Questions tagged [word-usage]

Use it for questions which a dictionary cannot answer about the meaning or correctness of a word in a sentence. Give as much context as possible.

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23 votes
7 answers
3k views

Isn't “kio la fek” grammatically wrong?

I’ve heard this phrase used a lot by Evildea, and also in writing in various places (Reddit, Telegram, etc.). If I’m assuming correctly, this is a pretty straightforward word-for-word translation of ...
Lyubomir Vasilev's user avatar
20 votes
3 answers
475 views

What is the meaning of "korekta" and when to use it?

It is a common error to believe that "correct" in English translates to "korekta" in Esperanto. The correct word is "ĝusta" or "senerara". But if "korekta" does not mean "correct", what does it mean ...
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.1k
19 votes
3 answers
3k views

When should I use "tio" and "tiu"?

I have two examples from Duolingo that puzzle me: Whose is that? Kies estas tio? Whose car is that? Kies aŭto estas tiu? Why is tiu used in the second example? Why does the introduction of the ...
Mike Brady's user avatar
17 votes
8 answers
3k views

How do I say "black people" respectfully in Esperanto?

According to PIV, negro and nigrulo are synonymous meaning a person from the black race. However, they sound derogative to my Scandinavian ears. Are they? Is there a less offensive word?
svendvn's user avatar
  • 2,093
16 votes
4 answers
3k views

Should I ever use the pronoun "ci"?

The Fundamento defines ci and cia as follows: ci tu, toi, | thou | du | ты | ty. ci'a ton, ta | thy, thine | dein | твой | twój. Unfortunately, I've never actually seen ci used anywhere. I've seen ...
Alkali's user avatar
  • 1,225
16 votes
2 answers
865 views

How do you use the word "ĵus"?

The word ĵus in Esperanto means "just", but is it used in the same way as it is in English? In English, you can say; I just want some pizza, where just has the same meaning as only. However, you can ...
Ella's user avatar
  • 163
15 votes
3 answers
2k views

What is the difference between "kio" and "kiu"?

I am a beginner and I can't understand the difference between "kio" and "kiu". The explanations that I have read so far only leaves me confused and to me it seems that "kio" and "kiu" are sometimes ...
Jane D Chen's user avatar
15 votes
2 answers
542 views

How does one say "It's all Greek to me" in Esperanto?

The idiom "It's all Greek to me" means that something is not understandable. Different languages have different variants of this. How would I express this in Esperanto?
LaStranga's user avatar
  • 1,236
15 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why is it "kiom strange" instead of "kiel strange"?

Or kiom ofte instead of kiel ofte, etc... I came across this structure while reading - kiom + adverb. I thought it was odd since to me it sounds like kiom strange would mean how much strange. ...
Chris McDowell's user avatar
15 votes
4 answers
311 views

Why does "devus" translate as "should?"

In Esperanto, we write devus whenever we translate "should," but it literally translates as would have to. Why is this, and are there any alternatives to devus?
Clayton Ramsey's user avatar
14 votes
3 answers
2k views

When do you use "si" and "sia" instead of "li" and "lia"?

I feel like I kind of know this, but sometimes I feel unsure. It's pretty similar to the Swedish sin, sitt. Is there a good rule or a nice, short explanation for when and where to use si, sia instead ...
Charlotte SL's user avatar
  • 8,197
14 votes
2 answers
638 views

What is the difference between "flari" and "odori"?

Both words seem to be defined as 'to smell'.
Keir's user avatar
  • 783
14 votes
2 answers
433 views

Are "ŝati" and "plaĉi al" interchangeable?

Since there are two words that express liking something, ŝati and plaĉi al, are they interchangeable, or are there certain contexts that it would be better to use ŝati and other contexts that it would ...
Olivia's user avatar
  • 497
14 votes
1 answer
177 views

Kio estas la diferenco inter 'nura' kaj 'sola'?

Nu, mi ne scias ĉu ekzistas eta diferenco inter la du, aŭ ĉu ili estas tute similaj adjektivoj?
Ivan Garcia's user avatar
13 votes
2 answers
560 views

How common is the "-iĉ-" suffix to denote maleness?

I read a great article once about an apparent "controversy" in Esperanto - the fact that words are considered by default to be male, and the "-in-" suffix is added to make them female. It discusses ...
sevenseacat's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
682 views

How do you say "hang out" in Esperanto?

In English, the phrase hang out means something like to spend time doing nothing in particular. If I search for example sentences on tatoeba.org for the phrase "hang out" as in Let's hang out this ...
Chris McDowell's user avatar
11 votes
3 answers
384 views

What is the difference between "gajni" and "venki"?

