Questions tagged [verbs]

verboj: Vortoj kun finaĵoj -i, -is, -as, -os, -us aŭ -u.

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4 answers
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How to express "to share a hotel room" in Esperanto?

To save money, two or more people might book and use a single two- or multi-bed hotel room together, rather than each a hotel room for themselves, i.e., they share a hotel room. How would this be ...
0 votes
2 answers
72 views

Ĉu iu ajn uzas pronomojn verbe?

Do, mi ofte mallongigas salutojn. Plejparte homoj komprenas "sal," sed kio pri "mias Elikjo" anstataǔ "mi estas Elikjo?"
27 votes
5 answers
766 views

How does one express "to share" in Esperanto?

There seems to be several words in Esperanto that all correspond to the English verb "to share". Right now I can think of dividi, diskonigi and kunhavi. I'd love to see a collection of them all, and ...
0 votes
3 answers
58 views

Kio estas la diferenco inter "la prefera lingvo por elŝutu ludojn en" kaj "la prefera lingvo por elŝuti ludojn en?"

La demando estas precize pri -u vs -i. Mi scias ke iom da "ke frazoj" havu la -u finado. Kiel estas en mia malantaŭa frazo. Sed mi sentas ke la frazo en mia demando devus havi la -u finado. ...
0 votes
1 answer
70 views

Ĉu "esti" aŭ "ekzisti"?

Duolingo tradukas l'anglan frazon "There are seven days in one week." al "Estas sep tagoj en unu semajno." Kial Duo ne uzas la verbon "Ekzistas", anstataŭ "Estas&...
2 votes
2 answers
117 views

Relativity of tenses and the possibility of ambiguity

Some time ago, I had a discussion on the Duolingo forums about the relativity of verb tenses in Esperanto. It seemed in that discussion that I had always been slightly mistaken about my understanding ...
0 votes
0 answers
40 views

Tempopunkteco/daŭreco de iuj verboj

Estas al mi iuj verboj, kiuj estas kvazaŭ aŭ esence aŭ subkomprenite tempopunkta. Ekzemple, morto, fino, komenco, ktp. Se oni dirus, ke iu mortis, aŭ ke io finiĝis aŭ komenciĝis, estas al mi pli ofte ...
3 votes
2 answers
83 views

How to translate "to giggle"?

How to translate "to giggle" (German: "kichern")? Logical would be "rideti", but that's already taken for "to smile" and well-established in that meaning. ...
1 vote
2 answers
66 views

Ĉu "se+us", aŭ "se+as"?

Duolingo tradukas l'anglan frazon "If I want to, I can!" al "Se mi volas, mi povas!". Kial Duo ne tradukas tion al "volus" kaj "povus", anstataŭ "volas" kaj "povas"?
2 votes
1 answer
40 views

Tempo de verbo post "kiam", "dum", "post/antaŭ ol", ktp

You will find out when she arrives. You will find out after she arrives. You will find out while she arrives. You will find out when she has arrived. Esperante, kiel rilatus la tempo de la dua verbo (...
0 votes
1 answer
72 views

Omission of prepositions with movement verbs

The image below is a section from A Complete Grammar of Esperanto (Ivy Kellerman, 1910), outlining the use of accusatives with verbs expressing motion. I've marked the relevant parts in red. To my ...
4 votes
2 answers
267 views

Why doesn't the infinitive take the -n suffix?

(This question springs from this one.) In Esperanto, the -n suffix ending is usually used to mark the accusative. Ŝi ŝatas fiŝojn. Ŝi ŝatas la Italan. Ŝi ŝatas ilin. Ŝi ŝatas manĝi. Why isn’t it Ŝi ...
0 votes
1 answer
40 views

Pri la verbo "preni"

Duolingo tradukas l'anglan frazon "What do you take in your coffee?" al "Kion vi prenas en via kafo?". Mi havas 2 demandojn: Laŭ la frazo, mi komprenas ke oni aldonas ion al sia ...
2 votes
3 answers
84 views

Ĉu "ne legis" signifas "didn't read" aŭ "hasn't read"?

Ŝi ne legis ĝin. Kial Duolingo tradukas la frazon al "She hasn't read it", anstataŭ al "She didn't read it"?
0 votes
3 answers
41 views

Ĉu oni traduku Esperantlingvajn "-u" verbojn al l'anglalingvaj "Shall" aŭ "Should"?

Duolingo tradukas la frazojn "Ĉu mi aldonu ajlon aŭ laktukon al la supo?" al "Should I add garlic or lettuce to the soup?" "Kion ni faru pri tio?" al "What shall we do about that?" Jen ...
0 votes
2 answers
52 views

Ĉu 'foruziĝonta" signifas same kiel "foruzota"?

Ĉu 'foruziĝonta" signifas same kiel "foruzota"? Kaj ĉu ambaŭ ĝustas gramatike?
1 vote
1 answer
74 views

Grammar Question: Trovi or Trovas?

On Duolingo I got a question wrong because I used trovas instead of trovi; then, I got the next one wrong because I did the opposite. When should I use trovi and when should I instead use trovas?
1 vote
2 answers
94 views

Verb aspect: Distinguish between an ongoing and an ended time interval?

If I wanted to ask someone to join me for breakfast, I might ask: Have you had breakfast? (Swedish: Har du ätit frukost?) And if I were curious if someone had any breakfast yesterday, I could ask: ...
0 votes
1 answer
26 views

Je kiu grado estas ĝuste reordigi "OSVV[V[....]]" al "OVSV[V[...]]"?

Kiam verbfrazo havas pli ol unu verbon, kiam (kaj kiom) estas ĝuste aŭ malĝuste meti la subjekton post la "kapverbon" kaj antaŭ la aliajn verbojn? Jen estas ekzemplo [eble iomete absurdeta]. ...
1 vote
3 answers
110 views

Why is 'pravas' a verb?

To say: "You are right.", I know that it is also acceptable to write: "Vi estas prava.", which to me makes sense, because then 'prava' is an adjective, just like in English. ...
19 votes
6 answers
515 views

Verbs of buttons on websites

On websites there are often buttons with verbs on them. Continue Log in Remember me Like Search Should these be written in the imperative or infinitive form? For example, should I use Memoru min or ...
2 votes
2 answers
68 views

Using verbal suffixes two times in a word

I was messing around with verbs, and I was wondering what is the equivalent adverb for « Dum mi estis manĝinta ». So I thought of manĝintinte. But is this a correct word? And are manĝintonte and ...
1 vote
3 answers
93 views

Is it appropriate to use participles for passive voice in Esperanto?

AS mainly shows the present tense of the action, while ANT and AT show the duration or repetition of the action. IS shows that the action occured before the present, while INT and IT show that the ...
7 votes
6 answers
483 views

Does Esperanto offer as many synonyms as English?

For example, when searching up how to say to scoff in Esperanto, Neta Vortaro told me that it was moki, but I know that to mock is also moki. This troubles me, since in my mind, I associated scoffing ...
2 votes
2 answers
48 views

When multiple objects could be the direct one, may I choose none and use prepositions for all?

With some transitive Esperanto verbs, one can choose between two or more object roles to take the position of the direct object (accusative object). (A Q&A of the Konsultejo mentions demandi and ...
0 votes
2 answers
83 views

Expressing "<verb>-ingly", where "<verb>" happens to be transitive

Suppose I have this intentionally strange-sounding (and perhaps ungrammatical) sentence. Finante faru ĝin! Maybe even this one. Faru ĝin! Sed finante! That is to say, "Do it, but finishingly ...
11 votes
4 answers
1k views

Does Esperanto have gerunds?

I know how the infinitive form of a verb is used in Esperanto. Mi ŝatas danci. (I like to dance.) Does Esperanto have a parallel to English gerunds? I like dancing.
0 votes
1 answer
54 views

Double verb use

I have searched StackExchange and not found a satisfactory answer. I am confused by word order of two verbs in one sentence. I know little about clause, noun-phrases and other grammar. So I am using ...
1 vote
1 answer
35 views

Se mi tradukus "delete", ĉu mi uzus "forigu" aŭ "forigi"?

Se mi tradukus "delete (this message)" el la angla al Esperanto, ĉu mi uzus forigu aŭ forigi?
0 votes
1 answer
43 views

How to translate "hibernate"? (in the biological / zoological meaning)

Using the definition from Wikipedia Hibernation is a state of inactivity and metabolic depression in endotherms. Hibernation refers to a season of heterothermy characterized by low body-temperature,...
1 vote
2 answers
93 views

Adjective followed by infinitive?

In English, there exists a construct which I do not quite understand. The monad rolled around the woods, careful not to fall into the river. The human was careful not to awaken the baby. She ...
9 votes
3 answers
147 views

What is the difference between "ĵaluzi" and "envii"?

I have been using ĵaluzi and envii interchangeably, but recently I saw some comments in a chat goup about it. One person corrected another, saying it should be ĵaluzi and not envii. I now suppose ...
1 vote
1 answer
89 views

Present continuous without a pronoun?

