12 votes
Accepted

How do you translate a row of infinitive words in Esperanto?

You would just put many infinitives one after the other, as you suggested at first. This is grammatically correct and perfectly acceptable. Thus La spektanto planas rifuzi atesti. is completely ...
Joffysloffy's user avatar
  • 4,663
12 votes
Accepted

Infinitive after komenci

Yes, you just say komencis paroli with no extra particle. If you search for this in the Tekstaro there are many examples, such as this one from Zamenhof’s translation of Andersen’s fables: Nun unu ...
Neil Roberts's user avatar
  • 17.3k
11 votes
Accepted

Can infinitives be subjects?

Yes, there is no problem with using an infinitive as a subject and I believe it’s not that uncommon. Here is an example from Zamenhof’s translation of the old testament: Kaj krom tio, mia filo, ...
Neil Roberts's user avatar
  • 17.3k
11 votes
Accepted

Can infinitives be used back-to-back in Esperanto?

There isn't any rule about how many infinitives you can have in a row; you can have as many as make sense in the context. A rather contrived example: Mi volas povi iri lerni danci - I want to be able ...
kristan's user avatar
  • 3,789
8 votes

Can infinitives be used back-to-back in Esperanto?

In Esperanto you would use "por" to connect the second infinitive: Kion oni devas scii por povi kreskigi terpomojn. This is not a rule about infinitives but more syntax of the verbs.
Johannes Mueller's user avatar
8 votes
Accepted

Why doesn't the infinitive take the -n suffix?

I suppose the short answer is "tradition." Many western languages work this way - where a verb-expression can be like the object of the verb - so it's natural that Esperanto works the same way. Nouns, ...
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar
7 votes

Why doesn't the infinitive take the -n suffix?

Here is the definition of accusative, according to Oxford Dictionaries: (in Latin, Greek, German, and some other languages) denoting a case of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives which expresses the ...
maliktunga's user avatar
6 votes

Can infinitives be used back-to-back in Esperanto?

Absolutely, here is an example from Zamenhof's translation of Marta: Oni devas povoscii porti kaj gardi sian personan dignon, aŭ oni devas rifuzi al si ĉiun pretendon pri ĝi.
conor's user avatar
  • 1,782
5 votes
Accepted

Is the Esperanto infinitive ambiguous?

I don’t think it’s very common to use trovi with an infinitive so I think the meaning here is mostly theoretical. There are no hits for this usage in the Tekstaro. I’m not totally convinced that your ...
Neil Roberts's user avatar
  • 17.3k
5 votes
Accepted

When should "por" be used before an infinitive (i-verbo)?

To quote from Lesson 4 of the EAB's "Elementary,..!" textbook: But if the English texts means "in order to do something", as in Mi iris por saluti lin, meaning "I went (in ...
conor's user avatar
  • 1,782
5 votes
Accepted

"Sen rigardi": Which preposition+infinitive combos are possible?

Sen, por, anstataŭ —i are all very common, and it is easy to invent examples for some other prepositions: Vi faris al mi komplezon per peti lin telefoni. You did me a favour by asking him to ring. Ni ...
Andrew Woods's user avatar
  • 13.7k
5 votes

Infinitive after komenci

Li ekparolis Li komencis paroli Of course ekparoli is far better, but an infinitive is fine too.
Joop Eggen's user avatar
  • 3,908
4 votes

Infinitive after komenci

If the purpose of the question is to find a parallel in a national language, consider that the infinitive in Esperanto often corresponds to the -ing form in English: he started speaking. This rule of ...
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar
4 votes

How free is word order in a sentence with infinitives

In general I think there isn’t a strict rule about what is a valid order or not. Instead it’s more along the lines that if the phrase is understandable then it is fine. If both the subject and the ...
Neil Roberts's user avatar
  • 17.3k
3 votes
Accepted

Infinitive form of compound tenses?

esti leg(a/i/o)nta is possible in infinitive. See this sentence from the "Ekzercaro de la Fundamento de Esperanto", mainly the part between parenthesis: ... ke tio, kion mi diris, estu vera (aŭ mi ...
Eduardo Trápani's user avatar
3 votes

Ĉu eblas subjekto kun infinitivo?

La frazo sendube estas malbona pro diversaj kaŭzoj, sed certe povas esti infinitiva subjekto. Tio estis la temo de tiu fadeno en kiu ankaŭ vi respondis. La problemo ne estas la infinitivo... Gravas ...
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar
3 votes

"Sen rigardi": Which preposition+infinitive combos are possible?

They're all possible but some are more common than others. Common prepositions used with infinitives are por, sen, and anstataŭ. I've always just ascribed this to tradition. If you want to use a ...
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar
3 votes

I-verbo kun relativa «kiu»

Tiaj esprimoj estas ĝustaj. Ili ne havas, kion manĝi, ili ne havas, per kio hejti la fornon. They do not have anything to eat, they do not have anything to heat the stove with. (Marta) Oni ankaŭ ne ...
Andrew Woods's user avatar
  • 13.7k
3 votes

When should "por" be used before an infinitive (i-verbo)?

The expressions volas librojn legi and volas legi librojn are simple rearrangements of each other. So, your two sentences mean slightly different things; the por version implies that you want to own ...
Andrew Woods's user avatar
  • 13.7k
2 votes

When should "por" be used before an infinitive (i-verbo)?

"Por" is sometimes necessary when the infinitive verb following it is an extended description, and not the main point. In your example it is necessary since leaving it out gives the sentence a ...
Antonia Montaro's user avatar

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible