Questions tagged [verbs]

verboj: Vortoj kun finaĵoj -i, -is, -as, -os, -us aŭ -u.

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27 votes
5 answers
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How does one express "to share" in Esperanto?

There seems to be several words in Esperanto that all correspond to the English verb "to share". Right now I can think of dividi, diskonigi and kunhavi. I'd love to see a collection of them all, and ...
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20 votes
2 answers
437 views

Double negatives in Esperanto

In languages such as Spanish, words associated with a negative verb also take a negative form, e.g. No sé nada (Lit. I don’t know nothing). On the other hand, in English this use of double ...
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19 votes
6 answers
515 views

Verbs of buttons on websites

On websites there are often buttons with verbs on them. Continue Log in Remember me Like Search Should these be written in the imperative or infinitive form? For example, should I use Memoru min or ...
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15 votes
2 answers
255 views

Do aspekti and ŝajni go with adjectives or adverbs?

There are a couple of verbs after which I always hesitate which word to use. For example: La domo aspektas bela. / La domo aspektas bele. La viro ŝajnas afabla. / La viro ŝajnas afable. Now that I ...
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14 votes
3 answers
912 views

Are the compound verb tenses ever really used in Esperanto?

I found this link which lists 12 compound tenses like future perfect, along with some other outlandish forms like perfect imperative (brr), further to the normal as–is–os. Are they used in anything ...
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13 votes
3 answers
624 views

Does Esperanto have any rules about the transitivity of verbs?

I am analyzing the transitivity of verbs in Esperanto, and I don't seem to find any coherence. For that reason, when I write a text, I constantly feel the need to search in a dictionary for the direct ...
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12 votes
7 answers
925 views

"Dankon POR via respondo" or "Dankon PRO via respondo"?

Both can be translated to "Thanks for your answer". Which one is correct, and if both are, when?
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12 votes
2 answers
325 views

How can I say "to turn on/off"?

How can I say "to turn on/off" in these contexts: I have to turn on my computer first. Do you know how to turn off the autocorrect-function? Please turn off your phones before entering!
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12 votes
2 answers
757 views

Which word should I use for "to drive (a car)"?

I've seen several verbs: konduki, stiri, veturigi. I've thought of aŭti too, and I just saw that ReVo actually suggests it. Which one is the best? Do they fit in different situations?
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11 votes
4 answers
1k views

Does Esperanto have gerunds?

I know how the infinitive form of a verb is used in Esperanto. Mi ŝatas danci. (I like to dance.) Does Esperanto have a parallel to English gerunds? I like dancing.
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11 votes
3 answers
142 views

What is the object of "instrui"?

How does one construct a sentence containing "to teach someone something"? Can I have two objects in the accusative or do I need a preposition? Ŝi instruas lin la francan. Ŝi instruas al li la ...
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11 votes
2 answers
260 views

Can I use "iri" with other verbs?

For some reason, it feels natural for me to put forms of iri in front of other verbs that are in the infinitive. This is probably some influence from other languages I have. Here are some examples: ...
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11 votes
3 answers
295 views

Kio estas la diferenco inter bezoni kaj necesi?

Mi komprenas ke bezoni alvenis de la franca kaj necesi estas latina vorto. Ĉu gravas la diferenco inter la du vortoj?
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11 votes
4 answers
140 views

Ĉu oni "ludas" kiam oni alklakas la butonon?

En la angla oni diras "play" pri la butono kun triangulo(▶️). Ankaŭ la verbo estas "to play" kiam oni alklakas ĝin kaj ekigas la filmon aŭ kanton. Kiun verbon mi uzu esperante? Sentus al mi strange ...
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10 votes
4 answers
1k views

What can I say instead of "zorgi"?

As I understand it, zorgi corresponds to all of these: to care Mi ne zorgas. Ĉu li eĉ zorgas pri ĉi tiaj aferoj? to take care of zorgi pri ĝardeno zorgi pri infano to worry ...
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10 votes
3 answers
533 views

Can infinitives be used back-to-back in Esperanto?

For example, I just read an English sentence similar to: What you need to know to be able to grow potatoes... If I, at my early stage, try to translate this into Esperanto, I end up with three ...
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9 votes
2 answers
167 views

Should I use "komencas" or "komenciĝas" when talking about which letter a word begins with?

Should I use "komencas" or "komenciĝas" when talking about which letter a word begins with? For example: Lia nomo _ per A. I am aware of the difference between the two verbs in other situations ...
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9 votes
2 answers
740 views

How to say "I don't feel like it" in Esperanto

I've had trouble finding a phrase in Esperanto that can be used the same as "I don't feel like it." I've considered "emas", but I think that would describe my personality and not a temporary state. I ...
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9 votes
3 answers
147 views

What is the difference between "ĵaluzi" and "envii"?

