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20 votes

How to contact the 'akademio de esperanto'

I'm a member of the AdE, but I'm writing here as a private person. First, in order to answer the question in the title, here is the contact page of the Academy. Second, in order to react to your ...
Cyril Robert Brosch's user avatar
19 votes
Accepted

Who is in charge of Esperanto?

There is Akademio de Esperanto who can "officialize" new roots. But they see themselves as descriptive and not prescriptive. So if a new word root makes it in to everyday's usage of a significant part ...
Johannes Mueller's user avatar
17 votes

Who is in charge of Esperanto?

The Akademio de Esperanto is a language academy consisting of well-regarded Esperanto scholars and writers that oversees the evolution of Esperanto based on its foundational principles. It is the ...
Marcos Cramer's user avatar
14 votes
Accepted

De kio “saluton” estas la rekta objekto?

Saluton is simply a shorthand way of saying the complete sentence: Mi donas al vi saluton! The reason for the accusative ending is to denote that the greeting is the object, of which I am giving ...
Martin's user avatar
  • 276
14 votes
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What happened to the letter ĥ during the evolution of Esperanto from Zamenhof to our times?

The letter ĥ is extremely rare, and for that reason, people tend to eliminate the few words (none of them very common) were it does appear. Esperanto learners who struggle with it get little chance to ...
Max's user avatar
  • 1,005
13 votes
Accepted

How much has Esperanto changed over the years since the publication of Fundamento de Esperanto?

I actually can't tell you "how much" it has changed, I simply can't quantify it. However I can give you a few examples. Shifted meanings of words The verb "ŝati ion". Originally it meant something ...
Johannes Mueller's user avatar
11 votes

How much has Esperanto changed over the years since the publication of Fundamento de Esperanto?

Just one amusing aspect of the changes. In the beginning, Esperanto was remarkably influenced by the Russian language. This resulted in some strange constructed words, made according to the Russian ...
Aviadisto's user avatar
  • 3,293
8 votes

Kial "-iĉ-" por viriĉoj en la iĉisma sistemo?

It was formed by analogy from words like panjo and paĉjo. -njo -> -in- -ĉjo -> -iĉ- According to Vilborg, -in- is a germanic suffix, while -ĉjo and -njo are Russian. In Russian, the male suffix ...
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar
8 votes

What kind of word is "spite"?

The definition of spiti in the Plena Ilustrita Vortaro is Montri al iu, ke oni plezuras, kontraŭstarante al lia/ŝia volo, aŭ ke oni estas preta batali To show another person that one takes pleasure ...
Andrew Woods's user avatar
  • 13.7k
7 votes
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When "ali-" gets merged with the tabelvortoj - An example of irregularity in Esperanto

The reason why it is considered incorrect is simply because, as PMEG states, ali already is a defined root. Thus alio, alia, alie etc. are already words, whose definition need not coincide with the ...
Joffysloffy's user avatar
  • 4,663
7 votes

What were the main reasons for creating iĉismo?

The default for certain core words is masculine. You can explicitly call out anything as feminine with -in-. This leads some people rather directly to thinking of an entity in any role as masculine ...
dhasenan's user avatar
  • 170
7 votes

How to contact the 'akademio de esperanto'

A quick search on Google will find their website where you can contact them. However I believe in general the Akademio doesn’t make sweeping changes like this. Rather they follow changes to the ...
Neil Roberts's user avatar
  • 17.3k
6 votes
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Kion Zamenhof uzis anstataŭ «pluraj»?

En PMEG §8.2.4 aperas la komento: Zamenhof uzis ankaŭ pli-ol-unu (kun dividostrekoj) = pluraj. Tiam li uzis multe-nombron poste. Nuntempe oni neniam uzas pli-ol-unu tiumaniere, sed nur la vorton ...
Andrew Woods's user avatar
  • 13.7k
6 votes

Ĉu la pasiva formo "esti x[iao]ta" maloftiĝas favore al la uzado de -iĝ-?

Mi havas la saman impreson, sed ne povas provizi vin per datumoj. Laŭ mia scio neniu ĝis nun sisteme esploris la fenomenon, kvankam ĝi meritus magistran, se ne doktoran laboraĵon. Ke -iĝ- eniras en ...
Cyril Robert Brosch's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

How often are new loans fully integrated into Esperanto?

This is a very good question – and a difficult one to answer! :-) Many Esperanto speakers are new to the language, and come to the community with a "basic package" of words (the most essential ones + ...
Bjørn's user avatar
  • 1,998
5 votes

When "ali-" gets merged with the tabelvortoj - An example of irregularity in Esperanto

Adding to the answer of @Joffysloffy If you combine ali- with a corelative root like -io, -iam, -iel you would end up with aliio, aliiam, aliiel, etc rather than with aliom, aliam, aliel. Last not ...
Johannes Mueller's user avatar
5 votes

What happened to the letter ĥ during the evolution of Esperanto from Zamenhof to our times?

Historically there was a movement to do away with ĥ as the alternative k was offered. Nowadays there are still some "difficult" letter combinations (rĥ) for some language speakers (French?). Nowadays ...
Joop Eggen's user avatar
  • 3,908
5 votes
Accepted

Alternativoj por rolvorteto plus i-verbo

1) Mi ne malŝatas la uzadon de substantivoj en ĉi tiaj frazoj, fakte mi eĉ iomete preferas la sonon, sed mi komprenas viajn sentojn. 2) Mi sugestas frazojn ankoraŭ malbelajn sed iom pli zamenhofecajn:...
Andrew Woods's user avatar
  • 13.7k
4 votes

Alternativoj por rolvorteto plus i-verbo

Mi multe uzas Twitter, kaj se mi povas skribi Temas pri manĝi pomojn anstataŭ Temas pri manĝado de pomoj, mi faros tion. La unua frazo estas pli mallonga do pli oportuna. Mi ne vidas riskon de konfuzo ...
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.2k
4 votes

Alternativoj por rolvorteto plus i-verbo

Interesan demandon vi levis. Mi provas iomete respondi aŭ almenaŭ kontribui al la diskuto. Ankaŭ mi ne tiom ŝatas la o-verban solvon. Kutime mi preferas la solvon forlasi la rolvorteton. Ekzemple ...
Johannes Mueller's user avatar
4 votes

What were the main reasons for creating iĉismo?

My understanding is that iĉismo is a lighter form of riismo, which has been around at least since the early 90's. Here is an early description viewable via the "Wayback Machine." https://web.archive....
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Translate words which don’t have translations yet

What are we supposed to do if a word has not a translation in Esperanto yet? Should I translate them and start use them, even though I have no qualifications to do so? Yes, you translate and start ...
Eduardo Trápani's user avatar
4 votes

Does Esperanto evolve?

Esperanto is a normal language and does evolve. Even the Fundamento did not prevent that from happening, and there are a few cases in which words did "change meaning over time". With this answer I do ...
maliktunga's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Does Esperanto evolve?

This is an interesting issue, and in a way Esperanto is a field study in linguistic evolution. Languages change because they are spoken within groups of people, and accidental or deliberate changes ...
Oliver Mason's user avatar
  • 3,194
3 votes

Does Esperanto evolve?

Short answer: Yes. Longer answer: Esperanto has both neologisms (new words entering the language) and archaisms (old words becoming obsolete). It also sees changes to its phonology, most notably the ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
3 votes

What were the main reasons for creating iĉismo?

When Esperanto was created, animate roots that referred to people or animals were almost completely male or female. Unmarked roots were male and had to be marked to be female (koko "rooster", kokino "...
crayondraw's user avatar
2 votes

What happened to the letter ĥ during the evolution of Esperanto from Zamenhof to our times?

If I can't write a letter, I prefer using a letter I can use. Now most modern computers seem to have some kind of Esperanto keyboard, but when there isn't… That personal reflection aside, here is a ...
Charlotte SL's user avatar
  • 8,207
2 votes

How often are new loans fully integrated into Esperanto?

"Fully sanctioned" is an interesting way to put it. The Akademio does sanction words, but it's usually not the best measure of whether a word is fully accepted by the community. Another thing to keep ...
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar
2 votes

Esperanto evolution from "unua libro" to "fundamento"

The change of the endings of temporal correlatives from -an to -am was the only change of something presented in the Unua Libro. Apart from that, there were only additions to the language and more ...
Marcos Cramer's user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

How and why did the different Esperanto affixes get choosen?

My educated guess is… From what I understand most affixes come from the languages Zamenhof knew. These were, at least to some degree, Yiddish, Russian, German, French, Hebrew, Polish, Belarussian, ...
Juha Metsäkallas's user avatar

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