Questions tagged [word-meaning]

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The root of "okulo"

In my opinion, the word "okulo"(it means eye) comes from kabalalah(a jewish mystical tradition). In particular I am talking about the "tree of life". sefirot 8(in esperanto "...
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what does -at- suffix do

in dictionary of lenru, the "amato" word(which means beloved), is built by am + at + o. I searched in suffixes of esperanto, but I didn't find anything about -at- suffix. so what does it do?
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Is there a difference between ĉagreni & ĝeni

From what I understand, they both basically mean to annoy, but is there a difference or is it just up to the speaker? Are there any situations where one is more appropriate than the other?
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Questions about "farigxi"

I do not understand this verb. It's parts, far and igx, would make me think that it means "get made" as in The cookies were made in 20 minutes / La kuketoj farigxis dum 20 minutoj However, ...
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Does "kompati" mean the same thing as pity?

A. Mi tristas B. Mi ? What should B. say? I like the idea of saying "mi kompatas vin", however I am hesitant to say this because I am worried that this might have similar connotations to ...
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Demandoj pri ankaŭ, ne, kaj nur

La libro de edukado.net, Poŝamiko (https://edukado.net/poshamiko), diras ke la vortoj “ankaŭ”, "ne", kaj "nur" efikas la vorton kiun ili rekte antaŭas. Jen ekzemplo: Ankaŭ mi ...
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Can pro be followed by an infinitive verb?

For example: Dankon pro helpi min I know that it is grammatically incorrect to say “Dankon pro vi helpis min”, because a complete fraze cannot follow a preposition. You would need to say “Dankon pro ...
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Kion "ekipiteco" signifas?

La sfero de servoj kaj de komerco konsternas ne nur pro la skalo, sed ankaŭ pro la teknika ekipiteco, saturiteco per komputiloj, per cetera aŭtomata aparataro (Boris Kolker. Vojaĝo en Esperanto-lando, ...
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Ĉu homo povas esti “komforta”?

En la angla estus normale demandi al homo ĉu ri estas comfortable, kaj tio signifus ekzemple ke ri havas komfortan sidlokon. Ankaŭ seĝo povas esti comfortable, kaj tio signifas ke ĝi havigas komforton ...
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Is "koramiko" gender neutral or always male?

amik·o, like most other nouns in Esperanto (and other than most or all Esperanto terms for specific relatives), is, as far as I know, sex- / gender-neutral. Is that also the case for kor·amik·o? Or ...
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How I say way home in esperanto?

How I say way home in esperanto? I find hejmenvojo in google translate but I don't know if this is correct. If exist more than a way to say this expression the meaning is diferrent?
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Kion signifas "rekcio"?

En la PDF havebla ĉe edukado.net > Ekzamenoj > UEA-KER > Specimenoj, en paĝo 19 (lingvokonaj postuloj por supera nivelo (C1) > Morfologio kaj vortsintakso) estas listita Verbaj rekcioj. ...
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Difference between "multe" and "iomege"?

So, I learned the word "iomete" and when reading I saw that "iomege" also exists. Not sure exactly what the difference between that and "multe" is however. Also, between "malmulte" and "iomete"?
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Kiu = who or which one?

A friend of mine begins to learn Esperanton, and he asked me this question : How to translate « Kiuj estas viaj instruistoj?» I answered “Who are your teachers?”, but then, he asked me, Why ...
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<io> de la <io>, but disambiguating between type and amount

As you know, "da" cannot be used when expressing amounts of specific things, and is replaced by "de la". Oni volas glason da vino. Oni volas glason de la vino. However, it seems to me that "...
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How to describe the pitch of someone’s voice

During a discussion on Telegram, someone wanted to say that they have a high-pitched voice. They used a phrase like this: Mia voĉo havas altan piĉon At first I thought this was just an amusing ...
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Difference between "tial" vs "do"

What is the difference between "tial" and "do"? What difference in meaning do the following two sentences have, if any? For example, in translating "My question is thus whether it is valid or not"... ...
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Does "invervjuo" cover all meanings of the English word "interview"?

