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Questions tagged [etymology]

For questions about the origin of words.

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Bioliogiaj ordoj: adjektivoj aŭ nomoj?

Saluton. En la PIV, la biologiaj ordoj finiĝas kun -a (ekz. pleŭronektoformaj, gruformaj, ktp). La sufikso -a estas sufikso por adjektivoj. Sed la donita difino de la PIV similas difinon de nomoj (...
Lepticed's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
130 views

The relation between "love" and "sun"

As much I know there are a kind of relation between love and sun in some languages. For example, in Persian, we say exactly the same word for both of them: مهر means sun, sunlight, love. In Turkish, ...
Masoud B's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
54 views

El kiu vorto venas la vorto "spegulo"?

Ĉu ĝi venas el la Germana vorto "spiegel"? La vorto estas eta konfuzanta al mi pro la finaĵo "-ulo". Komence, ĝi iĝas al mi pensi de la sufikso "-ulo".
jastako's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
129 views

Etymology of kato and kata

According to the Wiktionary, kato originates from French, Italian, Latin, etc... and kata comes from kato + a. But how can we say that it is not the opposite? Can we say that the root kat- comes from ...
Lepticed's user avatar
  • 452
4 votes
3 answers
191 views

Ĉu ekzistas etimologia vortaro de Esperanto?

Lernante Esperanto, mi ofte povas memori Esperantajn vortojn, afiksojn kaj radikojn pli bone, se mi scias ilia(j)n origino(j)n. Ĉu ekzistas etimologia vortaro de Esperanto? Se jes, ĉu ekzistas reta ...
das-g's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
102 views

What are origins of basic suffixes?

Is there an explicit reason for -o, -a, -e, -i? The longer ones vaguely remind me of similar words/constructs in different languages that influenced Esperanto, but the very basic ones seem completely ...
Lazar Ljubenović's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
97 views

De kio estas la etimologio de "saluton"?

Saluton estas mallonga por mi donas al vi saluton, kiel bonan tagon, ĉu ne? Angle, vi ne povas diri I give you hello, do kio saluton signifas sole? (Mi pardonpetas por la malbona gramatiko, mi ne ...
john richards's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
177 views

What is the origin of the suffix ING?

Which language is the origin of the suffix ING? Wiktionary doesn't mention its etymology and I can't find a language with a similar suffix. De kiu lingvo venas la sufikso ING? Vikivortaro ne mencias ...
Robin van der Vliet's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
272 views

How often are new loans fully integrated into Esperanto?

The borrowing of vocabulary is part and parcel of natural language evolution. Although Esperanto is now without doubt a full living language, it is nevertheless somewhat unusual as it is still spoken ...
Miztli's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
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De kie venas la vorto «ĉikani»?

Ĉu iu scias la etimologion de «ĉikani», kaj el kiu lingvo ĝi venas, ktp? Mi suspektis, ke ĝi eble venas de la japana vorto 痴漢 (chikan), kiu signifas pli-malpli "molestanto", kaj ĝia signifo do ...
Raizin's user avatar
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9 votes
2 answers
210 views

Kiu estas la origino de la ĉapelitaj literoj?

Ĉapelitaj literoj ĉ, ĥ, ĵ, ŝ, ŭ estas sagaca rimedo, por ke ĉiu Esperanta sono estu skribita per ununura litero (unu sono, unu litero). Mi rimarkis, ke ĉ kaj ŝ havas la saman prononcon kiel la ĉeĥaj č ...
Sambuko's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
327 views

What is the origin of the word "pilko"?

Pilko isn't similar to the word in any other language I know. What is its origin?
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
307 views

Why "renkontiĝo" is more common than "renkonto" for saying "a meeting"?

Renkonti is a transitive verb. For speaking about the act or the event of meeting, it would be shorter to use Renkonto instead of Renkontiĝo. Why is the word second more common?
Vanege's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
113 views

What is the origin of the word "pigra"?

Zamenhof coined this word, but I don't understand how he came up with it. I only find it similar to pig in English and gras (fat) in French, but it is maybe accidental.
Vanege's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
301 views

What is the full sentence of "fek' al tio"?

The full sentence of Bonan tagon is "Mi deziras al vi bonan tagon". Is there something similar for Fek' al tio, where some elements of the original sentence are removed?
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.2k
11 votes
1 answer
272 views

De kio “saluton” estas la rekta objekto?

"Saluton" finiĝas per "n" sekve saluton estas rekta objekto, sed la rekta objekto de kio? "Saluton" ends with an "n" thus it's a direct object, but the direct object of what?
masukomi's user avatar
  • 397
6 votes
3 answers
140 views

Kial "mirtelo" kaj ne "blubero"?

Eble tio estas stulta demando, sed mi konas la vorton de la sveda blåbär, de la germana Blaubeere kaj de la angla blueberry kaj ili ŝajnas tiom simplaj. "Mirtelo" venas el la franca, mi pensas. Ĉu ie ...
Charlotte SL's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
92 views

De kie venas la vorto "Barato" por angle India?

Ĉiu vorto havas iun originon — iu iam elektis ĝin.
Charlotte SL's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
238 views

Why "nigra truo" is a concept that uses two words instead of one?

Nigra truo is an adjective next to a noun. It can be any hole that happens to be black. I was surprised to find that this "word" is in ReVo and is used for speaking about the cosmic object named black ...
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.2k
8 votes
2 answers
176 views

How "prifajfi" / "fajfi pri" became to mean "ne zorgi pri"?

Some people are using prifajfi and fajfi pri without the idea of whistling. They use these words in the sense of ne zorgi pri or ignori. For example: Mi fajfas pri la Greka lingvo means Mi ne ...
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.2k
7 votes
5 answers
1k views

The number billion ("miliardo")

From Duolingo: Dek, cent, mil, miliono, miliardo Ten, hundred, thousand, million, billion Why is billion miliardo and not biliono? Trillion is triliono.
BJ Dela Cruz's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
772 views

Why are so many Esperanto word roots derived from French?

As stated in esperanto.net FAQ About 75 % of Esperanto's vocabulary comes from Latin and Romance languages (especially French), about 20 % comes from Germanic languages (German and English), and ...
benahm's user avatar
  • 1,730
5 votes
2 answers
219 views

What is the origin of the chess-related vocabulary in Esperanto?

The Wikipedia article about Chess uses these words for the different pieces of the game: Reĝo, Damo, Turo, Ĉevalo, Kuriero, Peono. Who first coined these terms?
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.2k
2 votes
1 answer
51 views

Kial estas "malvarm" en "malvarmumo"?

Malvarmumo estas malsano kaŭzita de viruso. Se oni pecetigas la vorton, oni povas vidi "malvarm" kaj "umo". Kiel tiu malsano rilatas al malvarmeco?
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.2k
7 votes
5 answers
546 views

Are there words in Esperanto that are occuring only in Esperanto and aren't drawn from other languages?

This question asks for Esperanto words taken from non-Indo-European languages. Here I want to know: Are there Esperanto words that are not taken from any previously existing language, but are created ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
14 votes
6 answers
693 views

Are there any Esperanto words derived from words from non-Indo-European languages?

Esperanto is based on Romance, Germanic, and Slavonic languages; all of them are branches of Indo-European languages. Are there words in Esperanto that come from other language families? What are ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
19 votes
3 answers
1k views

What is the origin of "Krokodili"?

It seems that krokodili means when two Esperantists speak with each other in a language other than Esperanto, what is the origin of this use?
benahm's user avatar
  • 1,730
23 votes
1 answer
1k views

What is the origin of "Usono"?

What is the origin of the country-name "Usono"? The online Plena Illustrita Vortaro de Esperanto gives the word as Uson-o, so "Uson" is the root. But what is this derived from? At face value, it would ...
harlandski's user avatar
  • 1,228
7 votes
2 answers
320 views

What is the origin of the word "kabei"?

The verb "kabei" means to leave the Esperanto community. What is the source of this word?
LaStranga's user avatar
  • 1,236
9 votes
2 answers
222 views

Why does "glaciaĵo" mean "ice cream"?

Given the meaning of the suffix "-aĵ", that is, "a concrete thing", and the examples usually associated with it, like (random ones from PMEG): utila → utilaĵo = (konkreta) afero, kiu estas utila ...
Lyubomir Vasilev's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
228 views

What is the origin of the word "frazo"?

Does the word "frazo" comes from the English word "phrase"? Or is there a closer word in an other Latin language which "frazo" is a derivative of?
Yotam Salmon's user avatar
13 votes
2 answers
755 views

What is the origin of the word "mojosa"?

How did this relatively new word come into use? Is it accepted as an official Esperanto word?
LaStranga's user avatar
  • 1,236
13 votes
3 answers
1k views

Where does the verb "farti" come from?

As far as I know, the words' roots in Esperanto come from non-constructed languages (this is what Wikipedia says about it). As I speak English, Russian and some French and know a bit of Latin, I ...
ForceBru's user avatar
  • 540
15 votes
4 answers
2k views

What percentage of Esperanto words come from each major language family?

My understanding is that Esperanto's vocabulary relies primarily on Indo-European languages. Here are a few of the major families within that group: Italic (including Latin, Romance) Germanic (...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar