Questions tagged [word-meaning]

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1answer
22 views

<io> de la <io>, but disambiguating between type and amount

As you know, "da" cannot be used when expressing amounts of specific things, and is replaced by "de la". Oni volas glason da vino. Oni volas glason de la vino. However, it seems to me that "...
3
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2answers
57 views

How to describe the pitch of someone’s voice

During a discussion on Telegram, someone wanted to say that they have a high-pitched voice. They used a phrase like this: Mia voĉo havas altan piĉon At first I thought this was just an amusing ...
2
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3answers
44 views

Difference between “tial” vs “do”

What is the difference between "tial" and "do"? What difference in meaning do the following two sentences have, if any? For example, in translating "My question is thus whether it is valid or not"... ...
6
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1answer
64 views

Does “invervjuo” cover all meanings of the English word “interview”?

In German, the loanword "Interview" is mostly used for when a reporter, journalist or maker of a documentary interviews someone for the media/medium they're working for. A job interview however is ...
4
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1answer
85 views

Words with double letters claimed to be used by Zamenhof but not found in Tekstaro in his texts

So there are two words that PIV claims they were used by Zamenhof: nett/ (for net in "net weight") and ghett/ (ghetto), which doesn't sound like an Esperanto word at all due to the gh beginning. ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Kion signifas “herniulo”?

...nek ĝibulo, nek ftizulo, nek makulokululo, nek aknulo, nek favulo, nek herniulo... (Levidoj 21:20) Kion signifas "herniulo"?
0
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1answer
56 views

Kion signifas “malpermesantaj” kaj la dikita frazo?

2 Diru al la Izraelidoj jene:Se iu pekos per eraro kontraŭ la ordonoj de la Eternulo, malpermesantaj fari diversajn aferojn, kaj li faros iun el ili; 3 se pastro sanktoleita pekos, ĵetante kulpon ...
2
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1answer
63 views

Ĉu estas diferenco inter “teĥniko” kaj “tekniko”?

Is there a difference between "teĥniko" and "tekniko"? According to ReVo, both seem to signify "technique", i.e. the skillful way of doing, performing or producing something specific.
6
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1answer
89 views

Ĉu “trapasi ekzamenon” signifas ke oni sukcesis je ĝi?

Ĉu trapasi ekzamenon signifas ke oni sukcesis aŭ nur ke oni ĉeestis kaj partoprenis, sen diri ion ajn pri la rezulto? La angla kaj la franca havas similajn esprimojn, sed laŭ mia kompreno ili ne ...
6
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1answer
50 views

Kion ekzakte signifas la sufikso «-em-»?

Ĉu la sufikso -em- signifas longdaŭran tendencon al la radika vorto, aŭ ĉu nur momentan deziron por ĝi? Mi demandas pro ĉi tiu demando en kiu oni proponas dormema kiel tradukon de la angla vorto ...
6
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1answer
47 views

Kiel disting(ig)i du signifojn de “kiel”?

Kiel havas kelkajn signifojn. Estas malfacile distingi aŭ distingigi du el ili. Ekzemple: Kiel infano mi spertis feliĉajn jarojn. "As a child" kaj "like a child" estas ĝustaj tradukaĵoj de kiel ...
3
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2answers
129 views

In what sense does “tio” mean “this”? (or does it?)

Regarding the use of tio (and other t-words), these two following sources appear to be in contradiction. According to PMEG, p245: Simpla TI-vorto ĉiam montras ion ne tute proksiman al la parolanto....
5
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2answers
77 views

Kio estas la signifo de “falsidas”?

Mi legis Gerda malaperis kaj mi trovis la vorton falsidas. Ĝi ŝajnas esti kunmeto de fal- kaj sidas, sed mi ne scias kion fal- signifas. Tiu ĉi vorto nek estis en mia vortlisto por ĉapitro naŭ nek en ...
4
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2answers
49 views

La du signifoj de “lasta”

Se mi diras la jenan ekzemplan frazon: Ĉi tiu estas la lasta numero de la revuo Kontakto ŝajnas ke povus esti du signifoj: Tiu numero estas tiu kiu eldoniĝis antaŭ la plej mallonga tempo. Neniam ...
7
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1answer
66 views

Kion signifas kesito?

