Questions tagged [verbs]

verboj: Vortoj kun finaĵoj -i, -is, -as, -os, -us aŭ -u.

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1answer
25 views

Double verb use

I have searched StackExchange and not found a satisfactory answer. I am confused by word order of two verbs in one sentence. I know little about clause, noun-phrases and other grammar. So I am using ...
2
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1answer
50 views

Relativity of tenses and the possibility of ambiguity

Some time ago, I had a discussion on the Duolingo forums about the relativity of verb tenses in Esperanto. It seemed in that discussion that I had always been slightly mistaken about my understanding ...
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1answer
24 views

Se mi tradukus “delete”, ĉu mi uzus “forigu” aŭ “forigi”?

Se mi tradukus "delete (this message)" el la angla al Esperanto, ĉu mi uzus forigu aŭ forigi?
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1answer
32 views

How to translate “hibernate”? (in the biological / zoological meaning)

Using the definition from Wikipedia Hibernation is a state of inactivity and metabolic depression in endotherms. Hibernation refers to a season of heterothermy characterized by low body-temperature,...
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2answers
84 views

Adjective followed by infinitive?

In English, there exists a construct which I do not quite understand. The monad rolled around the woods, careful not to fall into the river. The human was careful not to awaken the baby. She ...
1
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1answer
64 views

Present continuous without a pronoun?

I was looking at a post which said: "organo konsistanta el karnaj fibroj kaj servanta por movi la diversajn partojn de la korpo" I am a bit confused on why konsistanta was used instead of ...
2
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1answer
56 views

What is the difference between “ŝanĝi” and “ŝanĝiĝi”?

What is the difference between "ŝanĝi" and "ŝanĝiĝi" and how would you use these verbs in a sentence?
2
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1answer
41 views

Relativity of verbs in subordinate clauses

Verbs in subordinate clauses are "conjugated" relatively to the parent clause. "Li pensis (past) ke si ludas (present, relative to parent clause) bonan muzikon" But then what if there are nested ...
2
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2answers
34 views

Infinitive form of compound tenses?

Compound tenses are formed by combining the auxiliary verb "esti" with a participle (e.g. "mi estis leganta" -> "mi legantis"). Is there ever such a thing as an infinitive form of a compound (e.g. "...
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1answer
32 views

Omission of prepositions with movement verbs

The image below is a section from A Complete Grammar of Esperanto (Ivy Kellerman, 1910), outlining the use of accusatives with verbs expressing motion. I've marked the relevant parts in red. To my ...
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2answers
20 views

Relativity of tense when there is no subordinate verb

I know that tense in Esperanto is relative, such that the Esperanto equivalent of something like "He said that he was doing it" would really be "Li diris, ke li faras (aŭ eble farantas) ĝin" or ...
2
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1answer
52 views

“Akcelo”: Is this a mistake in the Wells English-Esperanto Dictionary?

The Wells dictionary has the following entry: akcel/o accelerate; further, promote; Surely it should be "akceli" if we are talking about a verb? But "akceli" isn't listed. Usually, when a root ...
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1answer
73 views

Verb form in Esperanto Cooking Recipes

How are cooking recipes written in Esperanto? Cooking recipes are a very special genre with respect to verb form, in German (my mother tongue) the infinitive is used as a substitute for the ...
5
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1answer
70 views

Verb form used for sounds in Comics

What Esperanto verb form is used for sounds in comics when the sound cannot be described easily by spelling it out? An example is English sigh, German seufz (note the pure verb stem being used here, a ...
6
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3answers
167 views

How free is word order in a sentence with infinitives

Infinitives do not have case markers. "Mi ŝatas lerni" is the typical order, and so is "egzameni asisti la detektivon". But could "lerni ŝatas mi" work, noting that "mi" is not in accusative and is ...
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3answers
617 views

Seeking a translation for a specific use of the English word “claim”

tl;dr: Is "pretendi" an appropriate translation of the English "to claim" in the sense of an insurance claim? According to ReVo, "to claim" is simply "pretendi". However, the definitions (there and ...
5
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2answers
95 views

Exceedingly Complex Tenses

I would like to know how to correctly compose very complicated verb tenses (more complex than esti+participle). Because their usage is so rare, this is a curiosity question rather than a practical one....
5
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2answers
55 views

Ĉu oni povas plani renkonti iun?

