Questions tagged [word-choice]

Use it for questions about which word, in a list of few words, you should use in a sentence.

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traduki al lingvo / traduki en lingvon

En la Fundamento oni nur trovas traduki en lingvon. Oni tiam uzis traduki al por klarigi, kiu ricevis la tradukon. Tamen, ekde 1990 pli malpli, en Tekstaro oni trovas pli kaj pli ofte la strukturon ...
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1 vote
1 answer
34 views

Ĉu diferenco ekzistas inter firmo kaj firmao?

Ĉu estas okazo, en kiu unu estas pli bona uzi ol la alia aŭ ĉu ĝi estas nur via elekto? Is there occasion when one is better to use than the other or is it just your choice?
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  • 236
0 votes
1 answer
32 views

Esperi, ke kaj u-verboj

Ŝajnas al mi, ke plejofte homoj uzas la u-modon por ĉi tiaj frazoj: Mi volas, ke ni iru Mi petas, ke vi helpu min Kaj mi ŝatas ĉi tiun uzon. Tamen, mi konfuziĝas pri kiam oni devas uzas la u-modon. ...
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  • 183
3 votes
3 answers
51 views

Can pro be followed by an infinitive verb?

For example: Dankon pro helpi min I know that it is grammatically incorrect to say “Dankon pro vi helpis min”, because a complete fraze cannot follow a preposition. You would need to say “Dankon pro ...
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  • 183
0 votes
4 answers
87 views

Is it encouraged to use an invented root word if I don't like the sound of an existing root word?

Newbie here. I really don't like the translation of the word "horse" into Esperanto: ĉevalo. Is it encouraged to use your own root word if you think people will understand you? I love the ...
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  • 19
4 votes
2 answers
49 views

Kiam oni uzu "pensi" kaj "kredi"?

Kun ĉi tiaj frazoj, kiam oni uzu "pensi" kaj "kredi"? Mi pensas, ke ĉio estas preta por la festo aŭ Mi kredas, ke ĉio estas preta por la festo Mi pensas, ke mi volas iri aŭ ...
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  • 183
3 votes
1 answer
137 views

Kio estas la diferenco inter -int kaj -it?

Mi ne komprenas la diferencon inter -int kaj -it, precize instalinta kaj instalita. Mi nun tradukas aplikaĵon en Esperanton sed la traduko de "Installed" estas malfacila por mi kompreni.
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  • 71
0 votes
2 answers
57 views

How I say way home in esperanto?

How I say way home in esperanto? I find hejmenvojo in google translate but I don't know if this is correct. If exist more than a way to say this expression the meaning is diferrent?
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1 vote
1 answer
46 views

Usage of oni + si in one sentence

How it will be right to use this combination? I mean some phrase like Se mia foresto ne ŝanĝas ion en onia vivo, tiam mia ĉeesto en sia vivo ne gravas. How can I note that (sia) vivo in the second ...
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0 votes
1 answer
71 views

How important is it to learn all of the esperanto synonyms?

Is it necessary to learn all of the synonyms in Esperanto, like plaĝo/strando, or razeno/gazono/herbotapiŝo? sablohorloĝo/klepsidro is another one. Is there a list somewhere of which is the most ...
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  • 236
3 votes
1 answer
58 views

Expressing multiples of something

The best way to illustrate the question is by example. I now have {twice}/{double}/{two times the} the work to do, in half the time! Of course, I do not want to limit it to this example, but it is ...
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1 vote
3 answers
91 views

Ĉu "ŝia edzino", aŭ "sia edzino?

Duolingo tradukas "Sophia and her wife" al "Sofia kaj ŝia edzino". Kial oni devas ne uzi "sia" en tiu ĉi frazo, anstataŭ la pronomo "ŝia"?
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  • 255
1 vote
1 answer
106 views

How do you say the color orange in Esperanto?

I'm confused about oranĝkolora vs oranĝa for many reasons. oranĝkolora explicitly means orange colored but is a mouthful compared to oranĝa. The color-kolora pattern doesn't explicitly appear again ...
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  • 71
1 vote
2 answers
94 views

Representing the present perfect continuous

Given that the simple present tense in Esperanto can represent the present perfect progressive, given context (e.g. a simple "faras" in "mi ĝin faras ekde iam antaŭe" can mean "I have been doing it ...
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1 vote
2 answers
143 views

Appropriateness of neologisms

A neologism, by definition, is probably not going to be as readily recognized or understood by a common speaker. However, they are (for the most part) created for a reason, and thus could see some use....
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0 votes
2 answers
43 views

To bump into something

What is the usual pattern for expressing bumping into something? From what I can tell, to walk into something is "promeni en ion", to fly into something is "flugi en ion", and so on. What about "to ...
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2 votes
3 answers
102 views

Difference between "tial" vs "do"

What is the difference between "tial" and "do"? What difference in meaning do the following two sentences have, if any? For example, in translating "My question is thus whether it is valid or not"... ...
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1 vote
6 answers
67 views

"It does not take me long to do it well"

Suppose I would like to say "It does not take me long to do it well". Which of the following are correct, and what differences in nuances might each of them have? "Ne necesas ke mi longe fari ĝin ...
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0 votes
1 answer
207 views

How would one say "gracious" with grac- instead of graci-?