19Kaj la kampoparton, sur kiu li starigis sian tendon, li aĉetis el la manoj de la filoj de Ĥamor, la patro de Ŝeĥem, por cent kesitoj. (Moseo 1: Genezo 33) Kion signifas kesito? Ĉu ĝi estis antikva ...
7
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1answer
85 views

What is the difference between “grajno” and “greno”?

I cannot find out the exact difference between the Esperanto words "grajno" and "greno", they both translate to the English word "grain". So, what is the exact difference between both words?
11
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2answers
279 views

Prefixes vs Suffixes: Which one is strongest?

Sometimes a prefix and a suffix collide to form a word. An example is malino (mal- + -ino) which is sometimes used in informal language to mean ”a man”. However, I’ve often wondered: Which ’fix gets ...
8
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5answers
167 views

Kio estas la vera signifo de “muĝi”?

Laŭ PIV, «muĝi» signifas: 1. Bleki, kiel bovo. 2. (figurasence) Aŭdigi fortan, obtuzan, longe tiratan sonon: muĝanta popolamaso. Ŝajnas do, ke «bleki kiel bovo» estas la precipa signifo, ĉu ...
6
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3answers
180 views

What's the word for “meme”

Someone used "memo" or "memeo" but I hardly agree either. The first is misguiding as "mem" means self, so "memo" makes people think "memo" is the noun form. "Memeo " is an unnecessary transliterated ...
12
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4answers
262 views

Why “foj” is repeated in “fojfoje”?

The word fojfoje has a repetition of the root foj. Why and how does this alter the meaning of the word, compared to the word foje?
3
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3answers
478 views

Is there a difference between “temperaturo” and “varmeco”?

The Esperanto wikipedia defines "temperaturo" like this : Temperaturo estas fizika eco de materio, la bazo de la komunaj nocioj "varma" kaj "malvarma". (Temperature is a physical property of ...
7
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2answers
402 views

What's the difference between “kvankam” and “tamen”?

Their definitions seem very close.
7
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2answers
492 views

Ke vs. kiu: which one to use?

What is the difference between these two words? My dictionary mentions that both mean that, but how does one know which one to use? Can you please provide some examples? Dankon!
3
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2answers
49 views

Kio estas “Politkleriga Fako” kaj “Ĉefpolitkleriga Fako”?

Ŝajne ĝi estas iu organo en Soveta Registaro. Mi trovis la terminon en la libro la Danĝera lingvo.
4
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1answer
59 views

What are the differences between word roots for “walking”

In order to say, "to walk" or "a walk" (noun) there seem to be different roots: marŝi (marŝo), promeni (promeno? or promenado?), piediri (noun?). Could someone please clarify the differences? e.g. Is ...
4
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4answers
142 views

Is “saĝa” equivalent to “smart” nowadays?

Courses and dictionaries teach us that saĝa is equivalent to the English word "wise". However, I must say the Esperanto word is used way more frequently in my opinion. On the other hand, I haven't ...
10
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3answers
228 views

Kio estas la diferenco inter bezoni kaj necesi?

Mi komprenas ke bezoni alvenis de la franca kaj necesi estas latina vorto. Ĉu gravas la diferenco inter la du vortoj?
12
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2answers
744 views

Difference between ĉar and pro

It seems as though there is a lot of confusion over this topic. What is the difference between ĉar and pro? In what case would I use each word?
10
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3answers
127 views

How old is a “knabino”?

In English, the word girl is used for children but also teenagers and young women (let's say 20-25). In Spanish, I learned that the word niña, is only used for kids, I might guess something like up ...
5
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1answer
69 views

Is there a difference between “plimalboniĝi” and “malpliboniĝi”?

I've run into both plimalboniĝi and malpliboniĝi and as far as I'm concerned they both mean deteriorate or become worse. Or is there a difference? As suggested, the distinction might be related to ...
7
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2answers
167 views

What is the difference between “teda” and “enua”?

Teda and enua both mean boring, don't they? What is the difference between the two? And hmm... lernu also lists enuiga. What is the meaning of this one?
6
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2answers
262 views

Translate 'You must leave room for nature'

I am trying to translate 'You must leave room for nature' and I am not sure how to translate the word 'room' in this context. So far I have considered: Vi devas lasi ĉambron por naturo. (google's ...
7
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2answers
109 views

What is the difference between “sinmortigi” and “memmortigi”?

