15 votes

When is the prefix ne- and when is it mal-?

The meaning of ne is not really vague: It is just negation. You can use either to express what you mean, but in some cases the opposite and negation coincide: For instance with vera; nevera and ...
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13 votes
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Why is Esperanto a noun, but other languages are adjectives?

There are other languages like this too, such as Latino, Tokipono etc. The difference comes from the fact that the names of most languages are derived from root words which have a different meaning, ...
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12 votes
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Kio estas la diferenco inter 'nura' kaj 'sola'?

La vorto nura esprimas nesufiĉecon; la vorto sola esprimas foreston de kunuloj. Li ne estas viro. Eĉ kun nia helpo, la tasko estos malfacila por nura knabo. Li staras ekster la lernejo sen aliaj ...
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12 votes

Is it correct to translate English noun adjuncts into adjectives?

Esperanto is an international language already in use, so the correct way is not to look only at the English form of the term, but to: first check whether a suitable Esperanto term is already in use ...
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11 votes

"Estas bele" vs "estas bela" (or "beli")

The bele here is actually describing the entire sub-phrase (ie, ke vi alvenis), not the word estis. When you are using a word to describe a sub-phrase you should use the -e ending instead of -a. The ...
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11 votes

Do adjectives or adverbs describe "tio"?

The -o correlatives are noun-like and although they don't take a plural, they are described by adjectives, not adverbs. Therefore, in every case that you listed, you would need an adjective. Tio ...
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11 votes

What is the difference between "sana" and "saniga"?

sana is the state of a person: Li estas denove sana kaj do povas reveni al la laboro - Ĝenerale mi estas sana persono saniga ("making healthy") is the quality of something that leads to health: La ...
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11 votes

What is "upside down" and "inside out" in Esperanto?

”upside down” could be translated as renversita. PIV gives some examples, such as: li renversis la vinbotelon, por ĝui ĝis la lasta guto ”he turned the wine bottle upside-down in order to enjoy even ...
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10 votes
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Is there a word for nice or okay that isn't "bona"?

plaĉa - something that is pleasing, pleasant agrabla - good, nice, pleasant ĉarma - charming, nice
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10 votes
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Comparative and superlative in Esperanto

I explain it this way. The suffix -eg- is for making the next category of thing - bigger or more intense. So domego is not just a big house, but it's a mansion. Kuregi doesn't mean simply to run fast, ...
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9 votes
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When is the prefix ne- and when is it mal-?

To your list of prefixes, you could add sen-. If something has a clear opposite, then it's mal- (e.g. malvera, malsimila, malsama). If it's something that is either there or not, then it's -ne (e.g. ...
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9 votes

Why do adjective share their noun's ending?

As mentioned in Lyubomir’s answer, presumably the reason is just because that’s how it’s done in many other languages. However I’d add to that that the adjective doesn’t always match the noun, it ...
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8 votes

What is the equivalent of compound words created by joining them with hyphen?

I think the system would basically be the same as in English except that you would need to add a -a at the end to make sure it is an adjective if the last word isn’t already adjectival. The hyphens ...
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8 votes

How do i say "Do you consider yourself happy?"

You use the nominative case here: Ĉu vi konsideras vin feliĉa? Here feliĉa is a predicative, which is always expressed using the nominative case in Esperanto. There are more examples of this in PMEG: ...
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8 votes

What is "upside down" and "inside out" in Esperanto?

I have trouble with this too, not because of confusion over what part of speech to use, but because Esperanto seems to have a few words with similar meanings - and it seems to divide the semantic ...
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7 votes

Using adjectives to denote possession

En la patrina koro means in the motherly heart. The heart has a motherly quality. However, we don't know who owns the heart. Even though I am a man, I could have a motherly heart. En la koro de ...
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7 votes
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Kio estas la diferenco de la signifo inter “plejgrava” kaj “plej grava”?

La dua estas la ĝusta versio. La vortoj pli kaj plej ludas la rolon de prefikso nur kiam oni bezonas unuopan vorton por unuopa koncepto. Ekzemple, ekzistas diferenco inter pli bonigi kaj plibonigi. ...
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7 votes

Why do adjective share their noun's ending?

Adjectives agree with nouns in case and number (that is, they share the -j and-n endings) because the rules of Esperanto require it. Not making your nouns and adjectives agree would mark a speaker as ...
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7 votes

Is it correct to translate English noun adjuncts into adjectives?

When I encountered this use of ”adjectivized” nouns I also found it a little bit strange. If you keep in mind that adding an -a to a noun root means ”related to...” I believe you will get the hang of ...
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6 votes

When to use an adverb/adjective

Adjectives describe nouns; that's basically all they do. So if there isn't a noun or pronoun to modify, you use the adverb form. Mi estas freneza; freneza describes mi Kia freneza virino mi estas!; ...
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  • 3,759
6 votes

What is the meaning of "bonvena"?

Keep in mind that bonvena is simply an adjective, which describes the noun it affects. Vortaro has this example: EO: Ĝi estas al li tre bonvena EN: It's very welcome to him In this case, it is the ...
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6 votes
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Why do adjective share their noun's ending?

Kial ne? Vere, kial ne? Mi supozas, ke tiun decidon faris Zamenhof kaj mi ne scias ĉu li respondis al ĝi en iu de liaj lingvaj respondoj, sed se mi devus supozi, mi dirus, ke unu el la kialoj estus ...
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6 votes

Ĉu oni diras "alta kvalito" aŭ "bona kvalito"?

Oni diras ambaŭ. Alta kvalito = bona kvalito. Ankaŭ eblas diri ke io havas bonajn kvalitojn. "Altkvalita" kaj "bonkvalita" estas oftaj esprimoj.
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6 votes
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Comparative with a clause

This is a sentence from Tekstaro that may be useful to answer your question (emphasis are mine): Tuj mi seniĝis de la vestoj, saltis en la akvon kaj naĝis for. Sed estis pli malvarme ol mi ...
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6 votes

"La konstruaĵo estas proksime / proksima de mi" -- Adverbo aŭ Adjektivo?

La ekzemplo ne estas eraro, nur la klarigo estas iomete nekompleta. Ja veras, ke adjektivoj rilatas al substantivoj (kaj substantivecaĵoj: pronomoj, citaĵoj, rilataj subfrazoj), sed ankaŭ adverbo ...
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6 votes
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What is the difference between «nun» and «ĉi tiam»

"nun" and "ĉi tiam" are very different nun is for referencing the present time. tiam is for referencing a particuliar moment, that can be the present time, but not always. ĉi can indicate proximity ...
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6 votes
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"Pli malgranda" aŭ "malpli granda"?

"Pli malgranda" estas la supereca komparativo de "malgranda". "Malpli granda" estas la malsupereca komparativo de "granda". Vidu vortaro.net La diferenco estas la sama en la angla. "Smaller" - "not ...
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  • 1,218
6 votes
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Describing a collective noun

I would say here La grupo timas or La grupanoj timas and not even use an adjective. Note here that with -an- you still have a very similar effect without using membroj de.
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6 votes
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Are there no "true" antonyms in Esperanto?

Are there antonyms that don't being with -mal? I assume Have Esperanto speakers ever created antonyms which stand on their own, without being derived morphologically from their counterpart? is the ...
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5 votes
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Is there any rule about the adjectives order?

I have never heard of such a rule, I haven't found anything about it in PMEG and I can't remember hearing an adjective order that sounded weird to me. Use what feels natural to you.
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