In German, the loanword "Interview" is mostly used for when a reporter, journalist or maker of a documentary interviews someone for the media/medium they're working for. A job interview however is ...
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Words with double letters claimed to be used by Zamenhof but not found in Tekstaro in his texts

So there are two words that PIV claims they were used by Zamenhof: nett/ (for net in "net weight") and ghett/ (ghetto), which doesn't sound like an Esperanto word at all due to the gh beginning. ...
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Kion signifas "herniulo"?

...nek ĝibulo, nek ftizulo, nek makulokululo, nek aknulo, nek favulo, nek herniulo... (Levidoj 21:20) Kion signifas "herniulo"?
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Kion signifas "malpermesantaj" kaj la dikita frazo?

2 Diru al la Izraelidoj jene:Se iu pekos per eraro kontraŭ la ordonoj de la Eternulo, malpermesantaj fari diversajn aferojn, kaj li faros iun el ili; 3 se pastro sanktoleita pekos, ĵetante kulpon ...
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Ĉu estas diferenco inter "teĥniko" kaj "tekniko"?

Is there a difference between "teĥniko" and "tekniko"? According to ReVo, both seem to signify "technique", i.e. the skillful way of doing, performing or producing something specific.
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Ĉu “trapasi ekzamenon” signifas ke oni sukcesis je ĝi?

Ĉu trapasi ekzamenon signifas ke oni sukcesis aŭ nur ke oni ĉeestis kaj partoprenis, sen diri ion ajn pri la rezulto? La angla kaj la franca havas similajn esprimojn, sed laŭ mia kompreno ili ne ...
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Kion ekzakte signifas la sufikso «-em-»?

Ĉu la sufikso -em- signifas longdaŭran tendencon al la radika vorto, aŭ ĉu nur momentan deziron por ĝi? Mi demandas pro ĉi tiu demando en kiu oni proponas dormema kiel tradukon de la angla vorto ...
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Kiel disting(ig)i du signifojn de "kiel"?

Kiel havas kelkajn signifojn. Estas malfacile distingi aŭ distingigi du el ili. Ekzemple: Kiel infano mi spertis feliĉajn jarojn. "As a child" kaj "like a child" estas ĝustaj tradukaĵoj de kiel ...
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In what sense does "tio" mean "this"? (or does it?)

Regarding the use of tio (and other t-words), these two following sources appear to be in contradiction. According to PMEG, p245: Simpla TI-vorto ĉiam montras ion ne tute proksiman al la parolanto....
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Kio estas la signifo de "falsidas"?

Mi legis Gerda malaperis kaj mi trovis la vorton falsidas. Ĝi ŝajnas esti kunmeto de fal- kaj sidas, sed mi ne scias kion fal- signifas. Tiu ĉi vorto nek estis en mia vortlisto por ĉapitro naŭ nek en ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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La du signifoj de “lasta”

Se mi diras la jenan ekzemplan frazon: Ĉi tiu estas la lasta numero de la revuo Kontakto ŝajnas ke povus esti du signifoj: Tiu numero estas tiu kiu eldoniĝis antaŭ la plej mallonga tempo. Neniam ...
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Kion signifas kesito?

19Kaj la kampoparton, sur kiu li starigis sian tendon, li aĉetis el la manoj de la filoj de Ĥamor, la patro de Ŝeĥem, por cent kesitoj. (Moseo 1: Genezo 33) Kion signifas kesito? Ĉu ĝi estis antikva ...
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What is the difference between "grajno" and "greno"?

I cannot find out the exact difference between the Esperanto words "grajno" and "greno", they both translate to the English word "grain". So, what is the exact difference between both words?
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11 votes
2 answers
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Prefixes vs Suffixes: Which one is strongest?

Sometimes a prefix and a suffix collide to form a word. An example is malino (mal- + -ino) which is sometimes used in informal language to mean ”a man”. However, I’ve often wondered: Which ’fix gets ...
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Kio estas la vera signifo de "muĝi"?

