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31 votes
Accepted

Does Esperanto have a gender-neutral pronoun that can be used for humans?

In his Lingva Respondo called "Pri pronomo por «homo»", Zamenhof explicitly said that "ĝi" can be used as a gender-neutral pronoun. However, he also acknowledged the problem that "ĝi" can sound ...
Marcos Cramer's user avatar
16 votes

Does Esperanto have a gender-neutral pronoun that can be used for humans?

Sadly, like English, Esperanto has several solutions, none of which are entirely satisfactory. According to PMEG, li essentially has two meanings: one is used to refer to a male person when the sex ...
Neil Roberts's user avatar
  • 17.3k
13 votes

How common is the "-iĉ-" suffix to denote maleness?

First note that only about 30 roots in Esperanto have an explicitly male meaning. These are mainly the familial roots like "patro", "filo" and "edzo", nobility roots like "reĝo" and "princo" and a ...
Marcos Cramer's user avatar
4 votes

Is "koramiko" gender neutral or always male?

In essence your question is about when a gender marker is needed and when it is just superfluous. Since Esperanto has only one gender marker, the female -in, this boils down to it. I see this question ...
Juha Metsäkallas's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

Why does 'gender' translate to 'sekso'?

Guglo Traduki tradukas 'gender' al 'sekso' kaj Lernu.net ne povas traduki ĝin. Evidente, 'gender' kaj 'sex' ne estas samaj, do kial la tradukoj estas samaj? You should ask Google about that ...
Eduardo Trápani's user avatar
3 votes

Why does 'gender' translate to 'sekso'?

Depende de kunteksto, la angla vorto "gender" povas aperi en du diferencaj ĉirkaŭaĵoj - kiel difino de gramatika trajto de vortoj kaj kiel difino de sociaj rilatoj. En ambaŭ fojoj ne temas ...
Va Milushnikov's user avatar
2 votes

How common is the "-iĉ-" suffix to denote maleness?

It is very uncommon; a lot of people have heard of it, but very few use it. Not only would the use of roots like "patro", "viro", "frato", etc. as gender-neutral be confusing, but the use of ...
kristan's user avatar
  • 3,789
2 votes

Does Esperanto have a gender-neutral pronoun that can be used for humans?

In the Gramatiko of the Fundamento de Esperanto, we read that ĝi is suitable for animals or things: (fr) il, elle, pour les animaux ou les choses (de) es; von Thieren oder Sachen (ru) оно; о вещи или ...
etuardu's user avatar
  • 191
2 votes

Why does 'gender' translate to 'sekso'?

La vorto "sekso" estas Fundamenta kaj havas kvin difinojn (vd. PIV), el kiuj unu estas arkaika. La kvar restaj temas pri biologio, speciale pri biologio de homoj. La kvina, arkaika difino ...
Juha Metsäkallas's user avatar
1 vote

Is "koramiko" gender neutral or always male?

No, amiko can be officially female too. But culturally it is not as gender neutral as English, with its additional and over-strong girlfriend and boyfriend. Explicit usage would be amikino and ...
Joop Eggen's user avatar
  • 3,908
1 vote

Does Esperanto have a gender-neutral pronoun that can be used for humans?

Some Esperantists use gi, derived from the prefix ge-.
Joe Fumai's user avatar
  • 127

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