Questions tagged [word-meaning]

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55 views

Kion signifas “rekcio”?

En la PDF havebla ĉe edukado.net > Ekzamenoj > UEA-KER > Specimenoj, en paĝo 19 (lingvokonaj postuloj por supera nivelo (C1) > Morfologio kaj vortsintakso) estas listita Verbaj rekcioj. ...
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2answers
63 views

Difference between “multe” and “iomege”?

So, I learned the word "iomete" and when reading I saw that "iomege" also exists. Not sure exactly what the difference between that and "multe" is however. Also, between "malmulte" and "iomete"?
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3answers
160 views

How old is a “knabino”?

In English, the word girl is used for children but also teenagers and young women (let's say 20-25). In Spanish, I learned that the word niña is only used for kids, I might guess something like up ...
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2answers
38 views

Kiu = who or which one?

A friend of mine begins to learn Esperanton, and he asked me this question : How to translate « Kiuj estas viaj instruistoj?» I answered “Who are your teachers?”, but then, he asked me, Why ...
3
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2answers
62 views

How to describe the pitch of someone’s voice

During a discussion on Telegram, someone wanted to say that they have a high-pitched voice. They used a phrase like this: Mia voĉo havas altan piĉon At first I thought this was just an amusing ...
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1answer
22 views

<io> de la <io>, but disambiguating between type and amount

As you know, "da" cannot be used when expressing amounts of specific things, and is replaced by "de la". Oni volas glason da vino. Oni volas glason de la vino. However, it seems to me that "...
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3answers
4k views

What is the difference between “trans” and “tra”?

These are some examples. Could you explain them, and mark the invalid ones? Mi iras tra la strato. Mi iras tra la straton. Mi iras trans la strato. Mi iras trans la straton.
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3answers
47 views

Difference between “tial” vs “do”

What is the difference between "tial" and "do"? What difference in meaning do the following two sentences have, if any? For example, in translating "My question is thus whether it is valid or not"... ...
6
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1answer
66 views

Does “invervjuo” cover all meanings of the English word “interview”?

In German, the loanword "Interview" is mostly used for when a reporter, journalist or maker of a documentary interviews someone for the media/medium they're working for. A job interview however is ...
4
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1answer
87 views

Words with double letters claimed to be used by Zamenhof but not found in Tekstaro in his texts

So there are two words that PIV claims they were used by Zamenhof: nett/ (for net in "net weight") and ghett/ (ghetto), which doesn't sound like an Esperanto word at all due to the gh beginning. ...
1
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1answer
45 views

Kion signifas “herniulo”?

...nek ĝibulo, nek ftizulo, nek makulokululo, nek aknulo, nek favulo, nek herniulo... (Levidoj 21:20) Kion signifas "herniulo"?
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1answer
56 views

Kion signifas “malpermesantaj” kaj la dikita frazo?

2 Diru al la Izraelidoj jene:Se iu pekos per eraro kontraŭ la ordonoj de la Eternulo, malpermesantaj fari diversajn aferojn, kaj li faros iun el ili; 3 se pastro sanktoleita pekos, ĵetante kulpon ...
2
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1answer
64 views

Ĉu estas diferenco inter “teĥniko” kaj “tekniko”?

Is there a difference between "teĥniko" and "tekniko"? According to ReVo, both seem to signify "technique", i.e. the skillful way of doing, performing or producing something specific.
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3answers
240 views

Kio estas la diferenco inter bezoni kaj necesi?

Mi komprenas ke bezoni alvenis de la franca kaj necesi estas latina vorto. Ĉu gravas la diferenco inter la du vortoj?
6
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1answer
90 views

Ĉu “trapasi ekzamenon” signifas ke oni sukcesis je ĝi?

Ĉu trapasi ekzamenon signifas ke oni sukcesis aŭ nur ke oni ĉeestis kaj partoprenis, sen diri ion ajn pri la rezulto? La angla kaj la franca havas similajn esprimojn, sed laŭ mia kompreno ili ne ...
6
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1answer
54 views

Kion ekzakte signifas la sufikso «-em-»?

Ĉu la sufikso -em- signifas longdaŭran tendencon al la radika vorto, aŭ ĉu nur momentan deziron por ĝi? Mi demandas pro ĉi tiu demando en kiu oni proponas dormema kiel tradukon de la angla vorto ...
6
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1answer
47 views

Kiel disting(ig)i du signifojn de “kiel”?

Kiel havas kelkajn signifojn. Estas malfacile distingi aŭ distingigi du el ili. Ekzemple: Kiel infano mi spertis feliĉajn jarojn. "As a child" kaj "like a child" estas ĝustaj tradukaĵoj de kiel ...
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2answers
87 views

Kio estas la signifo de “falsidas”?

Mi legis Gerda malaperis kaj mi trovis la vorton falsidas. Ĝi ŝajnas esti kunmeto de fal- kaj sidas, sed mi ne scias kion fal- signifas. Tiu ĉi vorto nek estis en mia vortlisto por ĉapitro naŭ nek en ...
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2answers
147 views

In what sense does “tio” mean “this”? (or does it?)

Regarding the use of tio (and other t-words), these two following sources appear to be in contradiction. According to PMEG, p245: Simpla TI-vorto ĉiam montras ion ne tute proksiman al la parolanto....
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2answers
51 views

La du signifoj de “lasta”

Se mi diras la jenan ekzemplan frazon: Ĉi tiu estas la lasta numero de la revuo Kontakto ŝajnas ke povus esti du signifoj: Tiu numero estas tiu kiu eldoniĝis antaŭ la plej mallonga tempo. Neniam ...
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5answers
170 views

Kio estas la vera signifo de “muĝi”?

Laŭ PIV, «muĝi» signifas: 1. Bleki, kiel bovo. 2. (figurasence) Aŭdigi fortan, obtuzan, longe tiratan sonon: muĝanta popolamaso. Ŝajnas do, ke «bleki kiel bovo» estas la precipa signifo, ĉu ne? ...
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4answers
915 views

When to use “ĉu” instead of “se”?

I became aware that I don't know if he is friendly should not be translated into Mi ne scias se* li estas amika but into Mi ne scias ĉu li estas amika But why? Se means "if", so why it is ...
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1answer
68 views

Kion signifas kesito?

19Kaj la kampoparton, sur kiu li starigis sian tendon, li aĉetis el la manoj de la filoj de Ĥamor, la patro de Ŝeĥem, por cent kesitoj. (Moseo 1: Genezo 33) Kion signifas kesito? Ĉu ĝi estis antikva ...
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1answer
89 views

What is the difference between “grajno” and “greno”?

I cannot find out the exact difference between the Esperanto words "grajno" and "greno", they both translate to the English word "grain". So, what is the exact difference between both words?
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2answers
286 views

Prefixes vs Suffixes: Which one is strongest?

Sometimes a prefix and a suffix collide to form a word. An example is malino (mal- + -ino) which is sometimes used in informal language to mean ”a man”. However, I’ve often wondered: Which ’fix gets ...
12
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4answers
291 views

Why “foj” is repeated in “fojfoje”?

The word fojfoje has a repetition of the root foj. Why and how does this alter the meaning of the word, compared to the word foje?
6
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3answers
193 views

What's the word for “meme”

Someone used "memo" or "memeo" but I hardly agree either. The first is misguiding as "mem" means self, so "memo" makes people think "memo" is the noun form. "Memeo " is an unnecessary transliterated ...
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3answers
483 views

Is there a difference between “temperaturo” and “varmeco”?

The Esperanto wikipedia defines "temperaturo" like this : Temperaturo estas fizika eco de materio, la bazo de la komunaj nocioj "varma" kaj "malvarma". (Temperature is a physical property of ...
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2answers
451 views
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2answers
510 views

Ke vs. kiu: which one to use?

What is the difference between these two words? My dictionary mentions that both mean that, but how does one know which one to use? Can you please provide some examples? Dankon!
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3answers
575 views

What is the difference between “violkolora” and “purpura”?

The translation for purple is violkolora. However, the word purpura also exists. Does it refer to the same color, or is it more similar to the French "pourpre", which is more red?
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2answers
49 views

Kio estas “Politkleriga Fako” kaj “Ĉefpolitkleriga Fako”?

Ŝajne ĝi estas iu organo en Soveta Registaro. Mi trovis la terminon en la libro la Danĝera lingvo.
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4answers
158 views

Is “saĝa” equivalent to “smart” nowadays?

