Questions tagged [word-usage]

Use it for questions which a dictionary cannot answer about the meaning or correctness of a word in a sentence. Give as much context as possible.

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4
votes
1answer
159 views

What is the difference between "luma" and "hela"?

Both seem related to the light. Hel seems to be used for colors while Lum seems to be used for everything else. What is the real difference of meaning between them?
5
votes
3answers
303 views

How is "ha lo" used?

I read that it is used in telephone calls. Is there anyone who uses it like that, or has heard it be used? I'm wondering whether it would be suitable when coming into a house, calling to see if ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

When do you use "si" and "sia" instead of "li" and "lia"?

I feel like I kind of know this, but sometimes I feel unsure. It's pretty similar to the Swedish sin, sitt. Is there a good rule or a nice, short explanation for when and where to use si, sia instead ...
6
votes
2answers
373 views

How is "ja" used?

In a discussion on lernu.net, I read that somebody claimed that ja could only be used in jes ja. I tend to use it like an emphasis marker, and I believe I've heard others use it similarly. Is this ...
14
votes
1answer
158 views

Kio estas la diferenco inter 'nura' kaj 'sola'?

Nu, mi ne scias ĉu ekzistas eta diferenco inter la du, aŭ ĉu ili estas tute similaj adjektivoj?
10
votes
3answers
291 views

What is the difference between "gambo" and "kruro"?

I've heard people using both gambo or kruro for leg. Is there a difference between them? Somebody said that maybe one of the two is only from the knee and down. Is this correct?
11
votes
2answers
270 views

Kiam uzi bonan vesperon kaj bonan nokton?

Mi jam legis, ke oni diras "bonan vesperon", kiam oni alvenas, kaj diras "bonan nokton", kiam oni adiaŭas. Sed "vespero" estas "parto de diurno, de la fino de hela tago ĝis la komenco de nokto" (Reta ...
6
votes
1answer
48 views

"Laŭ" for motion through space

While reading Marvirinstrato, I came across an interesting sentence: "Ili veturis laŭ la rivero," my best translation being "They traveled along the river." Can we use "laŭ" to translate as "along?"
2
votes
2answers
77 views

Ĉu oni povas uzi la verbon "esti" kiel "konsisti el"?

Mi legis tiun frazon: Mia teamo estis ses homoj. Sed pli ofte, oni skribas: Mia teamo konsistis el ses homoj Do mi ne certas pri la ĝusteco de la unua frazo. Ĉu ĝi estas?
6
votes
2answers
151 views

What is the difference between "prononco" and "elparolo"?

I first learned the word prononco for pronunciation. When I first started reading PMEG a couple of months ago, I noticed the word elparolo is used. What is the difference between the two words? When ...
6
votes
3answers
271 views

Can "ĵus" be used with the present tense?

A discussion started regarding this in the comments of a different post: How to say "I don't feel like it" in Esperanto The example used was "ĵus nun mi ne emas". I think it is ...
8
votes
2answers
123 views

What are words that are the equivalent of 'ow' in English?

This relates to onomatopoeia. Also, is there an index of words for onomatopoeia in Esperanto?
10
votes
1answer
3k views

Difference between 'da' and 'de'?

I can't seem to work out the difference between da and de on Duolingo (admittedly I haven't spent long on it). Could someone give an exact distinction?
2
votes
3answers
453 views

Is it an error to say "Mi estas malvarma" when you mean "I feel cold"?

In English, I am cold and I feel cold mean the same. In Esperanto, can we use "malvarma" for a feeling of the subject, or we have to say something like Mi sentas malvarmon? (In order to avoid ...
23
votes
7answers
2k views

Isn't “kio la fek” grammatically wrong?

I’ve heard this phrase used a lot by Evildea, and also in writing in various places (Reddit, Telegram, etc.). If I’m assuming correctly, this is a pretty straightforward word-for-word translation of ...
6
votes
2answers
249 views

When should I use "tiam, kiam" instead of just "kiam"?

I'm currently going through the Lernu course. In lesson 10 there are two sentences on the same page: Mi parolis kun li tiam, kiam li venis al ni. Mi tre ŝatas, kiam vi ridetas al mi. Why tiam,...
7
votes
2answers
207 views

Is "si mem" acceptable?