If one is gracious by showing social grace, they're gracia. But if one dispenses or exhibits grace, compassion and forgiveness regardless of the recipient's merit, would they be graca, gracema, ...
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4 votes
1 answer
107 views

Words with double letters claimed to be used by Zamenhof but not found in Tekstaro in his texts

So there are two words that PIV claims they were used by Zamenhof: nett/ (for net in "net weight") and ghett/ (ghetto), which doesn't sound like an Esperanto word at all due to the gh beginning. ...
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1 vote
2 answers
62 views

Ĉu la vorto “motorfiakro” ekzistas?

Laŭ ĉi tiu kritiko de Esperanto, ekzistas la vorto motorfiakro kiu havas la saman signifon kiel taksio kaj tio kaŭzas multe da konfuzo ĉar homoj lernas aŭ unu vorton aŭ la alian kaj tio kreas ...
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  • 16.9k
6 votes
2 answers
91 views

Kiom traduki "unit [of measurement]" (de "Maßeinheit")?

The English noun "unit" has several meanings, one of them (meaning No. 2 on Wiktionary) being the category of "meter", "inch", "volt", "ounces", "milliliters" etc. unit (plural units) (...
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13 votes
2 answers
486 views

What is the difference between "flari" and "odori"?

Both words seem to be defined as 'to smell'.
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  • 773
6 votes
1 answer
112 views

What is the correct word for "Future"?

For example, I've come across two different words, 'futuro' and 'estonteco'. According to several dictionaries 'futuro' relates to the future tense, whereas 'estonteco' refers to a future time. How ...
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3 votes
2 answers
45 views

Ekkrio pro malpureco aŭ naŭziĝo

Kion vi ekkrius/dirus, kiam vi trovus subite kaj neatendante ion aparte malpuran, naŭzan, malbonodoran, ktp? Mi ne povis trovi bonan esprimon por tio. Mi nur trovis en mia nederlanda-Esperanto-...
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  • 4,662
6 votes
1 answer
132 views

How to translate the pro- prefix from English?

In English you can say pro-whatever to say that you are in favour of something, such as pro-independence. I sometimes see people use the same prefix in Esperanto such as in mi estas pro-eŭropa. This ...
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  • 16.9k
6 votes
2 answers
117 views

"Pli malgranda" aŭ "malpli granda"?

Mi volas diri "smaller". Ĉu estas ajna alieco en signifo inter "pli malgranda" kaj "malpli granda"? Ĉu ili estas ĝuste samaj? I want to say "smaller". Is there any difference in meaning between "pli ...
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  • 163
2 votes
1 answer
551 views

What's the difference between multe and ofte?

When should an Esperanto speaker say ofte, and when multe? A definition of ofte is 'often', a definition of multe is 'a lot'. When does an Esperanto speaker use which? An example, what would be used ...
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  • 123
2 votes
1 answer
94 views

What is the difference between "ĝis" and "al?"

I understand that ĝis means "up to", or "as far as", and al means "to", but when must one change between the two? Take Duolingo's example: Mi vojaĝas tra Germanio ĝis Pollando. Why would one use ...
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5 votes
3 answers
101 views

How would you name a "mechanical pencil" in Esperanto?

These are named "mechanical pencils" in English, but some other languages use the term "lead holder" (eg. French : portemine). What word in esperanto would be the most understood?
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  • 183
4 votes
2 answers
119 views

How often is "esperanto" used in Esperanto?

L. L. Zamenhof used "doktoro esperanto" as a pseudonym, where esperanto meaning "one who hopes," the present nominal participle of esperi, meaning "to hope" This eventually lead to "Esperanto" being ...
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  • 181
2 votes
2 answers
59 views

In the English language or about the English language?

Ĝi estas angla filmo. Does this mean that the language of the movie is English (understood by English speakers), or does this mean that the film is about the English language (the film may be in any ...
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  • 4,612
6 votes
3 answers
248 views

How would you say “I should not have taught you that”?