Courses and dictionaries teach us that saĝa is equivalent to the English word "wise". However, I must say the Esperanto word is used way more frequently in my opinion. On the other hand, I haven't ...
4
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1answer
61 views

What are the differences between word roots for “walking”

In order to say, "to walk" or "a walk" (noun) there seem to be different roots: marŝi (marŝo), promeni (promeno? or promenado?), piediri (noun?). Could someone please clarify the differences? e.g. Is ...
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2answers
804 views

Difference between ĉar and pro

It seems as though there is a lot of confusion over this topic. What is the difference between ĉar and pro? In what case would I use each word?
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2answers
173 views

What is the difference between “teda” and “enua”?

Teda and enua both mean boring, don't they? What is the difference between the two? And hmm... lernu also lists enuiga. What is the meaning of this one?
5
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1answer
71 views

Is there a difference between “plimalboniĝi” and “malpliboniĝi”?

I've run into both plimalboniĝi and malpliboniĝi and as far as I'm concerned they both mean deteriorate or become worse. Or is there a difference? As suggested, the distinction might be related to ...
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5answers
313 views

How to translate “to pledge”?

How to translate "You have successfully pledged €149.00 to Amikumu" ? Could it be "sincere promesi"?
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2answers
266 views

Translate 'You must leave room for nature'

I am trying to translate 'You must leave room for nature' and I am not sure how to translate the word 'room' in this context. So far I have considered: Vi devas lasi ĉambron por naturo. (google's ...
7
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2answers
109 views

What is the difference between “sinmortigi” and “memmortigi”?

As I understood the difference between "sin-" and "mem-": Mi sinmortigis. I killed myself (I killed me) Mi memmortigis la ŝafon. I killed the sheep myself (I killed it on my own) But someone ...
6
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2answers
286 views

What is the difference between *per* and *pere de*?

This question came up on another site and I thought it was a good one. What is the difference between per and pere de? Both can be translated as "by means of". Can someone list some examples of these ...
6
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1answer
227 views

Why some esperanto-speakers call others “samideano”?

I have seen a lot of old Esperanto speakers in Facebook use the word samideano when adressing to other Esperanto speakers. Why are they using this word, and how an Esperanto-speaker is a member of a ...
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2answers
249 views

Kio estas la diferenco inter scivola kaj scivolema?

Mi preskaŭ ĉiam aŭdas scivolema, sed nun iu demandis min se oni ne povas simple diri scivola. Mi pensas ke la -ema estas bona, sed kio fakte estas la diferenco inter la du vortoj? Ekzemplo: Mi ...
4
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1answer
73 views

What's the difference between “uzantnomo”, “uzulnomo”, and “salutnomo”?

Are the words uzantnomo, uzulnomo, and salutnomo basically just variations of the same thing? In English there are the words username, user ID, login name, login ID, etc, which all basically mean the ...
5
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3answers
127 views

What would be the meaning of “adi”?

PMEG does not provide a theorical meaning for adi. What would be the most probable meaning of adi based on how other affixes are transformed into verbs?
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3answers
266 views

How should I use “probable”?

I've seen people use "probable", but others tell me "versxajne" is better. Is there a difference between them? Are there situations when one is correct and the other isn't? If "versxajne" means "...
7
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2answers
101 views

The meaning of rekonilo

In reading the novel "La Sentimulo" (found online) I encountered the word "rekonilo", which I would translate as "thing to make something recognized" - possibly like an identity card? In the context ...
5
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1answer
69 views

Kion signifas silanverino?

(You're more than welcome to correct my grammar!) Mi estas leganta libron en Esperanto (Libazar' kaj Tero) kaj mi ofte trovas la saman vorton: silanverino. Sed, mi ne povas konjekti nek ĝian signifon ...
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2answers
140 views

What is the meaning of “komuna” and how is it different from “ofta”?

In English, we often use common for the adjective equivalent of often. But in Esperanto, the word "ofta" already exist. Does that mean komuna has a different meaning than in English?
4
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1answer
149 views

Krom *unukornulo*, kiuj vortoj kun *-ul* havas nehomajn signifojn?

Mi ĵus lernis la vorton unukornulo, kaj pensis al mi, ke ĝi estus erara ĉar ne temas pri homo. Lau ReVo -ul tute ne havas nur homa signifon, sed la fundamentaj tradukoj uzas la vortojn person, Person,...