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Questions tagged [prepositions]

For questions concerning the usage of prepositions in Esperanto.

2
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1answer
61 views

traduko: Die Mutter wäscht dem Kind die Haare

Is one of the two following sentences good Esperanto? La patrino lavas al la infano la harojn. La patrino lavas la harojn al la infano. Note that I am not keen on the word order here, but my main ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

What is the difference between “ĝis” and “al?”

I understand that ĝis means "up to", or "as far as", and al means "to", but when must one change between the two? Take Duolingo's example: Mi vojaĝas tra Germanio ĝis Pollando. Why would one use ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Kien meti prepozicion en frazo kun “unu la alia”?

Kie tauĝas la prepozicio kiam "unu la alia" estas nerekta objekto de frazo? Ekzemple, kiu el ĉi tiuj frazoj estas ĝusta? Ili sendis donacojn unu al la alia. Ili sendis donacojn al unu la alia.
5
votes
2answers
129 views

what are the appropriate date and time prepositions

In English you can meet at a time (We will meet at 4pm.) on a date (We will meet on the 4th.) or be on time. Esperanto doesn't seem to have quite the same rules. Is it en a date and je a time? What ...
6
votes
3answers
93 views

Is there a preposition for “composed of”?

I'm writing a story where there's a federation of minor planets that uses Esperanto as its official language. I'm trying to call them something like "the federation of minor planets", because I'm not ...
4
votes
2answers
68 views

How to translate the expression “in which”?

By in which I mean the saying to connect two sentences I destroyed the house in which I was born How should it be translated?
5
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2answers
95 views

“Sen rigardi”: Which preposition+infinitive combos are possible?

I often encounter prepositional phrases such as sen rigardi: Mi forlasis ŝin sen rigardi dorsen. (From a story by J. Camacho.) Are other preposition+infinitive combinations possible? For example: ...
14
votes
2answers
777 views

What is “upside down” and “inside out” in Esperanto?

How can I say "upside down" and "inside out"? I find it difficult to translate them – I don't know which grammar constriction I should use. Most often the expressions describes a state, right? ...
7
votes
5answers
105 views

Playing with => ludi je?

This came up on Duolingo a while back and I'd like to get the community's consensus. The phrase they give for We are playing cards is Ni ludas je kartoj. So would je be appropriate when you are ...
8
votes
2answers
188 views

Are prepositions with “ke” valid? (“pri ke”, “pro ke”, “por ke”, …)

To introduce a causal secondary sentence, I often saw pro tio, ke and ĉar. Recently, I saw pro ke, without any tio to which I think ke is supposed to refer to. Mi ne povas dormi pro ke tro ...
8
votes
1answer
227 views

Are there prepositions that cannot be replaced by “je”?

I have often heard that you can use je when doubting which preposition to use. Is this always the case?
6
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2answers
188 views

How many prepositions in a row are possible in Esperanto?

Sometimes I see two prepositions together in Esperanto (something I don’t know from other languages). A couple of examples taken from PMEG: Kien ajn la luno povis lumi tra inter la arboj, li vidis ...
10
votes
3answers
51 views

Ĉu estas ĝuste diri «ĝis» por signifi «iam antaŭ»?

Mi ofte aŭdas «ĝis» por signifi ke io okazos antaŭ iu specifa dato. Ekzemple, imagu la jenan situacion: Ĉefo: Ĉu vi finis la raporton? Dungito: Ne, sed mi donos ĝin al vi ĝis vendredo. En tiu ...
0
votes
2answers
46 views

Do you know an eloquent presentation of the differences between the miscellaneous locative prepositions?

To my mind, some locative prepositions make distinctions that are rather subtle, and I'm not sure I understand them well. So I'm looking for concrete examples where an explanation of the difference in ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Can I in principle replace any preposition by -n?

I wanted to ask for clarification in this matter for a long time. I think I read somewhere that any preposition can be replaced by -n, but I can't find that source again. What I can find, however, is ...
7
votes
1answer
29 views

Kiom ofta estas la uzo de “en” kun temposubstantivoj?

Mi pli ofte vidis tempoesprimojn en adverba formo aŭ enhavantajn dum ol enhavantajn en. Ekzemple ĉirkaŭ la radikoj tag, nokt, semajn, semajnfin, monat, jar. De lernu.net: En la tago ni vidas la ...
4
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2answers
47 views

Objective use of “de”

Can "de" be used in the same way as an objective use of "of" - that is, in an example, "the fear of death," where "fear" is the noun form of a verb that would normally act upon "death." Would we ...
9
votes
2answers
151 views

Ĉu oni estas “en” aŭ “sur” foto?

