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Questions tagged [verbs]

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4
votes
1answer
29 views

Verb form in Esperanto Cooking Recipes

How are cooking recipes written in Esperanto? Cooking recipes are a very special genre with respect to verb form, in German (my mother tongue) the infinitive is used as a substitute for the ...
5
votes
1answer
37 views

Verb form used for sounds in Comics

What Esperanto verb form is used for sounds in comics when the sound cannot be described easily by spelling it out? An example is English sigh, German seufz (note the pure verb stem being used here, a ...
5
votes
2answers
65 views

How free is word order in a sentence with infinitives

Infinitives do not have case markers. "Mi ŝatas lerni" is the typical order, and so is "egzameni asisti la detektivon". But could "lerni ŝatas mi" work, noting that "mi" is not in accusative and is ...
7
votes
3answers
604 views

Seeking a translation for a specific use of the English word “claim”

tl;dr: Is "pretendi" an appropriate translation of the English "to claim" in the sense of an insurance claim? According to ReVo, "to claim" is simply "pretendi". However, the definitions (there and ...
5
votes
2answers
82 views

Exceedingly Complex Tenses

I would like to know how to correctly compose very complicated verb tenses (more complex than esti+participle). Because their usage is so rare, this is a curiosity question rather than a practical one....
5
votes
2answers
46 views

Ĉu oni povas plani renkonti iun?

Instruisto diris al mi ke: "renkonti iun" estas hazarde "renkontiĝi kun iu" estas planita Ĉu tio estas vera? Pri okazo dum kiu pluraj personoj iras al la sama loko kun celo interagi kun unu la ...
4
votes
1answer
41 views

Where is the object in the example sentences for definition #2 of the verb “atendi” in PIV?

http://vortaro.net/?w=atendi#atendi PIV notes that the verb "atendi" is transitive. However, definition 2 ("Prokrasti ian agon ĝis okazos alia ago") has example sentences that do not have anything ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Uzo de la os-tempo post «se»

Laŭ mia kompreno en la angla, kiam oni parolas pri kondiĉo kiu okazos en la estonteco kun iom da probableco, oni preskaŭ ĉiam uzas la prezencon. Ekzemple: If I get up early enough, I will go to the ...
12
votes
4answers
124 views

Ĉu oni “ludas” kiam oni alklakas la butonon?

En la angla oni diras "play" pri la butono kun triangulo(▶️). Ankaŭ la verbo estas "to play" kiam oni alklakas ĝin kaj ekigas la filmon aŭ kanton. Kiun verbon mi uzu esperante? Sentus al mi strange ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

Ĉu oni pagas ion aŭ por io?

Mi provis legi PIV, kaj ŝajnas ke la verbo "pagi" povas preni multajn objektojn; ricevanto, mono, ŝuldo. Sed kio pri tion kion oni ricevas reen? Tion kion oni aĉetas? Ĉu oni pagas "ĝin" aŭ "por ĝi"?
6
votes
1answer
98 views

What is “phone call” in Esperanto?

I know that "to call someone on the phone" is "telefoni iun/al iu" but there is also the more general "alvoki". I'm having trouble making a noun out of the first verb, and I think I've heard "alvoko". ...
8
votes
2answers
56 views

Ĉu “pluvi” povas havi subjekton aŭ objekton?

Mi pensas, ke oni ofte oni simple uzas "pluvas" sole, eble kun aldona adverbo. Sed ĉu eblus meti subjekton aŭ objekton al tiu verbo? Por subjekto, ĉu eblus diri ekzemple "la ĉielo pluvas" aŭ "la ...
10
votes
3answers
356 views

Does Esperanto have any rules about the transitivity of verbs?

I am analyzing the transitivity of verbs in Esperanto, and I don't seem to find any coherence. For that reason, when I write a text, I constantly feel the need to search in a dictionary for the direct ...
3
votes
3answers
56 views

noun + that was (not) + verb: -is or -iĝis?

I am having trouble figuring out which form of lavi to use, either lavis or laviĝis. Here is what I am trying to say: Mi manĝis la pomon ke ne laviĝis. I ate the apple that was not washed (i.e....
8
votes
3answers
154 views

Kio estas la diferenco inter bezoni kaj necesi?

Mi komprenas ke bezoni alvenis de la franca kaj necesi estas latina vorto. Ĉu gravas la diferenco inter la du vortoj?
9
votes
4answers
84 views

Compound Tenses

Researching the in-depth usages of Esperanto verbs, I came across this Wikipedia entry. In short, the entry claims that for compound tenses such as "mi estas kuranta" (present tense progressive, "I ...
9
votes
2answers
104 views

Should I use “komencas” or “komenciĝas” when talking about which letter a word begins with?

Should I use "komencas" or "komenciĝas" when talking about which letter a word begins with? For example: Lia nomo _ per A. I am aware of the difference between the two verbs in other situations ...
6
votes
3answers
167 views

Converting verbs to nouns

Suppose I have a verb, for example kunfandiĝi (hopefully something like to merge), but I want a noun describing a process of that word (in this case, to merge would in English become merging). Is ...
4
votes
1answer
40 views

How can I express “to be supposed to”?

I'm looking for a way to express certain circumstances. In English I've seen "is supposed to" and "should". You are supposed to clean the house today. He was supposed to bring the camera. He should ...
6
votes
1answer
50 views

Can I use the word “trovi” for opinions?

In some languages, the verb "to find" is used figuratively to express opinions. I find this house beatiful. Back then, I found it impossible to succeed. How do you find this design? Is this ...
4
votes
1answer
101 views

What is the assumed subject of -u form verbs

Something that came up in an answer to my previous question was, what is the assumed subject of a u-form verb, which I incorrectly assumed to always be vi. When I say Kuru!, or Sidiĝu! I really mean ...
12
votes
2answers
550 views

Which word should I use for “to drive (a car)”?

I've seen several verbs: konduki, stiri, veturigi. I've thought of aŭti too, and I just saw that ReVo actually suggests it. Which one is the best? Do they fit in different situations?
7
votes
3answers
277 views

What is the difference between “veki” and “vekiĝi”?

According to my Esperanto dictionary on my Android phone, both mean wake up. Which verb is transitive, and which one isn't? How do you use each in a sentence? Thanks!
6
votes
2answers
46 views

Kio estas la objekto de “enskribi”?

Kio estas la objekto de "enskribi"? Ĉu la afero en kiu oni skribas? - Mi enskribas kajeron. Aŭ la afero kiun oni skribas? - Mi enskribas mian nomon.
8
votes
5answers
220 views

Does Esperanto offer as many synonyms as English?

For example, when searching up how to say to scoff in Esperanto, Neta Vortaro told me that it was moki, but I know that to mock is also moki. This troubles me, since in my mind, I associated scoffing ...
7
votes
2answers
87 views

What is the difference between “ĵaluzi” and “envii”?

I have been using ĵaluzi and envii interchangeably, but recently I saw some comments in a chat goup about it. One person corrected another, saying it should be ĵaluzi and not envii. I now suppose ...
5
votes
1answer
102 views

The “essence” of -as, -is, -os, -us alone

This is a very primitive question but I don't know where else to look for an answer. I tried ESPDIC and Tekstaro with some queries but without success. I wonder if Esperanto has some neutral verb or ...
11
votes
3answers
376 views

Are the compound verb tenses ever really used in Esperanto?

I found this link which lists 12 compound tenses like future perfect, along with some other outlandish forms like perfect imperative (brr), further to the normal as–is–os. Are they used in anything ...
10
votes
3answers
112 views

What is the object of “instrui”?

How does one construct a sentence containing "to teach someone something"? Can I have two objects in the accusative or do I need a preposition? Ŝi instruas lin la francan. Ŝi instruas al li la ...
4
votes
2answers
55 views

How can I say “to focus”/“to concentrate”?

How can I translate "to focus" (or "to concentrate") in these examples? I can't focus because of the noise. We have to focus on trying to solve this problem right now. She is focusing on her goals. ...
4
votes
2answers
84 views

Is “mi estas irinta vespermanĝi” correct?

Is "mi estas irinta vespermanĝi" correct, or is there a better way of forming the "vespermanĝi" part?
11
votes
2answers
272 views

How can I say “to turn on/off”?

How can I say "to turn on/off" in these contexts: I have to turn on my computer first. Do you know how to turn off the autocorrect-function? Please turn off your phones before entering!
7
votes
1answer
106 views

Creating new verbs with -um and nouns

Some of my friends connect -umi to nouns like in the examples below. In brackets are the meanings I caught through context. varsoviumi (talk about Varsovio, look at pictures of the city and/or walk ...
4
votes
2answers
73 views

How can I say “exercise”?