As I understood the difference between "sin-" and "mem-": Mi sinmortigis. I killed myself (I killed me) Mi memmortigis la ŝafon. I killed the sheep myself (I killed it on my own) But someone ...
12
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4answers
895 views

When to use “ĉu” instead of “se”?

I became aware that I don't know if he is friendly should not be translated into Mi ne scias se* li estas amika but into Mi ne scias ĉu li estas amika But why? Se means "if", so why it is ...
6
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2answers
250 views

What is the difference between *per* and *pere de*?

This question came up on another site and I thought it was a good one. What is the difference between per and pere de? Both can be translated as "by means of". Can someone list some examples of these ...
6
votes
1answer
204 views

Why some esperanto-speakers call others “samideano”?

I have seen a lot of old Esperanto speakers in Facebook use the word samideano when adressing to other Esperanto speakers. Why are they using this word, and how an Esperanto-speaker is a member of a ...
10
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2answers
247 views

Kio estas la diferenco inter scivola kaj scivolema?

Mi preskaŭ ĉiam aŭdas scivolema, sed nun iu demandis min se oni ne povas simple diri scivola. Mi pensas ke la -ema estas bona, sed kio fakte estas la diferenco inter la du vortoj? Ekzemplo: Mi ...
14
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5answers
311 views

How to translate “to pledge”?

How to translate "You have successfully pledged €149.00 to Amikumu" ? Could it be "sincere promesi"?
4
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1answer
66 views

What's the difference between “uzantnomo”, “uzulnomo”, and “salutnomo”?

Are the words uzantnomo, uzulnomo, and salutnomo basically just variations of the same thing? In English there are the words username, user ID, login name, login ID, etc, which all basically mean the ...
5
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3answers
118 views

What would be the meaning of “adi”?

PMEG does not provide a theorical meaning for adi. What would be the most probable meaning of adi based on how other affixes are transformed into verbs?
8
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3answers
253 views

How should I use “probable”?

I've seen people use "probable", but others tell me "versxajne" is better. Is there a difference between them? Are there situations when one is correct and the other isn't? If "versxajne" means "...
2
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2answers
129 views

What is the meaning of “komuna” and how is it different from “ofta”?

In English, we often use common for the adjective equivalent of often. But in Esperanto, the word "ofta" already exist. Does that mean komuna has a different meaning than in English?
7
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2answers
517 views

What is “kioma” used for besides asking for the time?

As I have been taught by the Duolingo course, the word kioma is used when asking for the time: Kioma horo estas? I realise that it is made from the word kiom + -a (to make it an adjective?) but ...
7
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1answer
78 views

Kion signifas “Mi traktas min…”?

Mi legis el la profilo de flua esperantisto: Mi traktas min profesia esperantisto, ĉar... Nu, mi neniam vidis la verbon trakti uzita por min kaj pensis, ĉu gramatike tio estas ĝusta kaj signifas Mi ...
13
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1answer
1k views

What is the difference between “per”, “por”, “pri” and “pro”?

What is the difference between per, por, pri, and pro? All these words look and feel sort of similar to me. What are the possible uses for each of them? How do I decide which to use?
4
votes
1answer
103 views

What is the difference between “luma” and “hela”?

Both seem related to the light. Hel seems to be used for colors while Lum seems to be used for everything else. What is the real difference of meaning between them?
5
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2answers
57 views

What is the difference between “bluverda”, “verdblua” and “blua kaj verda”?

Is there a special meaning when several colors are compounded?
7
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1answer
395 views

What is the interaction between “-iĝi”, “-igi”, “-anta” and “-ata”?

Is it possible to construct Esperanto words ending with -iĝata, -iĝanta, -iganta, and -igata? For example, could I build humiligata, humiliĝata, humiliĝanta, and humiliganta from humila (humiliating)? ...
3
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3answers
152 views

What is the meaning of “bonvena”?

I know that Bonvenon! is the equivalent of You're welcome/Willkommen/Välkommen. Does bonvena describe the person who is visiting, or the ones who are being visited or, alternatively, the place which ...
8
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2answers
84 views

Kio estas la diferenco inter “oferi” kaj “oferti”?

Mi volas diri ke mi oferas/ofertas iun servon aŭ varon. Kiun verbon mi uzu? Kaj en kia kunteksto oni uzu la alian vorton? Ekzemple: "Mi oferas/ofertas tranokteblecon post la zamenhofa festo."