Questions tagged [word-usage]

Use it for questions which a dictionary cannot answer about the meaning or correctness of a word in a sentence. Give as much context as possible.

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11 votes
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What is difference between "multo" and "multe"?

In PIV multe has several meanings, including II- Uzata subst-e., kun la signifo «amaso, granda kvanto, granda nombro» Similarly, multo means Amaso, granda kvanto aŭ nombro. Both definitions ...
svendvn's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
98 views

Ambiguity of "ne ĝeni sin"

I see ne ĝenu vin fari tion used sometimes to mean don't bother doing that but sometimes don't hold back, feel free to do that which is entirely the opposite sentiment! For example, if someone says ...
jzknuckles's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
134 views

What words for different levels of education should I use?

There are many different systems for the levels of education around the world. Usually, it is possible to follow the system of the country where the language spoken is the native one. I could say for ...
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
14 votes
2 answers
433 views

Are "ŝati" and "plaĉi al" interchangeable?

Since there are two words that express liking something, ŝati and plaĉi al, are they interchangeable, or are there certain contexts that it would be better to use ŝati and other contexts that it would ...
Olivia's user avatar
  • 497
8 votes
4 answers
619 views

Is it "eĉ ne" or "ne eĉ"?

For example: She didn't even light the candles. 1) Ŝi ne eĉ ekbruligis la kandelojn. 2) Ŝi eĉ ne ekbruligis la kandelojn. Does the placement of eĉ matter at all?
Chris McDowell's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
129 views

Can "ĉi" be used as a postposition?

One can say "ĉi tiel", or "tiel ĉi". It's also common to use "ĉi" on its own, mentioned in this PMEG page and also on the PIV entry for "ĉi". An example of this appearing on both pages is "ĉi ne ...
Kat Ño's user avatar
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16 votes
4 answers
3k views

Should I ever use the pronoun "ci"?

The Fundamento defines ci and cia as follows: ci tu, toi, | thou | du | ты | ty. ci'a ton, ta | thy, thine | dein | твой | twój. Unfortunately, I've never actually seen ci used anywhere. I've seen ...
Alkali's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
50 views

What is the difference between "ventumi" and "aerumi"?

What is the difference between aerumi and ventumi?
AetherSeed's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
65 views

Kiu el la esprimoj “abomeni” kaj “malami” estas la plej forta?

Kiu vorto inter abomeni kaj malami estas la plej forta (laŭ malŝateco)?
Vanege's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
345 views

What is the difference between the interjections "ĝuste" and "prave"?

I understand the difference between ĝusti and pravi. Tio ĝustas - that is right, that is correct Vi pravas - you are right, what you are saying saying is correct But what about when the ...
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
86 views

In which context can I use "gea"?

Word-Building with Esperanto Affixes says that gea means male+female, and Wiktionary says it means both sexes, mixed. Can I use it to mean a person having the reproductive organs of both genders, or ...
apaderno's user avatar
  • 1,715
5 votes
2 answers
103 views

Ĉu "mi ekzercas mian Esperanton" estas evitinda esprimo?

Mi kelkfoje legas mi ekzercas mian Francan/Hispanan/ktp. Mi kredas ke tia frazo povas deveni de la Angla frazo I practice my Spanish. Ĉu la frazo Mi ekzercas mian Xn (kie 'X' estas nomo de lingvo) ...
Vanege's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
168 views

What does "jes" and "ne" mean when responding to negative questions?

Negative questions, in my experience, are fairly common in everyday speach. The questions themselves are easily understood, but not the responses. Ĉu vi ne faris viajn hejmtaskojn? Jes / Ne If I ...
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
682 views

How do you say "hang out" in Esperanto?

In English, the phrase hang out means something like to spend time doing nothing in particular. If I search for example sentences on tatoeba.org for the phrase "hang out" as in Let's hang out this ...
Chris McDowell's user avatar
15 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why is it "kiom strange" instead of "kiel strange"?

Or kiom ofte instead of kiel ofte, etc... I came across this structure while reading - kiom + adverb. I thought it was odd since to me it sounds like kiom strange would mean how much strange. ...
Chris McDowell's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
743 views

What is “kioma” used for besides asking for the time?

As I have been taught by the Duolingo course, the word kioma is used when asking for the time: Kioma horo estas? I realise that it is made from the word kiom + -a (to make it an adjective?) but ...
Lyubomir Vasilev's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
630 views

What's the difference between "ĉiu" and "ĉiuj"?

Somehow I can't wrap my head around ĉiu and ĉiuj? Isn't ĉiu already 'everyone'? Why do I need (or only sometimes) the j-finaĵo?
Charlotte SL's user avatar
  • 8,197
5 votes
2 answers
161 views

How do I translate "candy"?

What is the translation of candy in Esperanto? Online, I found many translations, e.g. kando, dolĉaĵo, and bombono. What are the differences between these?
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
222 views

What is the difference between "luma" and "hela"?

Both seem related to the light. Hel seems to be used for colors while Lum seems to be used for everything else. What is the real difference of meaning between them?
Vanege's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
326 views

How is "ha lo" used?

I read that it is used in telephone calls. Is there anyone who uses it like that, or has heard it be used? I'm wondering whether it would be suitable when coming into a house, calling to see if ...
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
14 votes
3 answers
2k views

When do you use "si" and "sia" instead of "li" and "lia"?

I feel like I kind of know this, but sometimes I feel unsure. It's pretty similar to the Swedish sin, sitt. Is there a good rule or a nice, short explanation for when and where to use si, sia instead ...
Charlotte SL's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
505 views

How is "ja" used?

In a discussion on lernu.net, I read that somebody claimed that ja could only be used in jes ja. I tend to use it like an emphasis marker, and I believe I've heard others use it similarly. Is this ...
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
14 votes
1 answer
177 views

Kio estas la diferenco inter 'nura' kaj 'sola'?

Nu, mi ne scias ĉu ekzistas eta diferenco inter la du, aŭ ĉu ili estas tute similaj adjektivoj?
Ivan Garcia's user avatar
10 votes
3 answers
362 views

What is the difference between "gambo" and "kruro"?

I've heard people using both gambo or kruro for leg. Is there a difference between them? Somebody said that maybe one of the two is only from the knee and down. Is this correct?
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
291 views

Kiam uzi bonan vesperon kaj bonan nokton?

Mi jam legis, ke oni diras "bonan vesperon", kiam oni alvenas, kaj diras "bonan nokton", kiam oni adiaŭas. Sed "vespero" estas "parto de diurno, de la fino de hela tago ĝis la komenco de nokto" (Reta ...
Marco's user avatar
  • 976
6 votes
1 answer
56 views

"Laŭ" for motion through space

While reading Marvirinstrato, I came across an interesting sentence: "Ili veturis laŭ la rivero," my best translation being "They traveled along the river." Can we use "laŭ" to translate as "along?"
Clayton Ramsey's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
78 views

Ĉu oni povas uzi la verbon "esti" kiel "konsisti el"?

Mi legis tiun frazon: Mia teamo estis ses homoj. Sed pli ofte, oni skribas: Mia teamo konsistis el ses homoj Do mi ne certas pri la ĝusteco de la unua frazo. Ĉu ĝi estas?
Vanege's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
164 views

What is the difference between "prononco" and "elparolo"?

I first learned the word prononco for pronunciation. When I first started reading PMEG a couple of months ago, I noticed the word elparolo is used. What is the difference between the two words? When ...
Chris McDowell's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
278 views

Can "ĵus" be used with the present tense?

A discussion started regarding this in the comments of a different post: How to say "I don't feel like it" in Esperanto The example used was "ĵus nun mi ne emas". I think it is ...
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
132 views

What are words that are the equivalent of 'ow' in English?

This relates to onomatopoeia. Also, is there an index of words for onomatopoeia in Esperanto?
user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
4k views

Difference between 'da' and 'de'?

I can't seem to work out the difference between da and de on Duolingo (admittedly I haven't spent long on it). Could someone give an exact distinction?
Tom Smale's user avatar
  • 123
2 votes
3 answers
501 views

Is it an error to say "Mi estas malvarma" when you mean "I feel cold"?

In English, I am cold and I feel cold mean the same. In Esperanto, can we use "malvarma" for a feeling of the subject, or we have to say something like Mi sentas malvarmon? (In order to avoid ...
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.1k
23 votes
7 answers
3k views

Isn't “kio la fek” grammatically wrong?

I’ve heard this phrase used a lot by Evildea, and also in writing in various places (Reddit, Telegram, etc.). If I’m assuming correctly, this is a pretty straightforward word-for-word translation of ...
Lyubomir Vasilev's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
303 views

When should I use "tiam, kiam" instead of just "kiam"?