Instruisto diris al mi ke: "renkonti iun" estas hazarde "renkontiĝi kun iu" estas planita Ĉu tio estas vera? Pri okazo dum kiu pluraj personoj iras al la sama loko kun celo interagi kun unu la ...
4
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1answer
62 views

Where is the object in the example sentences for definition #2 of the verb “atendi” in PIV?

http://vortaro.net/?w=atendi#atendi PIV notes that the verb "atendi" is transitive. However, definition 2 ("Prokrasti ian agon ĝis okazos alia ago") has example sentences that do not have anything ...
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2answers
210 views

Why don’t I words take the N ending?

(This question springs from this one.) In Esperanto, the N ending is usually used to mark the accusative: Ŝi ŝatas fiŝojn. Ŝi ŝatas la Italan. Ŝi ŝatas ilin. Ŝi ŝatas manĝi. Why ...
2
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1answer
43 views

Uzo de la os-tempo post «se»

Laŭ mia kompreno en la angla, kiam oni parolas pri kondiĉo kiu okazos en la estonteco kun iom da probableco, oni preskaŭ ĉiam uzas la prezencon. Ekzemple: If I get up early enough, I will go to the ...
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4answers
131 views

Ĉu oni “ludas” kiam oni alklakas la butonon?

En la angla oni diras "play" pri la butono kun triangulo(▶️). Ankaŭ la verbo estas "to play" kiam oni alklakas ĝin kaj ekigas la filmon aŭ kanton. Kiun verbon mi uzu esperante? Sentus al mi strange ...
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1answer
56 views

Ĉu oni pagas ion aŭ por io?

Mi provis legi PIV, kaj ŝajnas ke la verbo "pagi" povas preni multajn objektojn; ricevanto, mono, ŝuldo. Sed kio pri tion kion oni ricevas reen? Tion kion oni aĉetas? Ĉu oni pagas "ĝin" aŭ "por ĝi"?
5
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1answer
117 views

What is “phone call” in Esperanto?

I know that "to call someone on the phone" is "telefoni iun/al iu" but there is also the more general "alvoki". I'm having trouble making a noun out of the first verb, and I think I've heard "alvoko". ...
7
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2answers
60 views

Ĉu “pluvi” povas havi subjekton aŭ objekton?

Mi pensas, ke oni ofte oni simple uzas "pluvas" sole, eble kun aldona adverbo. Sed ĉu eblus meti subjekton aŭ objekton al tiu verbo? Por subjekto, ĉu eblus diri ekzemple "la ĉielo pluvas" aŭ "la ...
13
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3answers
536 views

Does Esperanto have any rules about the transitivity of verbs?

I am analyzing the transitivity of verbs in Esperanto, and I don't seem to find any coherence. For that reason, when I write a text, I constantly feel the need to search in a dictionary for the direct ...
3
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3answers
67 views

noun + that was (not) + verb: -is or -iĝis?

I am having trouble figuring out which form of lavi to use, either lavis or laviĝis. Here is what I am trying to say: Mi manĝis la pomon ke ne laviĝis. I ate the apple that was not washed (i.e....
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3answers
236 views

Kio estas la diferenco inter bezoni kaj necesi?

Mi komprenas ke bezoni alvenis de la franca kaj necesi estas latina vorto. Ĉu gravas la diferenco inter la du vortoj?
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4answers
136 views

Compound Tenses

Researching the in-depth usages of Esperanto verbs, I came across this Wikipedia entry. In short, the entry claims that for compound tenses such as "mi estas kuranta" (present tense progressive, "I ...
8
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2answers
120 views

Should I use “komencas” or “komenciĝas” when talking about which letter a word begins with?

Should I use "komencas" or "komenciĝas" when talking about which letter a word begins with? For example: Lia nomo _ per A. I am aware of the difference between the two verbs in other situations ...
5
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3answers
366 views

Converting verbs to nouns

Suppose I have a verb, for example kunfandiĝi (hopefully something like to merge), but I want a noun describing a process of that word (in this case, to merge would in English become merging). Is ...
3
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1answer
51 views

How can I express “to be supposed to”?

