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Use it for questions about which word, in a list of few words, you should use in a sentence.

2
votes
2answers
29 views

Ekkrio pro malpureco aŭ naŭziĝo

Kion vi ekkrius/dirus, kiam vi trovus subite kaj neatendante ion aparte malpuran, naŭzan, malbonodoran, ktp? Mi ne povis trovi bonan esprimon por tio. Mi nur trovis en mia nederlanda-Esperanto-...
5
votes
1answer
65 views

How to translate the pro- suffix from English?

In English you can say pro-whatever to say that you are in favour of something, such as pro-independence. I sometimes see people use the same suffix in Esperanto such as in mi estas pro-eŭropa. This ...
5
votes
1answer
67 views

“Pli malgranda” aŭ “malpli granda”?

Mi volas diri "smaller". Ĉu estas ajna alieco en signifo inter "pli malgranda" kaj "malpli granda"? Ĉu ili estas ĝuste samaj? I want to say "smaller". Is there any difference in meaning between "pli ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

What's the difference between multe and ofte?

When should an Esperanto speaker say ofte, and when multe? A definition of ofte is 'often', a definition of multe is 'a lot'. When does an Esperanto speaker use which? An example, what would be used ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

What is the difference between “ĝis” and “al?”

I understand that ĝis means "up to", or "as far as", and al means "to", but when must one change between the two? Take Duolingo's example: Mi vojaĝas tra Germanio ĝis Pollando. Why would one use ...
4
votes
2answers
67 views

How would you name a “mechanical pencil” in Esperanto?

These are named "mechanical pencils" in English, but some other languages use the term "lead holder" (eg. French : portemine). What word in esperanto would be the most understood?
2
votes
2answers
99 views

How often is “esperanto” used in Esperanto?

L. L. Zamenhof used "doktoro esperanto" as a pseudonym, where esperanto meaning "one who hopes," the present nominal participle of esperi, meaning "to hope" This eventually lead to "Esperanto" being ...
5
votes
3answers
151 views

How would you say “I should not have taught you that”?

How would you say I should not have taught you that? Which of the following sentences is correct? Mi ne devus instruinta tiun al vi. Mi ne estus devinta instrui tiun al vi.
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Correct word form

Which of the following is correct and why? La ĉokolada kuko estas bongusta. La ĉokolado kuko estas bongusto. Also, which is correct in the following: La kafo estas bongusto. La kafo estas bongusta. ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

“ties de”, “la de” aŭ “tiu(j)(n) de”

Kiu el la jenaj frazoj estas ĝusta/malĝusta kaj kial? 1) Oni konas bestojn kaj ties danĝerojn, sed neniam ties de malsaĝulo. 2) Oni konas bestojn kaj ties danĝerojn, sed neniam la de malsaĝulo. 3) ...
4
votes
3answers
117 views

What’s the deal with “fariĝi”?

In a lot of places I see the word fariĝi when, from context, it seems that the speaker/writer just meant iĝi (to become). For example: «Mi studas por (far)iĝi kuracisto.» Why is the radical far- used ...
5
votes
1answer
57 views

Ĉu oni diras “alta kvalito” aŭ “bona kvalito”?

Estas iel idiomaĵo mi supozas, kaj mi imagas ke varias inter lingvoj. Ĉu oni diras "alta" aŭ "bona" pri kvalitoj esperantlingve?
6
votes
1answer
55 views

What is the difference between “lernanto” and “studanto”?

Both "lernato" and "studanto" means "student", right? When should I use which one?
5
votes
2answers
37 views

Kiel oni nomu sian estron en la laborejo?

Ni imagu, ke mi estas en mia laborejo. Kiel mi nomu mian (rektan) estron, se mi volus diri al li aŭ ŝi ion sen uzi la nomon? Kiel mi komencas la parolon? Ĉu ĉi tiuj variantoj taŭgas: Estro, mi ...
4
votes
3answers
439 views

Is there a difference between “temperaturo” and “varmeco”?

The Esperanto wikipedia defines "temperaturo" like this : Temperaturo estas fizika eco de materio, la bazo de la komunaj nocioj "varma" kaj "malvarma". (Temperature is a physical property of ...
6
votes
2answers
227 views

What's the difference between “kvankam” and “tamen”?

