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Questions tagged [word-choice]

Use it for questions about which word, in a list of few words, you should use in a sentence.

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22 votes
2 answers
2k views

How do you say "blah blah blah" in Esperanto?

As usual, I was mentally translating everyday, common things the other day for practice and wanted to say blah blah blah, but I wasn't sure if there was an already established way of saying this in ...
Chris McDowell's user avatar
18 votes
2 answers
531 views

Are “la malplej juna” and “la plej maljuna” entirely interchangeable?

Are la malplej juna and la plej maljuna entirely interchangeable? If so, which one is the most common?
A. Silén's user avatar
  • 459
18 votes
5 answers
662 views

How do you say that something is "on a website"? Which preposition to use?

For saying that something is on a website, I have seen at least four different prepositions: La demando estas je Stack Exchange La afiŝo estas en Reddit La pepaĵo estas ĉe Twitter Ĝi estas ...
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.1k
17 votes
4 answers
1k views

How to sign a letter in Esperanto?

In English, at the end of a letter, e-mail message, etc., one writes something along the lines of: Sincerely, Best wishes, All the best, Best regards, (with the comma) And then on the next line goes ...
Lyubomir Vasilev's user avatar
16 votes
4 answers
993 views

How does one say “What do you mean?” in Esperanto?

I’ve seen (in the romaneto “Gerda malaperis”): Kion vi volas diri? However, I suppose that just like in English, there is a slight difference between “What do you mean?” and “What do you want to ...
Lyubomir Vasilev's user avatar
16 votes
4 answers
749 views

What sounds do animals make in Esperanto?

The sounds the animals make are conventionalised in many languages. In German, dogs say "wau-wau", cats "miau", cows "muh", and donkeys "i-ah". Are there conventionalised animal sounds for Esperanto? ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
14 votes
5 answers
853 views

Should I use "teamo" or "skipo"?

If I want to speak about the team of a project, should I use teamo or skipo? I know that teamo is originally for a group with the same objective in a sport, while skipo is for every kind of group of ...
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.1k
14 votes
2 answers
650 views

What is the difference between "flari" and "odori"?

Both words seem to be defined as 'to smell'.
Keir's user avatar
  • 783
12 votes
4 answers
1k views

When to use "ĉu" instead of "se"?

I became aware that I don't know if he is friendly should not be translated into Mi ne scias se* li estas amika but into Mi ne scias ĉu li estas amika But why? Se means "if", so why it is ...
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.1k
12 votes
2 answers
824 views

Which word should I use for "to drive (a car)"?

I've seen several verbs: konduki, stiri, veturigi. I've thought of aŭti too, and I just saw that ReVo actually suggests it. Which one is the best? Do they fit in different situations?
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
12 votes
3 answers
503 views

What is the difference between a "kulo" and a "moskito"?

I believe they are not equivalent. Moskito is more broad and only one sub-family of moskitos are Kuloj (Culex). But I am not sure of it.
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.1k
12 votes
1 answer
203 views

Should I use "pasinteco", "estinteco", or "paseo" to talk about the past?

I already use the word pasinteco, or pasintece, to talk about something in the past. I recently read the word estinteco, then while reading in the dictionary, I found the word paseo. When should I ...
Chris McDowell's user avatar
11 votes
3 answers
388 views

What is the difference between "gajni" and "venki"?

What is the difference between "gajni" and "venki"? Does it have anything to do with objects? I have a feeling there is a clear difference, but I think I mix them up and use them incorrectly a lot.
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
11 votes
4 answers
384 views

What is the difference between "gaja", "ĝoja" and "feliĉa"?

Gaja, ĝoja and feliĉa are all happy in English. But I have gotten the impression that they are not synonyms. What is the difference between the three adjectives? When should I use each one?
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
222 views

How do you say "vice versa" in Esperanto?

For example, I might say I'll ask you the questions and you respond; then we'll do it again vice versa, meaning that the second time around I would be the one responding to the questions. Would male ...
Chris McDowell's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
355 views

What is the difference between "neŭtra" and "neŭtrala"?

What is the difference between neŭtra and neŭtrala? I learned that they both translate to neutral in English. Is there a nuanced difference between those two words?
Robin van der Vliet's user avatar
10 votes
3 answers
473 views

"Jen" and "tie ĉi estas"

I understand that "jen" means "behold" or "here is" and I see it used often. But is it ever proper to use "tie ĉi estas", and what's the difference between the two? When should I use "jen" and when ...
GeezerGeek's user avatar
10 votes
3 answers
260 views

Does profunda also mean philosophically deep?

