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24 votes

What is the difference between "al la domo" and "en la domon"?

Simply put, it works like this: Iri al la domo means you travel some distance to the house, but you don't necessarily enter it. The journey to the house is the main point. Iri en la domon means you ...
Raizin's user avatar
  • 1,020
14 votes

Which is correct: "Kiom da jaroj vi havas?" or "Kiom da jarojn vi havas?"

Da is a preposition. You don't use an -n after a preposition unless the preposition shows a location and there is motion toward the location, which doesn't apply here. Kiom is actually an adverb and ...
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar
14 votes
Accepted

When should you use the accusative case?

PMEG lists four main uses of the ending N: Direct objects Measures Time points Direction For each of these uses, I will present three examples to illustrate it, and discuss some common misuses that ...
Marcos Cramer's user avatar
13 votes
Accepted

Is the accusative needed when telling someone to "go there" to a website?

I would say that it should indeed be number 2 even though the motion is only metaphorical. Imagine if you were to phrase it as something like iru al la ĉefpaĝo. In that case it is clear that the al is ...
Neil Roberts's user avatar
  • 17.3k
13 votes

What is the best way to express the accusative of non-Esperanto words in an Esperanto text?

I don't think there's a universally accepted way to deal with this, but probably the least controversial way is to just not bother marking the accusative. The meaning is usually clear from the context ...
Neil Roberts's user avatar
  • 17.3k
11 votes

What is the best way to express the accusative of non-Esperanto words in an Esperanto text?

There's no official way. Do whatever feels right. Esperanto does not have a fixed word order but does most often use Subject-Verb-Object word order. So, in conversation and in context, Tina konas ...
makis's user avatar
  • 1,244
11 votes
Accepted

How do you say "root beer"?

I would suggest combining the two into a compound word: either radikbiero or radik-biero (the latter makes the roots clearer). You could also possibly say radika biero, but not radiko biero, since ...
Alkali's user avatar
  • 1,225
11 votes
Accepted

Can I in principle replace any preposition by -n?

The preposition "je" should only be used if one of the more precise prepositions doesn't apply to a particular relationship. In practice, the most common use is with time ("je la naŭa horo matene") ...
Lee's user avatar
  • 623
11 votes

Should I use nominative or accusative after kun?

Your sentence could be reordered like this and still have the same meaning (but with slightly different emphasis): Granda respondeco venas kun grandega potenco. The kun is a separate phrase and ...
Neil Roberts's user avatar
  • 17.3k
10 votes

Do we use the accusative with "tra"?

The -n has several meanings in Esperanto. One if them is to distinguish the accusative case, in other words: mark objects of sentences. However, with prepositions, the -n shows direction. (PMEG covers ...
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
10 votes

Is "dum" missing in the sentence "Mi atendis pli ol horo"?

Yes, you need the accusative. There are many examples in the Tekstaro that would illustrate. Tie ili estis devigataj atendi pli ol unu horon; Ned ne atendis pli ol kvin minutojn por la ekzameno ...
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar
10 votes

Does Esperanto use the Double Accusative?

While you will frequently hear the double accusative in spontaneous speech, it is not good Esperanto and should be avoided, especially in writing if you have even a half second to think about what you'...
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar
9 votes
Accepted

"Ĉionmanĝanta ŝafo" or "Ĉiomanĝanta ŝafo"? Can you build a word with the accusative like that?

In compound words, you only use the accusative form for si. (This is discussed in PAG §310.) So the word you want is ĉiomanĝ(ant)a. Be aware that ĉiovora means omnivorous. In PIV, under ĉio, these ...
Andrew Woods's user avatar
  • 13.7k
9 votes

What is the best way to express the accusative of non-Esperanto words in an Esperanto text?

I do not know if there is an “official” way to do it but according to PMEG, some people “experimentally” use je (it doesn't recommend it, just says that some people use it): Iuj eksperimente uzas ...
Lyubomir Vasilev's user avatar
9 votes
Accepted

Where do you put the accusative when the object is a sentence?

If the object is a sentence, the accusative ending is often not needed. Generally, you can tell what is the subject and what is the object, because the subject noun doesn't have the accusative ending; ...
kristan's user avatar
  • 3,789
8 votes
Accepted

What is the object of "instrui"?

