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14 votes
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Pronunciation of "punkto"

What you are asking about is called "allophonic variation" in linguistics: It is the phenomenon that the same phoneme is usually pronounced in slightly different ways depending on context. In ...
Marcos Cramer's user avatar
14 votes
Accepted

Why do dĵ (ĝ) and tŝ (ĉ) have special characters, but ks does not?

In short: ĝ and ĉ are not the same as dĵ and tŝ, but it does not really matter. Long version: There is a a class of consonants called affricates: they consist of a plosive (e.g. t) and a sibilant (e....
Cyril Robert Brosch's user avatar
12 votes

How to represent schwa [ə] (and similar sounds) in Esperanto?

Your question is mainly about how to deal with foreign names in Esperanto, especially if they contain a sound that does not closely match one of the 28 sounds of Esperanto. The Akademio de Esperanto ...
Marcos Cramer's user avatar
12 votes
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How are the letters "x", "w" and "y" pronounced?

Fakte estas du demandoj: kiel literumi tiujn literojn kaj kiel elparoli Esperantece tiujn literojn. PMEG respondas al ambaŭ demandoj. Mi provas sube resumi tiujn respondojn. Kiel literumi tiujn ...
Vanege's user avatar
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12 votes

Is the letter R supposed to be trilled?

In Fundamento de Esperanto is stated how the r should be pronounced in several languages. In the French and German ones it is simply stated that the r be pronounced as the regular r in those languages....
Joffysloffy's user avatar
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11 votes
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Is the letter R supposed to be trilled?

The most important grammatical references, PMEG and PAG (Plena Analiza Gramatiko), both recommend R to be pronounced as an alveolar trill [r] (i.e. trilled with the tip of the tongue). PMEG says that ...
Marcos Cramer's user avatar
11 votes
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Why does Wikipedia list an improper pronunciation of Esperanto?

The English word for the language Esperanto is ‘Esperanto’ (written the same). The pronunciation of the English word for the language is given in the English Wikipedia. Just like how the name for the ...
Joffysloffy's user avatar
  • 4,663
10 votes

The letter O and the sound it makes

I am not sure what people you are talking about, because this is the kind of detail that varies a lot depending on the native language of the speaker (e.g. a French speaker may pronounce o more open ...
Mutre's user avatar
  • 1,252
10 votes

How is the Ĥ letter pronounced?

I guess you got terrible sources. :/ You just have to check the Fundamento for this: In the English fundamento, ĥ is defined as in loch, which is /x/ In the German fundamento, ĥ is defined as "ch". ...
Vanege's user avatar
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9 votes

Esperanto stress with dipthongs

The whole point of J and Ŭ in Esperanto is to make it very clear whether it's one syllable or two. The vowels are just A, E, I, O, U; the second-to-last is stressed (marked with ´ in the examples ...
marcus's user avatar
  • 967
8 votes
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SAMPA and IPA pronunciation of Esperanto letters

From https://eo.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prononco_de_Esperanto#Literoj_kaj_fonemoj and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X-SAMPA but slightly simplified to leave out the diacritical marks on the vowels. ...
conor's user avatar
  • 1,782
8 votes

The letter O and the sound it makes

I think if someone is pronouncing konas to sound like the English words “cone ass” then they are basically making a mistake. It’s probably quite common for English native speakers to do this at the ...
Neil Roberts's user avatar
  • 17.3k
8 votes

Are double consonants pronounced distinctively from single consonants in Esperanto?

The answer to your question is right in your question. "All words are read as they are written." So yes, double consonants are supposed to be pronounced like two consonants. Sometimes this is not easy ...
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar
8 votes
Accepted

Minimumaj paroj inter afrikato kaj plosivo+frikativo

Mi provis trovi kiel eble plej senchavajn minimumajn parojn. Jen la rezultoj de mia serĉado: dĵ/ĝ: pred·ĵet·o / preĝ·et·o vend·ĵet·o / venĝ·et·o tŝ/ĉ: pint·ŝat·a / pinĉ·at·a sort·ŝat·a / sorĉ·at·a ...
Marcos Cramer's user avatar
7 votes

Pronunciation of "punkto"

According to the PMEG, it's an acceptable alteration: Kiam N staras antaŭ gingiva aŭ vela sono, oni emas ŝanĝi N en gingivan sonon (malgranda diferenco), aŭ velan sonon (granda diferenco), por ...
crayondraw's user avatar
7 votes

How are the letters "x", "w" and "y" pronounced?