Laŭ PIV, «muĝi» signifas: 1. Bleki, kiel bovo. 2. (figurasence) Aŭdigi fortan, obtuzan, longe tiratan sonon: muĝanta popolamaso. Ŝajnas do, ke «bleki kiel bovo» estas la precipa signifo, ĉu ne? ...
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6 votes
3 answers
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What's the word for "meme"

Someone used "memo" or "memeo" but I hardly agree either. The first is misguiding as "mem" means self, so "memo" makes people think "memo" is the noun form. "Memeo " is an unnecessary transliterated ...
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Why "foj" is repeated in "fojfoje"?

The word fojfoje has a repetition of the root foj. Why and how does this alter the meaning of the word, compared to the word foje?
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3 votes
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Is there a difference between "temperaturo" and "varmeco"?

The Esperanto wikipedia defines "temperaturo" like this : Temperaturo estas fizika eco de materio, la bazo de la komunaj nocioj "varma" kaj "malvarma". (Temperature is a physical property of ...
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8 votes
2 answers
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What's the difference between "kvankam" and "tamen"?

Their definitions seem very close.
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Ke vs. kiu: which one to use?

What is the difference between these two words? My dictionary mentions that both mean that, but how does one know which one to use? Can you please provide some examples? Dankon!
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3 votes
2 answers
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Kio estas "Politkleriga Fako" kaj "Ĉefpolitkleriga Fako"?

Ŝajne ĝi estas iu organo en Soveta Registaro. Mi trovis la terminon en la libro la Danĝera lingvo.
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What are the differences between word roots for "walking"

In order to say, "to walk" or "a walk" (noun) there seem to be different roots: marŝi (marŝo), promeni (promeno? or promenado?), piediri (noun?). Could someone please clarify the differences? e.g. Is ...
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4 answers
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Is "saĝa" equivalent to "smart" nowadays?

Courses and dictionaries teach us that saĝa is equivalent to the English word "wise". However, I must say the Esperanto word is used way more frequently in my opinion. On the other hand, I haven't ...
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11 votes
3 answers
295 views

Kio estas la diferenco inter bezoni kaj necesi?

Mi komprenas ke bezoni alvenis de la franca kaj necesi estas latina vorto. Ĉu gravas la diferenco inter la du vortoj?
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13 votes
2 answers
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Difference between ĉar and pro

It seems as though there is a lot of confusion over this topic. What is the difference between ĉar and pro? In what case would I use each word?
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12 votes
3 answers
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How old is a "knabino"?

In English, the word girl is used for children but also teenagers and young women (let's say 20-25). In Spanish, I learned that the word niña is only used for kids, I might guess something like up ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Is there a difference between “plimalboniĝi” and “malpliboniĝi”?

I've run into both plimalboniĝi and malpliboniĝi and as far as I'm concerned they both mean deteriorate or become worse. Or is there a difference? As suggested, the distinction might be related to ...
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What is the difference between "teda" and "enua"?

Teda and enua both mean boring, don't they? What is the difference between the two? And hmm... lernu also lists enuiga. What is the meaning of this one?
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6 votes
2 answers
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Translate 'You must leave room for nature'

I am trying to translate 'You must leave room for nature' and I am not sure how to translate the word 'room' in this context. So far I have considered: Vi devas lasi ĉambron por naturo. (google's ...
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What is the difference between "sinmortigi" and "memmortigi"?

As I understood the difference between "sin-" and "mem-": Mi sinmortigis. I killed myself (I killed me) Mi memmortigis la ŝafon. I killed the sheep myself (I killed it on my own) But someone ...
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12 votes
4 answers
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When to use "ĉu" instead of "se"?

I became aware that I don't know if he is friendly should not be translated into Mi ne scias se* li estas amika but into Mi ne scias ĉu li estas amika But why? Se means "if", so why it is ...
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8 votes
2 answers
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What is the difference between *per* and *pere de*?

This question came up on another site and I thought it was a good one. What is the difference between per and pere de? Both can be translated as "by means of". Can someone list some examples of these ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Why some esperanto-speakers call others "samideano"?

I have seen a lot of old Esperanto speakers in Facebook use the word samideano when adressing to other Esperanto speakers. Why are they using this word, and how an Esperanto-speaker is a member of a ...
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