Mi volus diri "sur foto" sed aliulo pensus ke tio signifus ke vi fizike staras sur printita foto. Tiu do dirus "en la foto" por priskribi la fotitojn. Ĉu estas regulo en Esperanto aŭ ĉu oni simple ...
4
votes
2answers
87 views

What is the difference between temporal “en” and “dum”?

It seems that I slept during the holiday can be translated into two ways: Mi dormis en la festotago. Mi dormis dum la festotago. Do they both mean the same?
6
votes
2answers
122 views

Is it “Mi lernas kun Duolingo” or “Mi lernas per Duolingo”?

The prepositions kun and per can both be translated in English with with. In this case, which one should I use?
7
votes
4answers
154 views

Can you say “sur la reto” for something you found in the Internet?

Is Mi trovis ion sur la reto a valid way to say that you found something in the Internet? Should prepositions such as en and per be prefered?
13
votes
2answers
491 views

What is the difference between “al la domo” and “en la domon”?

Both express an idea of movement (the first one with the preposition al, and the second with the -n for direction.) Do they mean the same thing, and is it always the case?
5
votes
1answer
171 views

Is “dum” missing in the sentence “Mi atendis pli ol horo”?

One can say "Mi atendis horon", where horo has the accusative mark as an indication of a time-length. However, we usually don't use the accusative after ol. Can we directly transform the sentence into ...
5
votes
1answer
93 views

Can “ĉi” be used as a postposition?

One can say "ĉi tiel", or "tiel ĉi". It's also common to use "ĉi" on its own, mentioned in this PMEG page and also on the PIV entry for "ĉi". An example of this appearing on both pages is "ĉi ne ...
10
votes
1answer
685 views

What is the difference between “per”, “por”, “pri” and “pro”?

What is the difference between per, por, pri, and pro? All these words look and feel sort of similar to me. What are the possible uses for each of them? How do I decide which to use?
3
votes
1answer
82 views

How do I translate “The state of California”?

If I want to translate a phrase like the state of California, how would I translate it? It feels like a literal translation of it with de would be impractical.
4
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2answers
50 views

Is there a difference between “Mi havas tekston por korekti” and “Mi havas tekston por esti korekt(a/i)ta”?

I have a text to correct seems to be often translated into Mi havas tekston por korekti by English Esperanto speakers. I find the translation weird and confusing since a correction is not a goal of ...
6
votes
1answer
139 views

What's the meaning of “ol”?

I seem to get ol mixed up with al a lot. There's probably an awesome explanation out there. I think I try to think of it as than, but it doesn't work exactly right in contexts like antaux ol.
6
votes
3answers
188 views

When should “por” be used before an infinitive (i-verbo)?

There are some cases where I'm not sure if I'm supposed to say the word por before an infinitive. What are the rules for this? Here is an example of a situation where I'm not exactly sure what to do: ...
17
votes
5answers
535 views

How do you say that something is “on a website”? Which preposition to use?

For saying that something is on a website, I have seen at least four different prepositions: La demando estas je Stack Exchange La afiŝo estas en Reddit La pepaĵo estas ĉe Twitter Ĝi estas ...
9
votes
1answer
567 views

The use of the preposition “po”

I still don't get the meaning of the preposition po Could you give me some examples where it is used ?
12
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2answers
1k views

Why is “da” used in this question?

The following sentence comes from Duolingo: Kiom da gekuzoj vi havas? translates to: How many cousins do you have? da means of. Why is it used in this question? Is the question grammatically ...
6
votes
3answers
225 views

How do I say “until” in Esperanto?

The difference that I am looking for is one that I use in German like this: bis einschließlich Freitag — "until, including, Friday". How is this handled in Esperanto? Until in English can be a bit ...
7
votes
2answers
89 views

“Krom” can mean “except from” or “in addition to”. How can one replace “Krom” in order to remove ambiguity?

Sometimes, it is not easy to identify the correct meaning of krom: Krom Petro, la tuta familio vojaĝis. Ĉu Petro vojaĝis? Did Petro travel? So it is better to know some alternatives to krom, one for ...
5
votes
1answer
57 views

How do I say “to vote for someone”/“voĉdoni por iu” without using the preposition “por”, if the vote is not in favour of this person?

The standard way to say "to vote for someone" is "voĉdoni por iu / voĉdoni iun". But if the vote is against that person, for exemple for banning this person from a community, the use of "por" can lead ...
10
votes
7answers
343 views

“Dankon POR via respondo” or “Dankon PRO via respondo”?

Both can be translated to "Thanks for your answer". Which one is correct, and if both are, when?