I'm currently going through the Lernu course. In lesson 10 there are two sentences on the same page: Mi parolis kun li tiam, kiam li venis al ni. Mi tre ŝatas, kiam vi ridetas al mi. Why tiam,...
Chris McDowell's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
242 views

Is "si mem" acceptable?

I've seen people use si mem to mean oneself, particularly in the phrase per si mem to mean by oneself. However, it seems to me that just si is plenty. Is this grammatically correct?
Clayton Ramsey's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
81 views

Kio estas la diferenco inter "kreaĵo" kaj "verko"?

Jen la difino de PIV pri verko: 1 Arta aŭ scienca produkto: koniĝas majstro laŭ sia verkoZ; la fino kronas la verkonZ; miaj lastaj tradukitaj verkojZ; ĝi estas verko, kiu traktas pri unu el ...
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.1k
3 votes
1 answer
77 views

What is the difference between "drumo" and "tamburo"?

Can somebody explain what the difference between drumo and tamburo is?
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
1k views

The use of the preposition "po"

I still don't get the meaning of the preposition po Could you give me some examples where it is used ?
benahm's user avatar
  • 1,730
16 votes
2 answers
865 views

How do you use the word "ĵus"?

The word ĵus in Esperanto means "just", but is it used in the same way as it is in English? In English, you can say; I just want some pizza, where just has the same meaning as only. However, you can ...
Ella's user avatar
  • 163
8 votes
2 answers
134 views

How do you say "as of ..." and "as in ..." in Esperanto?

Examples for as of: As of yesterday, I've been married 42 years. As of the 5th of September I've been speaking Esperanto for seven months. Examples for as in: The last letter is a T, as ...
Chris McDowell's user avatar
19 votes
3 answers
3k views

When should I use "tio" and "tiu"?

I have two examples from Duolingo that puzzle me: Whose is that? Kies estas tio? Whose car is that? Kies aŭto estas tiu? Why is tiu used in the second example? Why does the introduction of the ...
Mike Brady's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
67 views

Proceso, procezo (kaj ankaŭ procedo, proceduro). Kiun uzi?

Mi trovis en vortaroj la vortojn proceso kaj procezo. Se oni aldonas similajn vortojn kiel procedo (el procedi) kaj proceduro, la afero elekti la plej taŭgan fariĝas tre malsimpla. Vortaroj (ekz.: ...
marcus's user avatar
  • 967
8 votes
3 answers
157 views

Kio estas la diferenco inter "imponi" kaj "impresi"

Bonvolu klarigi tion al mi, kio estas la diferenco inter: Vi imponas min. Vi impresas min. Ĉu vi povas aldone krei taŭgan kuntekston por ambaū frazoj?
Aviadisto's user avatar
  • 3,293
10 votes
2 answers
237 views

Is a werewolf a "homlupo" or a "luphomo"?

During the day, a werewolf has a human form, so it is logical to call him a luphomo. During some nights, a werewolf has a wolf form, so it is logical to call him a homlupo. Are both forms used? Is one ...
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.1k
8 votes
3 answers
654 views

What is the difference between "violkolora" and "purpura"?

The translation for purple is violkolora. However, the word purpura also exists. Does it refer to the same color, or is it more similar to the French "pourpre", which is more red?
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.1k
4 votes
1 answer
140 views

How can one express "to save" in Esperanto?

There seem to be several words in Esperanto that all correspond to the English verb to save. I can think of ŝpari, savi and konservi. In which situations should I use which ones? If you have other ...
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
7 votes
4 answers
289 views

When to use "olda" instead of "maljuna"?

I just read a sentence with the word "olda" to describe becoming an old woman - "fariĝi olda virino". I haven't seen the word before. Why the use of this cognate? Does it have a different nuance ...
Chris McDowell's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
115 views

Can we use "prava" for non-living organisms?

I read this sentence Lia opinio estas prava. I found this sentence very weird, because I would write Lia opinio estas ĝusta, ĉar li pravas. Is this a way to speak more quickly, an error that become ...
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.1k
15 votes
3 answers
2k views

What is the difference between "kio" and "kiu"?

I am a beginner and I can't understand the difference between "kio" and "kiu". The explanations that I have read so far only leaves me confused and to me it seems that "kio" and "kiu" are sometimes ...
Jane D Chen's user avatar
11 votes
3 answers
384 views

What is the difference between "gajni" and "venki"?

What is the difference between "gajni" and "venki"? Does it have anything to do with objects? I have a feeling there is a clear difference, but I think I mix them up and use them incorrectly a lot.
Antonia Montaro's user avatar