Their definitions seem very close.
7
votes
2answers
347 views

Ke vs. kiu: which one to use?

What is the difference between these two words? My dictionary mentions that both mean that, but how does one know which one to use? Can you please provide some examples? Dankon!
6
votes
3answers
92 views

Which word should I use for “nickname”?

I found many candidates in ReVo: alnomo, alinomo, kaŝnomo, kromnomo, karesnomo. I doubt they are all synonyms. In which situations should I use each one? I'd like to find the one to use when ...
10
votes
3answers
100 views

What is the difference between “torto” and “kuko”?

Cakes are important matters, I think we can all agree on that ;) It seems to me as if there are two words in Esperanto: torto and kuko. What is the difference between them? I have a feeling they are ...
9
votes
3answers
108 views

What is the difference between “gaja”, “ĝoja” and “feliĉa”?

Gaja, ĝoja and feliĉa are all happy in English. But I have gotten the impression that they are not synonyms. What is the difference between the three adjectives? When should I use each one?
5
votes
1answer
61 views

How would say someone had a “thick” or “broad” accent?

Like if you were saying "he has a thick accent" or "he has a broad accent."
3
votes
3answers
181 views

How do you format the hour in Esperanto?

What are the ways and the most common ways to format an hour (with minutes) in Esperanto? Is it like on a digital clock like 23:10, or more like 23h10 (in French), or 23h10m or other things?
7
votes
4answers
258 views

Is it possible to say the time in 24 hour?

Is it possible to say the time in 24 hour in Esperanto, like 22:34?
5
votes
2answers
72 views

Adverb or adjective for tio

Marko: Mi volas roli kiel soldato. Polo: Tio estas bona / bone Since tio is an -O word then should it be bona? Or, since the word tio is referring to a verb (roli), should it be bone?
8
votes
3answers
117 views

About “ĉu” and “se” in clauses [duplicate]

Which one is correct? If both, what's the difference? Mi ne scias se ŝi ŝatas min. Mi ne scias ĉu ŝi ŝatas min. Mi legis ambaŭ tamen ĉu estas nuancoj?
8
votes
3answers
92 views

What's the difference between the words “aĵo” and “esto” and “estaĵo”

They all seem to be defined as "being", "entity", or "thing", though "estaĵo" also seems to be "creature." Where does this nuance come from? Why do each of these words exist, and how can I use each to ...
8
votes
3answers
115 views

When I assign sex to an animal, does it become li / ŝi?

I have only seen words like virkoko or kokino in sentences where they were a direct subject or object, I don't recall seeing either referred to by a pronoun. Would that still be ĝi or should I use li ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Is it clear what seks- means?

In English, the word sex has two meanings. One is about something you are (gender, male/female etc.) and the other is something you do, which I find difficult to describe in few words, but I am ...
4
votes
2answers
112 views

When to use an adverb/adjective

Sometimes I get confused on when I should be using an adverb or an adjective. What's a good rule set? For example, one can respond to a question with "bona" or "bone" - but when do I use which?
7
votes
1answer
152 views

“Trink-” versus “drink-”

I am mildly confused about this pair of roots. I learned about trink- first in words like trinki, trinkaĵo, trinkigi etc. Later I found drinkejo used for a pub, so my conclusion was that the latter ...
11
votes
2answers
536 views

Which word should I use for “to drive (a car)”?

I've seen several verbs: konduki, stiri, veturigi. I've thought of aŭti too, and I just saw that ReVo actually suggests it. Which one is the best? Do they fit in different situations?
16
votes
2answers
434 views

Are “la malplej juna” and “la plej maljuna” entirely interchangeable?

Are la malplej juna and la plej maljuna entirely interchangeable? If so, which one is the most common?
7
votes
2answers
93 views

Which should I use, “pro manko de tempo”, “pro tempomanko”, or “pro tempmanko”?

As far as I understand all three alternatives, pro manko de tempo, pro tempomanko, and pro tempmanko, are correct. However, I wonder if there are any reasons for using one of them rather than the ...
9
votes
3answers
245 views

Does profunda also mean philosophically deep?