I am looking for this particular meaning: Exercise: Do physical activity in order to become stronger and healthier The dictionary at lernu.net gives me ekzerci, but according to PIV it is used for ...
11
votes
2answers
173 views

Can I use “iri” with other verbs?

For some reason, it feels natural for me to put forms of iri in front of other verbs that are in the infinitive. This is probably some influence from other languages I have. Here are some examples: ...
4
votes
2answers
65 views

What is the difference between “volus”+infinitive and conditional mood?

E.g. the sentences mi volus salti. mi saltus. both mean something related to wanting to jump. What is the difference between these two forms?
5
votes
3answers
89 views

What would be the meaning of “adi”?

PMEG does not provide a theorical meaning for adi. What would be the most probable meaning of adi based on how other affixes are transformed into verbs?
9
votes
3answers
1k views

What can I say instead of “zorgi”?

As I understand it, zorgi corresponds to all of these: to care Mi ne zorgas. Ĉu li eĉ zorgas pri ĉi tiaj aferoj? to take care of zorgi pri ĝardeno zorgi pri infano to worry ...
6
votes
2answers
106 views

Using “tiel” and “tiom” before adjectives, adverbs and verbs

Should I use tiel or tiom before an adjective, adverb or verb? Vi estas tiom/tiel afabla. Helpi min estis tiom/tiel afable de vi. Vi tiom/tiel afablas. In English, people say "so" in ...
7
votes
1answer
76 views

Kion signifas “Mi traktas min…”?

Mi legis el la profilo de flua esperantisto: Mi traktas min profesia esperantisto, ĉar... Nu, mi neniam vidis la verbon trakti uzita por min kaj pensis, ĉu gramatike tio estas ĝusta kaj signifas Mi ...
5
votes
2answers
105 views

How do I say “to pass/fail a test”?

How can I say I passed the test or I failed the test? Using our grading system, failing would mean getting an F, while an E or higher is what is required to "pass." I've seen sukcesi and malsukcesi in ...
3
votes
2answers
72 views

How do I say “How is it going”

I find this expression very useful, when, for example, I am talking with people I haven't been in touch with for some time. How is school going? How is your project going? I've seen others use ...
15
votes
5answers
372 views

Verbs of buttons on websites

On websites there are often buttons with verbs on them. Continue Log in Remember me Like Search Should these be written in the imperative or infinitive form? For example, should I use Memoru min or ...
4
votes
1answer
57 views

Kiel funkcias -iĝ kun verbaj radikoj?

Mi vidis ekzemplojn kiel "sidiĝi" kaj "decidiĝi". Sed en mia kapo tio ŝajnas nelogike. Ĉu vere eblas iĝi verbo? Laŭ PIV sidiĝi signifas "iĝi sidanta" kaj same decidiĝi signifas "iĝi decidanta". ...
9
votes
2answers
690 views

How to say “I don't feel like it” in Esperanto

I've had trouble finding a phrase in Esperanto that can be used the same as "I don't feel like it." I've considered "emas", but I think that would describe my personality and not a temporary state. I ...
9
votes
3answers
463 views

Can infinitives be used back-to-back in Esperanto?

For example, I just read an English sentence similar to: What you need to know to be able to grow potatoes... If I, at my early stage, try to translate this into Esperanto, I end up with three ...
6
votes
3answers
161 views

When should “por” be used before an infinitive (i-verbo)?

There are some cases where I'm not sure if I'm supposed to say the word por before an infinitive. What are the rules for this? Here is an example of a situation where I'm not exactly sure what to do: ...
9
votes
2answers
132 views

Do aspekti and ŝajni go with adjectives or adverbs?

There are a couple of verbs after which I always hesitate which word to use. For example: La domo aspektas bela. / La domo aspektas bele. La viro ŝajnas afabla. / La viro ŝajnas afable. Now ...
8
votes
2answers
80 views

Does “priskribi” only relate to a written description?

My dictionary gives priskribi as a translation of “describe”. However, looking at the word one would think it means to write about something. Presumably the English word “describe” has a similar ...
22
votes
2answers
389 views

How does one express “to share” in Esperanto?

There seems to be several words in Esperanto that all correspond to the English verb "to share". Right now I can think of dividi, diskonigi and kunhavi. I'd love to see a collection of them all, and ...