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18 votes
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What is the difference between "pli" and "plu"?

From Vortaro: Pli Partikulo, esprimanta kvanton aŭ gradon superan al unu alia. A particle, showing quantity or degree above another. Examples: Milk is more nutritious than wine. lakto estas pli ...
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17 votes
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What is the usefulness of the 'um' suffix?

Zamenhof created the Esperanto affixes so as to reduce the burden of learning vocabulary: It is easier to memorize a word that is formed through an affix based on an already known word than to ...
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14 votes
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Kion signifas "k" ĉi tie?

Ĝi estas mallongigo por la vorto "kaj".
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12 votes
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Meaning of “cent pomoj” versus “cento(n) da pomoj”

I would say this is the same as the difference in English between “twelve apples” and “a dozen apples”, however in Esperanto these grouping words are completely regular so there are more of them. On ...
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11 votes
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What does "vialangulo" mean, in the song "Societo de Vivantaj Poetoj"?

Kiam oni diskutas tekstojn de LGP indas scii ke mi ŝatas lirikan ambiguecon. Tio iom kontrastas fundamentan ideon en esperanto — klareco. Mi devas konfesi ke la limo inter la malpreciza kaj la ...
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11 votes
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What is the difference between "neŭtra" and "neŭtrala"?

They are two different words. From Vortaro: Neŭtra Tia, ke ĝi apartenas nek al unu nek al alia el du kategorioj. That which belongs to neither of two categories. Examples: Neither man or woman, ...
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10 votes
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What is the difference between "televido" and "televidilo"?

Televidilo is a television set (usually just a called a TV in English), and televido is the general concept (usually used without an article in English). Here are some examples from Monato: Ekde ...
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10 votes
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What's the difference between -ujo and -io in country names?

There is no difference in meaning betweeen -ujo ans -io in country names that are derived from a demonym (a word referring to a person's nationality). Zamenhof used -ujo, whereas -io was introduced ...
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8 votes
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What is the difference between a "kulo" and a "moskito"?

Vikipedio has an explanation for this. Basically it seems that both kulo and moskito are technically two different species of biting insect, both of which are in a family called kuledoj. Moskito is ...
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8 votes

What is the difference between "pli" and "plu"?

pli is more general "more". plu is only for a time duration "longer" Li ne dormas plu. = He does not sleep anymore / He no longer sleeps
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  • 3,673
8 votes

What's the difference between -ujo and -io in country names?

See the similar question Why are country names in Esperanto so "irregular"?. The suffix -uj- is used in the Fundamento, while -i- is a newer addition. But they mean the same in the context of country ...
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7 votes

What is laŭŝajne in Esperanto?

I'm not going to answer this because "we all know what that one means." Bonvolu alsendi la pordiston. Laŭŝajne estas rano en mia bideo. -- Ok, more seriously - it means "according to appearance." ...
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7 votes
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What is laŭŝajne in Esperanto?

Without context it is difficult to give an answer. Some examples: Tio laŭŝajne estas bona demando → This looks like a good question. Laŭŝajne li estis riĉa. → It looks as if he is rich. Laŭŝajne ...
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7 votes

What is the difference between "neŭtra" and "neŭtrala"?

According to JC Wells' dictionary, neŭtra is "neuter", ie something neither masculine nor feminine, mostly in grammar. I guess you could say La veterinaro neŭtrigis la katon for a non-grammar example. ...
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7 votes

What does "vialangulo" mean, in the song "Societo de Vivantaj Poetoj"?

From reading the poem, these stanzas precede stanzas referring to kissing. So literally it could just mean, as you said, "your tongue person", which I'm guessing translates to "person with your tongue"...
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6 votes
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Ĉu estas klarigoj de la proverboj el la Proverbaro Esperanta?

Bedaŭrinde ne! La retejo de Rob Keetlaer enhavas ĉiujn, sed ankoraŭ ne inkludas tradukojn nek klarigojn. Malgraŭ manko de la origina manuskripto, Petro Desmet' kompletigis oklingvan version en 2009, ...
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6 votes

What is the difference between "pli" and "plu"?

They both mean "more" but in different senses. Pli is used when you would use the -er suffix in English as in bigger, stronger, faster - pli granda, pli forta, pli rapida. Plu is used as a stand ...
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6 votes

What is the usefulness of the 'um' suffix?

"Um" is generally used when there is no other root or suffix which matches the definition and the word is too specific to create a new root or suffix. For instance: aerumi = to expose to the air ...
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6 votes
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Kio estas la vera signifo de "muĝi"?

Estas konate, ke bestoblekoj estas inter la malplej internaciigeblaj vortoj. Ili produktas metaforojn, kiuj sonas absurdaj trans lingvaj limoj. Mi scias, ke en la angla oni diras, ke vento blekas ...
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6 votes

What does the sentence mean?

La traduko estas iomete enigma. Laŭlitere ĝi signifas: li metis sian piedon sub min jam du fojojn aŭ esence: li anstataŭis min [aŭ: stumbligis min] jam dufoje La klarigo estas: Kiam origine ...
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6 votes
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Kion signifas "duonkruda"?

Supozeble tio signifas ke la manĝaĵo estas duone kruda. T.e., ke ĝi ne estas plene kuirita, sed meze inter kuirita kaj kruda. Aŭ ke oni kuiris ĝin nur la duonon de la bezonata tempo. Presumably that ...
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5 votes

Kio estas la vera signifo de "muĝi"?

Mi volas aldoni kelkajn, ni diru, etimologiajn konsiderojn al tiu interesa kaj malfacila demando. Laŭ la Akademia Vortaro, kiel jam dirite, estas la jenaj tradukoj (kun aldono de la signifokampo): ...
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5 votes

Kio estas la vera signifo de "muĝi"?

”Kial ĝi nuntempe uziĝas tiel forte pri bovoj”: Tion kaŭzis tre verŝajne (!) la popularega Jutubaĵo ”Dek Bovinoj”. Kiam mi unuafoje aŭskultis la kanton lastjare, mi fakte ŝokiĝis, ĉar mi ĉiam kredis ...
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  • 1,988
5 votes

What is the difference between "televido" and "televidilo"?

"Televidilo" is the hardware to watch. "Televido" is the concept.
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5 votes

What does the sentence mean?

This is an interesting sentence. I suspect it's a literal translation of a Hebrew idiom. I would understand it to mean "because he put his foot under me." It's interesting to note that some English ...
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5 votes
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Kion signifas kesito?

Laŭ biblica.com en la New International Version de la biblio, ĝi estas: For a hundred pieces of silver, he bought from the sons of Hamor, the father of Shechem, the plot of ground where he pitched ...
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4 votes
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"Laŭ" for motion through space

Yes. I would even go as far as saying that that is the normal definition of the word. The other meanings are probably derived metaphorically from this definition. PIV has the following as its first ...
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4 votes

What is the difference between a "kulo" and a "moskito"?

Kulo is the general term for a biting fly, moskito are specifically those bastardly little blood-suckers everyone hates. kulo Malgranda insekto kies ino suĉas sangon de mamuloj k birdoj, k kies piko ...
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4 votes
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Kion signifas "herniulo"?

La vorto "herniulo" signifas "persono kun hernio".
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4 votes
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Does "invervjuo" cover all meanings of the English word "interview"?

Yes, nowadays invervjuo is used in the sense of job interview, too, also by sources other than Duolingo. One example from many: Ses personoj kandidatis por la posteno de ĝenerala direktoro de UEA,...
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