What is the difference between "gajni" and "venki"? Does it have anything to do with objects? I have a feeling there is a clear difference, but I think I mix them up and use them incorrectly a lot.
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
208 views

Ebleco, eblo aŭ eblaĵo?

Kio estas la ĝusta vorto por esprimi ke ia situacio povas okazi en la estonteco? Mi jam aŭdis ĉiun version, do ebleco, eblo kaj eblaĵo. Sed kio estas la ĝusta? Cetere, kio estas la diferenco en la ...
Aviadisto's user avatar
  • 3,293
11 votes
1 answer
4k views

Difference between 'da' and 'de'?

I can't seem to work out the difference between da and de on Duolingo (admittedly I haven't spent long on it). Could someone give an exact distinction?
Tom Smale's user avatar
  • 123
11 votes
3 answers
318 views

Kio estas la diferenco inter bezoni kaj necesi?

Mi komprenas ke bezoni alvenis de la franca kaj necesi estas latina vorto. Ĉu gravas la diferenco inter la du vortoj?
Karlomanio's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
291 views

Kiam uzi bonan vesperon kaj bonan nokton?

Mi jam legis, ke oni diras "bonan vesperon", kiam oni alvenas, kaj diras "bonan nokton", kiam oni adiaŭas. Sed "vespero" estas "parto de diurno, de la fino de hela tago ĝis la komenco de nokto" (Reta ...
Marco's user avatar
  • 976
11 votes
2 answers
227 views

What do you call a thing from YouTube in Esperanto?

I have seen words such as filmo, filmeto, video, videaĵo, but people tend to disagree about what is correct or not. Is there a general consensus between dictionaries about the definitions? Can you ...
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.1k
11 votes
3 answers
747 views

How do I know when to use the preposition "je"?

The word "je" seems to be randomly used. It's meaning, I understand, is somewhat undefined, although it does seem that it can be used in place of the accusative in some cases. If you look it up in ...
Chris McDowell's user avatar
11 votes
3 answers
488 views

What is difference between "multo" and "multe"?

In PIV multe has several meanings, including II- Uzata subst-e., kun la signifo «amaso, granda kvanto, granda nombro» Similarly, multo means Amaso, granda kvanto aŭ nombro. Both definitions ...
svendvn's user avatar
  • 2,093
11 votes
1 answer
222 views

How do you say "vice versa" in Esperanto?

For example, I might say I'll ask you the questions and you respond; then we'll do it again vice versa, meaning that the second time around I would be the one responding to the questions. Would male ...
Chris McDowell's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
530 views

How do I know when a verb is transitive?

With verbs without the -ig- or -iĝ- infix, how do I know they are transitive? For example, boli doesn't explicitly say it does not take an object, and you need to know its counterpart (boligi) in ...
Clayton Ramsey's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
245 views

Are the words "volapuko" and "volapukisto" used as derogatory terms in Esperanto?

I have sometimes heard Esperanto speakers use volapukisto to express a lack of respect of someone that was in no way related to the constructed language Volapük. Is this a sometimes accepted usage of ...
LaStranga's user avatar
  • 1,236
10 votes
3 answers
597 views

Does Esperanto have contractions?

eg. in English we have lots of words like "I'm" (from "I am") and "can't" (from "can not"). It can seem a bit formal to always be typing out the full form of words. And while the possessive "'s" in ...
sevenseacat's user avatar
10 votes
3 answers
362 views

What is the difference between "gambo" and "kruro"?

I've heard people using both gambo or kruro for leg. Is there a difference between them? Somebody said that maybe one of the two is only from the knee and down. Is this correct?
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
237 views

Is a werewolf a "homlupo" or a "luphomo"?

During the day, a werewolf has a human form, so it is logical to call him a luphomo. During some nights, a werewolf has a wolf form, so it is logical to call him a homlupo. Are both forms used? Is one ...
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.1k
10 votes
1 answer
208 views

What is the difference between "krom" and "escepte"?

I just read this sentence: ... estis nenio sur ĝi escepte de malgranda ora ŝlosilo ... It's obvious what "escepte de" means, but I previously learned the word "krom" for "except". So can the ...
Chris McDowell's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
213 views

Is "ŝien" a meaningful word?

I'm reading Orwell's 1984 in Donald Broadribb's translation, as found online. I found this strange word in this sentence in page 82: Sed nepre ŝi vidis lin marŝanta ŝien, kaj eble ŝi akceptos tiun ...
La Vo-o's user avatar
  • 3,373
10 votes
1 answer
1k views

The use of the preposition "po"

I still don't get the meaning of the preposition po Could you give me some examples where it is used ?
benahm's user avatar
  • 1,730
9 votes
6 answers
523 views

Are people misusing the ek- verbs?

