Questions tagged [word-meaning]

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14
votes
5answers
311 views

How to translate “to pledge”?

How to translate "You have successfully pledged €149.00 to Amikumu" ? Could it be "sincere promesi"?
13
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the difference between “per”, “por”, “pri” and “pro”?

What is the difference between per, por, pri, and pro? All these words look and feel sort of similar to me. What are the possible uses for each of them? How do I decide which to use?
12
votes
4answers
903 views

When to use “ĉu” instead of “se”?

I became aware that I don't know if he is friendly should not be translated into Mi ne scias se* li estas amika but into Mi ne scias ĉu li estas amika But why? Se means "if", so why it is ...
12
votes
2answers
779 views

Difference between ĉar and pro

It seems as though there is a lot of confusion over this topic. What is the difference between ĉar and pro? In what case would I use each word?
12
votes
4answers
280 views

Why “foj” is repeated in “fojfoje”?

The word fojfoje has a repetition of the root foj. Why and how does this alter the meaning of the word, compared to the word foje?
11
votes
3answers
152 views

How old is a “knabino”?

In English, the word girl is used for children but also teenagers and young women (let's say 20-25). In Spanish, I learned that the word niña is only used for kids, I might guess something like up ...
11
votes
3answers
236 views

Kio estas la diferenco inter bezoni kaj necesi?

Mi komprenas ke bezoni alvenis de la franca kaj necesi estas latina vorto. Ĉu gravas la diferenco inter la du vortoj?
11
votes
2answers
285 views

Prefixes vs Suffixes: Which one is strongest?

Sometimes a prefix and a suffix collide to form a word. An example is malino (mal- + -ino) which is sometimes used in informal language to mean ”a man”. However, I’ve often wondered: Which ’fix gets ...
10
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the difference between “trans” and “tra”?

These are some examples. Could you explain them, and mark the invalid ones? Mi iras tra la strato. Mi iras tra la straton. Mi iras trans la strato. Mi iras trans la straton.
10
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the difference between post and poste?

I've seen both post and poste used in various places. Normally the -e ending signifies an adverb, but post is already an adverb on its own (as I understand it). Is it an error to use poste, or does ...
10
votes
2answers
247 views

Kio estas la diferenco inter scivola kaj scivolema?

Mi preskaŭ ĉiam aŭdas scivolema, sed nun iu demandis min se oni ne povas simple diri scivola. Mi pensas ke la -ema estas bona, sed kio fakte estas la diferenco inter la du vortoj? Ekzemplo: Mi ...
8
votes
3answers
573 views

What is the difference between “violkolora” and “purpura”?

The translation for purple is violkolora. However, the word purpura also exists. Does it refer to the same color, or is it more similar to the French "pourpre", which is more red?
8
votes
5answers
169 views

Kio estas la vera signifo de “muĝi”?

Laŭ PIV, «muĝi» signifas: 1. Bleki, kiel bovo. 2. (figurasence) Aŭdigi fortan, obtuzan, longe tiratan sonon: muĝanta popolamaso. Ŝajnas do, ke «bleki kiel bovo» estas la precipa signifo, ĉu ...
8
votes
3answers
260 views

How should I use “probable”?

I've seen people use "probable", but others tell me "versxajne" is better. Is there a difference between them? Are there situations when one is correct and the other isn't? If "versxajne" means "...
8
votes
2answers
91 views

Does “priskribi” only relate to a written description?

My dictionary gives priskribi as a translation of “describe”. However, looking at the word one would think it means to write about something. Presumably the English word “describe” has a similar ...
8
votes
2answers
85 views

Kio estas la diferenco inter “oferi” kaj “oferti”?

Mi volas diri ke mi oferas/ofertas iun servon aŭ varon. Kiun verbon mi uzu? Kaj en kia kunteksto oni uzu la alian vorton? Ekzemple: "Mi oferas/ofertas tranokteblecon post la zamenhofa festo."
7
votes
2answers
527 views

What is “kioma” used for besides asking for the time?

As I have been taught by the Duolingo course, the word kioma is used when asking for the time: Kioma horo estas? I realise that it is made from the word kiom + -a (to make it an adjective?) but ...
7
votes
2answers
497 views

Ke vs. kiu: which one to use?

