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Questions tagged [prepositions]

For questions concerning the usage of prepositions in Esperanto.

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14 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why is "da" used in this question?

The following sentence comes from Duolingo: Kiom da gekuzoj vi havas? translates to: How many cousins do you have? da means of. Why is it used in this question? Is the question grammatically ...
BJ Dela Cruz's user avatar
6 votes
7 answers
255 views

How to mark accusative for correlatives of quantity? Kiel marki akuzativon ĉe "...iom"-aj tabelvortoj?

If I'm not mistaken, the two distinct English questions (a) How many workers need that much work? and (b) How many workers does that much work need? would in Esperanto both be rendered as Kiom da ...
das-g's user avatar
  • 3,663
18 votes
5 answers
662 views

How do you say that something is "on a website"? Which preposition to use?

For saying that something is on a website, I have seen at least four different prepositions: La demando estas je Stack Exchange La afiŝo estas en Reddit La pepaĵo estas ĉe Twitter Ĝi estas ...
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.2k
12 votes
7 answers
1k views

"Dankon POR via respondo" or "Dankon PRO via respondo"?

Both can be translated to "Thanks for your answer". Which one is correct, and if both are, when?
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.2k
8 votes
3 answers
419 views

When should "por" be used before an infinitive (i-verbo)?

There are some cases where I'm not sure if I'm supposed to say the word por before an infinitive. What are the rules for this? Here is an example of a situation where I'm not exactly sure what to do: ...
Chris McDowell's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
134 views

"Sen rigardi": Which preposition+infinitive combos are possible?

I often encounter prepositional phrases such as sen rigardi: Mi forlasis ŝin sen rigardi dorsen. (From a story by J. Camacho.) Are other preposition+infinitive combinations possible? For example: ...
Bjørn's user avatar
  • 1,998
3 votes
1 answer
212 views

Why did "kiom", "tiom", "iom" etc. without "da" fall out of fashion?

Nowadays, when an amount tabelvorto ("kiom", "tiom", "iom", "ĉiom" or "neniom") is followed by the thing(s) or category to which the amount refers, there's always a "da" between them. (See also Why is ...
das-g's user avatar
  • 3,663
3 votes
1 answer
134 views

Kial oni evitas "prepozicio + infinitivo aŭ KE"

Mi aŭdis, ke la esprimoj "prepozicio + infinitivo" kaj "prepozicio + ke" ne estas rekomendindaj ekskluzive de kelkaj esceptoj (por, sen, krom kaj anstataŭ). Ĉu oni evitas tiajn ...
rk03's user avatar
  • 145
1 vote
2 answers
82 views

Why accusative in duration before "antaŭ"?

Why does "monatojn" carry the accusative marker "-n" in the following sentence? Ĉiu diskutota demando estas ja publikigita tri monatojn antaŭ la kongreso. (Seen in PMEG, which in turn attributes ...
das-g's user avatar
  • 3,663