I'm looking for a way to express certain circumstances. In English I've seen "is supposed to" and "should". You are supposed to clean the house today. He was supposed to bring the camera. He should ...
5
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1answer
56 views

Can I use the word “trovi” for opinions?

In some languages, the verb "to find" is used figuratively to express opinions. I find this house beatiful. Back then, I found it impossible to succeed. How do you find this design? Is this ...
4
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1answer
130 views

What is the assumed subject of -u form verbs

Something that came up in an answer to my previous question was, what is the assumed subject of a u-form verb, which I incorrectly assumed to always be vi. When I say Kuru!, or Sidiĝu! I really mean ...
12
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2answers
651 views

Which word should I use for “to drive (a car)”?

I've seen several verbs: konduki, stiri, veturigi. I've thought of aŭti too, and I just saw that ReVo actually suggests it. Which one is the best? Do they fit in different situations?
6
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3answers
314 views

What is the difference between “veki” and “vekiĝi”?

According to my Esperanto dictionary on my Android phone, both mean wake up. Which verb is transitive, and which one isn't? How do you use each in a sentence? Thanks!
5
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2answers
49 views

Kio estas la objekto de “enskribi”?

Kio estas la objekto de "enskribi"? Ĉu la afero en kiu oni skribas? - Mi enskribas kajeron. Aŭ la afero kiun oni skribas? - Mi enskribas mian nomon.
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5answers
326 views

Does Esperanto offer as many synonyms as English?

For example, when searching up how to say to scoff in Esperanto, Neta Vortaro told me that it was moki, but I know that to mock is also moki. This troubles me, since in my mind, I associated scoffing ...
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3answers
132 views

What is the difference between “ĵaluzi” and “envii”?

I have been using ĵaluzi and envii interchangeably, but recently I saw some comments in a chat goup about it. One person corrected another, saying it should be ĵaluzi and not envii. I now suppose ...
5
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1answer
123 views

The “essence” of -as, -is, -os, -us alone

This is a very primitive question but I don't know where else to look for an answer. I tried ESPDIC and Tekstaro with some queries but without success. I wonder if Esperanto has some neutral verb or ...
13
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3answers
649 views

Are the compound verb tenses ever really used in Esperanto?

I found this link which lists 12 compound tenses like future perfect, along with some other outlandish forms like perfect imperative (brr), further to the normal as–is–os. Are they used in anything ...
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3answers
136 views

What is the object of “instrui”?

How does one construct a sentence containing "to teach someone something"? Can I have two objects in the accusative or do I need a preposition? Ŝi instruas lin la francan. Ŝi instruas al li la ...
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2answers
74 views

How can I say “to focus”/“to concentrate”?

How can I translate "to focus" (or "to concentrate") in these examples? I can't focus because of the noise. We have to focus on trying to solve this problem right now. She is focusing on her goals. ...
4
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2answers
93 views

Is “mi estas irinta vespermanĝi” correct?

Is "mi estas irinta vespermanĝi" correct, or is there a better way of forming the "vespermanĝi" part?
11
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2answers
291 views

How can I say “to turn on/off”?

How can I say "to turn on/off" in these contexts: I have to turn on my computer first. Do you know how to turn off the autocorrect-function? Please turn off your phones before entering!
7
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1answer
115 views

Creating new verbs with -um and nouns

Some of my friends connect -umi to nouns like in the examples below. In brackets are the meanings I caught through context. varsoviumi (talk about Varsovio, look at pictures of the city and/or walk ...
3
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2answers
90 views

How can I say “exercise”?

I am looking for this particular meaning: Exercise: Do physical activity in order to become stronger and healthier The dictionary at lernu.net gives me ekzerci, but according to PIV it is used for ...
10
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2answers
222 views

Can I use “iri” with other verbs?

For some reason, it feels natural for me to put forms of iri in front of other verbs that are in the infinitive. This is probably some influence from other languages I have. Here are some examples: ...
4
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2answers
79 views

What is the difference between “volus”+infinitive and conditional mood?

E.g. the sentences mi volus salti. mi saltus. both mean something related to wanting to jump. What is the difference between these two forms?
5
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3answers
125 views

What would be the meaning of “adi”?

PMEG does not provide a theorical meaning for adi. What would be the most probable meaning of adi based on how other affixes are transformed into verbs?