Questions tagged [correlatives]

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Can adjectives be combined with correlatives (table words)?

For example: alia io/iu - something/someone else io ajn malbona - anything bad Are these correct? If not, is there another way to say this kind of thing?
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1 vote
1 answer
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Omission of the "helpan" «tio» and commas separating clauses

Jen tiu frazo ekzempla. Mi vidis tion, ke la monado ŝtelis la lastan pilon. La «tion» ja povas esti mankigita. Mi vidis, ke la monado ŝtelis la lastan pilon. Sed ĉu ankaŭ la komo, laŭ la gramatiko?...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How does «do» differ from the other words for “so”?

In What is the difference between do, tiel, tial, tiom, and sekve? the answers address the differences between all the title’s words—except for do. I just saw a Duolingo sentence, Mi ne ankoraŭ ...
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0 votes
3 answers
104 views

"What thing?" vs "Which thing?"

A: "You have such a cute monad!" B: "What monad?" One's first instinct may be to translate the latter phrase as "Kiu monado?". However, how would one distinguish between the following two meanings ...
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2 votes
2 answers
67 views

Relativity of subordinate clauses introduced by different ki-vortoj

There was a time when I said something like Mi havis monadon kiel dorlotbesto, kiam mi havas 12 jarojn. But then someone corrected me, saying that it should be havis, instead, and showed me a ...
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1 vote
2 answers
69 views

"da", "el", or nothing?

Suppose I want to say something like "all/each/some/many of something". Which preposition should be used to represent the "of" here? "Da", "el", or nothing? Secondly, what preceding preposition should ...
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1 vote
2 answers
78 views

"Tio estas tio, kion <subj> <verb>, ke ..." vs "Tion <subj> <verb>, ke ..."

In saying something like "It is what he said that she [also] said", what is the difference, both semantically and grammatically, between something like "Tio/Tiu estas tio, kion li diris, ke ŝi diris" ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Omitting "tio" in "tio, kion"

I remember that "tio" can be omitted in the cases of "tio, kio" and "tion, kion", but what about "tio, kion"? For example, "Tiu ago estas tio, kion faris la afero" (I think one would normally say ...
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5 votes
6 answers
192 views

How to mark accusative for correlatives of quantity? Kiel marki akuzativon ĉe "...iom"-aj tabelvortoj?

If I'm not mistaken, the two distinct English questions (a) How many workers need that much work? and (b) How many workers does that much work need? would in Esperanto both be rendered as Kiom da ...
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5 votes
3 answers
189 views

What is the difference between «nun» and «ĉi tiam»

What is the difference (if any) between the correlative «ĉi tiam» and the German-derived «nun?» Or does the only difference lie in the ability to easily use the adverb form of nun, «nune,» and the ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Por nekonata kvanto, cxu oni uzu "kiu" aux "kiuj"?

Ofte kiam oni volas demandi pri personoj en iu situacio, oni ne scias cxu estas unu persono aux pluraj. Ekzemple: Kiu/Kiuj iros al la klubo hodiaux? Mia kaj David iros. Kiun/Kiujn sxi helpas? Sxi ...
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7 votes
1 answer
51 views

Ĉu la tabelvorto "ĉies" signifas "de ĉiu" aŭ "de ĉiuj"?

Mi iam devis lerni la diferencon inter ĉiu kaj ĉiuj. Nun mi havas pluan demandon. Ĉu la vorto "ĉies" signifas "de ĉiu" aŭ "de ĉiuj"? Ĉu oni uzu la pluralon post ĝi aŭ ne? Ĉies patrino meritas ...
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5 votes
3 answers
111 views

Do adjectives or adverbs describe "tio"?

I just completed an excercise by lernu.net. It was about when to use -e and when to use -a. The descprition told me to put an adjective when there was a noun in the phrase, and an adverb when there ...
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8 votes
1 answer
212 views

When to use "ĝin" and "tion"

This is the logic I follow: Nouns are replaced with ĝin Mi ŝatas la filmon. Mi ŝatas ĝin. While tio replaces longer phrases. Mi ŝatas, ke la filmo finiĝas feliĉe. Mi ŝatas tion. I see this most ...
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6 votes
2 answers
180 views

Using "tiel" and "tiom" before adjectives, adverbs and verbs

Should I use tiel or tiom before an adjective, adverb or verb? Vi estas tiom/tiel afabla. Helpi min estis tiom/tiel afable de vi. Vi tiom/tiel afablas. In English, people say "so" in this ...
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8 votes
2 answers
649 views

What is “kioma” used for besides asking for the time?

As I have been taught by the Duolingo course, the word kioma is used when asking for the time: Kioma horo estas? I realise that it is made from the word kiom + -a (to make it an adjective?) but ...
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8 votes
2 answers
536 views

What's the difference between "ĉiu" and "ĉiuj"?

Somehow I can't wrap my head around ĉiu and ĉiuj? Isn't ĉiu already 'everyone'? Why do I need (or only sometimes) the j-finaĵo?
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10 votes
3 answers
646 views

What is the origin of the correlatives?

Are the correlatives inspired from other languages, or are they made-up? The image is a screenshot of the table at Esperanto at Stanford University: Lesson 3 Correlatives (table of words) .
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11 votes
10 answers
2k views

What is the best way to learn correlatives?

I'm learning Esperanto with Duolingo, Lernu and with books but the biggest problem for me is to learn the correlatives. So do you have any suggestions to learn the correlatives? Many people suggest ...
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12 votes
3 answers
258 views

Are there good reasons for the prefixes and suffixes in the table of correlatives?

Zamenhof's innovation of the table of correlatives (AFAIK the first one in any language) is brilliant, but I was always a little perplexed by some of the oddities in it. So I am wondering if anyone ...
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5 votes
2 answers
113 views

How does one build correlatives

What are correlatives in Esperanto? How are they built? Some of them look similar to each other, what are the differences and similarities between them?
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