Por "x", uzu 'ikso(n)', por "y" uzu 'ipsilono(n)'. Por "w" mi kutime uzas 'germana(n) vo(n)', sed mi konscias ke aliuloj uzas la formon 'duobla vo'.
Bill Chapman's user avatar
7 votes

SAMPA and IPA pronunciation of Esperanto letters

You can find such tables (for IPA) on the Esperanto Wikipedia: here and here. Note: IFA = Internacia fonetika alfabeto = IPA in English.
Lyubomir Vasilev's user avatar
7 votes

How to transliterate 中文 in Mandarin pronunciation to Esperanto?

The IPA pronunciation seems to be /ʈ͡ʂʊ˥ŋwə˧˥n/. I will have to ignore the tones, since I don't see any way to clearly transliterate these. The first sound /ʈ͡ʂ/ is closest to /t͡ʃ/, so this would be ...
Joffysloffy's user avatar
  • 4,663
7 votes
Accepted

Why is initial J- allowed in Esperanto but not initial Ŭ-?

Although it is common in linguistic descriptions of Esperanto to treat j and ŭ in the same way (as glides/part of diphthongs), the phonemic system tells us not to do so, which subsequently resolves ...
Cyril Robert Brosch's user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

Why is laughing in written Esperanto often written as "ĥaĥa"?

There is no official way to laugh in Esperanto. I have read everything from ha ha ha, ahahaha, ĥaĥaĥa but the most common by far (in Telegram) is "hahaha". It sounds like "hahaha". Note: I do see a ...
Vanege's user avatar
  • 11.2k
6 votes

Where can I find a good source of perfect Esperanto enunciation/pronunciation audio examples?

There is a website, forvo, that has over 20,000 pronounced words by Esperantists from around the world.
Olivia's user avatar
  • 497
6 votes

Where can I find a good source of perfect Esperanto enunciation/pronunciation audio examples?

Jen estas iom pli ol mil frazoj kun sondosieroj. Mi aŭdis plurajn kaj ili estas tre bonaj kaj diversaj. Bedaŭrinde tie ne estas frazoj kun erara akcento :-)
Paŭl Peeraerts 's user avatar
6 votes

Is "oi" a valid pair of letters in esperanto?

Searching Tekstaro for “oi”, I found a lot of examples of words with that vowel combination. Here are some examples: soifo heroino egoisto koincido troigo … As for pronounciation, ...
Lyubomir Vasilev's user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

What is the standard phonology of Esperanto?

Zamenhof did not explicitly define a standard pronunciation in detail. Nevertheless, a detailed pronunciation norm naturally emerged as Esperanto became a language used in speech for international ...
Marcos Cramer's user avatar
6 votes

SAMPA and IPA pronunciation of Esperanto letters

Not to my knowledge for SAMPA. Tables of SAMPA transcriptions exist for several languages, and one for Esperanto should be easy to construct. An example for English is here: http://www.phon.ucl.ac.uk/...
Oliver Mason's user avatar
  • 3,194
6 votes

How to represent schwa [ə] (and similar sounds) in Esperanto?

As Marcos Cramer answered, there are three options: Making it into a normal Esperanto name. Would Patko or Putko work? I know that they are vocatives in Bulgarian, but that's perhaps not the first ...
miĥaŭ's user avatar
  • 1,255
6 votes

Where can I find a good source of perfect Esperanto enunciation/pronunciation audio examples?

You might want to try this pronunciation CD with recordings by John Wells who was previously a professor of phonetics and president of the UEA.
Neil Roberts's user avatar
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6 votes
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Why are there consonant clusters that are not uniformly voiced?

It's just my guess, but I think Zamenhof wanted to find a compromise between conflicting principles: the written form of the roots should be recognisable, one letter should unambiguously correspond ...
miĥaŭ's user avatar
  • 1,255
6 votes
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How important really is stress in pronunciation?

It is important and you should not neglect it, if only because your audience is diverse, and while some will be able to ignore the stress, others will get distracted by it. However, there's little ...
2_K_'s user avatar
  • 1,064
6 votes

How to pronounce eŭ

"American Esperantist" has a short video with the common diphtongs. The answer to your question is 34 seconds in. See link. https://youtu.be/iEnWq3hSBUA?t=34s
Tomaso Alexander's user avatar

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