Questions tagged [word-usage]

Use it for questions which a dictionary cannot answer about the meaning or correctness of a word in a sentence. Give as much context as possible.

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20 votes
3 answers
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What is the meaning of "korekta" and when to use it?

It is a common error to believe that "correct" in English translates to "korekta" in Esperanto. The correct word is "ĝusta" or "senerara". But if "korekta" does not mean "correct", what does it mean ...
Vanege's user avatar
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15 votes
3 answers
2k views

What is the difference between "kio" and "kiu"?

I am a beginner and I can't understand the difference between "kio" and "kiu". The explanations that I have read so far only leaves me confused and to me it seems that "kio" and "kiu" are sometimes ...
Jane D Chen's user avatar
15 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why is it "kiom strange" instead of "kiel strange"?

Or kiom ofte instead of kiel ofte, etc... I came across this structure while reading - kiom + adverb. I thought it was odd since to me it sounds like kiom strange would mean how much strange. ...
Chris McDowell's user avatar
14 votes
3 answers
2k views

When do you use "si" and "sia" instead of "li" and "lia"?

I feel like I kind of know this, but sometimes I feel unsure. It's pretty similar to the Swedish sin, sitt. Is there a good rule or a nice, short explanation for when and where to use si, sia instead ...
Charlotte SL's user avatar
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11 votes
1 answer
4k views

Difference between 'da' and 'de'?

I can't seem to work out the difference between da and de on Duolingo (admittedly I haven't spent long on it). Could someone give an exact distinction?
Tom Smale's user avatar
  • 123
10 votes
1 answer
208 views

What is the difference between "krom" and "escepte"?

I just read this sentence: ... estis nenio sur ĝi escepte de malgranda ora ŝlosilo ... It's obvious what "escepte de" means, but I previously learned the word "krom" for "except". So can the ...
Chris McDowell's user avatar
10 votes
3 answers
362 views

What is the difference between "gambo" and "kruro"?

I've heard people using both gambo or kruro for leg. Is there a difference between them? Somebody said that maybe one of the two is only from the knee and down. Is this correct?
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
96 views

Ĉu "ĉi" sen tabelvorto estas akceptata?

Mia instrulibro instruis al mi ke oni povas meti "ĉi" apud la tabelvortojn por montri proksimecon. Tamen mi fojfoje vidas tiun vorton solan sen tabelvorto. Ekzemple: Verŝajne neniu homo senkulpas ...
Neil Roberts's user avatar
  • 17.3k
9 votes
1 answer
640 views

What is the difference between -ita and -ata?

I've seen phrases translated using both forms and apparently meaning the exact same thing. For example, I have seen "I am busy" translated as both mi estas okupita and mi estas okupata. How do I ...
Chris McDowell's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
743 views

What is “kioma” used for besides asking for the time?

As I have been taught by the Duolingo course, the word kioma is used when asking for the time: Kioma horo estas? I realise that it is made from the word kiom + -a (to make it an adjective?) but ...
Lyubomir Vasilev's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
654 views

What is the difference between "violkolora" and "purpura"?

The translation for purple is violkolora. However, the word purpura also exists. Does it refer to the same color, or is it more similar to the French "pourpre", which is more red?
Vanege's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
133 views

O-vorto + post + O-vorto

En Tekstaro (Robinsono Kruso) mi trovis: [...] mi eble estus povinta surterigi la tutan ŝipŝarĝon, pecon post pecon Estis enuige vagi, tagon post tagon Mi komprenus ekz. meti pecon post ...
Vidamuzo's user avatar
  • 3,439
6 votes
1 answer
95 views

«Ekzistas» kiel traduko de «there is» / «il y a»

Kiam mi komencis studi Esperanton mi lernis ke oni diras «estas» kiel tradukon de la angla «there is/are» aŭ la franca «il y a». Tamen, lastetempe mi ofte aŭdas «ekzistas» uzatan en tiu senco. ...
Neil Roberts's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
176 views

How to translate "they" when it is refering to a single company, group, or country?

I want to translate this sentence: Nintendo announced that they would re-release the game. Notice that "they" is used to refer to the entity Nintendo (or maybe the employees of the company). Would ...
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.1k
3 votes
1 answer
127 views

Kial oni evitas "prepozicio + infinitivo aŭ KE"

Mi aŭdis, ke la esprimoj "prepozicio + infinitivo" kaj "prepozicio + ke" ne estas rekomendindaj ekskluzive de kelkaj esceptoj (por, sen, krom kaj anstataŭ). Ĉu oni evitas tiajn ...
rk03's user avatar
  • 145
3 votes
3 answers
168 views

What does "jes" and "ne" mean when responding to negative questions?

Negative questions, in my experience, are fairly common in everyday speach. The questions themselves are easily understood, but not the responses. Ĉu vi ne faris viajn hejmtaskojn? Jes / Ne If I ...
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
107 views

Ĉu oni povas uzi la vortojn "maleta", "malolda", "malfrida"?

Mi lernis ke oni povas konstrui vortojn uzanta la prefikso "mal" por esprimi la malon de la vortoj sen la prefikso: granda ⇒ malgranda varma ⇒ malvarma juna ⇒ maljuna Sed, ĉu oni povas uzi la saman ...
user1319's user avatar