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15 votes
Accepted

Can you write "Mi baldaŭ foriras" instead of "Mi baldaŭ foriros"?

No, not as a standalone sentence. Tense-marking in Esperanto is obligatory; the fact that baldaŭ indicates a future time does not change this. According to PMEG (the Complete Handbook of Esperanto ...
Max's user avatar
  • 1,005
12 votes

What is the difference between the interjections "ĝuste" and "prave"?

They are as interchangable as ĝusta and prava. As you hinted at, ĝusta refers to being "correct" in the sense of being "appropriate" while prava refers to being "correct" in the sense of being "true": ...
Chives's user avatar
  • 3,191
11 votes

"Estas bele" vs "estas bela" (or "beli")

The bele here is actually describing the entire sub-phrase (ie, ke vi alvenis), not the word estis. When you are using a word to describe a sub-phrase you should use the -e ending instead of -a. The ...
Neil Roberts's user avatar
  • 17.3k
11 votes

Do adjectives or adverbs describe "tio"?

The -o correlatives are noun-like and although they don't take a plural, they are described by adjectives, not adverbs. Therefore, in every case that you listed, you would need an adjective. Tio ...
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar
8 votes

Does Esperanto have a hidden Allative case?

Strictly speaking, the allative (or lative) case denotes motion towards a location, and in this case not only "-en" but "-n" itself could be reanalyzed as allative. Grammatical ...
crayondraw's user avatar
7 votes
Accepted

Kio estas la diferenco de la signifo inter “plejgrava” kaj “plej grava”?

La dua estas la ĝusta versio. La vortoj pli kaj plej ludas la rolon de prefikso nur kiam oni bezonas unuopan vorton por unuopa koncepto. Ekzemple, ekzistas diferenco inter pli bonigi kaj plibonigi. ...
Andrew Woods's user avatar
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6 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between «nun» and «ĉi tiam»

"nun" and "ĉi tiam" are very different nun is for referencing the present time. tiam is for referencing a particuliar moment, that can be the present time, but not always. ĉi can indicate proximity ...
Vanege's user avatar
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6 votes

"La konstruaĵo estas proksime / proksima de mi" -- Adverbo aŭ Adjektivo?

La ekzemplo ne estas eraro, nur la klarigo estas iomete nekompleta. Ja veras, ke adjektivoj rilatas al substantivoj (kaj substantivecaĵoj: pronomoj, citaĵoj, rilataj subfrazoj), sed ankaŭ adverbo ...
Cyril Robert Brosch's user avatar
6 votes

What is difference between "multo" and "multe"?

It just depends on what allows for you to best articulate yourself. Multo is a noun, multe is an adverb. Here's an instance where multo must be used because it can stand alone as a subject: Multo ...
matthewncover's user avatar
6 votes

When to use an adverb/adjective

Adjectives describe nouns; that's basically all they do. So if there isn't a noun or pronoun to modify, you use the adverb form. Mi estas freneza; freneza describes mi Kia freneza virino mi estas!; ...
kristan's user avatar
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5 votes

What is the difference between "ade" and "daŭre"?

Edit (July 15, 2017): Because this old answer has received two downvotes in the last 5 days, I would like to underscore that the bold text in the second line of my answer below is a first order ...
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar
5 votes

What is the difference between "Mia onklo venas sane" and "Mia onklo venas sana"?

In general the adverb (-e) modifies the verb, so the sentence could be translated My uncle comes in a healthy way (eg walks without a limp). The adjective (-a) modifies the noun, so My uncle comes (...
Oliver Mason's user avatar
  • 3,194
5 votes

What is the difference between "Mia onklo venas sane" and "Mia onklo venas sana"?

When you use "sana", it describes a property of "mia onklo", i.e. it expresses that the uncle was healthy while he came. If you use "sane", it describes "venas", i.e. you are saying that the action of ...
Marcos Cramer's user avatar
5 votes

Adverb or adjective for tio

Tio isn't quite an o-word. It's a correlative and they follow slightly different rules. Still, the correlatives ending in O do have o-word-like qualities. They will take an -n ending and are described ...
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar
4 votes

What is the difference between «nun» and «ĉi tiam»

According to PMEG: Ĉi tiam aŭ tiam ĉi ne estas praktike uzataj. Anstataŭe oni uzas nun. Noto: La preciza nuanco de ĉi tiam estas malklara, ĉar ĝi apenaŭ estas uzata. Oni povus diskuti, ĉu ĉi ...
Vidamuzo's user avatar
  • 3,439
4 votes
Accepted

Does Esperanto have a hidden Allative case?

This question is ultimately unanswerable because Esperanto has an -en ending and it works exactly the way the -en ending works, regardless of what we ultimately end up calling it. Note for example the ...
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Adverb or adjective for tio

It should be "bona", because it modifies/belongs to "tio", which acts like a noun. So your first guess was right. :) In choosing whether a modifying word should be an adjective (a-word) or adverb (e-...
Raizin's user avatar
  • 1,020
4 votes

Do adjectives or adverbs describe "tio"?

put in Tio estas vere, simply because that sounded more familiar. Now I want to know, is that grammatically wrong? Yes. It is wrong. Tio takes the place of a noun. Describing a noun with an adverb ...
Lumo5's user avatar
  • 4,672
4 votes
Accepted

What adverb should I use in this sentence?

You might consider tuj ("straightaway"). However, one problem with using baldaŭ or tuj here is that it is unclear where the short time interval starts: now, or at the time of the other ...
Andrew Woods's user avatar
  • 13.7k
4 votes

What adverb should I use in this sentence?

I'd say Mi venos hejmon baldaŭ post kiam vi alvenis.
Johannes Mueller's user avatar
4 votes

What is the difference between "ade" and "daŭre"?

I just finished The Hobbit a few weeks ago and ade was actually used a lot but besides in that book I've never really seen it much.
Airvian's user avatar
  • 759
4 votes

What is the difference between "ade" and "daŭre"?

Ne ekzistas signifa diferenco. Preskaŭ ĉiuj afiksoj povas esti uzataj memstare: Ni iris en la mala direkto Ŝi estas ino Tio estas eta diferenco Mi ege sopiras al mia amikino La mono kuŝis dise sur la ...
Paŭl Peeraerts 's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

How to contrast “but...while”?

Ambaŭ enhavas (kutime krudan) fiŝaĵon kun rizo. Sed suŝio estas japana, dum pokeo estas havaja. dum = kontraste kun tio, ke... (vidu PIV, dum II- 2) Ekz. el Tekstaro: Latin-Ameriko kaj Azio ...
Vidamuzo's user avatar
  • 3,439
4 votes
Accepted

Negating "jam" (i.e. to not already have done something)

Kelkaj uzas ne jam same kiel ankoraŭ ne. Tio ne malĝustas, sed estas iel evitinda. Jen klarigo en PMEG. Fine de la ligita klarigo (citilojn aldonis mi): Zamenhof tial prave konsilis, ke oni evitu ...
Eduardo Trápani's user avatar
4 votes

Priskribante subjekton, ĉu "esti <adverbo>" aŭ "esti <adjektivo>"?

There are two things worth noticing here. In Esperanto adjectives are used for describing nominals (nouns, pronouns and adjectives in case of Esperanto), to describe anything else adverbs are used. ...
Juha Metsäkallas's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Priskribante subjekton, ĉu "esti <adverbo>" aŭ "esti <adjektivo>"?

Adjectives say something about the subject and adverbs say something about the verb or and adjective but not about the subject. So you would always say: Mi estas prava (the usual form is: mi pravas) ...
Eduardo Trápani's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Expressing multiples of something

There are several options. This is what I thought of and I can find some confirmation in tekstaro. Here are some examples: -oble tiom … Link -oble to tiom and then use that to express the quantity ...
Joffysloffy's user avatar
  • 4,663
4 votes
Accepted

Using verbal suffixes two times in a word

Your question is quite broad, and to me it seems that you are mixing things. ​1. The active -ant/int/ont and the passive -at/it/ot endings form participles, not verbs. The participles are used to: to ...
Juha Metsäkallas's user avatar
3 votes

What is the difference between "ade" and "daŭre"?

Daŭre = Continually Ad is an affix. I have never seen that usage of it before. It should be like the following: Li bicikladas. Mi laboradas... Ĉu vi verkadas.
Lumo5's user avatar
  • 4,672

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