Questions tagged [language-evolution]

Use this tag for questions about how the language evolved.

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How and why did the different Esperanto affixes get choosen?

I really like Esperanto's system of prefixes and suffixes, being able to add all of them together to get the perfect word without needed to know specific vocabulary, but I don't exactly understand how ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Translate words which don’t have translations yet

When I read science papers in French or in English, sometimes, I want to know the translations of some words in Esperanto. However, after some research on the Internet, I found nothing. How am I ...
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2 votes
1 answer
130 views

Why did "kiom", "tiom", "iom" etc. without "da" fall out of fashion?

Nowadays, when an amount tabelvorto ("kiom", "tiom", "iom", "ĉiom" or "neniom") is followed by the thing(s) or category to which the amount refers, there's always a "da" between them. (See also Why is ...
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6 votes
2 answers
101 views

Esperanto evolution from "unua libro" to "fundamento"

What changes did Zamenhof made to Esperanto from the publication of the Unua libro to La Fundamento de Esperanto. I only found the evolution of (correlatives) -an to -am. I wondered if there were any ...
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-4 votes
2 answers
202 views

How to contact the 'akademio de esperanto'

How to contact the 'Akademio de Esperanto' and suggest them to simplify/overhaul/revolutionise the Esperanto language by making plural forms, object agreement and other confusing language parts of the ...
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5 votes
3 answers
380 views

Does Esperanto evolve?

Does Esperanto evolve over time like a normal language? In normal languages it happens that some words change meaning over time or some grammar changes.
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9 votes
1 answer
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Kion Zamenhof uzis anstataŭ «pluraj»?

Mi freŝe rimarkis, ke laŭ PIV, Zamenhof neniam uzis la vorton «pluraj». Plie la vortaro de Louis de Beaufront — aprobita de Zamenhof — ne enhavas ĝin. Mi ankaŭ ne povis trovi ĝin en la tekstoj de ...
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7 votes
1 answer
149 views

Ĉu la pasiva formo "esti x[iao]ta" maloftiĝas favore al la uzado de -iĝ-?

Ĉu Esperantistoj pli kaj pli ofte uzas la sufikson -iĝ- anstataŭ la pasivan formon esti x[iao]ta? Mi havas la impreson ke jes. Mi vidas ofte prononciĝas kaj tradukiĝas, anstataŭ estas prononcata kaj ...
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4 votes
2 answers
241 views

How often are new loans fully integrated into Esperanto?

The borrowing of vocabulary is part and parcel of natural language evolution. Although Esperanto is now without doubt a full living language, it is nevertheless somewhat unusual as it is still spoken ...
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11 votes
1 answer
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De kio “saluton” estas la rekta objekto?

"Saluton" finiĝas per "n" sekve saluton estas rekta objekto, sed la rekta objekto de kio? "Saluton" ends with an "n" thus it's a direct object, but the direct object of what?
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  • 397
7 votes
2 answers
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When "ali-" gets merged with the tabelvortoj - An example of irregularity in Esperanto

This is a common mistake (or proposal) I have seen in Esperanto; I have recently heard the word "alies" when listening to ĈRI, and I have also encountered it in Hasegawa Teru's (Verda Majo's) En Ĉinio ...
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  • 1,495
8 votes
5 answers
411 views

What were the main reasons for creating iĉismo?

I can understand why in the context of today's discussions on gender, and I see a need for it, but what were the main reasons for creating iĉismo? I would like to know who created it and why.
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  • 8,117
6 votes
1 answer
113 views

Kial "-iĉ-" por viriĉoj en la iĉisma sistemo?

Kiam la iĉisma sistemo estis verkita, kial ili elektis -iĉ- por la virgenra sufikso? Ĉu tio havas iun originon de iu nacia lingvo?
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  • 8,117
8 votes
3 answers
213 views

Alternativoj por rolvorteto plus i-verbo

Laŭ PMEG, estas “tabuo” uzi i-verbon post rolvorteto krom la 4 specifaj rolvertetoj por, anstataŭ, krom kaj sen. En tiu priskribo sekvas rekomendoj por anstataŭigi specifajn oftajn rolvortetojn. Kaj ...
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3 votes
1 answer
57 views

What kind of word is "spite"?

I mostly read it in older works. Can I treat it like a regular word, and what would spito, spita, spiti etc mean?
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8 votes
2 answers
284 views

How much has Esperanto changed over the years since the publication of Fundamento de Esperanto? [closed]

I have been let know that the Esperanto community is known to be resistant to change. Languages like Ido and Zamenhof's Reformed Esperanto haven't got nearly as much attention as the main language, ...
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  • 161
20 votes
2 answers
425 views

Who is in charge of Esperanto?

Is there a committee that is maintaining the language e.g. accepting/rejecting new words? And what are the processes/policies there?
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24 votes
4 answers
1k views

What happened to the letter ĥ during the evolution of Esperanto from Zamenhof to our times?

There is a strong tendency in Esperanto to replace the letter ĥ by different means (e.g. arĥitekto becomes arkitekto). What happened to the letter ĥ? Why is it singled out as a target for replacement?
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