I have been using ĵaluzi and envii interchangeably, but recently I saw some comments in a chat goup about it. One person corrected another, saying it should be ĵaluzi and not envii. I now suppose ...
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9 votes
4 answers
185 views

Compound Tenses

Researching the in-depth usages of Esperanto verbs, I came across this Wikipedia entry. In short, the entry claims that for compound tenses such as "mi estas kuranta" (present tense progressive, "I ...
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8 votes
2 answers
104 views

Does “priskribi” only relate to a written description?

My dictionary gives priskribi as a translation of “describe”. However, looking at the word one would think it means to write about something. Presumably the English word “describe” has a similar ...
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7 votes
2 answers
145 views

Can you write "Mi baldaŭ foriras" instead of "Mi baldaŭ foriros"?

According to ReVo, baldaŭ means post mallonga tempo. Since the idea of posterity is already expressed by the adverb, is it possible to use the -as tense with a verb associated to this adverb?
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7 votes
6 answers
484 views

Does Esperanto offer as many synonyms as English?

For example, when searching up how to say to scoff in Esperanto, Neta Vortaro told me that it was moki, but I know that to mock is also moki. This troubles me, since in my mind, I associated scoffing ...
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7 votes
3 answers
633 views

Seeking a translation for a specific use of the English word "claim"

tl;dr: Is "pretendi" an appropriate translation of the English "to claim" in the sense of an insurance claim? According to ReVo, "to claim" is simply "pretendi". However, the definitions (there and ...
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7 votes
3 answers
376 views

When should "por" be used before an infinitive (i-verbo)?

There are some cases where I'm not sure if I'm supposed to say the word por before an infinitive. What are the rules for this? Here is an example of a situation where I'm not exactly sure what to do: ...
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7 votes
1 answer
122 views

Creating new verbs with -um and nouns

Some of my friends connect -umi to nouns like in the examples below. In brackets are the meanings I caught through context. varsoviumi (talk about Varsovio, look at pictures of the city and/or walk ...
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7 votes
2 answers
68 views

Ĉu "pluvi" povas havi subjekton aŭ objekton?

Mi pensas, ke oni ofte oni simple uzas "pluvas" sole, eble kun aldona adverbo. Sed ĉu eblus meti subjekton aŭ objekton al tiu verbo? Por subjekto, ĉu eblus diri ekzemple "la ĉielo pluvas" aŭ "la ...
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7 votes
1 answer
87 views

Kion signifas "Mi traktas min..."?

Mi legis el la profilo de flua esperantisto: Mi traktas min profesia esperantisto, ĉar... Nu, mi neniam vidis la verbon trakti uzita por min kaj pensis, ĉu gramatike tio estas ĝusta kaj signifas Mi ...
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6 votes
3 answers
379 views

What is the difference between "veki" and "vekiĝi"?

According to my Esperanto dictionary on my Android phone, both mean wake up. Which verb is transitive, and which one isn't? How do you use each in a sentence? Thanks!
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6 votes
3 answers
132 views

How to translate "I took two pictures"?

On Tatoeba I found these translations for "Please don't take pictures here": Bonvolu ne fotografi ĉi tie. Bonvolu ne foti ĉi tie. Bonvolu ne fari fotojn ĉi tie. Bonvolu ne preni fotojn. ...
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  • 976
6 votes
1 answer
164 views

What is "phone call" in Esperanto?

I know that "to call someone on the phone" is "telefoni iun/al iu" but there is also the more general "alvoki". I'm having trouble making a noun out of the first verb, and I think I've heard "alvoko". ...
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6 votes
1 answer
85 views

Verb form in Esperanto Cooking Recipes

How are cooking recipes written in Esperanto? Cooking recipes are a very special genre with respect to verb form, in German (my mother tongue) the infinitive is used as a substitute for the ...
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6 votes
3 answers
220 views

How free is word order in a sentence with infinitives

Infinitives do not have case markers. "Mi ŝatas lerni" is the typical order, and so is "egzameni asisti la detektivon". But could "lerni ŝatas mi" work, noting that "mi" is not in accusative and is ...
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6 votes
2 answers
184 views

Using "tiel" and "tiom" before adjectives, adverbs and verbs

Should I use tiel or tiom before an adjective, adverb or verb? Vi estas tiom/tiel afabla. Helpi min estis tiom/tiel afable de vi. Vi tiom/tiel afablas. In English, people say "so" in this ...
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5 votes
3 answers
532 views

Converting verbs to nouns

Suppose I have a verb, for example kunfandiĝi (hopefully something like to merge), but I want a noun describing a process of that word (in this case, to merge would in English become merging). Is ...
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  • 153
5 votes
2 answers
114 views

Exceedingly Complex Tenses

I would like to know how to correctly compose very complicated verb tenses (more complex than esti+participle). Because their usage is so rare, this is a curiosity question rather than a practical one....
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  • 53
5 votes
2 answers
59 views

Ĉu oni povas plani renkonti iun?