I understand that profunda translates to "deep", as in "deep water". La rivero estas profunda. But in English we often use the word deep to mean philosophically deep, or profound, as in profound ...
6
votes
5answers
940 views

If I can't find a word in Vortaro.net, should I cease using that word?

For example, I've seen the word dumtempe before used to mean for a while or for some time. I used the word today, then started second-guessing myself and looked it up at Vortaro.net, but it showed ...
8
votes
2answers
88 views

What is the difference between “sinmortigi” and “memmortigi”?

As I understood the difference between "sin-" and "mem-": Mi sinmortigis. I killed myself (I killed me) Mi memmortigis la ŝafon. I killed the sheep myself (I killed it on my own) But someone ...
8
votes
1answer
52 views

“Deveni el” or “veni el”?

I've seen deveni used in places where it seems veni would work as well. I originally learned Mi venas el Usono. If I say Mi devenas el Usono, how does the meaning change? "I originally come from the ...
6
votes
2answers
106 views

Is it “Mi lernas kun Duolingo” or “Mi lernas per Duolingo”?

The prepositions kun and per can both be translated in English with with. In this case, which one should I use?
9
votes
4answers
778 views

When to use “ĉu” instead of “se”?

I became aware that I don't know if he is friendly should not be translated into Mi ne scias se* li estas amika but into Mi ne scias ĉu li estas amika But why? Se means "if", so why it is ...
11
votes
2answers
769 views

Should I use “teamo” or “skipo”?

If I want to speak about the team of a project, should I use teamo or skipo? I know that teamo is originally for a group with the same objective in a sport, while skipo is for every kind of group of ...
7
votes
1answer
62 views

What is the difference between “festo” and “ferio”?

Both festo and ferio seem to generally translate to English as "holiday", but are they actually interchangeable, or is there a difference that the English translation doesn't preserve?
7
votes
2answers
165 views

Is it “Gratulon!” or “Gratulojn!”?

I've seen both. It seems to be random. What's the explanation? Does it matter which one I say? Same with multan dankon and multajn dankojn.
4
votes
2answers
70 views

Is “mi estas irinta vespermanĝi” correct?

Is "mi estas irinta vespermanĝi" correct, or is there a better way of forming the "vespermanĝi" part?
7
votes
2answers
76 views

Can the words “pajlero” and “ŝalmo” be used to mean “drinking straw”?

Can the words "pajlero" and "ŝalmo" be used to mean "drinking straw"? Are there any better options?
4
votes
2answers
76 views

What is the most common way to say “update” in Esperanto?

I know that there are at least three words that convey that meaning (verb and noun): ĝisdatigi/o aktualigi/o novigi/o It seems to me that these days the most used one is ĝisdatigi, which to me seems ...
9
votes
3answers
129 views

How would one translate “swag”?

Since swag generally means the coolness of a person (e.g. I have swag, I am a swaggy person), would mojosegeco or mojoseco be a good translation for swag?
7
votes
5answers
157 views

“tuj antaŭ ol” or “ĵus antaŭ ol”? What should I use when something happened just before an other thing?

I am not sure how to translate I understood just before you answered. I think about Mi komprenis tuj antaŭ ol vi respondis. and Mi komprenis ĵus antaŭ ol vi respondis. tuj antaŭ ol and ĵus ...
3
votes
1answer
36 views

“Kiu el la du estas la pli forta” aŭ “Kiu el la du estas la plej forta?”

Mi ne certas pri kiu vorto pli taŭgas en la esprimo "El -grupo-, -iu- pli/plej fortas". Ĉu ambaŭ eblas/ĝustas/samsignifas?
6
votes
2answers
77 views

“Retadreso” or “retpoŝtadreso” for “e-mail address”?

I just signed up at Libera Folio and it asked for my retadreso and I typed the URL to my YouTube account. It gave an error and I then realized that it wanted my e-mail address. I learned ...
5
votes
1answer
28 views

What is the difference between a “pamfleto” and a “faldfolio”?

I emailed some people a while back about pamfletoj (thanks to lernu's vortaro), and all of them changed the word to faldfolioj in their responses. What is the difference between the two?