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Questions tagged [participles]

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Using participles as adverbs

I have a few questions regarding participles used as adverbs in Esperanto. Let us consider the following sentence: Having slept, I had breakfast. Early on, I learned that the "Having slept&...
J-L's user avatar
  • 190
1 vote
2 answers
133 views

Sentempaj verboj Esperante

Bonvolu pardoni min, ĉar ĉi tiu demando estas iom pedanta. Mi scivolas kiel priskribi agojn aŭ okazaĵojn, kiuj ne havas definitan aŭ sciitan tempon. Iuj lingvoj havas verban aspekton sen specifa senco ...
Parker Hoyes's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
120 views

Perceived stigma against "esti" + active participle

In Esperanto courses for English speakers, one is taught somewhat early on that one should prefer to use simple tenses and avoid going overboard in trying to express aspect with active participles. ...
Mona the Monad's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
55 views

Frazo memstara kun participo adverba

Ĉu estas ĝuste uzi tian ĉi frazon kiel, ekzemple, staton, sen ĉeffrazo/ĉefverbo, precipe (sed ne nepre nur) en "UX"? "Analizante dosierojn..." (sur statbreto, anstataŭ "...
Mona the Monad's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
215 views

Is it appropriate to use participles for passive voice in Esperanto?

AS mainly shows the present tense of the action, while ANT and AT show the duration or repetition of the action. IS shows that the action occured before the present, while INT and IT show that the ...
Leonel Hou's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
118 views

Expressing "<verb>-ingly", where "<verb>" happens to be transitive

Suppose I have this intentionally strange-sounding (and perhaps ungrammatical) sentence. Finante faru ĝin! Maybe even this one. Faru ĝin! Sed finante! That is to say, "Do it, but finishingly ...
Mona the Monad's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
125 views

Present continuous without a pronoun?

I was looking at a post which said: "organo konsistanta el karnaj fibroj kaj servanta por movi la diversajn partojn de la korpo" I am a bit confused on why konsistanta was used instead of ...
rugxan's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
62 views

Perdite/perdita en ŝiaj/siaj pensoj…

Mi volas diri frazon kiel la jenan: Joan, perdite en siaj pensoj, forgesis ŝlosi la pordon. Tamen mi hezitas pri la vortoj perdite kaj siaj. Se mi bone komprenas, en ĉi tiu okazo oni povas uzi ...
Neil Roberts's user avatar
  • 17.3k
2 votes
2 answers
53 views

Infinitive form of compound tenses?

Compound tenses are formed by combining the auxiliary verb "esti" with a participle (e.g. "mi estis leganta" -> "mi legantis"). Is there ever such a thing as an infinitive form of a compound (e.g. "...
Mona the Monad's user avatar
9 votes
3 answers
93 views

Can one use -ot- and -ont knowing that the expected never happened?

I am reading through the participle-section of the course "La teorio Nakamura" at lernu.net. One of the examples surprized me. Oni preskaŭ kaptis lin, sed li forkuris. → Kaptote, li forkuris. = He ...
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
151 views

What are the usual use cases for -ont- forms?

By now I am feeling pretty confident in using -ant- and -int- forms, partly because they have a direct correspondence in my native language, but I am not sure in what real-world situations I would ...
La Vo-o's user avatar
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9 votes
4 answers
205 views

Compound Tenses

Researching the in-depth usages of Esperanto verbs, I came across this Wikipedia entry. In short, the entry claims that for compound tenses such as "mi estas kuranta" (present tense progressive, "I ...
Civitano Aliloke's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
103 views

« Parolante pri … »

Se mi parolas kun iu kaj mi volas subite ŝanĝi la temon al io nerekte rilata, mi ofte uzas esprimon kiu komenciĝas per « parolante pri … » por montri la ligon inter la du temoj, ekzemple: Mi pensas ...
Neil Roberts's user avatar
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