I've seen people use si mem to mean oneself, particularly in the phrase per si mem to mean by oneself. However, it seems to me that just si is plenty. Is this grammatically correct?
3
votes
2answers
76 views

Kio estas la diferenco inter "kreaĵo" kaj "verko"?

Jen la difino de PIV pri verko: 1 Arta aŭ scienca produkto: koniĝas majstro laŭ sia verkoZ; la fino kronas la verkonZ; miaj lastaj tradukitaj verkojZ; ĝi estas verko, kiu traktas pri unu el ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

What is the difference between "drumo" and "tamburo"?

Can somebody explain what the difference between drumo and tamburo is?
9
votes
1answer
858 views

The use of the preposition "po"

I still don't get the meaning of the preposition po Could you give me some examples where it is used ?
16
votes
2answers
813 views

How do you use the word "ĵus"?

The word ĵus in Esperanto means "just", but is it used in the same way as it is in English? In English, you can say; I just want some pizza, where just has the same meaning as only. However, you can ...
8
votes
2answers
118 views

How do you say "as of ..." and "as in ..." in Esperanto?

Examples for as of: As of yesterday, I've been married 42 years. As of the 5th of September I've been speaking Esperanto for seven months. Examples for as in: The last letter is a T, as ...
19
votes
3answers
2k views

When should I use "tio" and "tiu"?

I have two examples from Duolingo that puzzle me: Whose is that? Kies estas tio? Whose car is that? Kies aŭto estas tiu? Why is tiu used in the second example? Why does the introduction of the ...
5
votes
1answer
58 views

Proceso, procezo (kaj ankaŭ procedo, proceduro). Kiun uzi?

Mi trovis en vortaroj la vortojn proceso kaj procezo. Se oni aldonas similajn vortojn kiel procedo (el procedi) kaj proceduro, la afero elekti la plej taŭgan fariĝas tre malsimpla. Vortaroj (ekz.: ...
8
votes
3answers
151 views

Kio estas la diferenco inter "imponi" kaj "impresi"

Bonvolu klarigi tion al mi, kio estas la diferenco inter: Vi imponas min. Vi impresas min. Ĉu vi povas aldone krei taŭgan kuntekston por ambaū frazoj?
10
votes
2answers
218 views

Is a werewolf a "homlupo" or a "luphomo"?

During the day, a werewolf has a human form, so it is logical to call him a luphomo. During some nights, a werewolf has a wolf form, so it is logical to call him a homlupo. Are both forms used? Is one ...
8
votes
3answers
610 views

What is the difference between "violkolora" and "purpura"?

The translation for purple is violkolora. However, the word purpura also exists. Does it refer to the same color, or is it more similar to the French "pourpre", which is more red?
4
votes
1answer
127 views

How can one express "to save" in Esperanto?

There seem to be several words in Esperanto that all correspond to the English verb to save. I can think of ŝpari, savi and konservi. In which situations should I use which ones? If you have other ...
7
votes
4answers
249 views

When to use "olda" instead of "maljuna"?

I just read a sentence with the word "olda" to describe becoming an old woman - "fariĝi olda virino". I haven't seen the word before. Why the use of this cognate? Does it have a different nuance ...
7
votes
3answers
108 views

Can we use "prava" for non-living organisms?

I read this sentence Lia opinio estas prava. I found this sentence very weird, because I would write Lia opinio estas ĝusta, ĉar li pravas. Is this a way to speak more quickly, an error that become ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the difference between "kio" and "kiu"?

I am a beginner and I can't understand the difference between "kio" and "kiu". The explanations that I have read so far only leaves me confused and to me it seems that "kio" and "kiu" are sometimes ...
11
votes
3answers
318 views

What is the difference between "gajni" and "venki"?

What is the difference between "gajni" and "venki"? Does it have anything to do with objects? I have a feeling there is a clear difference, but I think I mix them up and use them incorrectly a lot.
4
votes
2answers
111 views

Kiu estas la diferenco inter tohuvabohuo kaj ĥaoso?

Mi lernis ke tohuvabohuo estas Esperanto vorto. Kiu estas la diferenco inter tohuvabohuo kaj ĥaoso?
9
votes
2answers
91 views

Ĉu "ĉi" sen tabelvorto estas akceptata?

Mia instrulibro instruis al mi ke oni povas meti "ĉi" apud la tabelvortojn por montri proksimecon. Tamen mi fojfoje vidas tiun vorton solan sen tabelvorto. Ekzemple: Verŝajne neniu homo senkulpas ...
9
votes
2answers
140 views

What is the difference between "televido" and "televidilo"?

Both can be translated to English with Television. What is the meaning of both and how they differ?
7
votes
1answer
207 views

Should "ankaŭ" stand before or after the concerned object? ("Mi ankaŭ" or "Ankaŭ mi"?)

Imagine this discussion: "Kiel vi fartas?" "Bone" "Ankaŭ mi" / "Mi ankaŭ" Is there a difference between "Ankaŭ mi" and "Mi ankaŭ"? Where should I put "ankaŭ"?
6
votes
1answer
160 views

What is the difference between krom and krome?

Both words are grammatically adverbs. I see them quite often but still can not understand which one is more suitable to use. What exactly is the difference? Can you also create the usage example for ...
4
votes
1answer
46 views

Kiam oni rajtas uzi la vorton "ŝofori"?

Laŭ PIV ŝoforo. Profesia kondukisto de aŭto, kamiono ks. ŝofori. Labori kiel ŝoforo Laŭ Reta Vortaro ŝofori (tr) TRA Profesie kondukadi veturilon: oni devas atenti la vojon, kiam oni ŝoforas, ĉu ne?...
10
votes
1answer
194 views

What is the difference between "krom" and "escepte"?

I just read this sentence: ... estis nenio sur ĝi escepte de malgranda ora ŝlosilo ... It's obvious what "escepte de" means, but I previously learned the word "krom" for "except". So can the ...
11
votes
1answer
215 views

How do you say "vice versa" in Esperanto?

For example, I might say I'll ask you the questions and you respond; then we'll do it again vice versa, meaning that the second time around I would be the one responding to the questions. Would male ...
11
votes
3answers
569 views

How do I know when to use the preposition "je"?

The word "je" seems to be randomly used. It's meaning, I understand, is somewhat undefined, although it does seem that it can be used in place of the accusative in some cases. If you look it up in ...
4
votes
1answer
68 views

What is the real meaning of "terura"?

According to ReVo 1.TEZ Timegiga: terura akcidento; terura estas la stato de la aferojZ; tiuj kalumnioj donis terurajn fruktojnZ. 2. (figure) Tre forta: ŝi havis teruran malamon kontraŭ ...
15
votes
2answers
484 views

How does one say "It's all Greek to me" in Esperanto?

The idiom "It's all Greek to me" means that something is not understandable. Different languages have different variants of this. How would I express this in Esperanto?
10
votes
2answers
206 views

Are the words "volapuko" and "volapukisto" used as derogatory terms in Esperanto?

I have sometimes heard Esperanto speakers use volapukisto to express a lack of respect of someone that was in no way related to the constructed language Volapük. Is this a sometimes accepted usage of ...
9
votes
2answers
309 views

What is the difference between the verbs "verki" and "skribi"?

For example, I say "I am writing in my journal." Would I use verki or skribi? Are both acceptable? Other examples would be appreciated.
15
votes
4answers
268 views

Why does "devus" translate as "should?"

In Esperanto, we write devus whenever we translate "should," but it literally translates as would have to. Why is this, and are there any alternatives to devus?
7
votes
3answers
230 views

Use of the word 'kio' as the object of a non-question sentence

I have seen the usage of the word kio used as a question word "what" a lot of times: Kio estas tio? (what's this?) But lately I have seen this form: Kion vi manĝas? (what are you eating?) And ...
6
votes
2answers
131 views

Does Esperanto use also "hospitalo"?

Does hospitalo exist, or is malsanulejo the only word that Esperantists use?
13
votes
2answers
411 views

How common is the "-iĉ-" suffix to denote maleness?

I read a great article once about an apparent "controversy" in Esperanto - the fact that words are considered by default to be male, and the "-in-" suffix is added to make them female. It discusses ...
9
votes
1answer
430 views

What is the difference between -ita and -ata?

I've seen phrases translated using both forms and apparently meaning the exact same thing. For example, I have seen "I am busy" translated as both mi estas okupita and mi estas okupata. How do I ...