I was looking at a post which said: "organo konsistanta el karnaj fibroj kaj servanta por movi la diversajn partojn de la korpo" I am a bit confused on why konsistanta was used instead of ...
2 votes
1 answer
91 views

What is the difference between "ŝanĝi" and "ŝanĝiĝi"?

What is the difference between "ŝanĝi" and "ŝanĝiĝi" and how would you use these verbs in a sentence?
2 votes
1 answer
54 views

Relativity of verbs in subordinate clauses

Verbs in subordinate clauses are "conjugated" relatively to the parent clause. "Li pensis (past) ke si ludas (present, relative to parent clause) bonan muzikon" But then what if there are nested ...
2 votes
2 answers
46 views

Infinitive form of compound tenses?

Compound tenses are formed by combining the auxiliary verb "esti" with a participle (e.g. "mi estis leganta" -> "mi legantis"). Is there ever such a thing as an infinitive form of a compound (e.g. "...
15 votes
2 answers
255 views

Do aspekti and ŝajni go with adjectives or adverbs?

There are a couple of verbs after which I always hesitate which word to use. For example: La domo aspektas bela. / La domo aspektas bele. La viro ŝajnas afabla. / La viro ŝajnas afable. Now that I ...
0 votes
2 answers
32 views

Relativity of tense when there is no subordinate verb

I know that tense in Esperanto is relative, such that the Esperanto equivalent of something like "He said that he was doing it" would really be "Li diris, ke li faras (aŭ eble farantas) ĝin" or ...
13 votes
3 answers
624 views

Does Esperanto have any rules about the transitivity of verbs?

I am analyzing the transitivity of verbs in Esperanto, and I don't seem to find any coherence. For that reason, when I write a text, I constantly feel the need to search in a dictionary for the direct ...
6 votes
3 answers
220 views

How free is word order in a sentence with infinitives

Infinitives do not have case markers. "Mi ŝatas lerni" is the typical order, and so is "egzameni asisti la detektivon". But could "lerni ŝatas mi" work, noting that "mi" is not in accusative and is ...
10 votes
4 answers
1k views

What can I say instead of "zorgi"?

As I understand it, zorgi corresponds to all of these: to care Mi ne zorgas. Ĉu li eĉ zorgas pri ĉi tiaj aferoj? to take care of zorgi pri ĝardeno zorgi pri infano to worry ...
11 votes
3 answers
295 views

Kio estas la diferenco inter bezoni kaj necesi?

Mi komprenas ke bezoni alvenis de la franca kaj necesi estas latina vorto. Ĉu gravas la diferenco inter la du vortoj?
6 votes
1 answer
85 views

Verb form in Esperanto Cooking Recipes

How are cooking recipes written in Esperanto? Cooking recipes are a very special genre with respect to verb form, in German (my mother tongue) the infinitive is used as a substitute for the ...
5 votes
1 answer
82 views

Verb form used for sounds in Comics

What Esperanto verb form is used for sounds in comics when the sound cannot be described easily by spelling it out? An example is English sigh, German seufz (note the pure verb stem being used here, a ...
4 votes
2 answers
103 views

Is "mi estas irinta vespermanĝi" correct?

Is "mi estas irinta vespermanĝi" correct, or is there a better way of forming the "vespermanĝi" part?
4 votes
1 answer
146 views

What is the assumed subject of -u form verbs

Something that came up in an answer to my previous question was, what is the assumed subject of a u-form verb, which I incorrectly assumed to always be vi. When I say Kuru!, or Sidiĝu! I really mean ...
7 votes
3 answers
633 views

Seeking a translation for a specific use of the English word "claim"

tl;dr: Is "pretendi" an appropriate translation of the English "to claim" in the sense of an insurance claim? According to ReVo, "to claim" is simply "pretendi". However, the definitions (there and ...
11 votes
4 answers
140 views

Ĉu oni "ludas" kiam oni alklakas la butonon?

En la angla oni diras "play" pri la butono kun triangulo(▶️). Ankaŭ la verbo estas "to play" kiam oni alklakas ĝin kaj ekigas la filmon aŭ kanton. Kiun verbon mi uzu esperante? Sentus al mi strange ...
14 votes
3 answers
912 views

Are the compound verb tenses ever really used in Esperanto?

I found this link which lists 12 compound tenses like future perfect, along with some other outlandish forms like perfect imperative (brr), further to the normal as–is–os. Are they used in anything ...
5 votes
2 answers
114 views

Exceedingly Complex Tenses

I would like to know how to correctly compose very complicated verb tenses (more complex than esti+participle). Because their usage is so rare, this is a curiosity question rather than a practical one....