votes
3answers
224 views

What's the difference between -ujo and -io in country names?

When I first learned Esperanto, I learned that country names usually take the suffix -ujo to convert from a culture to its respective country (e.g. Anglujo, Francujo, Germanujo). But after using the ...
8
votes
2answers
146 views

Why does “glaciaĵo” mean “ice cream”?

Given the meaning of the suffix "-aĵ", that is, "a concrete thing", and the examples usually associated with it, like (random ones from PMEG): utila → utilaĵo = (konkreta) afero, kiu estas utila ...
17
votes
3answers
278 views

What is the difference between the affixes fi- and -aĉ?

I've understood that both the prefix fi- and the suffix -aĉ means something bad. What are the differences of these two? Are there differences in how they are defined? In how they are used?
8
votes
1answer
150 views

How do I know when a verb is transitive?

With verbs without the -ig- or -iĝ- infix, how do I know they are transitive? For example, boli doesn't explicitly say it does not take an object, and you need to know its counterpart (boligi) in ...
7
votes
1answer
112 views

Is it possible to mix feminine suffix (in) and offspring suffix (id)?

Well, let's start with an example. A dog - Hundo. A puppy (The offset of a dog) - Hundido. A dog female - Hundino. Now, can "puppy female" be written like Hundidino or Hundinido? (mixing ...