Using two direct objects with one verb is not recommended; I'm not sure if it's technically ungrammatical, or just strongly unpreferred, but in either case it's best to avoid sentences like *"Ŝi ...
kristan's user avatar
  • 3,789
8 votes

What is the object of "instrui"?

You will see it both ways. In most cases, you use instrui with al: Mi instruos al li la francan. However, it is possible for the learner to be the direct object (examples from Fratoj Grimm and La ...
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar
8 votes
Accepted

Akuzativo kaj "en"

Oni uzas -n kun lokaj prepozicioj por signifi direkton. Sen -n la frazo dirus "estante en unu tombo, ni enterigis ...", kio, kvankam gramatike ĝusta, havas alian signifon. Pli informoj estas troveblaj ...
La Vo-o's user avatar
  • 3,393
8 votes

Which is correct: "Kiom da jaroj vi havas?" or "Kiom da jarojn vi havas?"

I very much like how lernu.net presents it. I'll try something similar here. To understand kiom da, we should begin with looking at da-constructions in general. Li havas amason da pomoj. He has ...
Antonia Montaro's user avatar
8 votes
Accepted

Why doesn't the infinitive take the -n suffix?

I suppose the short answer is "tradition." Many western languages work this way - where a verb-expression can be like the object of the verb - so it's natural that Esperanto works the same way. Nouns, ...
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar
7 votes
Accepted

Ĉu “Krei lingvon bazita sur …” aŭ “… bazitan sur …”?

Certe eblas perverba priskribo kun "krei": "Dio kreis la pekulojn senpekaj." Tio esprimas la ideon, ke la pekuloj estis senpekaj tuj post sia kreiĝo, kaj nur iĝis pekaj poste. Se oni akuzativigas "...
Marcos Cramer's user avatar
7 votes

Is the accusative needed when telling someone to "go there" to a website?

It's clearly needed. The fact that there is no physical movement involved does not change the gramar. There are many examples for accusative of dicection without physical movment: "Mia koro sekvas la ...
Johannes Mueller's user avatar
7 votes
Accepted

Ĉu titoloj estu en la akuzativo?

Mi dirus ke jes, la titolo bezonas la akuzativon. Se oni serĉas la jenan ĉenon en Tekstaro aperas 62 ekzemploj. (profesor|doktor|sinjor)(in)?on [A-ZĤŜĜĈĴŬ] Jen kelkaj el ili: De Fundamenta ...
Neil Roberts's user avatar
  • 17.3k
7 votes

How do you say "root beer"?

An international language will always struggle to express purely national concepts - and regional foods and beverages fall strongly into this category. Root Beer is very much an American phenomenon ...
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar
7 votes

Why doesn't the infinitive take the -n suffix?

Here is the definition of accusative, according to Oxford Dictionaries: (in Latin, Greek, German, and some other languages) denoting a case of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives which expresses the ...
maliktunga's user avatar
7 votes

When do sentence fragments take the accusative?

Maybe because it means : (Estas) bona ideo. Mi dormis. (Mi donas) dankon (al vi)!
Filipo92's user avatar
7 votes

Akuzativo: ĉu tajperaro, aŭ mia propra miskompreno?

Kelkaj verboj ne havas rektan objekton (en akuzativo) kiel predikato, sed "predikativon": frazparton, kiu priskribas la subjekton aŭ la objekton pere de la predikato. Iuj el ĉi tiaj verboj estas: ...
das-g's user avatar
  • 3,663
6 votes

Akuzativo kaj "en"

Eble ĉi tiu demando baziĝas sur miskompreno de la vorto tombo. Se vi imagas tombon kiel grandetan ĉambron sub la tero kiun oni povas eniri por enterigi kadavrojn, via demando havas sencon, ĉar la ...
Neil Roberts's user avatar
  • 17.3k
6 votes

Where is the object in the example sentences for definition #2 of the verb "atendi" in PIV?

I think this is just a case where the object has been elided. For example, in the following phrase: Mi ne malsatas, mi jam manĝis manĝi is still transitive despite not having an object because you ...
Neil Roberts's user avatar
  • 17.3k
5 votes

How do you say "root beer"?

I'd suggest simply checking Vikipedio for concepts like these. It suggests "Radikbiero". In a compound word like this, the o just takes an -n in the accusative form: Radikbiero estas bongusta. ...
Charlotte SL's user avatar
  • 8,207

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