Very often I see the ek- being used as a complete synonym of "start doing something". But it feels wrong. PIV defines this prefix as Pref. signifanta, ke la procezo komenciĝas subite, je preciza ...
La Vo-o's user avatar
  • 3,373
9 votes
2 answers
648 views

Is it correct to translate English noun adjuncts into adjectives?

This is related to a question about English noun sequences. The reason I'm asking is because of an apparent inconsistency in which constructions such as peanut butter, climate change or world war are ...
Arakido-Butero's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
425 views

Is it correct to write "teoremo X statas, ke" in the sense of "theorem X states that"?

On several Vikipedio pages about physical laws or mathematical theorems, I have found expressions like [leĝo/teoremo X] statas, ke… (here, here and here). To me, it looks like a crude Anglicism ...
Sambuko's user avatar
  • 1,163
9 votes
2 answers
96 views

Ĉu "ĉi" sen tabelvorto estas akceptata?

Mia instrulibro instruis al mi ke oni povas meti "ĉi" apud la tabelvortojn por montri proksimecon. Tamen mi fojfoje vidas tiun vorton solan sen tabelvorto. Ekzemple: Verŝajne neniu homo senkulpas ...
Neil Roberts's user avatar
  • 17.3k
9 votes
2 answers
167 views

What is the difference between "televido" and "televidilo"?

Both can be translated to English with Television. What is the meaning of both and how they differ?
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.1k
9 votes
2 answers
406 views

What is the difference between the verbs "verki" and "skribi"?

For example, I say "I am writing in my journal." Would I use verki or skribi? Are both acceptable? Other examples would be appreciated.
Kyle Bailey's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
640 views

What is the difference between -ita and -ata?

I've seen phrases translated using both forms and apparently meaning the exact same thing. For example, I have seen "I am busy" translated as both mi estas okupita and mi estas okupata. How do I ...
Chris McDowell's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
207 views

What is the difference between sekva and sekvanta?

I am looking for the word to use when saying, "the next [thing]". For example, "The next meeting..." "The next year..." I found the words sekva and sekvanta. Is one of these the right word to use? ...
Mike Brady's user avatar
8 votes
6 answers
893 views

When should I use the pronoun "ri"?

I really like having a gender-neutral pronoun, but I know that not everyone agrees on the usage. Now I use it for people that have explicitly asked to have "ri" used for them. I also use it when I don'...
Charlotte SL's user avatar
  • 8,197
8 votes
3 answers
654 views

What is the difference between "violkolora" and "purpura"?

The translation for purple is violkolora. However, the word purpura also exists. Does it refer to the same color, or is it more similar to the French "pourpre", which is more red?
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.1k
8 votes
2 answers
743 views

What is “kioma” used for besides asking for the time?

As I have been taught by the Duolingo course, the word kioma is used when asking for the time: Kioma horo estas? I realise that it is made from the word kiom + -a (to make it an adjective?) but ...
Lyubomir Vasilev's user avatar
8 votes
4 answers
103 views

Ĉu estas ĝuste diri "banĉambro" pri ĉambro, kie oni ne baniĝas?

Mi rimarkis ke mi uzas "banĉambro" pri ajna necesejo kiu troviĝas en loĝejo. Do, kie ne nepre estas bankuvo. Ĉu tio malĝustas? Ĉu ĝustas nomi ĉambron kun necesseĝo, pelvo kaj eble ankaŭ duŝo, ...
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
8 votes
4 answers
619 views

Is it "eĉ ne" or "ne eĉ"?

For example: She didn't even light the candles. 1) Ŝi ne eĉ ekbruligis la kandelojn. 2) Ŝi eĉ ne ekbruligis la kandelojn. Does the placement of eĉ matter at all?
Chris McDowell's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
630 views

What's the difference between "ĉiu" and "ĉiuj"?

Somehow I can't wrap my head around ĉiu and ĉiuj? Isn't ĉiu already 'everyone'? Why do I need (or only sometimes) the j-finaĵo?
Charlotte SL's user avatar
  • 8,197
8 votes
2 answers
345 views

What is the difference between the interjections "ĝuste" and "prave"?

I understand the difference between ĝusti and pravi. Tio ĝustas - that is right, that is correct Vi pravas - you are right, what you are saying saying is correct But what about when the ...
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
134 views

How do you say "as of ..." and "as in ..." in Esperanto?

Examples for as of: As of yesterday, I've been married 42 years. As of the 5th of September I've been speaking Esperanto for seven months. Examples for as in: The last letter is a T, as ...
Chris McDowell's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
157 views

Kio estas la diferenco inter "imponi" kaj "impresi"

Bonvolu klarigi tion al mi, kio estas la diferenco inter: Vi imponas min. Vi impresas min. Ĉu vi povas aldone krei taŭgan kuntekston por ambaū frazoj?
Aviadisto's user avatar
  • 3,293