Skip to main content
12 votes
Accepted

What's the difference between "ĉiu" and "ĉiuj"?

According to PMEG: Oni uzas ĉiu, se oni konsideras la individuojn aparte. Oni uzas ĉiuj, se oni pensas pri la tuta grupo kune. I.e. ĉiu corresponds (for the most part) to "each" and ĉiuj to "all". ...
Chives's user avatar
  • 3,191
11 votes

Do adjectives or adverbs describe "tio"?

The -o correlatives are noun-like and although they don't take a plural, they are described by adjectives, not adverbs. Therefore, in every case that you listed, you would need an adjective. Tio ...
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar
11 votes

What is “kioma” used for besides asking for the time?

Just think of kiom as a numeral like unu, du, tri...kiom? (one, two, three...how many?) Unua means first, dua is second, tria is third, dudeka is twentieth. Kioma is, well, there is no word for it ...
Harri Laine's user avatar
  • 1,810
10 votes

What is “kioma” used for besides asking for the time?

Kioma is used to ask about anything which is an ordered sequence. Here are some examples of it being used other than to ask the time. Kaj li rememoris (kioman fojon en ĉi tiu jaro!) la maljustaĵojn ...
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar
10 votes

What is the best way to learn correlatives?

The formation of the correlatives is based on a logical table of combinations of two pieces, so in a sense if you can learn all of the pieces you can effectively learn all of the words without having ...
Neil Roberts's user avatar
  • 17.3k
7 votes

What is the best way to learn correlatives?

The best way to learn grammar is to read a good book about the subject. The best book about Esperanto is probably Plena Manlibro de Esperanta Gramatiko and it is free. But this approach is not simple ...
Marco's user avatar
  • 976
7 votes

What is the best way to learn correlatives?

In much the same way I treat active and passive participles, as I practice and read new things, I try to use the exhaustive definition of each correlative so that it sticks into my brain in a more ...
Eduardo A. Márquez Castro's user avatar
7 votes
Accepted

What is the origin of the correlatives?

The photo is from the Scienca Revuo vol. 3, nr-o. 12 (1952). Otherwise, I think they are inspired by Russian, but completely regular: "inspiritaj de la rusaj escepte regulaj korelativoj)", ...
Charlotte SL's user avatar
  • 8,207
7 votes

Ĉu la tabelvorto "ĉies" signifas "de ĉiu" aŭ "de ĉiuj"?

Ambaŭ estas ĝustaj, kaj la poseda rilato povas preni iun ajn formon: de unu al unu, de unu al pluraj, de pluraj al unu, de pluraj al pluraj, ktp. Ĉies patrino ricevos cent dolarojn. (= la patrino de ...
Andrew Woods's user avatar
  • 13.7k
6 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between «nun» and «ĉi tiam»

"nun" and "ĉi tiam" are very different nun is for referencing the present time. tiam is for referencing a particuliar moment, that can be the present time, but not always. ĉi can indicate proximity ...
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.2k
6 votes

Por nekonata kvanto, cxu oni uzu "kiu" aux "kiuj"?

En tiaj okazoj oni uzas ĝenerale la singularon, ĉar la pluralo (kiel markita, pli specifa formo) implikus, ke oni ja scias, ke temas pri ia kvanto (>1) kaj volas nur ekscii, kiom ekzakte.
Cyril Robert Brosch's user avatar
6 votes

What is the best way to learn correlatives?

Don't try to memorize them at once. Just try to concentrate on some specific topic and talk about this specific topic. Use as little of them as possible. But the most important thing is: learn only ...
Aviadisto's user avatar
  • 3,293
6 votes

Are there good reasons for the prefixes and suffixes in the table of correlatives?

I think this was clearly a case of Zamenhof using a system that was in common use among Romance languages. For example the proximal pronouns in French are (ce, ici, ci) and in Italian it's (ci) So, ...
Evildea's user avatar
  • 444
5 votes

What is the best way to learn correlatives?

