Questions tagged [infinitive]

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1answer
172 views

Is the Esperanto infinitive ambiguous?

Mi trovis vin manĝi The most likely way to interpret this is I found you eating, meaning that it is you whom I found, it is you who was eating, and you were eating when I found you. Here, manĝi is a "...
6
votes
3answers
134 views

How free is word order in a sentence with infinitives

Infinitives do not have case markers. "Mi ŝatas lerni" is the typical order, and so is "egzameni asisti la detektivon". But could "lerni ŝatas mi" work, noting that "mi" is not in accusative and is ...
5
votes
1answer
874 views

How do you translate a row of infinitive words in Esperanto?

The most obvious answer would be to just make a row of infinitive Esperanto words, but I wonder if you can not introduce more explicit relations. Here is an example from Consecutive infinitives on ...
7
votes
3answers
365 views

Infinitive after komenci

How would you say He started to speak? Would that be Li komencis paroli? In other languagues there is normally a particle next to the infinitive form: he started to speak (English); comenzó a hablar ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Ĉu eblas subjekto kun infinitivo?

En alia demando, unu uzanto skribis la jenan frazon: Mi pensas, ke gravas ekzisti komunumon kie oni nur parolas esperante Mi kredas ke tio ne estas gramatike ĝusta, ĉar ekzisti ne povas havi ...
4
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2answers
168 views

Why don’t I words take the N ending?

(This question springs from this one.) In Esperanto, the N ending is usually used to mark the accusative: Ŝi ŝatas fiŝojn. Ŝi ŝatas la Italan. Ŝi ŝatas ilin. Ŝi ŝatas manĝi. Why ...
7
votes
1answer
85 views

Can infinitives be subjects?

Infinitives are often used as direct objects: Mi ŝatas danci. ( ≈ Mi ŝatas dancadon.) I wonder if an infinitive could be used as a subject, too? Would it be correct to say: Danci plaĉas al mi. ...
5
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2answers
96 views

“Sen rigardi”: Which preposition+infinitive combos are possible?

I often encounter prepositional phrases such as sen rigardi: Mi forlasis ŝin sen rigardi dorsen. (From a story by J. Camacho.) Are other preposition+infinitive combinations possible? For example: ...
6
votes
1answer
47 views

I-verbo kun relativa «kiu»

Ĉu eblas havi i-verbon en la subfrazo de relativa «kiu»? Ekzemple, ĉu la jena frazo estas gramatike ĝusta? Mi volas trovi iun kun kiu iri al la kinejo. Mi scias ke simila vortumo funkcius en la ...
9
votes
3answers
480 views

Can infinitives be used back-to-back in Esperanto?

For example, I just read an English sentence similar to: What you need to know to be able to grow potatoes... If I, at my early stage, try to translate this into Esperanto, I end up with three ...
6
votes
3answers
229 views

When should “por” be used before an infinitive (i-verbo)?

There are some cases where I'm not sure if I'm supposed to say the word por before an infinitive. What are the rules for this? Here is an example of a situation where I'm not exactly sure what to do: ...