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8 votes
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What are the usual use cases for -ont- forms?

Next and future: e.g. estonta, sekvonta and venonta These words are used to refer to future events and phenomena which can confidently be expected to happen at a certain date or time. Dum la venonta ...
Andrew Woods's user avatar
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8 votes
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« Parolante pri … »

En via loko mi dirus senhezite: Ho, koncerne la veteron, ĉu vi vidis... La foresto de -ant- sufiĉas ĉi tie por liberigi la adverbon. Do, aliaj ebloj estas diskute la veteron, priparole la veteron, ...
Andrew Woods's user avatar
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5 votes
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Compound Tenses

The short forms are correct, and I would not blink if someone used kurantis ("was running") or irontis ("was about to go"). However, ordinary Esperanto style tends to avoid compound tenses, and I ...
Andrew Woods's user avatar
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3 votes
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Using participles as adverbs

First remember that an adjective (dorm…a) always describes a noun and nothing but a noun. If the describing word refers to anything else than a noun, it takes the e-ending (dorm…e). When it comes to a ...
Juha Metsäkallas's user avatar
3 votes
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Infinitive form of compound tenses?

esti leg(a/i/o)nta is possible in infinitive. See this sentence from the "Ekzercaro de la Fundamento de Esperanto", mainly the part between parenthesis: ... ke tio, kion mi diris, estu vera (aŭ mi ...
Eduardo Trápani's user avatar
3 votes

Can one use -ot- and -ont knowing that the expected never happened?

Yes, you can one use -ot- and -ont- knowing that the expected event never happened. PMEG illustrates this on the following example : Li estis skribonta la leteron, sed devis subite foriri. La ...
Marcos Cramer's user avatar
2 votes

« Parolante pri … »

Nu, en Lingvaj Respondoj, mi trovas ĉi frazon uzita de Zamenhof: Tuŝante la akuzativon mi povas al vi doni la jenan konsilon [...] Ŝajne, "tuŝante" ĉi tie estas uzata en la sama maniero kiel vi ...
Kat Ño's user avatar
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2 votes

What are the usual use cases for -ont- forms?

Read this chapter: http://pages.ucsd.edu/~dkjordan/eo/colloq/colloq120.html#sec12-3 For onte, imagine you want to describe one action in the context of another. For example, while out running I saw a ...
Lumo5's user avatar
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2 votes

Compound Tenses

There are many good reasons not to use a word like kurantas, many of which have been addressed in other questions (or would be worthy of their own thread if not). Off the top of my head: -as is not ...
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar
2 votes

Expressing "<verb>-ingly", where "<verb>" happens to be transitive

Eat the meal but finish it = Tamen finu manĝi ĝin / Manĝu tamen finu / Manĝu tamen ĝisfine. Do it and finish the task = Faru kaj finu la taskon ...
Joop Eggen's user avatar
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2 votes
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Expressing "<verb>-ingly", where "<verb>" happens to be transitive

The active adverbial participle forms (a/i/onte) are best understood as frazekvivalentoj, i.e. as replacements for subclauses. The tense is always in relation to the ĉefverbo (predicate). Finante ...
Juha Metsäkallas's user avatar
2 votes

Present continuous without a pronoun?

Why konsistanta instead of konsistas? organo konsistanta el karnaj fibroj kaj servanta por movi la diversajn partojn de la korpo is ReVo's definition of "muskol/o". (Also reflected here in Simpla ...
das-g's user avatar
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2 votes

Is it appropriate to use participles for passive voice in Esperanto?

The passive voice can be expressed in two ways. Personless passive The so called oni-pasivo puts the focus on action, what happens to the object. Cf. man-passive found in many Germanic languages (but ...
Juha Metsäkallas's user avatar
2 votes

Sentempaj verboj Esperante

Oni povas klasifiki verbojn laŭ diversaj kriterioj, laŭ modo (ekz. reela, imaga, ebla), laŭ tempo (nun-, pasinttempa)… aŭ laŭ aspekto, kies signifo ege varias inter lingvoj. Esperanto ne havas ...
Juha Metsäkallas's user avatar
2 votes
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Frazo memstara kun participo adverba

Kvankam en la angla oni povas uzi adverbajn participojn memstare por montri daŭron Analysing files… oni ne povas uzi adverbajn participojn tiel en Esperanto. Estas pli bone, se vi rigardas adverbajn ...
Juha Metsäkallas's user avatar
1 vote

Frazo memstara kun participo adverba

Analizante dosierojn rolas kiel adverbo, ĝi iel postulas daŭrigon kaj donas neniun informon pri la subjekto: Analizante dosierojn mi malkovris tutan aron de malnovaj fotoj En fasado de programo oni, ...
Eduardo Trápani's user avatar
1 vote

Perceived stigma against "esti" + active participle

Since the esti + -anta construct consists of the verb "to be" and an adjective, it is indeed more an expression of state rather than action. Li estas kuranta : (lit.) He is currently in a ...
Juha Metsäkallas's user avatar
1 vote

Perceived stigma against "esti" + active participle

but I am nonetheless still curious about how such use of participles is perceived in real world Esperanta parolado. The -as form in Esperanto already means "this happens right now" (unless ...
Eduardo Trápani's user avatar
1 vote

Perceived stigma against "esti" + active participle

Would it still seem excessive even if "sounding English-stinted" were not a concern? In the situation you describe, no, that wouldn't be excessive. (Whether it seems excessive might depend ...
das-g's user avatar
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1 vote

Is it appropriate to use participles for passive voice in Esperanto?

So what if I just want to simply express a present action in the passive sentence, just like the active one? Short answer: You would then stick to the a/i/o ending in the active form: mi farbas la ...
Eduardo Trápani's user avatar
1 vote
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Is it appropriate to use participles for passive voice in Esperanto?

Writing a letter isn't an instantaneous action. It does take some time, so implying duration shouldn't distort the meaning. Thus La letero estas skribata (de ŝi). is the correct passive form for the ...
das-g's user avatar
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1 vote

Can one use -ot- and -ont knowing that the expected never happened?

The specific instance that you are referring to is due to a general problem faced by any language, namely that, because complex situations must be communicated rapidly, a great deal of reliance is ...
Mike Jones's user avatar
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1 vote
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Perdite/perdita en ŝiaj/siaj pensoj…

Pri la vortoj siaj kaj ŝiaj: Joan, perdite en siaj pensoj, forgesis ŝlosi la pordon. Temas pri la pensoj de Joan. Joan, perdite en ŝiaj pensoj, forgesis ŝlosi la pordon. Temas pri la pensoj de alia ...
Vidamuzo's user avatar
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1 vote

Perdite/perdita en ŝiaj/siaj pensoj…

La du frazoj bonas, sed la signifo estas malsama: Joan, perdite en siaj pensoj, forgesis ŝlosi la pordon. Perdite estas adverbo, ĝi rilatas la manieron, kiel ŝi forgesis ŝlosi la pordon. Oni povas ...
Eduardo Trápani's user avatar
1 vote

Compound Tenses

Are there any good reasons to use this besides it's shorter? Most of the time the simple verbs work fine or just adding a word clarifies such as jam, or even rephrasing how you say something using ...
Airvian's user avatar
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1 vote

Compound Tenses

As far as I know contracting those is not very common, but it is certainly grammatically correct. You will find the contractions povintus and devintus relatively often. They mean could have and should ...
Joffysloffy's user avatar
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