Instruisto diris al mi ke: "renkonti iun" estas hazarde "renkontiĝi kun iu" estas planita Ĉu tio estas vera? Pri okazo dum kiu pluraj personoj iras al la sama loko kun celo interagi kun unu la ...
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5 votes
1 answer
67 views

Kiel funkcias -iĝ kun verbaj radikoj?

Mi vidis ekzemplojn kiel "sidiĝi" kaj "decidiĝi". Sed en mia kapo tio ŝajnas nelogike. Ĉu vere eblas iĝi verbo? Laŭ PIV sidiĝi signifas "iĝi sidanta" kaj same decidiĝi signifas "iĝi decidanta". ...
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5 votes
1 answer
59 views

Can I use the word "trovi" for opinions?

In some languages, the verb "to find" is used figuratively to express opinions. I find this house beatiful. Back then, I found it impossible to succeed. How do you find this design? Is this ...
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5 votes
2 answers
51 views

Kio estas la objekto de "enskribi"?

Kio estas la objekto de "enskribi"? Ĉu la afero en kiu oni skribas? - Mi enskribas kajeron. Aŭ la afero kiun oni skribas? - Mi enskribas mian nomon.
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5 votes
1 answer
148 views

The “essence” of -as, -is, -os, -us alone

This is a very primitive question but I don't know where else to look for an answer. I tried ESPDIC and Tekstaro with some queries but without success. I wonder if Esperanto has some neutral verb or ...
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5 votes
3 answers
161 views

What would be the meaning of "adi"?

PMEG does not provide a theorical meaning for adi. What would be the most probable meaning of adi based on how other affixes are transformed into verbs?
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  • 11.1k
5 votes
1 answer
82 views

Verb form used for sounds in Comics

What Esperanto verb form is used for sounds in comics when the sound cannot be described easily by spelling it out? An example is English sigh, German seufz (note the pure verb stem being used here, a ...
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4 votes
2 answers
267 views

Why doesn't the infinitive take the -n suffix?

(This question springs from this one.) In Esperanto, the -n suffix ending is usually used to mark the accusative. Ŝi ŝatas fiŝojn. Ŝi ŝatas la Italan. Ŝi ŝatas ilin. Ŝi ŝatas manĝi. Why isn’t it Ŝi ...
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  • 1,988
4 votes
2 answers
158 views

How do I say "to pass/fail a test"?

How can I say I passed the test or I failed the test? Using our grading system, failing would mean getting an F, while an E or higher is what is required to "pass." I've seen sukcesi and malsukcesi in ...
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4 votes
2 answers
104 views

Is "mi estas irinta vespermanĝi" correct?

Is "mi estas irinta vespermanĝi" correct, or is there a better way of forming the "vespermanĝi" part?
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  • 773
4 votes
2 answers
89 views

What is the difference between "volus"+infinitive and conditional mood?

E.g. the sentences mi volus salti. mi saltus. both mean something related to wanting to jump. What is the difference between these two forms?
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  • 2,073
4 votes
1 answer
68 views

Where is the object in the example sentences for definition #2 of the verb "atendi" in PIV?

http://vortaro.net/?w=atendi#atendi PIV notes that the verb "atendi" is transitive. However, definition 2 ("Prokrasti ian agon ĝis okazos alia ago") has example sentences that do not have anything ...
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4 votes
2 answers
115 views

Can I use the Present Tense for events regarded at the present as immutably fixed?

In Italian, and American English, I could use the Present Tense for something happening in the future. Domani inizio il mio nuovo lavoro. (Tomorrow I start my new job.) As said in the answer to ...
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  • 1,675
4 votes
1 answer
146 views

What is the assumed subject of -u form verbs

Something that came up in an answer to my previous question was, what is the assumed subject of a u-form verb, which I incorrectly assumed to always be vi. When I say Kuru!, or Sidiĝu! I really mean ...
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  • 1,490