I understand that profunda translates to "deep", as in "deep water". La rivero estas profunda. But in English we often use the word deep to mean philosophically deep, or profound, as in profound ...
GeezerGeek's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
239 views

Is a werewolf a "homlupo" or a "luphomo"?

During the day, a werewolf has a human form, so it is logical to call him a luphomo. During some nights, a werewolf has a wolf form, so it is logical to call him a homlupo. Are both forms used? Is one ...
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.1k
10 votes
1 answer
662 views

"en" versus "je": What's the difference?

The following sentence came from Duolingo. Lia kuzo alvenis je la deka. His cousin arrived on the tenth. Both en and je mean on. (The former was not one of the choices.) When should I use en or je? ...
BJ Dela Cruz's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
211 views

What is the difference between "krom" and "escepte"?

I just read this sentence: ... estis nenio sur ĝi escepte de malgranda ora ŝlosilo ... It's obvious what "escepte de" means, but I previously learned the word "krom" for "except". So can the ...
Chris McDowell's user avatar
10 votes
3 answers
276 views

How would one translate "swag"?

Since swag generally means the coolness of a person (e.g. I have swag, I am a swaggy person), would mojosegeco or mojoseco be a good translation for swag?
Olivia's user avatar
  • 497
10 votes
3 answers
376 views

What is the difference between "torto" and "kuko"?

Cakes are important matters, I think we can all agree on that ;) It seems to me as if there are two words in Esperanto: torto and kuko. What is the difference between them? I have a feeling they are ...
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
9 votes
5 answers
987 views

What is the correct way to say "to ask a question"?

I have said demandi demandon before and no one has ever corrected me. However, it always sounds awkward to me to have these two words together and I always wonder if people think I sound like an idiot ...
Chris McDowell's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
209 views

Is "jam ne" correct? ("Mi jam ne spektas televidon")

Someone told me "jam ne" in "Mi jam ne spektas televidon" is incorrect and should be replaced by "ne plu". Is this true? And if it is true, is the meaning the same?
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.1k
9 votes
2 answers
543 views

"Trink-" versus "drink-"

I am mildly confused about this pair of roots. I learned about trink- first in words like trinki, trinkaĵo, trinkigi etc. Later I found drinkejo used for a pub, so my conclusion was that the latter ...
La Vo-o's user avatar
  • 3,383
9 votes
1 answer
83 views

"Deveni el" or "veni el"?

I've seen deveni used in places where it seems veni would work as well. I originally learned Mi venas el Usono. If I say Mi devenas el Usono, how does the meaning change? "I originally come from the ...
Chris McDowell's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
180 views

When I assign sex to an animal, does it become li / ŝi?

I have only seen words like virkoko or kokino in sentences where they were a direct subject or object, I don't recall seeing either referred to by a pronoun. Would that still be ĝi or should I use li ...
La Vo-o's user avatar
  • 3,383
8 votes
3 answers
179 views

About "ĉu" and "se" in clauses [duplicate]

Which one is correct? If both, what's the difference? Mi ne scias se ŝi ŝatas min. Mi ne scias ĉu ŝi ŝatas min. Mi legis ambaŭ tamen ĉu estas nuancoj?
Urso's user avatar
  • 813
8 votes
4 answers
245 views

What is the difference between "klarigi" and "ekspliki"?

I've learned that both ekspliki and klarigi mean to explain. Is there a difference in meaning? In nuance? In use?
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
422 views

Should we use "marŝi" or "paŝi" for "to walk"?

I often see people use marŝi for walking. According to PIV, the first meaning of marŝi is military marching. There is also a second meaning which is similar to walking, which I found weird since there ...
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.1k
8 votes
2 answers
628 views

What's the difference between "kvankam" and "tamen"?

Their definitions seem very close.
Keir's user avatar
  • 783
8 votes
3 answers
246 views

Is it "ĵus nun" or "ĝuste nun"?

I mix "ĵus" and "ĝuste" up a lot, probably because they sound similar. Which one can be put before "nun"? or are both correct? Then, do they have different meanings?
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
243 views

What is 'wow'/variants of wow?

