Questions tagged [word-order]

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1answer
30 views

Double verb use

I have searched StackExchange and not found a satisfactory answer. I am confused by word order of two verbs in one sentence. I know little about clause, noun-phrases and other grammar. So I am using ...
2
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2answers
57 views

“mi kaj X” aŭ “X kaj mi”?

When listing people and one of them is oneself (i.e. the first person singular pronoun), it's common in some languages and cultures (among them English and German) to list oneself last, or at least ...
0
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2answers
48 views

Representing the present perfect continuous

Given that the simple present tense in Esperanto can represent the present perfect progressive, given context (e.g. a simple "faras" in "mi ĝin faras ekde iam antaŭe" can mean "I have been doing it ...
3
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1answer
53 views

Negating “jam” (i.e. to not already have done something)

"jam ne" means "no longer" (like "ne ... plu") instead of "already not". But then how would one express the negation of just "jam"? That is to say, how to say that one has not already done something. ...
0
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2answers
31 views

Adjective order - convention as opposed to rule

In Esperanto, there is no strict ordering in regards to adjectives and nouns. Saying "afero beleta" is just as valid as saying "beleta afero" in terms of the rules. However, the de facto convention ...
4
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2answers
54 views

How does positional emphasis work in Esperanto?

The word order in Espranto sentences is very free. Many learning materials point out, that deviating from the "standard" subject-verb-object (SVO) order can be used in Esperanto to put emphasis on a ...
4
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3answers
81 views

Vortordo kun subfrazo kun «ke»

Ĉu oni povas ŝanĝi la vortordon por ke parto de subfrazo estu malantaŭ rilata «ke»? Ekzemple, ĉu estus kompreneble diri frazon kiel: Ĉi tiun libron mi pensas ke vi ŝatus. Do, en tiu okazo la «ĉi ...
0
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1answer
192 views

Is the Esperanto infinitive ambiguous?

Mi trovis vin manĝi The most likely way to interpret this is I found you eating, meaning that it is you whom I found, it is you who was eating, and you were eating when I found you. Here, manĝi is a "...
6
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3answers
176 views

How free is word order in a sentence with infinitives

Infinitives do not have case markers. "Mi ŝatas lerni" is the typical order, and so is "egzameni asisti la detektivon". But could "lerni ŝatas mi" work, noting that "mi" is not in accusative and is ...
7
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3answers
86 views

Position of unemphatic pronouns

In the book A Complete Grammar of Esperanto by Ivy Kellerman, in Lesson 59, it is said that an unemphatic pronoun very frequently precedes the verb of which it is the object. Some given examples are: ...
5
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2answers
139 views

Uses of Word Order in Esperanto

In Esperanto word order doesn't affect the meaning of the sentence. For example, the following 6 sentences mean the same thing (I like you): Mi ŝatas vin Mi vin ŝatas Vin ŝatas mi Vin mi ŝatas Ŝatas ...
3
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1answer
49 views

Word order & equivalent sentences

I'm learning Esperanto using Duolingo and am a total beginner, so sorry if the questions sound silly. (Mi estas komencanto!) I have a bit of a doubt in the following two points: Are Kiel vi fartas? ...
9
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4answers
2k views

Is it incorrect to end a sentence with the word “pri”?

For example: Mi ne povas decidi kio(n) paroli pri. (not sure about the accusative) Mi ne povas decidi kion priparoli. I've said something similar to #1 before not knowing whether it was ...
10
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3answers
589 views

“Adjective + noun” or “noun + adjective”?

What is the most common word order when it comes to an adjective describing a noun? For example, Duolingo considers the following correct sentences. Li volas postenon gravan. vs. Li volas ...
8
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2answers
106 views

Is there any rule about the adjectives order?

In English, adjectives are normally written in a specific order, for example colour, origin, material, purpose, noun. She liked to wear her red Spanish leather riding boots. Is there a similar ...