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Questions tagged [pronunciation]

Questions related to pronunciation or Esperanto phonology.

3
votes
2answers
63 views

Ŝanĝiĝo de akcento rilate aldonon de -on al fremdaj nomoj

Mi legas la libron La Fermita Urbo de István Nemere. En tiu libro la aŭtoro uzas ne tute Esperantigitajn nomojn, ekzemple Terlik. Mi prononcus tion kiel Térlik, kun akcento sur la unua silabo (la ...
6
votes
4answers
227 views

Why is initial J- allowed in Esperanto but not initial Ŭ-?

Both ŭ and j are used to make diphthongs in Esperanto: morgaŭ, homoj, Eŭropo, ejo. Yet only j is allowed in front of syllables: jam, juvelo. Why is this so?
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Kiel oni devus diri la literojn 'ng'?

En la angla, la literoj ng miksaĵas kune kaj ŝanĝiĝas. Ĉu mi devus diri ilin kiel la anglan vorton singer aŭ kiel ongoing kun la literoj apartigaj?
3
votes
2answers
48 views

Understanding properly what's being said

I have started recently learning esperanto using the Duolingo platform. And I have a reccuring problem at recognizing and differentiating "mi" and "ni". I suppose that in an exchange the context will ...
7
votes
2answers
226 views

Are double consonants pronounced distinctively from single consonants in Esperanto?

For example: Is it best practice to pronounce Finnlando as [fin.nlando] (like double consonants in Arabic languages) or maybe [fin:lando] (like long consonants in old Scandinavian languages) or would ...
4
votes
3answers
68 views

Esperanto stress with dipthongs

I am having issues knowing the stressed (tonic) syllable, especially when a noun or adjective is pluralized. I am not sure if I should be treating endings like -oj and -aj as separate sounds or as ...
1
vote
2answers
100 views

Pronunciation of 'o' in Esperanto [duplicate]

Based on what I've learnt so far in Esperanto, it send to be rather consistent and straightforward in pronunciation - as in, each letter has a unique pronunciation.(I learn from Duolingo, by the way) ...
5
votes
3answers
330 views

How is the Ĥ letter pronounced?

The way people explain the pronunciation of the Ĥ letter is rather confusing. The sources I've seen explained it in two very different ways: 1) Like the German CH (like in Sternchen), which is in the ...
3
votes
5answers
276 views

The letter O and the sound it makes

When people say words like "profesoro", "konas", or "sinjoro", the letter O is very pronounced. It sounds like the English word "oh". When ON appears at the end of the word, people lighten the O so ...
3
votes
2answers
232 views

What is the proper way to pronouce EJ?

I want to make sure that I am pronouncing -ej- properly. What is the correct way of pronouncing it?
6
votes
3answers
593 views

Why do dĵ (ĝ) and tŝ (ĉ) have special characters, but ks does not?

There is a thing about Esperanto's special characters (with accents) that I do not understand. On the one side we have the characters ĝ and ĵ. As far as I understand, ĝ and ĉ are pronounced as ...
7
votes
3answers
110 views

How to transliterate 中文 in Mandarin pronunciation to Esperanto?

I am working on an art project that I would like to collect the hundreds of different transliterations of 「中文」 zhōng wén in Mandarin Chinese. (Pronunciation available here: https://translate.google....
6
votes
2answers
70 views

Is Esperanto language's pronunciation systematic?

I mean, Is the alphabet and pronunciation correspond to each other?
6
votes
2answers
60 views

What is the name for the dash character

With regard to this sentence, ...oni povas krei el ĝi 15-20 vortojn..., how would you say the dash character? If you were reading that sentence, would you say "dek kvin ĝis dudek?"
1
vote
3answers
223 views

How to pronounce eŭ

I don't get to hear Esperanto speech often so I am not sure how to pronounce eŭ. For example Neŭtrala or Eŭropo. How do you pronounce it?
4
votes
2answers
85 views

How to correctly pronounce the “ie” in “scienco”?

I have read the interesting discussions e.g. in the comments here and concluded that there should be a glide between the wovels, rather than a glottal stop, since the ie occurs within a single root, ...
7
votes
4answers
146 views

How important really is stress in pronunciation?

I am lucky to find the phonetic structure of Esperanto extremely close to home, but a stress in the middle of a word has always been alien to me. (I am inclined to read everything I see with a stress ...
9
votes
2answers
156 views

Why are there consonant clusters that are not uniformly voiced?

I am learning Esperanto and I have come across the word "akvon" which of course means water. Something I find distressing is that the consonant cluster contains a voiceless and then a voiced consonant....
4
votes
3answers
799 views

Why does Wikipedia list an improper pronunciation of Esperanto?

The very first line of English Wikipedia's entry on Esperanto proudly informs us that the name of the language is pronounced /ˌɛspəˈræntoʊ/ (and reinforces that using two common notations and an "...
11
votes
6answers
598 views

Where can I find a good source of perfect Esperanto enunciation/pronunciation audio examples?

I know that the stressed syllable in any given word is the second to last, but it would be helpful to hear a set of vetted examples (and also incorrect examples, if possible).
6
votes
2answers
198 views

Is “oi” a valid pair of letters in esperanto?

I haven't run into any words that have oi in them that I recall. Is it a valid construction? How is it pronounced if so?
7
votes
2answers
129 views

What is the standard phonology of Esperanto?

In the Fundamento de Esperanto, Zamonhof provides notes on the pronunciation of each of the Esperanto characters, comparing them to sounds in French, English, German, Russian, and Polish. ...
8
votes
2answers
98 views

Vela kaj uvula prononco de R

PMEG diras ke la prononco de R devas esti trema kaj ke la tremo povas okazi ne nur ĉe la dentoj, sed ankaŭ ĉe uvulo (mi nomos ĝin “franca R” sube). Mi miras pri tiu permeso, ĉar laŭ miaj oreloj tiu ...
9
votes
3answers
340 views

Why is laughing in written Esperanto often written as “ĥaĥa”?

I often see the Esperanto laugh as "ĥaĥa" or some variation using "ĥ". I know that Esperanto is pronounced as written, but this seems like a very odd choice, laŭ mia opinio. I have tried to ...
13
votes
3answers
284 views

SAMPA / IPA pronounciation of Esperanto letters

To aid pronunciation, is there a table converting the letters in Esperanto to SAMPA and to IPA.
6
votes
5answers
137 views

Ĉu oni elparolas la sufikson '-ĉjo' malsame ol 'ĉo'?

Ĉu la vira karesforma sufikso '-ĉjo' efektive havas malsaman prononcon ol 'ĉo'? Se jes, kio estas la diferenco?
12
votes
7answers
433 views

How to represent schwa [ə] (and similar sounds) in Esperanto?

In Esperanto (and English too), there are five vowel letters. However, in many languages, including my native Bulgarian, there are more, for example the letter ъ. (Don't confuse it with the way it is ...
7
votes
2answers
108 views

Pronunciation of “punkto”

My understanding is that Esperanto consonants are all supposed to be pronounced moreorless as they sound individually. However, in certain cases of three consonants in a row, it seems like speakers ...
10
votes
2answers
108 views

How are the letters “x”, “w” and “y” pronounced?

The letters "x", "y" and "w" do not exist in Esperanto. But when one has to pronounce them to spell names or other non-Esperanto things, how to do that? La literoj "x", "y" kaj "w" ne ekzistas en ...
15
votes
3answers
572 views

Is the letter R supposed to be trilled?

I understand that one's accent will vary depending on one's nationality, but I have heard some people speak without the trilled R and have wondered about that letter in particular. I personally roll ...