I've heard 'ŭaŭ', 'ho! ', and 'vaŭ'. However, I want to see if there can be a best, official translation.
user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
214 views

What's the difference between the words "aĵo" and "esto" and "estaĵo"

They all seem to be defined as "being", "entity", or "thing", though "estaĵo" also seems to be "creature." Where does this nuance come from? Why do each of these words exist, and how can I use each to ...
Thomas Kagan's user avatar
7 votes
4 answers
291 views

When to use "olda" instead of "maljuna"?

I just read a sentence with the word "olda" to describe becoming an old woman - "fariĝi olda virino". I haven't seen the word before. Why the use of this cognate? Does it have a different nuance ...
Chris McDowell's user avatar
7 votes
5 answers
994 views

If I can't find a word in Vortaro.net, should I cease using that word?

For example, I've seen the word dumtempe before used to mean for a while or for some time. I used the word today, then started second-guessing myself and looked it up at Vortaro.net, but it showed ...
Chris McDowell's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
681 views

Ke vs. kiu: which one to use?

What is the difference between these two words? My dictionary mentions that both mean that, but how does one know which one to use? Can you please provide some examples? Dankon!
BJ Dela Cruz's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
107 views

Can the words "pajlero" and "ŝalmo" be used to mean "drinking straw"?

Can the words "pajlero" and "ŝalmo" be used to mean "drinking straw"? Are there any better options?
Chris McDowell's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
553 views

Is it "Gratulon!" or "Gratulojn!"?

I've seen both. It seems to be random. What's the explanation? Does it matter which one I say? Same with multan dankon and multajn dankojn.
Chris McDowell's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
91 views

What is the difference between "festo" and "ferio"?

Both festo and ferio seem to generally translate to English as "holiday", but are they actually interchangeable, or is there a difference that the English translation doesn't preserve?
Lokathor's user avatar
  • 275
7 votes
2 answers
564 views

When to use ĉi tiu vs tiu ĉi?

What is the difference between tiu ĉi and ĉi tiu? Since both mean this, in what situations should one be used over the other? The following sentence comes from Duolingo and is an example of the former....
BJ Dela Cruz's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
65 views

How does one express "to control" in Esperanto?

I've learned that "kontroli" is a false friend. Using which other word(s) may I express "to control" in Esperanto?
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
7 votes
4 answers
345 views

Is it possible to say the time in 24 hour?

Is it possible to say the time in 24 hour in Esperanto, like 22:34?
Keir's user avatar
  • 783
7 votes
2 answers
160 views

What is the difference between "sinmortigi" and "memmortigi"?

As I understood the difference between "sin-" and "mem-": Mi sinmortigis. I killed myself (I killed me) Mi memmortigis la ŝafon. I killed the sheep myself (I killed it on my own) But someone ...
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.1k
7 votes
3 answers
456 views

What’s the deal with “fariĝi”?

In a lot of places I see the word fariĝi when, from context, it seems that the speaker/writer just meant iĝi (to become). For example: «Mi studas por (far)iĝi kuracisto.» Why is the radical far- used ...
Timwi's user avatar
  • 171
7 votes
1 answer
62 views

What is the difference between a "pamfleto" and a "faldfolio"?

I emailed some people a while back about pamfletoj (thanks to lernu's vortaro), and all of them changed the word to faldfolioj in their responses. What is the difference between the two?
AetherSeed's user avatar
6 votes
6 answers
606 views

How do you format the time in Esperanto?

What are the ways and the most common ways to format times in Esperanto? Is it like on a digital clock like 23:10, or more like 23h10 (in French), or 23h10m or other things?
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.1k
6 votes
5 answers
211 views

"tuj antaŭ ol" or "ĵus antaŭ ol"? What should I use when something happened just before an other thing?

I am not sure how to translate I understood just before you answered. I think about Mi komprenis tuj antaŭ ol vi respondis. and Mi komprenis ĵus antaŭ ol vi respondis. tuj antaŭ ol and ĵus ...
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.1k
6 votes
3 answers
100 views

Which word for "foreigner"?

Kio estas la diferenco inter la vortoj "alilandulo", "alilandano", "eksterlandano"? Se diferenco ekzistas, aŭ oni povas uzi kiel oni volas? Ankaŭ oni ne devas uzi la vorton "fremdulo" por loĝanto de ...
Ch Kube's user avatar
  • 183