What is the difference between these two words? My dictionary mentions that both mean that, but how does one know which one to use? Can you please provide some examples? Dankon!
7
votes
2answers
101 views

The meaning of rekonilo

In reading the novel "La Sentimulo" (found online) I encountered the word "rekonilo", which I would translate as "thing to make something recognized" - possibly like an identity card? In the context ...
7
votes
1answer
89 views

What is the difference between “grajno” and “greno”?

I cannot find out the exact difference between the Esperanto words "grajno" and "greno", they both translate to the English word "grain". So, what is the exact difference between both words?
7
votes
2answers
427 views

What's the difference between “kvankam” and “tamen”?

Their definitions seem very close.
7
votes
2answers
109 views

What is the difference between “sinmortigi” and “memmortigi”?

As I understood the difference between "sin-" and "mem-": Mi sinmortigis. I killed myself (I killed me) Mi memmortigis la ŝafon. I killed the sheep myself (I killed it on my own) But someone ...
7
votes
1answer
78 views

Kion signifas “Mi traktas min…”?

Mi legis el la profilo de flua esperantisto: Mi traktas min profesia esperantisto, ĉar... Nu, mi neniam vidis la verbon trakti uzita por min kaj pensis, ĉu gramatike tio estas ĝusta kaj signifas Mi ...
7
votes
2answers
172 views

What is the difference between “teda” and “enua”?

Teda and enua both mean boring, don't they? What is the difference between the two? And hmm... lernu also lists enuiga. What is the meaning of this one?
7
votes
1answer
68 views

Kion signifas kesito?

19Kaj la kampoparton, sur kiu li starigis sian tendon, li aĉetis el la manoj de la filoj de Ĥamor, la patro de Ŝeĥem, por cent kesitoj. (Moseo 1: Genezo 33) Kion signifas kesito? Ĉu ĝi estis antikva ...
7
votes
1answer
429 views

What is the interaction between “-iĝi”, “-igi”, “-anta” and “-ata”?

Is it possible to construct Esperanto words ending with -iĝata, -iĝanta, -iganta, and -igata? For example, could I build humiligata, humiliĝata, humiliĝanta, and humiliganta from humila (humiliating)? ...
6
votes
3answers
189 views

What's the word for “meme”

Someone used "memo" or "memeo" but I hardly agree either. The first is misguiding as "mem" means self, so "memo" makes people think "memo" is the noun form. "Memeo " is an unnecessary transliterated ...
6
votes
2answers
265 views

Translate 'You must leave room for nature'

I am trying to translate 'You must leave room for nature' and I am not sure how to translate the word 'room' in this context. So far I have considered: Vi devas lasi ĉambron por naturo. (google's ...
6
votes
1answer
201 views

What's the meaning of “ol”?

I seem to get ol mixed up with al a lot. There's probably an awesome explanation out there. I think I try to think of it as than, but it doesn't work exactly right in contexts like antaux ol.
6
votes
1answer
213 views

Why some esperanto-speakers call others “samideano”?

I have seen a lot of old Esperanto speakers in Facebook use the word samideano when adressing to other Esperanto speakers. Why are they using this word, and how an Esperanto-speaker is a member of a ...
6
votes
2answers
266 views

What is the difference between *per* and *pere de*?

This question came up on another site and I thought it was a good one. What is the difference between per and pere de? Both can be translated as "by means of". Can someone list some examples of these ...
6
votes
1answer
189 views

Kiu estu la signifo de “pardonon”?

Mi aŭdis homojn diri Pardonu min, Pardonu aŭ Pardonon kiam ili celas la saman aferon. Sed pri la lasta mi pensis: Se Dankon esprimas "Mi donas al vi dankon", ĉu Pardonon ne estas "Mi donas al vi ...
6
votes
1answer
47 views

Kiel disting(ig)i du signifojn de “kiel”?

Kiel havas kelkajn signifojn. Estas malfacile distingi aŭ distingigi du el ili. Ekzemple: Kiel infano mi spertis feliĉajn jarojn. "As a child" kaj "like a child" estas ĝustaj tradukaĵoj de kiel ...
6
votes
1answer
66 views

Does “invervjuo” cover all meanings of the English word “interview”?

In German, the loanword "Interview" is mostly used for when a reporter, journalist or maker of a documentary interviews someone for the media/medium they're working for. A job interview however is ...
6
votes
1answer
51 views

Kion ekzakte signifas la sufikso «-em-»?

Ĉu la sufikso -em- signifas longdaŭran tendencon al la radika vorto, aŭ ĉu nur momentan deziron por ĝi? Mi demandas pro ĉi tiu demando en kiu oni proponas dormema kiel tradukon de la angla vorto ...
6
votes
1answer
89 views

Ĉu “trapasi ekzamenon” signifas ke oni sukcesis je ĝi?

Ĉu trapasi ekzamenon signifas ke oni sukcesis aŭ nur ke oni ĉeestis kaj partoprenis, sen diri ion ajn pri la rezulto? La angla kaj la franca havas similajn esprimojn, sed laŭ mia kompreno ili ne ...
5
votes
2answers
57 views

What is the difference between “bluverda”, “verdblua” and “blua kaj verda”?

Is there a special meaning when several colors are compounded?
5
votes
2answers
84 views

Kio estas la signifo de “falsidas”?

Mi legis Gerda malaperis kaj mi trovis la vorton falsidas. Ĝi ŝajnas esti kunmeto de fal- kaj sidas, sed mi ne scias kion fal- signifas. Tiu ĉi vorto nek estis en mia vortlisto por ĉapitro naŭ nek en ...
5
votes
3answers
125 views

What would be the meaning of “adi”?

PMEG does not provide a theorical meaning for adi. What would be the most probable meaning of adi based on how other affixes are transformed into verbs?
5
votes
1answer
69 views

Kion signifas silanverino?

(You're more than welcome to correct my grammar!) Mi estas leganta libron en Esperanto (Libazar' kaj Tero) kaj mi ofte trovas la saman vorton: silanverino. Sed, mi ne povas konjekti nek ĝian signifon ...
5
votes
1answer
69 views

Is there a difference between “plimalboniĝi” and “malpliboniĝi”?

I've run into both plimalboniĝi and malpliboniĝi and as far as I'm concerned they both mean deteriorate or become worse. Or is there a difference? As suggested, the distinction might be related to ...
4
votes
4answers
154 views

Is “saĝa” equivalent to “smart” nowadays?

Courses and dictionaries teach us that saĝa is equivalent to the English word "wise". However, I must say the Esperanto word is used way more frequently in my opinion. On the other hand, I haven't ...
4
votes
1answer
72 views

What's the difference between “uzantnomo”, “uzulnomo”, and “salutnomo”?

Are the words uzantnomo, uzulnomo, and salutnomo basically just variations of the same thing? In English there are the words username, user ID, login name, login ID, etc, which all basically mean the ...
4
votes
2answers
50 views

La du signifoj de “lasta”

Se mi diras la jenan ekzemplan frazon: Ĉi tiu estas la lasta numero de la revuo Kontakto ŝajnas ke povus esti du signifoj: Tiu numero estas tiu kiu eldoniĝis antaŭ la plej mallonga tempo. Neniam ...
4
votes
1answer
147 views

Krom *unukornulo*, kiuj vortoj kun *-ul* havas nehomajn signifojn?

Mi ĵus lernis la vorton unukornulo, kaj pensis al mi, ke ĝi estus erara ĉar ne temas pri homo. Lau ReVo -ul tute ne havas nur homa signifon, sed la fundamentaj tradukoj uzas la vortojn person, Person,...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Words with double letters claimed to be used by Zamenhof but not found in Tekstaro in his texts

So there are two words that PIV claims they were used by Zamenhof: nett/ (for net in "net weight") and ghett/ (ghetto), which doesn't sound like an Esperanto word at all due to the gh beginning. ...
4
votes
1answer
61 views

What are the differences between word roots for “walking”

In order to say, "to walk" or "a walk" (noun) there seem to be different roots: marŝi (marŝo), promeni (promeno? or promenado?), piediri (noun?). Could someone please clarify the differences? e.g. Is ...
4
votes
1answer
109 views

What is the difference between “luma” and “hela”?

Both seem related to the light. Hel seems to be used for colors while Lum seems to be used for everything else. What is the real difference of meaning between them?
3
votes
7answers
457 views

Is the “ge-” prefix in “gefratoj” necessary?

I was trying to translate the name of the game Smash Brothers into Esperanto. The best name I could find is Frakas-Gefratoj, but the ge- prefix feels clunky. I am wondering if I could remove it in ...
3
votes
3answers
481 views

Is there a difference between “temperaturo” and “varmeco”?

The Esperanto wikipedia defines "temperaturo" like this : Temperaturo estas fizika eco de materio, la bazo de la komunaj nocioj "varma" kaj "malvarma". (Temperature is a physical property of ...