How would you say I should not have taught you that? Which of the following sentences is correct? Mi ne devus instruinta tiun al vi. Mi ne estus devinta instrui tiun al vi.
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  • 773
2 votes
1 answer
52 views

Correct word form

Which of the following is correct and why? La ĉokolada kuko estas bongusta. La ĉokolado kuko estas bongusto. Also, which is correct in the following: La kafo estas bongusto. La kafo estas bongusta. ...
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2 votes
1 answer
57 views

"ties de", "la de" aŭ "tiu(j)(n) de"

Kiu el la jenaj frazoj estas ĝusta/malĝusta kaj kial? 1) Oni konas bestojn kaj ties danĝerojn, sed neniam ties de malsaĝulo. 2) Oni konas bestojn kaj ties danĝerojn, sed neniam la de malsaĝulo. 3) ...
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  • 3,439
7 votes
3 answers
350 views

What’s the deal with “fariĝi”?

In a lot of places I see the word fariĝi when, from context, it seems that the speaker/writer just meant iĝi (to become). For example: «Mi studas por (far)iĝi kuracisto.» Why is the radical far- used ...
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  • 171
5 votes
1 answer
65 views

Ĉu oni diras "alta kvalito" aŭ "bona kvalito"?

Estas iel idiomaĵo mi supozas, kaj mi imagas ke varias inter lingvoj. Ĉu oni diras "alta" aŭ "bona" pri kvalitoj esperantlingve?
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5 votes
1 answer
156 views

What is the difference between "lernanto" and "studanto"?

Both "lernato" and "studanto" means "student", right? When should I use which one?
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5 votes
2 answers
52 views

Kiel oni nomu sian estron en la laborejo?

Ni imagu, ke mi estas en mia laborejo. Kiel mi nomu mian (rektan) estron, se mi volus diri al li aŭ ŝi ion sen uzi la nomon? Kiel mi komencas la parolon? Ĉu ĉi tiuj variantoj taŭgas: Estro, mi ...
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3 votes
3 answers
517 views

Is there a difference between "temperaturo" and "varmeco"?

The Esperanto wikipedia defines "temperaturo" like this : Temperaturo estas fizika eco de materio, la bazo de la komunaj nocioj "varma" kaj "malvarma". (Temperature is a physical property of ...
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  • 11.1k
8 votes
2 answers
555 views

What's the difference between "kvankam" and "tamen"?

Their definitions seem very close.
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  • 773
7 votes
2 answers
593 views

Ke vs. kiu: which one to use?

What is the difference between these two words? My dictionary mentions that both mean that, but how does one know which one to use? Can you please provide some examples? Dankon!
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5 votes
3 answers
163 views

Which word should I use for "nickname"?

I found many candidates in ReVo: alnomo, alinomo, kaŝnomo, kromnomo, karesnomo. I doubt they are all synonyms. In which situations should I use each one? I'd like to find the one to use when ...
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10 votes
3 answers
359 views

What is the difference between "torto" and "kuko"?

Cakes are important matters, I think we can all agree on that ;) It seems to me as if there are two words in Esperanto: torto and kuko. What is the difference between them? I have a feeling they are ...
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10 votes
3 answers
292 views

What is the difference between "gaja", "ĝoja" and "feliĉa"?

Gaja, ĝoja and feliĉa are all happy in English. But I have gotten the impression that they are not synonyms. What is the difference between the three adjectives? When should I use each one?
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6 votes
1 answer
75 views

How would say someone had a "thick" or "broad" accent?

Like if you were saying "he has a thick accent" or "he has a broad accent."
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  • 773
6 votes
6 answers
511 views

How do you format the time in Esperanto?

What are the ways and the most common ways to format times in Esperanto? Is it like on a digital clock like 23:10, or more like 23h10 (in French), or 23h10m or other things?
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  • 11.1k
7 votes
4 answers
323 views

Is it possible to say the time in 24 hour?

Is it possible to say the time in 24 hour in Esperanto, like 22:34?
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  • 773
4 votes
2 answers
109 views

Adverb or adjective for tio

Marko: Mi volas roli kiel soldato. Polo: Tio estas bona / bone Since tio is an -O word then should it be bona? Or, since the word tio is referring to a verb (roli), should it be bone?
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  • 4,612
8 votes
3 answers
149 views

About "ĉu" and "se" in clauses [duplicate]

Which one is correct? If both, what's the difference? Mi ne scias se ŝi ŝatas min. Mi ne scias ĉu ŝi ŝatas min. Mi legis ambaŭ tamen ĉu estas nuancoj?
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