Questions tagged [pronouns]

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3
votes
3answers
55 views

Perdite/perdita en ŝiaj/siaj pensoj…

Mi volas diri frazon kiel la jenan: Joan, perdite en siaj pensoj, forgesis ŝlosi la pordon. Tamen mi hezitas pri la vortoj perdite kaj siaj. Se mi bone komprenas, en ĉi tiu okazo oni povas uzi ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Pronoun for “la polico” [duplicate]

If I understand correctly, in English, “the police” is effectively plural and therefore you end up conjugating verbs in the plural and also refer to it using a plural pronoun. For example: The police ...
3
votes
2answers
136 views

Is it incorrect not to use “sia”?

A sentence like Li eniris sian domon uses the word sian to refer to the li-person. If one writes Li eniris lian domon can lian then refer to the li-person? Or will it technically refer to ...
7
votes
3answers
102 views

Should I use pronouns when speaking in the imperative?

I speak English and Danish fluently, Russian less so. I haven't seen any of those languages use pronouns in the imperative, so should I use them in Esperanto? If I do (or don't) use them, will anyone ...
5
votes
2answers
154 views

How to translate “they” when it is refering to a single company, group, or country?

I want to translate this sentence: Nintendo announced that they would re-release the game. Notice that "they" is used to refer to the entity Nintendo (or maybe the employees of the company). Would ...
4
votes
2answers
133 views

Can the ĝi pronoun be used for a person? [duplicate]

When referring to a person, where the sex is not known, can the neuter pronoun ĝi be used?
8
votes
3answers
163 views

When I assign sex to an animal, does it become li / ŝi?

I have only seen words like virkoko or kokino in sentences where they were a direct subject or object, I don't recall seeing either referred to by a pronoun. Would that still be ĝi or should I use li ...
7
votes
1answer
88 views

Ĉu eblas uzi «kie» kiel relativan pronomon en abstrakta senco?

Ekzemple, ĉu frazo kiel la jena estas ĝusta? Catan estas tabulludo kie oni konstruas vilaĝojn sur insulo. En ĉi tiu frazo Catan ne priskribas lokon, do la uzo de kie estas abstrakta. En la angla ...
16
votes
5answers
2k views

Should I ever use the pronoun “ci”?

The Fundamento defines ci and cia as follows: ci tu, toi, | thou | du | ты | ty. ci'a ton, ta | thy, thine | dein | твой | twój. Unfortunately, I've never actually seen ci used anywhere. I've seen ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

When do you use “si” and “sia” instead of “li” and “lia”?

I feel like I kind of know this, but sometimes I feel unsure. It's pretty similar to the Swedish sin, sitt. Is there a good rule or a nice, short explanation for when and where to use si, sia instead ...
34
votes
6answers
2k views

Does Esperanto have a gender-neutral pronoun that can be used for humans?

In English, if I don't know the gender of the person I'm referring to, I'm stuck using one of several suboptimal pronoun options. For example, if I want to say: The lawyer is sick. ___ is going ...