1) Know alternatives. It helps understanding. When you are confident enough, use the corresponding correlative. This will help you for the second part of the correlative. Tio -> Tiu aĵo/afero Tie -> ...
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.2k
5 votes
Accepted

Can adjectives be combined with correlatives (table words)?

alia iu - something/someone else Oni diras iu alia. La klarigo gramatika troveblas ĉi tie, sed oni povas resumi jene: "Iu iom similas al individueca aŭ duondifina unu." alia io Kvankam vi ...
Eduardo Trápani's user avatar
4 votes

What is the difference between «nun» and «ĉi tiam»

According to PMEG: Ĉi tiam aŭ tiam ĉi ne estas praktike uzataj. Anstataŭe oni uzas nun. Noto: La preciza nuanco de ĉi tiam estas malklara, ĉar ĝi apenaŭ estas uzata. Oni povus diskuti, ĉu ĉi ...
Vidamuzo's user avatar
  • 3,439
4 votes

Do adjectives or adverbs describe "tio"?

put in Tio estas vere, simply because that sounded more familiar. Now I want to know, is that grammatically wrong? Yes. It is wrong. Tio takes the place of a noun. Describing a noun with an adverb ...
Lumo5's user avatar
  • 4,672
4 votes

When to use "ĝin" and "tion"

There is certainly a lot of overlap - but notice that in your examples, ĝin generally replaces nouns and noun phrases, while tion replaces verbs and phrases that include verbs.
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar
4 votes

What's the difference between "ĉiu" and "ĉiuj"?

Simply put, ĉiu is singular and ĉiuj is plural. Therefore, ĉiu refers to one thing at a time, and ĉiuj refers to many things (collectively.) You can also check how these are glossed in a bilingual ...
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar
4 votes

How does one build correlatives

The grammar on lernu has a very extensive explanation of the correlatives, that is too long to cite here but definitely worth checking out. Here is a link to the English version of it. (You can change ...
Lyubomir Vasilev's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Omitting "tio" in "tio, kion"

Yes, it can be omitted there too: Estas makaronioj [tio], kion ni manĝas. Pli da informo: PMEG - Rilata kio
Eduardo Trápani's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

"What thing?" vs "Which thing?"

"You have such a cute dog!" Vi havas beletan hundon! If you are suprised, say because you only have cats, then you could say: What dog? Ĉu hundon? (it is a bit what you looked for when you ...
Eduardo Trápani's user avatar
4 votes

"kiun" instead of "kion" as direct object pronoun

kio Das-g mentioned a chapter of PMEG that explains the differences between relative kio and kiu. The subchapter about kio lists four main cases when kio is used. 1. when referring to a correlative ...
Juha Metsäkallas's user avatar
3 votes

What is the best way to learn correlatives?

I had a lot of trouble learning the correlatives until I broke them down and learned each part individually. So, I rote memorized ki-, i-, neni-, etc and -am, -om, -el, etc. Then I started working on ...
makis's user avatar
  • 1,244
3 votes

How does one build correlatives

All correlatives start with ki, meaning a question or relative pronoun; ĉi, meaning every; i, meaning some; nen meaning "no," or ti, meaning "that". This is what marks it as a correlative. Next, we ...
Clayton Ramsey's user avatar
3 votes

How to mark accusative for correlatives of quantity? Kiel marki akuzativon ĉe "...iom"-aj tabelvortoj?

I agree with the other answers that the question seems very unnatural in both Esperanto and English and it would probably be better to just rephrase it. However, assuming you do want to use those ...
Neil Roberts's user avatar
  • 17.3k
2 votes

What is the origin of the correlatives?

The pseudo prefixes are Indoeuropean, ki- for instance from q- which in Slavonic and Romance became k- / q- and in Germanic, Sanskrit (conjunctions only) w-. ĉi- for the French chaque. neni- instead ...
Joop Eggen's user avatar
  • 3,908
2 votes

What is the origin of the correlatives?

Ŝajnas ke plej plena priskribo de korelativoj estas en libro Etimologia Vortaro de Esperanto. Se vi komprenas la rusan en la artikolon vi eblas legi rerakonton pri korelativoj.
Stas Bushuev's user avatar
2 votes

What is the best way to learn correlatives?

Being at home in the matrix of correlatives with their meaning is the most important. ki- question or subphrase, -u selected (adj, person). Then search the difference between kio and kiom, by ...
Joop Eggen's user avatar
  • 3,908
2 votes

What is the best way to learn correlatives?

I have silly tricks for remembering, these are mine but everyone should come up with their own. kiel - is an anagram of like and the question "how did it happen" is answered by "it happened like this"...
conor's user avatar
  • 1,782

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible